Cover of Captain Britain trade paperback edition (2005).
Art by Alan Davis
Claremont in 2016
Nightcrawler Art by Travis Charest
Captain Britain #36 (1977).
Art by Pablo Marcos.
Chris Claremont at a comic convention in New York City around 1990
Nightcrawler on the cover of X-Men vol. 2 #80, drawn by Carlos Pacheco
Excalibur from left to right, Nightcrawler, Shadowcat, Widget, Captain Britain, Meggan, and Phoenix III.
Promotional art by Alan Davis.
Claremont being interviewed on breaking into the comics industry at the 2011 New York Comic Con
Alan Cumming as Nightcrawler in the film X2
Cover art for Captain Britain & The MI-13 #6.
Art by Bryan Hitch.
Claremont at the Comic New York symposium at Columbia University on March 24, 2012

Created in 1976 by writer Chris Claremont and artist Herb Trimpe, with later contributions from Alan Moore and Alan Davis, he first appeared in Captain Britain Weekly #1.

- Captain Britain

During his tenure at Marvel, Claremont co-created numerous X-Men characters, such as Rogue, Psylocke (Betsy Braddock), Kitty Pryde/Shadowcat, Phoenix, The Brood, Lockheed, Shi'ar, Shi'ar Imperial Guard, Mystique, Destiny, Selene, Reverend William Stryker, Lady Mastermind, Emma Frost, Tessa, Siryn, Jubilee, Rachel Summers, Madelyne Pryor, Moira MacTaggert, Lilandra, Shadow King, Cannonball, Warpath, Mirage, Wolfsbane, Karma, Cypher, Sabretooth, Empath, Sebastian Shaw, Donald Pierce, Avalanche, Pyro, Legion, Nimrod, Gateway, Strong Guy, Proteus, Mister Sinister, Marauders, Purifiers, Captain Britain, Sunspot, Forge and Gambit.

- Chris Claremont

Not long after, Nightcrawler and teammates Shadowcat and Rachel Summers left to join Captain Britain in an adventure in the UK.

- Nightcrawler (character)

In April of that year, Marvel launched a Nightcrawler series with Claremont as writer, which he finished in March 2015.

- Chris Claremont

When the X-Men appeared to perish in Dallas (see Fall of the Mutants), a group of heroes including Nightcrawler, Shadowcat, Phoenix III, and Meggan joined Brian to form Excalibur - Great Britain's premier super-team - in an effort to continue the work of the X-Men.

- Captain Britain

X-Men writer Chris Claremont had intended to reveal that Nightcrawler was the son of Nightmare early in his run.

- Nightcrawler (character)
Cover of Captain Britain trade paperback edition (2005).
Art by Alan Davis

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Cover to Excalibur #1 (Oct. 1988), featuring the original members of Excalibur, with art by Alan Davis with inking by Paul Neary.

Excalibur (comics)

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Fictional superhero group appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics.

Fictional superhero group appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics.

Cover to Excalibur #1 (Oct. 1988), featuring the original members of Excalibur, with art by Alan Davis with inking by Paul Neary.

Conceived by writer Chris Claremont and artist/co-writer Alan Davis, they first appeared in Excalibur Special Edition #1 (1987), also known as Excalibur: The Sword is Drawn.

The first Excalibur consisted of the British superhero, Captain Britain, his lover, Meggan, and three former members of the X-Men.

Nightcrawler (Kurt Wagner) – a German mutant who possesses the ability to teleport, becomes nearly invisible in shadows, and has a demon-like appearance.

Betsy Braddock as Captain Britain on the cover of Excalibur (vol. 4) # 10 (June 2020). Art by Mahmud Asrar and Matthew Wilson.

Betsy Braddock

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Betsy Braddock as Captain Britain on the cover of Excalibur (vol. 4) # 10 (June 2020). Art by Mahmud Asrar and Matthew Wilson.
Betsy Braddock becomes the new Captain Britain in Captain Britain, vol. 2 #13. Art by Alan Davis
Cover of Psylocke vol. 1 #1 (2010), her first self-titled issue. Art by David Finch.
Betsy in her "Lady Mandarin" armor and with the Crimson Dawn tattoo, on the cover of New Exiles #9: "Soul Awakening" (art by Alex Garner)
The Exiles version of Elizabeth "Betsy" Braddock manifesting her "psychic katana", on the cover of X-Men: Sword of the Braddocks #1: "The Face Of Fear" (art by Alex Garner)

Elizabeth "Betsy" Braddock is a fictional superhero appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics, commonly in association with Captain Britain and the X-Men.

Created by writer Chris Claremont and artist Herb Trimpe in 1976, she first appeared in the Marvel UK series Captain Britain.

