A report on Heian-kyō and Capital of Japan

Daidairi (大内裏, palace in the center) and the cityscape of Heian-kyō (miniature model at the Kyoto City Life-long Learning Center)
Traditional site of Kusuba-no-Miya Palace in Osaka Prefecture
Miniature model of the ancient capital Heian-kyō
1/1000 scale model of Fujiwara-kyō, held by Kashihara-shi Fujiwara-kyō reference room
Old map of Kyoto
1/1000 scale model of Heijō-kyō, held by Nara City Hall
Perspective Pictures of Places in Japan: Sanjūsangen-dō in Kyoto
Toyoharu, c. 1772–1781
1/1000 scale model of Heian-kyō, held by Kyoto City Heiankyo Sosei-Kan Museum
Schematic diagram of Heian-kyō
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From 794 through 1868, the Emperor lived in Heian-kyō, modern-day Kyoto.

- Capital of Japan

In fact, even after the seat of Imperial power was moved to Tokyo in 1868, since there is no law which makes Tokyo the capital, there is a view that Kyoto legally or officially remains the capital even today.

- Heian-kyō
Daidairi (大内裏, palace in the center) and the cityscape of Heian-kyō (miniature model at the Kyoto City Life-long Learning Center)

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Overall

Japan

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Island country in East Asia.

Island country in East Asia.

Legendary Emperor Jimmu (神武天皇)
Samurai warriors battling Mongols during the Mongol invasions of Japan, depicted in the
Emperor Meiji (明治天皇); 1852–1912
Japan's imperial ambitions ended on September 2, 1945, with the country's surrender to the Allies.
The Japanese archipelago
Mount Fuji in Spring, view from Arakurayama Sengen Park
Autumn maple leaves at Kongōbu-ji on Mount Kōya, a UNESCO World Heritage Site
The National Diet Building
Japan is a member of both the G7 and the G20.
JMSDF class destroyer
The Tokyo Stock Exchange
A rice paddy in Aizu, Fukushima Prefecture
A plug-in hybrid car manufactured by Toyota. Japan is the third-largest maker of motor vehicles in the world.
The Japanese Experiment Module (Kibō) at the International Space Station
Japan Airlines, the flag carrier of Japan
The Kashiwazaki-Kariwa Nuclear Power Plant
The Greater Tokyo Area is ranked as the most populous metropolitan area in the world.
The torii of Itsukushima Shinto Shrine near Hiroshima
Kanji and hiragana signs
Students celebrating after the announcement of the results of the entrance examinations to the University of Tokyo
12th-century illustrated handscroll of The Tale of Genji, a National Treasure
Noh performance at a Shinto shrine
Young ladies celebrate Coming of Age Day (成人の日) in Harajuku, Tokyo
A plate of nigiri-zushi
Sumo wrestlers form around the referee during the ring-entering ceremony
Japanese samurai boarding a Mongol vessel during the Mongol invasions of Japan, depicted in the, 1293
Skyscrapers in Nakanoshima, Osaka; a major financial centre in Japan

Tokyo is the nation's capital and largest city, followed by Yokohama, Osaka, Nagoya, Sapporo, Fukuoka, Kobe, and Kyoto.

Japan has been inhabited since the Upper Paleolithic period (30,000 BC), though the first written mention of the archipelago appears in a Chinese chronicle (the Book of Han) finished in the 2nd century AD. Between the 4th and 9th centuries, the kingdoms of Japan became unified under an emperor and the imperial court based in Heian-kyō.

Emperor Kanmu

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The 50th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.

The 50th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.

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Japanese Imperial kamon — a stylized chrysanthemum blossom

April 30, 781 (Ten'ō 1, 3rd day of the 4th month (天安一年四月三日)): In the 11th year of Kōnin's reign, he abdicated; and the succession was received by his son Kanmu. Shortly thereafter, Emperor Kanmu is said to have ascended to the throne. During his reign, the capital of Japan was moved from Nara (Heijō-kyō) to Nagaoka-kyō in 784. Shortly thereafter, the capital would be moved again in 794.

794: The capital was relocated again, this time to Heian-kyō, where the palace was named "palace of peace/tranquility" (平安宮).