Cardiogenic shock

cardiogenicCardiovascular collapseshock, cardiogeniccardiac dysrhythmiafaint pulseshock
Cardiogenic shock is a medical emergency resulting from inadequate blood flow due to the dysfunction of the ventricles of the heart.wikipedia
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Shock (circulatory)

shockcirculatory shockhemorrhagic shock
Cardiogenic shock is a type of circulatory shock, there is insufficient blood flow and oxygen supply for biological tissues to meet the metabolic demands for oxygen and nutrients.
Shock is divided into four main types based on the underlying cause: low volume, cardiogenic, obstructive, and distributive shock.

Dobutamine

Dobutrex
Norepinephrine may be better if the blood pressure is very low whereas dopamine or dobutamine may be more useful if only slightly low.
Dobutamine is a medication used in the treatment of cardiogenic shock and severe heart failure.

Intra-aortic balloon pump

intra-aortic balloon pump managementBalloon Pump management and transportintra-aortic balloon pumping
An intra-aortic balloon pump or left ventricular assist device may improve matters until this can be done.
Cardiogenic shock when used alone as treatment for myocardial infarction. 9-22% survive the first year.

Inotrope

inotropicinotropyinotropes
Medications that improve the heart's ability to contract (positive inotropes) may help; however, it is unclear which is best.
Positive inotropes are used to support cardiac function in conditions such as decompensated congestive heart failure, cardiogenic shock, septic shock, myocardial infarction, cardiomyopathy, etc.

Hypotension

low blood pressurehypotensivelow
Cardiogenic shock is defined by sustained low blood pressure with tissue hypoperfusion despite adequate left ventricular filling pressure.
Decreased cardiac output despite normal blood volume, due to severe congestive heart failure, large myocardial infarction, heart valve problems, or extremely low heart rate (bradycardia), often produces hypotension and can rapidly progress to cardiogenic shock.

Myocardial infarction

heart attackheart attacksacute myocardial infarction
If cardiogenic shock is due to a heart attack, attempts to open the heart's arteries may help. It is due to damage to the heart muscle, most often from a heart attack or myocardial contusion.
An MI may cause heart failure, an irregular heartbeat, cardiogenic shock, or cardiac arrest.

Cutis marmorata

Cool, clammy, and mottled skin (cutis marmorata) due to vasoconstriction and subsequent hypoperfusion of the skin.
It is also seen in cardiogenic shock.

Pulmonary artery catheter

catheterization, swan-ganzcatheterizationpulmonary artery catheterization
The Swan-Ganz catheter or pulmonary artery catheter may assist in the diagnosis by providing information on the hemodynamics.
Hypovolemia vs cardiogenic shock

Cardiac tamponade

pericardial tamponadeCardiac '''T'''amponadepericardial tamponades
The mortality rate for those still living at time of admission who suffer complications (among others, cardiac arrest or further abnormal heart rhythms, heart failure, cardiac tamponade, a ruptured or dissecting aneurysm, or another heart attack) from cardiogenic shock is even worse around 85%, especially without drastic measures such as ventricular assist devices or transplantation.
Symptoms typically include those of cardiogenic shock including shortness of breath, weakness, lightheadedness, and cough.

Pulmonary edema

pulmonary oedemapulmonary congestionacute pulmonary edema
Pulmonary edema, involving fluid back-up in the lungs due to insufficient pumping of the heart.
It is possible for cardiogenic pulmonary edema to occur together with cardiogenic shock, in which the cardiac output is insufficient to sustain an adequate blood pressure.

Perfusion

perfusedperfusetissue perfusion
Cardiogenic shock is a type of circulatory shock, there is insufficient blood flow and oxygen supply for biological tissues to meet the metabolic demands for oxygen and nutrients.

Tissue (biology)

tissuetissuesbiological tissue
Cardiogenic shock is a type of circulatory shock, there is insufficient blood flow and oxygen supply for biological tissues to meet the metabolic demands for oxygen and nutrients.

Oxygen

OO 2 molecular oxygen
Cardiogenic shock is a type of circulatory shock, there is insufficient blood flow and oxygen supply for biological tissues to meet the metabolic demands for oxygen and nutrients.

Nutrient

nutrientsessential nutrientmacronutrient
Cardiogenic shock is a type of circulatory shock, there is insufficient blood flow and oxygen supply for biological tissues to meet the metabolic demands for oxygen and nutrients.

Revascularization

revascularisationre-vascularisationrevascularized
If cardiogenic shock is due to a heart attack, attempts to open the heart's arteries may help.

Norepinephrine

noradrenalinenoradrenergicNE
Norepinephrine may be better if the blood pressure is very low whereas dopamine or dobutamine may be more useful if only slightly low.

Dopamine

DAdopaminergic systemdopaminergic
Norepinephrine may be better if the blood pressure is very low whereas dopamine or dobutamine may be more useful if only slightly low.

Percutaneous coronary intervention

coronary angioplastyPCIpercutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty
With that being said, early initiation of mechanical circulatory support, early percutaneous coronary intervention, inotropes, and heart transplantation may improve outcomes.

Glasgow Coma Scale

GCSGlasgow Coma Scale (GCS)altered mental state
Anxiety, restlessness, altered mental state due to decreased blood flow to the brain and subsequent hypoxia.

Hypoxia (medical)

hypoxiahypoxicanoxia
Anxiety, restlessness, altered mental state due to decreased blood flow to the brain and subsequent hypoxia.

Cardiac output

cardiac inputoutputoutput of the heart
Low blood pressure due to decrease in cardiac output.

Jugular vein

jugularjugular veinsjugular venous
Distended jugular veins due to increased jugular venous pressure.

Heart

cardiachuman heartapex of the heart
It is due to damage to the heart muscle, most often from a heart attack or myocardial contusion.

Blunt cardiac injury

myocardial contusioncardiac contusioncardiac contusions
It is due to damage to the heart muscle, most often from a heart attack or myocardial contusion.

Heart arrhythmia

arrhythmiacardiac arrhythmiaarrhythmias
Absent pulse in fast and abnormal heart rhythms.