Captain general

Captain-GeneralCapitán Generalcaptaincy generalCaptains Generalcapitãocapitaine généralCapitão-morcaptain Captain General (captain)
Captain general (and its literal equivalent in several languages) is a high military rank of general officer grade, and a gubernatorial title.wikipedia
527 Related Articles

General officer

GeneralgeneralsGen.
Captain general (and its literal equivalent in several languages) is a high military rank of general officer grade, and a gubernatorial title.
It originates in the 16th century, as a shortening of captain general, which rank was taken from Middle French capitaine général.

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

Duke of MarlboroughMarlboroughJohn Churchill
In the 18th century, the office of Captain General was held by the Duke of Marlborough (1702 to 1711), the Duke of Ormonde (1711 to 1714) and the Duke of Marlborough again (1714 to 1722).
Marriage to Sarah Jennings and her relationship with Anne ensured Marlborough's rise, first to the Captain-Generalcy of British forces, then to a dukedom.

Military rank

rankwar substantivetemporary
Captain general (and its literal equivalent in several languages) is a high military rank of general officer grade, and a gubernatorial title.
This was eventually shortened to major general, while captain general was shortened to simply general.

Royal Company of Archers

Queen's Body Guard for ScotlandThe Royal Company of ArchersCaptain General of the Queen's Bodyguard in Scotland
Since the 17th century the title Captain General has been in use in England for the titular head of the Honourable Artillery Company and in Scotland for the senior officer of the Royal Company of Archers.
The Marquis of Athole was the company's Captain-General in 1670; and they held frequent meetings during the reign of the royal brothers.

Commander-in-Chief of the Forces

Commander-in-ChiefCommander-in-Chief of the British ArmyCommander in Chief
In the mid-17th century, with the first establishment in England of something akin to a standing army, the title Captain General was used (either alongside or in place of that of Commander-in-Chief of the Forces) to signify its commanding officer.
On 21 February 1660, the reconstituted Long Parliament resolved "that General George Monck be constituted and appointed Captain-General and Commander in Chief, under Parliament, of all the Land-Forces of England, Scotland and Ireland".

Anne, Queen of Great Britain

Queen AnneAnnePrincess Anne
There were no subsequent appointments until the reign of Queen Anne.
Anne gave control of the army to Lord Marlborough, whom she appointed Captain-General.

Lieutenant general

Lieutenant-GeneralLt. Gen.Lt Gen
Other ranks of general officer, as distinct from field officer, had the suffix "general"; e.g. major general, lieutenant general, brigadier general, colonel general.
The rank traces its origins to the Middle Ages, where the title of lieutenant general was held by the second in command on the battlefield, who was normally subordinate to a captain general.

Feldhauptmann

captains
See also Feldhauptmann ("field captain").
See also Generalkapitän.

Augusto Pinochet

PinochetGeneral PinochetAugusto Pinochet Ugarte
It has only happened three times in Chile's history (Bernardo O'Higgins, Ramon Freire and Augusto Pinochet Ugarte).
Augusto José Ramón Pinochet Ugarte (, also,, ; 25 November 1915 – 10 December 2006) was a Chilean general, politician and dictator of Chile between 1973 and 1990 who remained the Commander-in-Chief of the Chilean Army until 1998 and was also President of the Government Junta of Chile between 1973 and 1981.

Stadtholder

stadholderstadhouderStatthalter
He was also stadtholder of five of the seven provinces, which was a provincial appointive office, under the sovereign States of the several provinces.
On the Republic's central 'confederal' level, the stadtholder of the provinces of Holland and Zealand was normally also appointed Captain-General of the confederate army and Admiral-General of the confederate fleet, though no stadtholder ever actually commanded a fleet in battle.

Captain General Royal Marines

Captain GeneralCaptain General of the Royal Marines
In 1947 the position of Colonel-in-Chief, Royal Marines was changed by its incumbent, King George VI, to that of Captain General Royal Marines; likewise, the position of Colonel-in-Chief of the Royal Regiment of Artillery was changed by its incumbent, George VI, to Captain General.

