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Western Cape

WesternWestern Cape ProvinceWestern Province
It is the legislative capital of South Africa and primate city of the Western Cape province.
About two-thirds of these inhabitants live in the metropolitan area of Cape Town, which is also the provincial capital.

Pretoria

Pretoria, GautengPretoria, South AfricaSilverton
The other two capitals are located in Pretoria (the administrative capital where the is based, the President has a Cape Town office at Tuynhuys next to Parliament) and Bloemfontein (the judicial capital where the is located, although the highest court, the sits in Johannesburg ).
It is one of the country's three capital cities, serving as the seat of the administrative branch of government (Cape Town is the legislative capital and Bloemfontein the judicial capital), and of foreign embassies to South Africa.

Bloemfontein

Bloemfontein, South AfricaTempebloem
The other two capitals are located in Pretoria (the administrative capital where the is based, the President has a Cape Town office at Tuynhuys next to Parliament) and Bloemfontein (the judicial capital where the is located, although the highest court, the sits in Johannesburg ).
Bloemfontein ( ; Afrikaans and Dutch "fountain of flowers" or "blooming fountain"; also known as Bloem) is the capital city of the province of Free State of South Africa; and, as the judicial capital of the nation, one of South Africa's three national capitals (the other two being Cape Town, the legislative capital, and Pretoria, the administrative capital) and is the seventh largest city in South Africa.

Table Mountain

Tafelberghiking trailsTable
The city is known for its harbour, for its natural setting in the Cape Floristic Region, and for landmarks such as Table Mountain and Cape Point.
Table Mountain (Khoekhoe: Huri ‡oaxa, mountain rising from the sea; Afrikaans: Tafelberg) is a flat-topped mountain forming a prominent landmark overlooking the city of Cape Town in South Africa.

History of Cape Town

history CapetownEstablishment of Cape Town
Located on the shore of Table Bay, Cape Town, as the oldest urban area in South Africa, was developed by the Dutch East India Company (VOC) as a supply station for Dutch ships sailing to East Africa, India, and the Far East.
The area known today as Cape Town has no written history before it was first mentioned by Portuguese explorer Bartholomeu Dias in 1488.

Primate city

primate citiesprimary cityurban primacy
It is the legislative capital of South Africa and primate city of the Western Cape province.
In addition, Budapest, Dublin, Jakarta, Lima, Mexico City, Cape Town, and Seoul have also been described as primate cities within their respective countries.

Castle of Good Hope

CastleCape Town Castlethe Castle
Cape Town outgrew its original purpose as the first European outpost at the Castle of Good Hope, becoming the economic and cultural hub of the Cape Colony. In 1652, Jan van Riebeeck and other employees of the Dutch East India Company (Verenigde Oost-indische Compagnie, VOC) were sent to the Cape to establish a way-station for ships travelling to the Dutch East Indies, and the Fort de Goede Hoop (later replaced by the Castle of Good Hope).
The Castle of Good Hope (Kasteel de Goede Hoop; Kasteel die Goeie Hoop) known locally as the Castle or Cape Town Castle is a bastion fort built in the 17th century in Cape Town, South Africa.

Jan van Riebeeck

Van RiebeeckGeneral van RiebeeckJan Anthonisz van Riebeeck
Jan van Riebeeck's arrival on 6 April 1652 established Dutch Cape Colony, the first permanent European settlement in South Africa. In 1652, Jan van Riebeeck and other employees of the Dutch East India Company (Verenigde Oost-indische Compagnie, VOC) were sent to the Cape to establish a way-station for ships travelling to the Dutch East Indies, and the Fort de Goede Hoop (later replaced by the Castle of Good Hope).
Johan Anthoniszoon "Jan" van Riebeeck (21 April 1619 – 18 January 1677) was a Dutch navigator and colonial administrator who arrived in Cape Town in what then became the Dutch Cape Colony of the Dutch East India Company.

Port of Cape Town

Cape TownCape Town HarbourDP World Cargo Services - Cape Town
The city is known for its harbour, for its natural setting in the Cape Floristic Region, and for landmarks such as Table Mountain and Cape Point.
The Port of Cape Town is the port of the city of Cape Town, South Africa.

Battle of Blaauwberg

Cape of Good Hope 1806Capture of the Capecapture of the Cape of Good Hope
British forces occupied the Cape again in 1806 following the Battle of Blaauwberg.
The Battle of Blaauwberg, also known as the Battle of Cape Town, fought near Cape Town on 8 January 1806, was a small but significant military engagement.

Table Bay

Table Bay HarbourTafelbaaiTafelbaai, Western Cape, ZA
Located on the shore of Table Bay, Cape Town, as the oldest urban area in South Africa, was developed by the Dutch East India Company (VOC) as a supply station for Dutch ships sailing to East Africa, India, and the Far East.
Table Bay (Afrikaans Tafelbaai) is a natural bay on the Atlantic Ocean overlooked by Cape Town (founded 1652 by Van Riebeeck) and is at the northern end of the Cape Peninsula, which stretches south to the Cape of Good Hope.

Cape Flats

Lavender Hill
Many of these residents were relocated to the Cape Flats and Lavender Hill.
The Cape Flats (Die Kaapse Vlakte) is an expansive, low-lying, flat area situated to the southeast of the central business district of Cape Town.

