Capital gain

capital gainscapital growthcapital incomeCapital gain taxcapital gains and lossesgain
A capital gain refers to profit that results from a sale of a capital asset, such as stock, bond or real estate, where the sale price exceeds the purchase price.wikipedia
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Stock

equitiesequityshares
A capital gain refers to profit that results from a sale of a capital asset, such as stock, bond or real estate, where the sale price exceeds the purchase price.
Companies can also buy back stock, which often lets investors recoup the initial investment plus capital gains from subsequent rises in stock price.

Capital loss

lossesloss
Conversely, a capital loss arises if the proceeds from the sale of a capital asset are less than the purchase price.
The IRS states that "If your capital losses exceed your capital gains, the excess can be deducted on your tax return."

Passive income

interest incomeResidual incomeincome
Capital gains may also refer to a different form of profit received from an asset that refers to "investment income" in the form of cash flow or passive income that arises in relation to real assets, such as property; financial assets, such as shares/stocks or bonds; and intangible assets.
Portfolio income is derived from investments such as dividends, interest, capital gains, and some royalties.

Cash flow

cash flowscashflowcash-flow
Capital gains may also refer to a different form of profit received from an asset that refers to "investment income" in the form of cash flow or passive income that arises in relation to real assets, such as property; financial assets, such as shares/stocks or bonds; and intangible assets.

Unearned income

unearnedunearned (work and labour) incomesunearned wealth
Capital gains are a form of passive income some argue are unearned, though this is a great point of contention between all the various economic schools of thought.

Profit (accounting)

profitprofitsprofitability
A capital gain refers to profit that results from a sale of a capital asset, such as stock, bond or real estate, where the sale price exceeds the purchase price.

Capital asset

capital assetscapitalcapital cost
A capital gain refers to profit that results from a sale of a capital asset, such as stock, bond or real estate, where the sale price exceeds the purchase price.

Bond (finance)

bondsbondbond issue
A capital gain refers to profit that results from a sale of a capital asset, such as stock, bond or real estate, where the sale price exceeds the purchase price. Capital gains may also refer to a different form of profit received from an asset that refers to "investment income" in the form of cash flow or passive income that arises in relation to real assets, such as property; financial assets, such as shares/stocks or bonds; and intangible assets.

Real estate

real-estateluxury real estateland
A capital gain refers to profit that results from a sale of a capital asset, such as stock, bond or real estate, where the sale price exceeds the purchase price.

Real assets

real asset
Capital gains may also refer to a different form of profit received from an asset that refers to "investment income" in the form of cash flow or passive income that arises in relation to real assets, such as property; financial assets, such as shares/stocks or bonds; and intangible assets.

Property

propertiesproprietarypatrimony
Capital gains may also refer to a different form of profit received from an asset that refers to "investment income" in the form of cash flow or passive income that arises in relation to real assets, such as property; financial assets, such as shares/stocks or bonds; and intangible assets.

Financial asset

financial assetsassetassets
Capital gains may also refer to a different form of profit received from an asset that refers to "investment income" in the form of cash flow or passive income that arises in relation to real assets, such as property; financial assets, such as shares/stocks or bonds; and intangible assets.

Share (finance)

sharessharestock
Capital gains may also refer to a different form of profit received from an asset that refers to "investment income" in the form of cash flow or passive income that arises in relation to real assets, such as property; financial assets, such as shares/stocks or bonds; and intangible assets.

Intangible asset

intangible assetsintangibleintangibles
Capital gains may also refer to a different form of profit received from an asset that refers to "investment income" in the form of cash flow or passive income that arises in relation to real assets, such as property; financial assets, such as shares/stocks or bonds; and intangible assets.

Capital gains tax

capital gainscapital gains taxesCapital gain tax
Most countries impose a tax on capital gains of individuals or corporations.

Corporation

corporatecorporationsincorporated
Most countries impose a tax on capital gains of individuals or corporations.

Common stock

common sharesordinary sharesequity shares
Tax relief or exemptions may be available for capital gains in relation to holdings in certain assets such as significant common stock holdings.

Entrepreneurship

entrepreneurFounderentrepreneurs
Reasons for such exemptions are to provide incentives for entrepreneurship, to compensate for the effects of inflation, or to avoid "double taxation".

Inflation

inflation rateprice inflationfood inflation
Reasons for such exemptions are to provide incentives for entrepreneurship, to compensate for the effects of inflation, or to avoid "double taxation".

Double taxation

double-taxationdouble taxdouble tax treatment
Reasons for such exemptions are to provide incentives for entrepreneurship, to compensate for the effects of inflation, or to avoid "double taxation".

Measures of national income and output

national incomeGNPgross national product
Capital gains or losses are not counted during national income accounting as they only pertain to transference of rights to shares and assets and hence do not correspond to any new production activity..

Property income

property-owning capitalist classcapital and land incomepassive property income

Capital gains tax in the United States

capital gains taxcapital gainscapital gains taxes
In the United States of America, individuals and corporations pay U.S. federal income tax on the net total of all their capital gains.