Capital of Japan

Traditional site of Kusuba-no-Miya Palace in Osaka Prefecture
1/1000 scale model of Fujiwara-kyō, held by Kashihara-shi Fujiwara-kyō reference room
1/1000 scale model of Heijō-kyō, held by Nara City Hall
1/1000 scale model of Heian-kyō, held by Kyoto City Heiankyo Sosei-Kan Museum

Tokyo.

- Capital of Japan
Traditional site of Kusuba-no-Miya Palace in Osaka Prefecture

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Daidairi (大内裏, palace in the center) and the cityscape of Heian-kyō (miniature model at the Kyoto City Life-long Learning Center)

Heian-kyō

One of several former names for the city now known as Kyoto.

One of several former names for the city now known as Kyoto.

Daidairi (大内裏, palace in the center) and the cityscape of Heian-kyō (miniature model at the Kyoto City Life-long Learning Center)
Miniature model of the ancient capital Heian-kyō
Old map of Kyoto
Perspective Pictures of Places in Japan: Sanjūsangen-dō in Kyoto
Toyoharu, c. 1772–1781
Schematic diagram of Heian-kyō
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In fact, even after the seat of Imperial power was moved to Tokyo in 1868, since there is no law which makes Tokyo the capital, there is a view that Kyoto legally or officially remains the capital even today.

Tokyo

Satellite photo of Tokyo in 2018 taken by ESA Sentinel-2
Tokyo Metropolitan Government Building
Map of Nishi-Tama District in green
Map of the Izu Islands in black labels
Map of the Ogasawara Islands in black labels
Ogasawara National Park, a UNESCO World Natural Heritage Site
A bilingual sign with instructions (in Japanese and English) in case of an earthquake (Shibuya)
The MAOUDC is the world's largest underground diversion floodwater facility.
Tokyo Skytree, the tallest tower in the world
Tokyo Stock Exchange
Ginza is a popular upscale shopping area in Tokyo.
Bank of Japan headquarters in Chūō, Tokyo
Marunouchi in Chiyoda, Tokyo
Tokyo Tower at night
Shibuya Crossing in Shibuya attracts many tourists, also known as "the Times Square of the Orient".
Tokyo Station is the main intercity rail terminal in Tokyo.
Haneda Airport
Narita International Airport
Tokyo Metro and Toei Subway are two main subway operators in Tokyo.
Hamazakibashi JCT in Shuto Expressway
The National Museum of Emerging Science and Innovation, also known as "Miraikan"
Takeshita Street in Harajuku
The Sanja Festival in Asakusa
Japan National Stadium
Ryōgoku Kokugikan sumo wrestling arena
Akihabara is the most popular area for fans of anime, manga, and games.
FCG Building, home of Fuji TV headquarters
Edo Castle, 17th century
Commodore Matthew Perry expedition and his first arrival in Japan in 1853
Famous Edo Places. Yamanote (above) Nihonbashi (center) and Shitamachi (below), c. 1858.
Suruga street with Mount Fuji by Hiroshige (1856)
The 1870s Chuo-dori terraces in Ginza, Tokyo
Aerial view of the Sumida River with Taitō-ku (west) and Sumida-ku (east) in Tokyo, c. 1930
Nihonbashi after Great Kanto Earthquake, September 1, 1923
Ginza area in 1933
"The first underground railway in the Orient", Tokyo Underground, opened on December 30, 1927
Tokyo Bombing in 1945
Aftermath of Tokyo Bombing in March 1945
Nihonbashi in 1946
Tokyo Tower, built in 1958
Yoyogi National Gymnasium built for the 1964 Summer Olympics
Sunshine 60, tallest building in Asia until 1985, and in Japan until 1991
Tama
Hachioji
Musashino
Yasuda Auditorium at the University of Tokyo in Bunkyō
Okuma Auditorium at Waseda University in Shinjuku
Hibiya High School in Chiyoda
Tama

Tokyo (Japanese: 東京, ), formerly Edo, historically Tokio, and officially the Tokyo Metropolis (東京都), is the capital and largest city of Japan.

Japan

Island country in East Asia.

Island country in East Asia.

