Capital market

capital marketssecurities marketssecurities marketcapitalcapital market servicescapital markets industrycapital raisingcapital service marketsfinancial marketsGlobal Capital Market
A capital market is a financial market in which long-term debt (over a year) or equity-backed securities are bought and sold.wikipedia
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Financial market

financial marketsmarketmarkets
A capital market is a financial market in which long-term debt (over a year) or equity-backed securities are bought and sold.
The capital markets may also be divided into primary markets and secondary markets.

Primary market

bring a security issue to the marketoriginal issuesprimary
A capital market can be either a primary market or a secondary market.
The primary market is the part of the capital market that deals with the issuance and sale of equity-backed securities to investors directly by the issuer.

U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission

SECSecurities and Exchange CommissionSecurities and Exchange Commission (SEC)
Financial regulators like the Bank of England (BoE) and the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) oversee capital markets to protect investors against fraud, among other duties.
Its goal was to increase public trust in the capital markets by requiring uniform disclosure of information about public securities offerings.

Stock market

equity marketstock marketsstock
A second important division falls between the stock markets (for equity securities, also known as shares, where investors acquire ownership of companies) and the bond markets (where investors become creditors).
While the Italian city-states produced the first transferable government bonds, they did not develop the other ingredient necessary to produce a fully fledged capital market: the stock market.

International financial institutions

development bankinternational financial institutionmultilateral development bank
For developing countries, a multilateral development bank would sometimes provide an additional layer of underwriting, resulting in risk being shared between the investment bank(s), the multilateral organization, and the end investors.
The banks lend to their members, borrowing from the international capital markets.

Money market

short-term debtmoney market tradingmoney
The money markets are used for the raising of short-term finance, sometimes for loans that are expected to be paid back as early as overnight.
Money markets, which provide liquidity for the global financial system including for capital markets, are part of the broader system of financial markets.

Financial centre

financial centerfinancial centresfinancial capital
Physically, the systems are hosted all over the world, though they tend to be concentrated in financial centres like London, New York, and Hong Kong.
The establishment of the Amsterdam Stock Exchange (or Beurs van Hendrick de Keyser in Dutch), the world's first official stock exchange, along with the birth of the first fully functioning capital market in the early 1600s. While the Italian city-states produced the first transferable government bonds, they didn't develop the other ingredient necessary to produce the fully fledged capital market in its modern sense: a formal stock market. The Dutch were the firsts to use a fully fledged capital market (including the bond market and stock market) to finance public companies (such as the VOC and WIC). This was a precedent for the global securities market in its modern form. In the early 1600s the VOC established an exchange in Amsterdam where VOC stock and bonds could be traded in a secondary market. The establishment of the Amsterdam Stock Exchange (Beurs van Hendrick de Keyser) by the VOC, has long been recognized as the origin of modern-day stock exchanges that specialize in creating and sustaining secondary markets in the securities issued by corporations. The process of buying and selling shares (of stock) in the VOC became the basis of the first formal stock market. The Dutch pioneered stock futures, stock options, short selling, bear raids, debt-equity swaps, and other speculative instruments. Amsterdam businessman Joseph de la Vega's Confusion of Confusions (1688) was the earliest book about stock trading. Early techniques of stock-market manipulation occurred.

Investment banking

investment bankinvestment bankerinvestment banks
In the 20th and early 21st centuries, many governments would use investment banks to organize the sale of their bonds.
Corporate finance is the traditional aspect of investment banks, which involves helping customers raise funds in capital markets and giving advice on mergers and acquisitions (M&A); this may involve subscribing investors to a security issuance, coordinating with bidders, or negotiating with a merger target.

Capital account

financial accountcapital inflowscapital
Capital controls are measures imposed by a state's government aimed at managing capital account transactions – in other words, capital market transactions where one of the counter-parties involved is in a foreign country.
Portfolio investment refers to the purchase of shares and bonds. It is sometimes grouped together with "other" as short-term investment. As with FDI, the income derived from these assets is recorded in the current account; the capital account entry will just be for any buying or selling of the portfolio assets in the international capital markets.

Committee on Capital Markets Regulation

Committee on Capital Markets Regulation (United States)
The Committee on Capital Markets Regulation is an independent and nonpartisan 501(c)(3) research organization dedicated to improving the regulation of U.S. capital markets.

Stock exchange

stock exchangesexchangebourse
Stock exchange
While the Italian city-states produced the first transferable government bonds, they did not develop the other ingredient necessary to produce a fully-fledged capital market: the stock market in its modern sense.

Debt

debtsprincipalborrowing
A capital market is a financial market in which long-term debt (over a year) or equity-backed securities are bought and sold.

Equity (finance)

equityshareholders' equityequity capital
A capital market is a financial market in which long-term debt (over a year) or equity-backed securities are bought and sold.

Security (finance)

securitiessecuritydebt securities
A capital market is a financial market in which long-term debt (over a year) or equity-backed securities are bought and sold.

Bank of England

The Bank of EnglandBankBank of England’s
Financial regulators like the Bank of England (BoE) and the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) oversee capital markets to protect investors against fraud, among other duties.

Electronic trading

screen-based tradingeTradinge-trading
Modern capital markets are almost invariably hosted on computer-based electronic trading systems; most can be accessed only by entities within the financial sector or the treasury departments of governments and corporations, but some can be accessed directly by the public.

Secondary market

after-marketaftermarketsecondary trading
A capital market can be either a primary market or a secondary market.

Pension fund

pension fundsretirement fundsuperannuation fund
The main entities purchasing the bonds or stock include pension funds, hedge funds, sovereign wealth funds, and less commonly wealthy individuals and investment banks trading on their own behalf.

Hedge fund

hedge fundshedge fund managerhedge-fund
The main entities purchasing the bonds or stock include pension funds, hedge funds, sovereign wealth funds, and less commonly wealthy individuals and investment banks trading on their own behalf.

Sovereign wealth fund

sovereign wealth fundsNational Wealth FundSovereign fund
The main entities purchasing the bonds or stock include pension funds, hedge funds, sovereign wealth funds, and less commonly wealthy individuals and investment banks trading on their own behalf.

Exchange (organized market)

exchangeexchangestrading venue
In the secondary market, existing securities are sold and bought among investors or traders, usually on an exchange, over-the-counter, or elsewhere.

Over-the-counter (finance)

over-the-counterOTCover the counter
In the secondary market, existing securities are sold and bought among investors or traders, usually on an exchange, over-the-counter, or elsewhere.

Bond market

credit marketcredit marketsdebt market
A second important division falls between the stock markets (for equity securities, also known as shares, where investors acquire ownership of companies) and the bond markets (where investors become creditors).

Capital good

capital goodscapitalcapital equipment
When a company borrows from the primary capital markets, often the purpose is to invest in additional physical capital goods, which will be used to help increase its income.

Loan

loansconsumer loanslending
Regular bank lending is not usually classed as a capital market transaction, even when loans are extended for a period longer than a year.