A report on Caribbean and Guyana

Map of Caribbean region, including dependencies
Map of the Caribbean
Kaieteur Falls is the world's largest single-drop waterfall by volume.
A Cuban PT-76 tank crew performing routine security duties in Angola during the Cuban intervention into the country
Rupununi Savannah
Tropical monsoon climate in San Andrés island, Caribbean, Colombia.
Satellite image of Guyana from 2004
Köppen climate map of the islands of the Caribbean.
Anomaloglossus beebei (Kaieteur), specific to the Guianas
A field in Pinar del Rio planted with Cuban tobacco
The hoatzin is the national bird of Guyana.
Puerto Rico's south shore, from the mountains of Jayuya
A tractor in a rice field on Guyana's coastal plain
Grand Anse beach, St. George's, Grenada
A proportional representation of Guyana exports, 2019
A church cemetery perched in the mountains of Guadeloupe
Thatched roof houses in Guyana
A view of Nevis island from the southeastern peninsula of Saint Kitts
Guyana's population density in 2005 (people per km2)
Spanish Caribbean Islands in the American Viceroyalties 1600
A graph showing the population of Guyana from 1961 to 2003. The population decline in the 1980s can be clearly seen.
Political evolution of Central America and the Caribbean from 1700 to present
The State House, Guyana's presidential residence
The mostly Spanish-controlled Caribbean in the 16th century
The Supreme Court of Guyana
Cayo de Agua, Los Roques Archipelago, Venezuela
Guyana's parliament building since 1834
Palancar Beach in Cozumel Island, Mexico
Map of Guyana, showing the Essequibo River and (shaded dark) the river's drainage basin. Venezuela claims territory up to the western bank of the river. The historical claim by the UK included the river basin well into current-day Venezuela.
Guanaja Island, Bay Islands, Honduras
Cross-border bridge from Guyana to Brazil near Lethem
A linen market in Dominica in the 1770s
Agostino Brunias. Free Women of Color with Their Children and Servants in a Landscape Brooklyn Museum
St George's Cathedral, Georgetown
Asian Indians in the late nineteenth century singing and dancing in Trinidad and Tobago
Providence Stadium as seen from the East Bank Highway
Street scene, Matanzas, Cuba
Carnival in Trinidad and Tobago
Havana Cathedral (Catholic) in Cuba completed in 1777
Holy Trinity Cathedral, an Anglican Christian cathedral in Trinidad and Tobago
Temple in the Sea, a Hindu mandir in Trinidad and Tobago
Muhammad Ali Jinnah Memorial Masjid, a Muslim masjid in Trinidad and Tobago
A Jewish synagogue in Suriname
A Haitian Vodou alter
Flag of the Caribbean Common Market and Community (CARICOM)
Doubles, one of the national dishes of Trinidad and Tobago
Arroz con gandules, one of the national dishes of Puerto Rico
thumb|Counter-attack by Cuban Revolutionary Armed Forces supported by T-34 tanks near Playa Giron during the Bay of Pigs Invasion, 19 April 1961.
thumb|A Marine heavy machine gunner monitors a position along the international neutral corridor in Santo Domingo, 1965.
thumb|A Soviet-made BTR-60 armored personnel carrier seized by US forces during Operation Urgent Fury (1983)
thumb|US Army Sikorsky UH-60 Black Hawk, Bell AH-1 Cobra and Bell OH-58 Kiowa helicopters on deck of the US Navy aircraft carrier USS Dwight D. Eisenhower (CVN-69) off Haiti, 1994.
Epiphytes (bromeliads, climbing palms) in the rainforest of Dominica.
A green and black poison frog, Dendrobates auratus
Caesalpinia pulcherrima, Guadeloupe.
Costus speciosus, a marsh plant, Guadeloupe.
An Atlantic ghost crab (Ocypode quadrata) in Martinique.
Crescentia cujete, or calabash fruit, Martinique.
Thalassoma bifasciatum (bluehead wrasse fish), over Bispira brunnea (social feather duster worms).
Two Stenopus hispidus (banded cleaner shrimp) on a Xestospongia muta (giant barrel sponge).
A pair of Cyphoma signatum (fingerprint cowry), off coastal Haiti.
The Martinique amazon, Amazona martinicana, is an extinct species of parrot in the family Psittacidae.
Anastrepha suspensa, a Caribbean fruit fly.
Hemidactylus mabouia, a tropical gecko, in Dominica Edited by: Taniya Brooks.
Precolombian languages of the Antilles.Ciboney Taíno, Classic Taíno, and Iñeri were Arawakan, Karina and Yao were Cariban. Macorix, Ciguayo and Guanahatabey are unclassified.
The Battle of the Saintes between British and French fleets in 1782, by Nicholas Pocock
The mostly Spanish-controlled Caribbean in the 18th century