Legendary Emperor Jimmu (神武天皇)
Samurai warriors battling Mongols during the Mongol invasions of Japan, depicted in the
Emperor Meiji (明治天皇); 1852–1912
Japan's imperial ambitions ended on September 2, 1945, with the country's surrender to the Allies.
The Japanese archipelago
Mount Fuji in Spring, view from Arakurayama Sengen Park
Autumn maple leaves at Kongōbu-ji on Mount Kōya, a UNESCO World Heritage Site
The National Diet Building
Japan is a member of both the G7 and the G20.
JMSDF class destroyer
The Tokyo Stock Exchange
A rice paddy in Aizu, Fukushima Prefecture
A plug-in hybrid car manufactured by Toyota. Japan is the third-largest maker of motor vehicles in the world.
The Japanese Experiment Module (Kibō) at the International Space Station
Japan Airlines, the flag carrier of Japan
The Kashiwazaki-Kariwa Nuclear Power Plant
The Greater Tokyo Area is ranked as the most populous metropolitan area in the world.
The torii of Itsukushima Shinto Shrine near Hiroshima
Kanji and hiragana signs
Students celebrating after the announcement of the results of the entrance examinations to the University of Tokyo
12th-century illustrated handscroll of The Tale of Genji, a National Treasure
Noh performance at a Shinto shrine
Young ladies celebrate Coming of Age Day (成人の日) in Harajuku, Tokyo
A plate of nigiri-zushi
Sumo wrestlers form around the referee during the ring-entering ceremony

Tokyo is the nation's capital and largest city, followed by Yokohama, Osaka, Nagoya, Sapporo, Fukuoka, Kobe, and Kyoto.

Emperor Kanmu

The 50th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.

The 50th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.

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Japanese Imperial kamon — a stylized chrysanthemum blossom

April 30, 781 (Ten'ō 1, 3rd day of the 4th month (天安一年四月三日)): In the 11th year of Kōnin's reign, he abdicated; and the succession was received by his son Kanmu. Shortly thereafter, Emperor Kanmu is said to have ascended to the throne. During his reign, the capital of Japan was moved from Nara (Heijō-kyō) to Nagaoka-kyō in 784. Shortly thereafter, the capital would be moved again in 794.

Sakurai, Nara

City located in Nara Prefecture, Japan.

City located in Nara Prefecture, Japan.

Sakurai was briefly the capital of Japan during the reign of Emperor Yūryaku.

Tenri, Nara

City located in Nara Prefecture, Japan.

City located in Nara Prefecture, Japan.

Tenri was briefly the capital of Japan during the reign of Emperor Ninken.

Ishibutai Kofun, believed to be the burial site of Soga no Umako (figure shows scale)

Asuka, Yamato

Ishibutai Kofun, believed to be the burial site of Soga no Umako (figure shows scale)
Layout of Oharida Palace

Asuka (飛鳥) was the Imperial capital of Japan during the Asuka period (538 – 710 AD), which takes its name from this place.

Heijō-kyō ruins

Heijō-kyō

Heijō-kyō ruins
1/1000 scale model of Heijō-kyō, held by Nara City Hall
Groundplan of Heijō-kyō
Closer map of the major sites of Heijō-kyō
Satellite view of Heijō-kyō site (平城宮趾)
Miniature model of the Heijō Palace
The Daigokuden, the main building to Heijo Palace
The Suzakumon, the main entrance to Heijo Palace

Heijō-kyō (平城京) was the Capital of Japan during most of the Nara period, from 710–40 and again from 745–84.

Kyōtanabe, Kyoto

City located in the southern part of Kyoto Prefecture, Japan.

City located in the southern part of Kyoto Prefecture, Japan.

Aerial photograph of center area in 2021

Kyōtanabe was briefly the capital of Japan during the reign of Emperor Keitai.

Chōdō-in (朝堂院) of Nagaoka-kyō (restoration model)

Nagaoka-kyō

Chōdō-in (朝堂院) of Nagaoka-kyō (restoration model)
Nagaoka Palace ruin monument in Mukō, Kyoto Prefecture

Nagaoka-kyō (長岡京) was the capital of Japan from 784 to 794.