Cardinal (Catholic Church)

The coat of arms of a cardinal (who is a bishop) is indicated by a red galero (wide-brimmed hat) with 15 tassels on each side (the motto and escutcheon are proper to the individual cardinal).
Cardinal Richelieu, chief minister of France
Cardinal Innitzer, Archbishop of Vienna and Cardinal-Priest of San Crisogono
Choir dress of a cardinal
Cardinal Sodano (1927-2022), Dean Emeritus of the college
Cardinal-priest Thomas Wolsey
Coat of arms of Cardinal Martino, current Cardinal Protodeacon
Reginald Pole was a cardinal for 18 years before he was ordained a priest.
A Cardinal in Profile, 1880, by Jehan Georges Vibert (Morgan Library and Museum, New York City)
alt=Théodore Adrien Cardinal  Sarr with a ferraiolo, and wearing a red cassock, but not the rest of the choir dress.|Cardinal Sarr with a ferraiolo and wearing a red cassock, but not the rest of the choir dress.
alt=Cardinals Walter Kasper (left) and Godfried Danneels (right) wearing their choir dress: scarlet (red) cassock, white rochet trimmed with lace, scarlet mozetta, scarlet biretta (over the usual scarlet zucchetto), and pectoral cross on cord.|Cardinals Walter Kasper (left) and Godfried Danneels (right) wearing their choir dress: scarlet (red) cassock, white rochet trimmed with lace, scarlet mozetta, scarlet biretta (over the usual scarlet zucchetto), and pectoral cross on cord.
alt=Tarcisio Cardinal Bertone in dress for hot tropical countries (white cassock with scarlet piping and buttons).|Cardinal Bertone in dress for hot tropical countries (white cassock with scarlet piping and buttons).

Senior member of the clergy of the Catholic Church, immediately behind the pope in the order of precedence.

- Cardinal (Catholic Church)
The coat of arms of a cardinal (who is a bishop) is indicated by a red galero (wide-brimmed hat) with 15 tassels on each side (the motto and escutcheon are proper to the individual cardinal).

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Portrait of Jules Mazarin by Pierre Mignard (1658)

Cardinal Mazarin

Portrait of Jules Mazarin by Pierre Mignard (1658)
Mazarin carrying the peace agreement to the armies at Casale, crying "Peace! Peace!" (18th century engraving)
Mazarin as a papal envoy in Paris (1632)
Portrait of Cardinal Jules Mazarin by Simon Vouet (before 1649, private collection)
Anne of Austria with her children Louis XIV of France and Philippe, Duke of Orléans (unknown artist)
An anti-Mazarin cartoon from the Fronde (about 1650). The caption reads, "Despite Mazarin, the frondeurs assure the safety of the state."
Louis the Prince de Condé, leader of the second Fronde
Battle between the Fronde forces of the Prince de Conde and the army loyal to Anne of Austria and Mazarin
Nicolas Fouquet, the Superintendent of Finances
Jean-Baptiste Colbert, the enemy and successor of Fouquet
The wedding of Louis XIV and Maria Theresa. Mazarin is at their right.
Tomb of Mazarin in the Institut de France
Mazarin seated within the Gallery of his Palace (1659)
Portrait of Baldassare Castiglione, by Raphael, purchased by Mazarin from Richelieu
Torelli's set design for Act 5 of Pierre Corneille's Andromède as performed at the Petit-Bourbon in 1650
Carved coat of arms of Mazarin on a bookcase in the Bibliothèque Mazarine in Paris
Laura Mancini, Duchess of Mercœur
Anne Marie Martinozzi, Princess of Conti
Olympia Mancini, by Pierre Mignard
Laura Martinozzi, Duchess of Modena
Marie Mancini, whom Louis XIV wished to marry
Hortense Mancini, Duchess Mazarin.
Marie Anne Mancini, who became Duchess of Bouillon.
Nicolas Fouquet, the Superintendent of Finances

Cardinal Jules Mazarin (, also, , ; 14 July 1602 – 9 March 1661), born Giulio Raimondo Mazzarino or Mazarini, was an Italian cardinal, diplomat, and politician who served as the chief minister to the kings of France Louis XIII and Louis XIV from 1642 until his death in 1661.

A trial at the Old Bailey in London as drawn by Thomas Rowlandson and Augustus Pugin for Ackermann's Microcosm of London (1808–11).

Ecclesiastical court

Any of certain courts having jurisdiction mainly in spiritual or religious matters.

Any of certain courts having jurisdiction mainly in spiritual or religious matters.

A trial at the Old Bailey in London as drawn by Thomas Rowlandson and Augustus Pugin for Ackermann's Microcosm of London (1808–11).

The Pope himself: any case where a cardinal, Eastern rite patriarch, papal legate, or head of state is a defendant and any penal case involving a bishop.

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Pectoral cross

Cross that is worn on the chest, usually suspended from the neck by a cord or chain.

Cross that is worn on the chest, usually suspended from the neck by a cord or chain.

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Cardinal Patabendige Don of Colombo wearing a pectoral cross suspended by a cord while in choir dress
Pectoral Cross of Archbishop Paciano Aniceto of the Philippines made from Philippine Native Bamboo.
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In the Roman Catholic Church, a pectoral cross is one of the pontificals used by the pope, cardinals, archbishops and bishops.

Pericle Felici photographed during the Second Vatican Council

Pericle Felici

Italian prelate of the Catholic Church.

Italian prelate of the Catholic Church.

Pericle Felici photographed during the Second Vatican Council

He became a cardinal in 1967.

St. Peter's Basilica, the largest Catholic church in the world

Titular church

St. Peter's Basilica, the largest Catholic church in the world

In the Catholic Church, a titular church is a church in Rome that is assigned to a member of the clergy who is created a cardinal.

Cardinal Kitbunchu

Michael Michai Kitbunchu

Thai prelate of the Roman Catholic Church.

Thai prelate of the Roman Catholic Church.

Cardinal Kitbunchu

He served as Archbishop of Bangkok from 1973 to 2009 and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1983.

St. Peter's Basilica, the largest Catholic church in the world

Incardination and excardination

Formal term in the Catholic Church for a clergyman being under a bishop or other ecclesiastical superior.

Formal term in the Catholic Church for a clergyman being under a bishop or other ecclesiastical superior.

St. Peter's Basilica, the largest Catholic church in the world

Both terms are derived from the Latin cardo (pivot, socket, or hinge), from which the word cardinal is also derived—hence the Latin verbs incardinare (to hang on a hinge or fix) and excardinare (to unhinge or set free).

Giuseppe Caprio

Giuseppe Caprio (15 November 1914 – 15 October 2005), was an Italian cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church.

La Storta (Roma) Cathedral

Roman Catholic Suburbicarian Diocese of Porto–Santa Rufina

Suburbicarian diocese of the Diocese of Rome and a diocese of the Catholic Church in Italy.

Suburbicarian diocese of the Diocese of Rome and a diocese of the Catholic Church in Italy.

La Storta (Roma) Cathedral

From 1967, the diocese has had both a titular cardinal bishop, and a resident bishop who handles the diocesan business.

Roberto Tucci

Roberto Tucci, SJ (19 April 1921 – 14 April 2015) was a Jesuit cardinal and theologian.