As a member of the X-Men, Betsy investigated the Shi'ar's Providian Order, while taking on Skrull/Brood hybrids, investigated a mysterious natural phenomena in the Blackrock Desert, helped Nightcrawler against a newly returned Shadow King, and joined the X-Men and Avengers in Genosha to fight the clone of Red Skull during the AXIS storyline.

Variant cover of X-Men (Vol. 6) #2 (October 2021). Art by Mahmud Asrar, depicting the current X-Men team roster (clockwise from left): Synch, Wolverine, Sunfire, Marvel Girl, Rogue, Polaris, Cyclops.

X-Men

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The X-Men are a fictional team of superheroes appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics, first appearing in The X-Men #1 by artist/co-plotter Jack Kirby and writer/editor Stan Lee in 1963.

The X-Men are a fictional team of superheroes appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics, first appearing in The X-Men #1 by artist/co-plotter Jack Kirby and writer/editor Stan Lee in 1963.

Variant cover of X-Men (Vol. 6) #2 (October 2021). Art by Mahmud Asrar, depicting the current X-Men team roster (clockwise from left): Synch, Wolverine, Sunfire, Marvel Girl, Rogue, Polaris, Cyclops.
The original X-Men members that were created by Stan Lee and Jack Kirby, showing their original design
Giant-Size X-Men #1 (May 1975). Cover art by Gil Kane and Dave Cockrum.
Uncanny X-Men #227 (March 1988) by Chris Claremont and Marc Silvestri
Artist Jim Lee signing a hardcover collected edition of his work on X-Men (Vol 2) at Midtown Comics in Manhattan
Variant cover of Extraordinary X-Men #17, Dec. 2016 (flagship series of this era) during the "Inhumans vs. X-Men" story arc. Art by Jorge Molina.

Although initially cancelled in 1970, following its 1975 revival and subsequent direction under writer Chris Claremont, it became one of the most recognizable and successful franchises of Marvel Comics.

The "all-new, all-different X-Men" were led by Cyclops, from the original team, and consisted of the newly created Colossus (from the Soviet Union/Russia), Nightcrawler (from West Germany/Germany), Storm (from Kenya), and Thunderbird (a Native American of Apache descent), and three previously introduced characters: Banshee (from Ireland), Sunfire (from Japan), and Wolverine (from Canada).

Excalibur, vol. 4 – a title starring Betsy Braddock, who takes over the mantle of Captain Britain from her brother Brian Braddock, alongside Rogue, Gambit, Jubilee, Rictor and Apocalypse.

Kitty Pryde using her phasing ability with Lockheed on the cover of Marauders #3 (December 2019). Art by Jeehyung Lee.

Kitty Pryde

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Fictional superhero appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics, commonly in association with the X-Men.

Fictional superhero appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics, commonly in association with the X-Men.

Kitty Pryde using her phasing ability with Lockheed on the cover of Marauders #3 (December 2019). Art by Jeehyung Lee.
Kitty Pryde on the cover of X-Treme X-Men #26 (July 2003); art by Salvador Larroca
Kitty on the cover of X-Men Gold vol. 1 #3 by Marc Guggenheim, art by Ardian Syaf.
Physics professor James Kakalios has attempted to use quantum mechanics to explain Kitty Pryde's "phasing" power. He has described it as an ability to control her own "macroscopic quantum wave function, increasing her tunneling probability to near 100 percent at will."
Shadowcat in Generation Next #1
Cat, after "declawing" an alternative James Howlett. Art by Michael Golden.
Ultimate Kitty Pryde, with the costume designed by Stuart Immonen in the Ultimate Spider-Man comic book.

The character first appeared in Uncanny X-Men #129 (January 1980) and was co-created by writer-artist John Byrne and writer Chris Claremont.

She managed to contact Cyclops, Phoenix, and Nightcrawler.

Thinking the X-Men were dead, Kitty and Nightcrawler joined Rachel Summers, Captain Britain, and Meggan to form the Britain-based team Excalibur following an adventure in which they saved Rachel from Technet.

Rachel Summers as Marvel Girl on the cover of X-Men: Emperor Vulcan #4 (2008). Art by Billy Tan.

Rachel Summers

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Fictional character appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics.

Fictional character appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics.

Rachel Summers as Marvel Girl on the cover of X-Men: Emperor Vulcan #4 (2008). Art by Billy Tan.
Rachel Summers in her standard 1990s red street clothing from Excalibur #44 (November 1991). Art by Alan Davis.
Rachel Summers, with the Phoenix Force, battling and winning against Galactus. Art by Alan Davis.

The character was created by writer Chris Claremont and artist/co-writer John Byrne.

Months later, while recuperating from injuries on Muir Island, Shadowcat and Nightcrawler both had the same dream, where they were actors on a weird set and helped Rachel, who was trapped there, escape.

The three former X-Men were joined by Captain Britain and Meggan and founded the British superhero team Excalibur.