Cardiology

cardiologistcardiologistscardiovascular medicinecardiaccardiologicalcardiac carecardiovascularheart disordersPediatric cardiologyCardiac Center
Cardiology (from Greek καρδίᾱ kardiā, "heart" and -λογία -logia, "study") is a branch of medicine dealing with disorders of the heart as well as parts of the circulatory system.wikipedia
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Interventional cardiology

interventional cardiologistinterventional cardiologistsinterventional cardiac catheterization
Recognized sub-specialties in the United States by the ACGME are cardiac electrophysiology, echocardiography, interventional cardiology, and nuclear cardiology. Recognized subspecialties in the United States by the American Osteopathic Association Bureau of Osteopathic Specialists (AOABOS) include clinical cardiac electrophysiology and interventional cardiology.
Interventional cardiology is a branch of cardiology that deals specifically with the catheter based treatment of structural heart diseases.

Clinical cardiac electrophysiology

Electrophysiological interventionselectrophysiology
Recognized subspecialties in the United States by the American Osteopathic Association Bureau of Osteopathic Specialists (AOABOS) include clinical cardiac electrophysiology and interventional cardiology.
Clinical cardiac electrophysiology (also referred to as cardiac electrophysiology, arrhythmia services, or electrophysiology), is a branch of the medical specialty of cardiology and is concerned with the study and treatment of rhythm disorders of the heart.

Helen B. Taussig

Helen TaussigHelen Brooke TaussigDr. Helen B. Taussig
Helen B. Taussig is known as the founder of pediatric cardiology.
Helen Brooke Taussig (May 24, 1898 – May 20, 1986) was an American cardiologist, working in Baltimore and Boston, who founded the field of pediatric cardiology.

Cardiogeriatrics

Cardiogeriatrics or geriatric cardiology is the branch of cardiology and geriatric medicine that deals with the cardiovascular disorders in elderly people.
Cardiogeriatrics or geriatric cardiology is the branch of cardiology and geriatric medicine that deals with the cardiovascular disorders in elderly people.

Alfred Blalock

Dr. Alfred BlalockBlalock
She worked with Alfred Blalock and Vivien Thomas at the Johns Hopkins Hospital where they experimented with dogs to look at how they would attempt to surgically cure these "blue babies."
He developed the Blalock-Thomas-Taussig Shunt, a surgical procedure he developed together with surgical technician Vivien Thomas and pediatric cardiologist Helen Taussig to relieve the cyanosis from Tetralogy of Fallot.

Internal medicine

internistgeneral medicineinternists
Physicians who specialize in this field of medicine are called cardiologists, a specialty of internal medicine.
Cardiology, dealing with disorders of the heart and blood vessels*

Radiofrequency ablation

fulgurationradio frequency ablationradiofrequency
These procedures increasingly include therapeutic methods (typically radiofrequency ablation, or cryoablation) in addition to diagnostic and prognostic procedures.
RFA procedures are performed under image guidance (such as X-ray screening, CT scan or ultrasound) by an interventional pain specialist (such as an anesthesiologist), interventional radiologist, otolaryngologists, a gastrointestinal or surgical endoscopist, or a cardiac electrophysiologist, a subspecialty of cardiologists.

Cardiac electrophysiology

electrophysiologycardiac electrophysiologistcardiac conduction system
Recognized sub-specialties in the United States by the ACGME are cardiac electrophysiology, echocardiography, interventional cardiology, and nuclear cardiology.
Cardiac electrophysiology is considered a subspecialty of cardiology in most countries and usually requires two or more years of fellowship training beyond a general cardiology fellowship.

Cryoablation

Cryo-endometrial ablationfreezing
These procedures increasingly include therapeutic methods (typically radiofrequency ablation, or cryoablation) in addition to diagnostic and prognostic procedures.
By cooling the tip of a cryoablation catheter (cardiology) or probe (heart surgery) to sub-zero temperatures, the cells in the heart responsible for conducting the arrhythmia are altered so that they no longer conduct electrical impulses.

Heart

cardiachuman heartapex of the heart
Cardiology (from Greek καρδίᾱ kardiā, "heart" and -λογία -logia, "study") is a branch of medicine dealing with disorders of the heart as well as parts of the circulatory system.
Specialists who focus on diseases of the heart are called cardiologists, although many specialties of medicine may be involved in treatment.

