Capital city

Capitaladministrative centerDistrict seatCapital ofAdmin. centercapitalsnational capitalcapital citiesCapital of Departmentadministrative centre
A capital city (or simply capital) is the municipality exercising primary status in a country, state, province, or other administrative region, usually as its seat of government.wikipedia
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Province

ProvincialprovincesProvincial Reserved
A capital city (or simply capital) is the municipality exercising primary status in a country, state, province, or other administrative region, usually as its seat of government.
In some countries with no actual provinces, "the provinces" is a metaphorical term meaning "outside the capital city".

Athens

AthenianAtheniansAthens, Greece
Examples are Athens, Bangkok, Brussels, Buenos Aires, Copenhagen, Cairo, London, Mexico City, Paris, Seoul and Tokyo.
Athens (, Athína ;, Athênai ) is the capital and largest city of Greece.

Copenhagen

Copenhagen, DenmarkKøbenhavnGreater Copenhagen
Examples are Athens, Bangkok, Brussels, Buenos Aires, Copenhagen, Cairo, London, Mexico City, Paris, Seoul and Tokyo.
Copenhagen (København ) is the capital and most populous city of Denmark.

London

London, EnglandLondon, UKLondon, United Kingdom
Examples are Athens, Bangkok, Brussels, Buenos Aires, Copenhagen, Cairo, London, Mexico City, Paris, Seoul and Tokyo. (The modern capital city has, however, not always existed: in medieval Western Europe, an itinerant (wandering) government was common.) Examples are Ancient Babylon, Abbasid Baghdad, Ancient Athens, Rome, Constantinople, Chang'an, Ancient Cusco, Madrid, Paris, London, Moscow, Beijing, Tokyo, Vienna, Lisbon and Berlin. Although many capitals are defined by constitution or legislation, many long-time capitals have no legal designation as such: for example Bern, Edinburgh, Lisbon, London, Paris, and Wellington.
London is the capital and largest city of the United Kingdom.

Seoul

Seoul, South KoreaHanseongHanyang
Examples are Athens, Bangkok, Brussels, Buenos Aires, Copenhagen, Cairo, London, Mexico City, Paris, Seoul and Tokyo.
Seoul (, like soul; 서울 ; ), officially the Seoul Special City, is the capital and largest metropolis of South Korea.

County seat

seatparish seatshire town
In several English-speaking states, the terms county town and county seat are also used in lower subdivisions.
A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish.

Rome

RomanRomaRome, Italy
(The modern capital city has, however, not always existed: in medieval Western Europe, an itinerant (wandering) government was common.) Examples are Ancient Babylon, Abbasid Baghdad, Ancient Athens, Rome, Constantinople, Chang'an, Ancient Cusco, Madrid, Paris, London, Moscow, Beijing, Tokyo, Vienna, Lisbon and Berlin. Similarly, each of the autonomous communities of Spain and regions of Italy has a capital city, such as Seville or Naples, while Madrid is the capital of the Community of Madrid and the Kingdom of Spain as a whole and Rome is the capital of Italy and the region of Lazio.
Rome (Latin and Roma ) is the capital city and a special comune of Italy (named Comune di Roma Capitale). Rome also serves as the capital of the Lazio region.

Itinerant court

itineranciesitinerant (wandering) government
(The modern capital city has, however, not always existed: in medieval Western Europe, an itinerant (wandering) government was common.) Examples are Ancient Babylon, Abbasid Baghdad, Ancient Athens, Rome, Constantinople, Chang'an, Ancient Cusco, Madrid, Paris, London, Moscow, Beijing, Tokyo, Vienna, Lisbon and Berlin.
The modern capital city has, historically, not always existed.