Felipe VI of Spain

Felipe VIKing Felipe VIFelipe, Prince of Asturias
In Spain, the title Captain General (capitán general) is the highest military rank, and has since 1999 been exclusively borne by the Spanish monarch (currently Felipe VI).
In accordance with the Spanish Constitution, as monarch, he is head of state and commander-in-chief of the Spanish Armed Forces with military rank of Captain General, and also plays a role in promoting relations with Spanish America and the former Spanish East Indies, which are collectively called the "nations of its historical community".

George Monck, 1st Duke of Albemarle

General MonckGeorge MonckDuke of Albemarle
After the Restoration, King Charles II likewise designated General Monck "Captaine Generall of all our Armies and land forces and men … in and out of our Realmes of England, Scotland and Ireland and Dominion of Wales"; (he was also referred to on occasion as 'Lord Generall' and 'Commander in Chief of all His Majesty's Forces').

Francisco Franco

FrancoGeneral FrancoFrancoist
Briefly abolished by the Second Spanish Republic, it was restored during the regime of Francisco Franco in 1938; Franco himself was the only officer of this rank.
He wore the uniform of a Captain General (a rank traditionally reserved for the King) and resided in El Pardo Palace.

Agustín Muñoz Grandes

Muñoz GrandesMUÑOZ GRANDES, AgustinMuñoz Grandez
Later King Juan Carlos I (1975), Agustín Muñoz Grandes (1956) and Camilo Alonso Vega (1972) were promoted while on active duty; a few posthumous promotions and promotions of retired officers to this rank were also made.
Muñoz Grandes was appointed Captain-General of I Military District in 1945 and Minister of Defence in 1950.

Royal Artillery

Royal Regiment of ArtilleryRAartillery
In 1947 the position of Colonel-in-Chief, Royal Marines was changed by its incumbent, King George VI, to that of Captain General Royal Marines; likewise, the position of Colonel-in-Chief of the Royal Regiment of Artillery was changed by its incumbent, George VI, to Captain General.

Honourable Artillery Company

HACThe Honourable Artillery Company11th Regiment, Royal Horse Artillery (Honourable Artillery Company)
Since the 17th century the title Captain General has been in use in England for the titular head of the Honourable Artillery Company and in Scotland for the senior officer of the Royal Company of Archers.

Captaincies of Brazil

captainciescaptaincyCaptaincy Colonies of Brazil
Thus, in Brazil, besides the captains-generals that were governors of the several captaincies general, existed a central captain-general that was the governor-general or Viceroy.
Each was granted to a single donee, a Portuguese nobleman who was given the title captain General.

Colonel-in-chief

Colonel in ChiefRegimentschefcolonels-in-chief
Some artillery regiments have a Captain-General instead of a Colonel-in-Chief, but the posts are essentially the same.

Hartschier

Leibgarde der HartschiereLeibgarde der HartschierHartschier Guard
In the former Kingdom of Bavaria, the generalkapitän was the leader of the royal Hartschier guard.
The commander of the Hartschier troop had the title Generalkapitän (see also Captain General), associated with the highest class ranking in the Hofrangordnung (court order of precedence).

Spanish Empire

SpanishSpainSpanish colonies
The term "captain general" can also be used to translate Spanish capitán general or Portuguese capitão-general, administrative titles used in the Spanish Empire and the Portuguese Empire, especially in the Americas.
In March 1578, the Spanish fleet, led by De Sande himself, acting as Capitán General, started its journey towards Brunei.

Gonfalonier of the Church

GonfalonierFlag-bearer of the Holy Roman ChurchGonfalonier of the Holy Roman Church
It existed parallel to the office of Gonfalonier of the Church, which was a more ceremonial position than a tactical military command position.

Captaincy General

Captain Generalcaptain-generalCaptaincies
Their governors were the Captains general.

Captain General of the Church

capitano generaleCaptain GeneralCaptain-General of the Church
During the time of the Papal States the title of Captain General of the Church was given to the de facto commander-in-chief of the Papal Army.

Captain-major

Donatary-CaptaingovernorCapitão Donatário
In the Portuguese Empire, a capitão-general (plural capitães-generais) was a governor of a capitania geral (captaincy general), with a higher rank than a capitão-mor (captain-major) and directly subordinated to the Crown.