On the mainland, Belize, Nicaragua, the Caribbean region of Colombia, Cozumel, the Yucatán Peninsula, Margarita Island, and the Guianas (Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Guayana Region in Venezuela, and Amapá in Brazil) are often included due to their political and cultural ties with the region.

- Caribbean

It is part of the mainland Caribbean region maintaining strong cultural, historical, and political ties with other Caribbean countries as well as serving as the headquarters for the Caribbean Community (CARICOM).

- Guyana

9 related topics with Alpha

Overall

Suriname

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Country on the northeastern Atlantic coast of South America.

Country on the northeastern Atlantic coast of South America.

Maroon village, along Suriname River, 1955
Presidential Palace of Suriname
Waterfront houses in Paramaribo, 1955
Javanese immigrants brought as contract workers from the Dutch East Indies. Picture was taken between 1880 and 1900.
Henck Arron, Beatrix and Johan Ferrier on 25 November 1975
National Assembly
Court of Justice
Map of Suriname
Districts of Suriname
Brokopondo Reservoir surrounded by tropical rainforest
The Coppename river, one of many rivers in the interior
Leatherback sea turtle on the beach near the village of Galibi
Disputed areas shown on the map of Suriname (left and right, gray areas)
Suriname map of Köppen climate classification
The blue poison dart frog is endemic to Suriname.
A proportional representation of Suriname exports, 2019
Ministry of Finance
The population of Suriname from 1961 to 2003, in units of 1000. The slowdown and decline in population growth ~1969–1985 reflects a mass migration to the Netherlands and French Guiana.
Immigrants from India
Synagogue and mosque adjacent to each other in Paramaribo
Butcher in the Central Market in Paramaribo with signs written in Dutch
Pagara (red firecracker ribbons)
Central Suriname Nature Reserve seen from the Voltzberg
The Cathedral of St. Peter and Paul in Paramaribo

It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the north, French Guiana to the east, Guyana to the west, and Brazil to the south.

Suriname is considered a culturally Caribbean country, and is a member of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM).

Kalina people

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Indigenous people native to the northern coastal areas of South America.

Indigenous people native to the northern coastal areas of South America.

Map indicating the current geographic distribution of the Kali'na population
Drawing of a Kali'na ritual.
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Kali'na man in Paris in 1892 holding a putu, or wooden club.
Portrait of the Kali'na exhibited at the Jardin d’Acclimatation in Paris in 1892.
Kali'na girls in Suriname in the village of Bigi Poika.
Kali'na village.
Kali'na boy in a dugout in Paris in 1892.

Today, the Kalina live largely in villages on the rivers and coasts of Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, and Brazil.

They may be related to the Island Caribs of the Caribbean, though their languages are unrelated.

Political map of The Guianas, including the Venezuelan (former Spanish Guayana) and the Brazilian (former Portuguese Guiana) Guianas

The Guianas

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Region in north-eastern South America which includes the following three territories:

Region in north-eastern South America which includes the following three territories:

Political map of The Guianas, including the Venezuelan (former Spanish Guayana) and the Brazilian (former Portuguese Guiana) Guianas
Parime Lacus on a map by Hessel Gerritsz (1625). Situated at the west coast of the lake, the so-called city Manoa or El Dorado
Map of the Guianas dated 1888.