Constantinople

ConstantinopolitanIstanbulcapital
(The modern capital city has, however, not always existed: in medieval Western Europe, an itinerant (wandering) government was common.) Examples are Ancient Babylon, Abbasid Baghdad, Ancient Athens, Rome, Constantinople, Chang'an, Ancient Cusco, Madrid, Paris, London, Moscow, Beijing, Tokyo, Vienna, Lisbon and Berlin. Some of these cities are or were also religious centres, e.g. Constantinople (more than one religion), Rome (the Roman Catholic Church), Jerusalem (more than one religion), Ancient Babylon, Moscow (the Russian Orthodox Church), Belgrade (the Serbian Orthodox Church), Paris, and Peking.
Constantinople (Cōnstantīnopolis) was the capital city of the Roman/Byzantine Empire (330–1204 and 1261–1453), and also of the brief Crusader state known as the Latin Empire (1204–1261), until finally falling to the Ottoman Empire (1453–1923).

Chang'an

ChanganDaxingchengnortheast sector
(The modern capital city has, however, not always existed: in medieval Western Europe, an itinerant (wandering) government was common.) Examples are Ancient Babylon, Abbasid Baghdad, Ancient Athens, Rome, Constantinople, Chang'an, Ancient Cusco, Madrid, Paris, London, Moscow, Beijing, Tokyo, Vienna, Lisbon and Berlin.
Chang'an was an ancient capital of more than ten dynasties in Chinese history, today known as Xi'an. Chang'an means "Perpetual Peace" in Classical Chinese since it was a capital that was repeatedly used by new Chinese rulers.

Moscow

Moscow, RussiaMoskvaMuscovite
(The modern capital city has, however, not always existed: in medieval Western Europe, an itinerant (wandering) government was common.) Examples are Ancient Babylon, Abbasid Baghdad, Ancient Athens, Rome, Constantinople, Chang'an, Ancient Cusco, Madrid, Paris, London, Moscow, Beijing, Tokyo, Vienna, Lisbon and Berlin.
Moscow is the capital and most populous city of Russia, with 13.2 million residents within the city limits and 17 million within the urban area.

Berlin

Berlin, GermanyGerman capitalWest Berlin
(The modern capital city has, however, not always existed: in medieval Western Europe, an itinerant (wandering) government was common.) Examples are Ancient Babylon, Abbasid Baghdad, Ancient Athens, Rome, Constantinople, Chang'an, Ancient Cusco, Madrid, Paris, London, Moscow, Beijing, Tokyo, Vienna, Lisbon and Berlin.
Berlin is the capital and largest city of Germany by both area and population.

Seat of government

seatcentre of administrationgovernment
A capital city (or simply capital) is the municipality exercising primary status in a country, state, province, or other administrative region, usually as its seat of government.
The national government is usually located in the capital.

Beijing

PekingBeijing, ChinaBeiping
(The modern capital city has, however, not always existed: in medieval Western Europe, an itinerant (wandering) government was common.) Examples are Ancient Babylon, Abbasid Baghdad, Ancient Athens, Rome, Constantinople, Chang'an, Ancient Cusco, Madrid, Paris, London, Moscow, Beijing, Tokyo, Vienna, Lisbon and Berlin. Some of these cities are or were also religious centres, e.g. Constantinople (more than one religion), Rome (the Roman Catholic Church), Jerusalem (more than one religion), Ancient Babylon, Moscow (the Russian Orthodox Church), Belgrade (the Serbian Orthodox Church), Paris, and Peking.
Mandarin pronunciation: ), formerly romanized as Peking, is the capital of the People's Republic of China, the world's third most populous city proper, and most populous capital city.

Jerusalem

QudsJerusalem, Israelal-Quds
Some of these cities are or were also religious centres, e.g. Constantinople (more than one religion), Rome (the Roman Catholic Church), Jerusalem (more than one religion), Ancient Babylon, Moscow (the Russian Orthodox Church), Belgrade (the Serbian Orthodox Church), Paris, and Peking.
Both Israel and the Palestinian Authority claim Jerusalem as their capital, as Israel maintains its primary governmental institutions there and the State of Palestine ultimately foresees it as its seat of power; however, neither claim is widely recognized internationally.

