Cape lion

The Cape lion was a Panthera leo melanochaita population in South Africa's Natal and Cape Provinces that was extirpated in the mid-19th century.wikipedia
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Cape of Good Hope

Capethe Capethe Cape of Good Hope
The type specimen originated at the Cape of Good Hope and was described in 1842. Felis (Leo) melanochaita was a black-maned lion specimen from the Cape of Good Hope that was described by Ch. H. Smith in 1842.
No longer seen as a subspecies of its own, the Cape lion as a population is now extinct in the wilderness, though descendants could exist in captivity.

Asiatic lion

lionAsiatic lionsAsian lion
19th century authors claimed that the Cape lion was bigger than the Asiatic lion.
Lions with such smaller manes were also known in the Syrian region, Arabian peninsula and Egypt, whereas Barbary and Cape lions had underbelly hair.

Clifton Park and Museum

Clifton Park MuseumClifton ParkRotherham Parkrun
These include Roman remains from Templeborough, and Nelson, a stuffed Cape Lion.

Panthera leo melanochaita

lionEast African lionP. l. melanochaita
The Cape lion was a Panthera leo melanochaita population in South Africa's Natal and Cape Provinces that was extirpated in the mid-19th century.
l. melanochaita'' was a black-maned lion from the Cape of Good Hope, known as the Cape lion.

Novosibirsk Zoo

Новосиби́рск зоопарк
His 30-year search led to his discovery of black-maned lions with features of the Cape lion at the Novosibirsk Zoo in Siberia, in 2000.
In 2000, the zoo was found to hold black-maned lions that appeared to be the closest surviving relatives of the extinct Cape lion of South Africa.

Drakenstein Lion Park

However, Spence died in 2010 and the zoo closed in 2012, with the lions expected to go to Drakenstein Lion Park.
It was established in 1998 to keep lions which could not be rehabilitated into the wilderness, and was meant to replace the now-defunct Tygerberg Zoo, which housed possible descendants of the Cape lion, amongst other animals.

Tygerberg Zoo

John SpenceSpence's zoo in South Africa
Novosibirsk Zoo's population, which had 40 cubs over a 30-year period, continues, and Spence, aided by a zoo in Vienna, was allowed to bring two cubs back to Tygerberg Zoo.
It is also attracted international attention for John Spence's finding lions in captivity in Russia that were covered in the news as possible descendants of the extinct Cape lion population, and his bringing two of them back to the Tygerberg Zoo.

Barbary lion

Atlas lionLionlions
With their dark, brown manes extending through the front legs, they looked like Barbary or Cape lions.

Population

populationspopulacepopulated
The Cape lion was a Panthera leo melanochaita population in South Africa's Natal and Cape Provinces that was extirpated in the mid-19th century.

South Africa

South AfricanRepublic of South AfricaRSA
The Cape lion was a Panthera leo melanochaita population in South Africa's Natal and Cape Provinces that was extirpated in the mid-19th century.

Natal (province)

NatalNatal ProvinceNatal, South Africa
The Cape lion was a Panthera leo melanochaita population in South Africa's Natal and Cape Provinces that was extirpated in the mid-19th century.

Cape Province

CapeProvince of the Cape of Good HopeCape of Good Hope
The Cape lion was a Panthera leo melanochaita population in South Africa's Natal and Cape Provinces that was extirpated in the mid-19th century.

Local extinction

extirpatedextirpationlocally extinct
The Cape lion was a Panthera leo melanochaita population in South Africa's Natal and Cape Provinces that was extirpated in the mid-19th century.

19th century

nineteenth century19th19th-century
The Cape lion was a Panthera leo melanochaita population in South Africa's Natal and Cape Provinces that was extirpated in the mid-19th century.

Type (biology)

type localitytype specimentype
The type specimen originated at the Cape of Good Hope and was described in 1842.

Subspecies

nominate subspeciesnominotypical subspeciesnominate
Until 2017, the Cape lion was considered a distinct lion subspecies.

Southern Africa

SouthernSouthern AfricanSouth Africa
Phylogeographic analysis showed that lion populations in Southern and East Africa are closely related.

East Africa

Eastern AfricaEastEastern
Phylogeographic analysis showed that lion populations in Southern and East Africa are closely related.

Zoological specimen

specimensspecimenzoological specimens
Felis (Leo) melanochaita was a black-maned lion specimen from the Cape of Good Hope that was described by Ch. H. Smith in 1842.

Charles Hamilton Smith

C. H. SmithSmithHamilton Smith
Felis (Leo) melanochaita was a black-maned lion specimen from the Cape of Good Hope that was described by Ch. H. Smith in 1842.

Vratislav Mazák

MazákVratislav Mazak
Vratislav Mazák hypothesized that it evolved geographically isolated from other populations by the Great Escarpment.

Great Escarpment, Southern Africa

Great EscarpmentescarpmentDrakensberg escarpment
Vratislav Mazák hypothesized that it evolved geographically isolated from other populations by the Great Escarpment.

Kalahari Desert

KalahariKalahari xeric savannaOmaheke Desert
Genetic exchanges between lion populations in the Cape, Kalahari and Transvaal regions, and farther east are considered having been possible through a corridor between the escarpment and the Indian ocean.