Guyana, formerly known as British Guiana from 1831 until 1966, after the colonies of Berbice, Essequibo, and Demerara, taken from the Netherlands in 1814, were merged into a single colony

The native tribes of the Northern Amazon are most closely related to the natives of the Caribbean; most evidence suggests that the Arawaks immigrated from the Orinoco and Essequibo River Basins in Venezuela and Guiana into the northern islands, and were then supplanted by more warlike tribes of Carib Indians, who departed from these same river valleys a few centuries later.

Venezuela

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Country on the northern coast of South America, consisting of a continental landmass and many islands and islets in the Caribbean Sea.

Country on the northern coast of South America, consisting of a continental landmass and many islands and islets in the Caribbean Sea.

The German Welser Armada exploring Venezuela.
El Libertador, Simón Bolívar.
Revolution of 19 April 1810, the beginning of Venezuela's independence, by Martín Tovar y Tovar
The signing of Venezuela's independence, by Martín Tovar y Tovar.
Flag of Venezuela between 1954 and 2006.
Rómulo Betancourt (president 1945–1948 / 1959–1964), one of the major democracy leaders of Venezuela.
Table where the Puntofijo Pact was signed on 31 October 1958
Sabana Grande district, Caracas (1973)
President Carlos Andrés Pérez was impeached on corruption charges in 1993.
Chávez with fellow South American presidents Néstor Kirchner of Argentina and Lula da Silva of Brazil
Nicolás Maduro with Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff at the 48th Mercosur Summit in Brazil in 2015.
Maduro was inaugurated for a contested and controversial second term on 10 January 2019.
Topographic map of Venezuela
Venezuela map of Köppen climate classification
The national animal of Venezuela is the troupial (Icterus icterus),
Valencia Lake, formerly praised by Alexander von Humboldt for its beauty, is massively polluted due to the countless sewage systems pouring residuals.
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Bolívar Peak, the highest mountain in Venezuela
Los Llanos, Apure state
Valle de Mifafí, Mérida State
Médanos de Coro National Park, Falcón State
National Assembly of Venezuela building
Protests in Altamira, Caracas (2014)
The Guayana Esequiba claim area is a territory administered by Guyana and historically claimed by Venezuela.
President Maduro among other Latin American leaders participating in a 2017 ALBA gathering
A Sukhoi Su-30MKV of the Venezuelan Air Force
Map of the Venezuelan federation
A proportional representation of Venezuela exports, 2019
Líder Mall, one of the main shopping centers in Caracas
Ángel falls one of Venezuela's top tourist attractions, the world highest waterfall
Empty shelves in a store in Venezuela due to shortages in 2014
Venezuela's exports of crude oil from January 2018 to December 2019
A map of world oil reserves according to OPEC, 2013. Venezuela has the world's largest oil reserves.
Caracas Metro in Los Jardines Station
The Venezuelan Academy of Language studies the development of the Spanish in the country.
University Hospital, Central University of Venezuela
Illiteracy rate in Venezuela based on data from UNESCO and the Instituto Nacional de Estadística (INE) of Venezuela
The joropo, as depicted in a 1912 drawing by Eloy Palacios
Antonio Herrera Toro, self portrait 1880
The Guanaguanare dance, a popular dance in Portuguesa State
Venezuela national baseball team in 2015
Venezuela national football team, popularly known as the "Vinotinto"
Venezuelan diaspora in the world
Venezuela
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The continental territory is bordered on the north by the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean, on the west by Colombia, Brazil on the south, Trinidad and Tobago to the north-east and on the east by Guyana.

Many terrestrial ecosystems are considered endangered, specially the dry forest in the northern regions of the country and the coral reefs in the Caribbean coast.