List of capitals in the United States

state capitalcapitalState capital city
Traditional capitals may be economically eclipsed by provincial rivals, e.g. Nanking by Shanghai, Quebec City by Montreal, and numerous US state capitals.
Washington, D.C. has been the federal capital city of the United States since 1802.

Edinburgh

Edinburgh, ScotlandCity of EdinburghCity of Edinburgh council area
Although many capitals are defined by constitution or legislation, many long-time capitals have no legal designation as such: for example Bern, Edinburgh, Lisbon, London, Paris, and Wellington.
Edinburgh ( Dùn Èideann ; Edinburgh) is the capital city of Scotland and one of its 32 council areas.

Ottawa

Ottawa, OntarioOttawa, ONOttawa, Ontario, Canada
In Canada, there is a federal capital, while the ten provinces and three territories all have capital cities.
Ottawa is the capital city of Canada.

Mexico

🇲🇽MexicanMéxico
The states of such countries as Mexico, Brazil (including the famous cities of Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo, capitals of their respective states), and Australia all have capital cities.
Mexico is a federation comprising 31 states and Mexico City, a special federal entity that is also the capital city and its most populous city.

São Paulo

São Paulo, BrazilSPSao Paulo
The states of such countries as Mexico, Brazil (including the famous cities of Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo, capitals of their respective states), and Australia all have capital cities.
The city is the capital of the surrounding state of São Paulo, the most populous and wealthiest state in Brazil.

Germany

🇩🇪GermanGER
In the Federal Republic of Germany, each of its constituent states (or Länder - plural of Land) has its own capital city, such as Dresden, Wiesbaden, Mainz, Düsseldorf, Stuttgart, and Munich, as do all of the republics of the Russian Federation.
Its capital and largest metropolis is Berlin, while Frankfurt serves as its financial capital and has the country's busiest airport.

Denmark

Danish🇩🇰Constituent country
In unitary states which consist of multiple constituent nations, such as the United Kingdom or the Kingdom of Denmark, each will usually have its own capital city.
The government and national parliament are seated in Copenhagen, the nation's capital, largest city, and main commercial centre.

Metonymy

metonymmetonymicmetonymically
News media often use the name of a capital city as an alternative name for the country of which it is the capital or of the government that is seated there, as a form of metonymy.
Toponyms: A country's capital city or some location within the city is frequently used as a metonym for the country's government, such as Washington, D.C., in the United States; Ottawa in Canada; Tokyo in Japan; New Delhi in India; Downing Street or Whitehall in the UK; and the Kremlin in Russia. Similarly, other important places, such as Wall Street, Madison Avenue, Silicon Valley, Hollywood, Vegas, and Detroit are commonly used to refer to the industries that are located there (finance, advertising, high technology, entertainment, gambling, and motor vehicles, respectively). Such usage may persist even when the industries in question have moved elsewhere, for example, Fleet Street continues to be used as a metonymy for the British national press, though it is no longer located in the physical street of that name.

Stuttgart

VaihingenStuttgart, GermanyStuttgart-Vaihingen
In the Federal Republic of Germany, each of its constituent states (or Länder - plural of Land) has its own capital city, such as Dresden, Wiesbaden, Mainz, Düsseldorf, Stuttgart, and Munich, as do all of the republics of the Russian Federation.
Stuttgart (Swabian: Schduagert, ; names in other languages) is the capital and largest city of the German state of Baden-Württemberg.

Lazio

LatiumLazio RegionXX - Latium
Similarly, each of the autonomous communities of Spain and regions of Italy has a capital city, such as Seville or Naples, while Madrid is the capital of the Community of Madrid and the Kingdom of Spain as a whole and Rome is the capital of Italy and the region of Lazio.
The capital of Lazio is Rome, which is also Italy's capital and the country's largest city.