Ventricle (heart)

ventricleleft ventricleright ventricle
As the center focus of cardiology, the heart has numerous anatomical features (e.g., atria, ventricles, heart valves) and numerous physiological features (e.g., systole, heart sounds, afterload) that have been encyclopedically documented for many centuries.
In cardiology, the performance of the ventricles are measured with several volumetric parameters, including end-diastolic volume (EDV), end-systolic volume (ESV), stroke volume (SV) and ejection fraction (E f ).

Artificial cardiac pacemaker

pacemakerpacemakersartificial pacemaker
Other therapeutic modalities employed in this field include antiarrhythmic drug therapy and implantation of pacemakers and automatic implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (AICD).
Modern pacemakers are externally programmable and allow a cardiologist to select the optimum pacing modes for individual patients.

Pediatrics

pediatricianpediatricpaediatrician
Pediatric cardiologists are pediatricians who specialize in cardiology.
Pediatric cardiology

Cardiac stress test

stress testexercise stress testcardiac stress tests
A number of tests may help with diagnoses including: electrocardiogram, cardiac stress testing, coronary computed tomographic angiography, and coronary angiogram, among others.
A cardiac stress test (also referred to as a cardiac diagnostic test, cardiopulmonary exercise test, or abbreviated CPX test) is a cardiological test that measures the heart's ability to respond to external stress in a controlled clinical environment.

Coronary artery disease

coronary heart diseaseischemic heart diseaseischaemic heart disease
The field includes medical diagnosis and treatment of congenital heart defects, coronary artery disease, heart failure, valvular heart disease and electrophysiology.

Heart failure

congestive heart failurecardiac failurechronic heart failure
The field includes medical diagnosis and treatment of congenital heart defects, coronary artery disease, heart failure, valvular heart disease and electrophysiology.

Valvular heart disease

heart valve diseasecardiac valve diseasevalve disease
The field includes medical diagnosis and treatment of congenital heart defects, coronary artery disease, heart failure, valvular heart disease and electrophysiology.

Major depressive disorder

depressionclinical depressionmajor depression
Other risks include depression.
In addition, cardiologists may not recognize underlying depression that complicates a cardiovascular problem under their care.

Hospital

hospitalsinfirmarygeneral hospital
In the United States, cardiac arrest outside of hospital occurs in about 13 per 10,000 people per year (326,000 cases).
Hospitals have a range of departments (e.g. surgery and urgent care) and specialist units such as cardiology.

Fluoroscopy

fluoroscopefluoroscopiccineradiography
This most commonly involves the insertion of a sheath into the femoral artery (but, in practice, any large peripheral artery or vein) and cannulating the heart under X-ray visualization (most commonly Fluoroscopy).
Cardiology for diagnostic angiography, percutaneous coronary interventions, (pacemakers, implantable cardioverter defibrillators and cardiac resynchronization devices)

Johns Hopkins Hospital

Johns HopkinsJohns Hopkins University HospitalThe Johns Hopkins Hospital
She worked with Alfred Blalock and Vivien Thomas at the Johns Hopkins Hospital where they experimented with dogs to look at how they would attempt to surgically cure these "blue babies."

Ventricular tachycardia

polymorphic ventricular tachycardiamonomorphic ventricular tachycardiapulseless ventricular tachycardia
The cardiac electrophysiology study (EPS) typically measures the response of the injured or cardiomyopathic myocardium to PES on specific pharmacological regimens in order to assess the likelihood that the regimen will successfully prevent potentially fatal sustained ventricular tachycardia (VT) or ventricular fibrillation VF (VF) in the future.

Ventricular fibrillation

fibrillationventricular fibrillation VFa heart defect
The cardiac electrophysiology study (EPS) typically measures the response of the injured or cardiomyopathic myocardium to PES on specific pharmacological regimens in order to assess the likelihood that the regimen will successfully prevent potentially fatal sustained ventricular tachycardia (VT) or ventricular fibrillation VF (VF) in the future. Dysfunction of the electrical system manifests in many ways and may include Wolff–Parkinson–White syndrome, ventricular fibrillation, and heart block.

Wolff–Parkinson–White syndrome

Wolff-Parkinson-White syndromebundle of KentAccessory pathway mediated tachycardia
Dysfunction of the electrical system manifests in many ways and may include Wolff–Parkinson–White syndrome, ventricular fibrillation, and heart block.
Cardiologists Louis Wolff (1898–1972), John Parkinson (1885–1976) and Paul Dudley White (1886–1973) are credited with the definitive description of the disorder in 1930.

Atherosclerosis

atheroscleroticatherogenesisatherosclerotic plaques
This procedure can also be done proactively, when areas of the vascular system become occluded from Atherosclerosis.