Caribbean Community

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Exclusive Economic Zones of the member states of the CARICOM. Considering them, the total area reaches the 2 300 297 km².

The Caribbean Community (CARICOM or CC) is an intergovernmental organization that is a political and economic union of 15 member states (14 nation-states and one dependency) throughout the Caribbean having primary objectives to promote economic integration and cooperation among its members, to ensure that the benefits of integration are equitably shared, and to coordinate foreign policy.

The secretariat headquarters is in Georgetown, Guyana.

Indo-Caribbeans in the 19th century celebrating the Indian culture in West Indies through dance and music.

Indo-Caribbeans

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Indo-Caribbeans in the 19th century celebrating the Indian culture in West Indies through dance and music.
A 19th-century lithograph by Theodore Bray showing workers harvesting sugarcane on a Caribbean plantation; on the right is the European overseer.
Indian indentured laborers worked for decades for meagre wages in sugar cane plantations of the Dutch East Indies. This image from Tropenmuseum Royal Tropical Institute shows two Indo-Caribbean people walking towards the house of a Dutch engineer in a Caribbean sugar cane plantation.
Many Caribbean islands celebrate traditional Indian festivals, such as Diwali, as shown in this Divali Nagar decorations from Trinidad and Tobago.
Temple in the Sea
The 26-meter Hanuman murti in Carapichaima, a noted centre of Hindu and Indo-Trinidadian culture; it is the largest statue of Hanuman outside of India
Central Vaidic Mandir in Georgetown, Guyana
Mosque Keizerstraat

Indo-Caribbeans or Indian-Caribbeans are Indian people in the Caribbean who are descendants of the Jahaji Indian indentured laborers brought by the British, Dutch, and French during the colonial era from the mid-19th century to the early 20th century.

In fact, the first two shiploads of Indians arrived in British Guiana (modern-day Guyana) on May 5, 1838, on board the Whitby and Hesperus.

Sarnami Hindustani (Roman script) plaque at Suriname Memorial, Garden Reach, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Caribbean Hindustani

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Indo-Aryan language spoken by Indo-Caribbeans and the Indo-Caribbean diaspora.

Indo-Aryan language spoken by Indo-Caribbeans and the Indo-Caribbean diaspora.

Sarnami Hindustani (Roman script) plaque at Suriname Memorial, Garden Reach, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

These languages were spoken by the Indians who came as immigrants to the Caribbean from India as indentured laborers.

The language has also borrowed many words from Dutch and English in Suriname and Guyana, and English and French in Trinidad and Tobago.

Official languages spoken in the Caribbean
Spanish
French
English
Dutch
Haitian Creole
Papiamento

Languages of the Caribbean

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Official languages spoken in the Caribbean
Spanish
French
English
Dutch
Haitian Creole
Papiamento

The languages of the Caribbean reflect the region's diverse history and culture.

English (official language of Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, Montserrat, Puerto Rico (which, despite being part of the United States, as an American territory, has an insubstantial anglophone contingent), Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Sint Maarten, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, San Andrés, Providencia and Santa Catalina (Colombia), Trinidad and Tobago, Turks and Caicos Islands, and U.S. Virgin Islands)

The westerlies (blue arrows) and trade winds (yellow and brown arrows)

Trade winds

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The trade winds or easterlies are the permanent east-to-west prevailing winds that flow in the Earth's equatorial region.

The trade winds or easterlies are the permanent east-to-west prevailing winds that flow in the Earth's equatorial region.

The westerlies (blue arrows) and trade winds (yellow and brown arrows)
A Spanish galleon
Edmond Halley's map of the trade winds, 1686
3D map showing Hadley cells in relationship to trade winds on the surface

As an example, the windy season in the Guianas, which lie at low latitudes in South America, occurs between January and April.

Dust events have been linked to a decline in the health of coral reefs across the Caribbean and Florida, primarily since the 1970s.