Fort de Goede Hoop

castle
In 1652, Jan van Riebeeck and other employees of the Dutch East India Company (Verenigde Oost-indische Compagnie, VOC) were sent to the Cape to establish a way-station for ships travelling to the Dutch East Indies, and the Fort de Goede Hoop (later replaced by the Castle of Good Hope).
The Fort de Goede Hoop ('Fort of Good Hope') was the first military building to be erected in what is now Cape Town.

Dutch East India Company

VOCDutchDutch VOC
Located on the shore of Table Bay, Cape Town, as the oldest urban area in South Africa, was developed by the Dutch East India Company (VOC) as a supply station for Dutch ships sailing to East Africa, India, and the Far East. In 1652, Jan van Riebeeck and other employees of the Dutch East India Company (Verenigde Oost-indische Compagnie, VOC) were sent to the Cape to establish a way-station for ships travelling to the Dutch East Indies, and the Fort de Goede Hoop (later replaced by the Castle of Good Hope).
In 1652, Jan van Riebeeck established an outpost at the Cape of Good Hope (the southwestern tip of Africa, now Cape Town, South Africa) to re-supply VOC ships on their journey to East Asia.

Coloureds

colouredColoured peopleColoured person
Under apartheid, the Cape was considered a "Coloured labour preference area", to the exclusion of "Bantus", i.e. Africans.
In Cape Town, they form 45.4% of the total population, according to the South African National Census of 2011.

Cape Point

The city is known for its harbour, for its natural setting in the Cape Floristic Region, and for landmarks such as Table Mountain and Cape Point.
Table Mountain and the city of Cape Town are close to the northern extremity of the same peninsula.

Devil's Peak (Cape Town)

Devil's PeakDevils PeakDevil's Mountain
the same as Sydney and Buenos Aires and equivalent to Casablanca and Los Angeles in the northern hemisphere) and longitude 18.25° E. Table Mountain, with its near vertical cliffs and flat-topped summit over 1000 m high, and with Devil's Peak and Lion's Head on either side, together form a dramatic mountainous backdrop enclosing the central area of Cape Town, the so-called City Bowl.
Devil's Peak (Afrikaans: Duiwelspiek) is part of the mountainous backdrop to Cape Town, South Africa.

Colony of Natal

NatalGovernor of the Colony of NatalLieutenant-governor of the Colony of Natal
In 1910, Britain established the Union of South Africa, which unified the Cape Colony with the two defeated Boer Republics and the British colony of Natal.
In 1823 Francis Farewell, formerly a lieutenant in the British navy, with other merchants of Cape Town, formed a company to trade with the natives of the south-east coast.

Boer

Boerstrekboerswhite farmers
Conflicts between the Boer republics in the interior and the British colonial government resulted in the Second Boer War of 1899–1902, which Britain won.
Landing at Table Bay, Van Riebeek took control over Cape Town, the settlement developed during the previous 10 years.

Robben Island

Isle RobinRobbenRobben Island Channel
On Robben Island, a former penitentiary island 10 km from the city, many famous political prisoners were held for years.
Robben Island (Robbeneiland) is an island in Table Bay, 6.9 km west of the coast of Bloubergstrand, Cape Town, South Africa.

Cape Coloureds

Cape ColouredColouredCape Coloured People
Many of these became ancestors of the first Cape Coloured communities.
Patricia de Lille, former PAC, then Independent Democrats leader, currently Democratic Alliance mayor of Cape Town.

Lion's Head (Cape Town)

Lion's HeadLions HeadLion’s Head
the same as Sydney and Buenos Aires and equivalent to Casablanca and Los Angeles in the northern hemisphere) and longitude 18.25° E. Table Mountain, with its near vertical cliffs and flat-topped summit over 1000 m high, and with Devil's Peak and Lion's Head on either side, together form a dramatic mountainous backdrop enclosing the central area of Cape Town, the so-called City Bowl.
Lion's Head (Afrikaans: Leeukop) is a mountain in Cape Town, South Africa, between Table Mountain and Signal Hill.

Cape Town City Hall

Cape Town's City Hallcity hallCape Town City Hall, Cape Town, South Africa
In one of the most famous moments marking the end of apartheid, Nelson Mandela made his first public speech since his imprisonment, from the balcony of Cape Town City Hall hours after being released on 11 February 1990.
Cape Town City Hall is a large Edwardian building in Cape Town city centre which was built in 1905.

South Africa

🇿🇦South AfricanRepublic of South Africa
Cape Town (Kaapstad ; Xhosa: iKapa; Dutch: Kaapstad; South Sotho: Motse Kapa) is the oldest city in South Africa, colloquially named the Mother City.
In 1652, a century and a half after the discovery of the Cape sea route, Jan van Riebeeck established a station at the Cape of Good Hope, at what would become Cape Town, on behalf of the Dutch East India Company.

Dutch Cape Colony

Cape ColonyGovernor of the Cape ColonyCape of Good Hope
Jan van Riebeeck's arrival on 6 April 1652 established Dutch Cape Colony, the first permanent European settlement in South Africa.
In 1795, after the Battle of Muizenberg in present-day Cape Town, the British occupied the colony.