Carina (constellation)

Carinaconstellation CarinaCarCarinaeCarina constellationthe constellation Carina
Carina is a constellation in the southern sky.wikipedia
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Argo Navis

ArgoArgosSouth Pole Star
Its name is Latin for the keel of a ship, and it was formerly part of the larger constellation of Argo Navis (the ship Argo) until that constellation was divided into three pieces, the other two being Puppis (the poop deck), and Vela (the sails of the ship).
Argo Navis (the Ship Argo), or simply Argo, was a large constellation in the southern sky that has since been divided into the three constellations of Carina, Puppis and Vela.

Canopus

α Carinaea first magnitude starCanopean
Carina contains Canopus, a white-hued supergiant that is the second brightest star in the night sky at magnitude −0.72, 313 light-years from Earth.
Canopus, also designated α Carinae (Latinised to Alpha Carinae, abbreviated Alpha Car, α Car), is the brightest star in the southern constellation of Carina, and the second-brightest star in the night sky, after Sirius.

Vela (constellation)

VelaFalse Crossconstellation Vela
Its name is Latin for the keel of a ship, and it was formerly part of the larger constellation of Argo Navis (the ship Argo) until that constellation was divided into three pieces, the other two being Puppis (the poop deck), and Vela (the sails of the ship).
Its name is Latin for the sails of a ship, and it was originally part of a larger constellation, the ship Argo Navis, which was later divided into three parts, the others being Carina and Puppis.

Beta Carinae

β Carβ CarinaeMiaplacidus
Beta Carinae, traditionally called Miaplacidus, is a blue-white hued star of magnitude 1.7, 111 light-years from Earth.
Beta Carinae (Latinised from β Carinae, abbreviated Beta Car, β Car), officially named Miaplacidus, is the second brightest star in the constellation of Carina and one of the brightest stars in the night sky, with apparent magnitude 1.68.

Constellation

constellationsEuropean constellationModern constellation
Carina is a constellation in the southern sky.
Examples include the Pleiades and Hyades within the constellation Taurus and the False Cross split between the southern constellations Carina and Vela, or Venus' Mirror in the constellation of Orion.

Eta Carinae

η Carinaeη CarEta Carinae A
Eta Carinae is the most prominent variable star in Carina; with a mass of approximately 100 solar masses and 4 million times as bright as the Sun.
Eta Carinae (η Carinae, abbreviated to η Car), formerly known as Eta Argus, is a stellar system containing at least two stars with a combined luminosity greater than five million times that of the Sun, located around 7,500 light-years (2,300 parsecs) distant in the constellation Carina.

Epsilon Carinae

Aviorε Carε Carinae
Epsilon Carinae is an orange-hued giant star similarly bright to Miaplacidus at magnitude 1.9; it is 630 light-years from Earth. The False Cross consists of two stars in Carina, Iota Carinae and Epsilon Carinae, and two stars in Vela, Kappa Velorum and Delta Velorum.
Epsilon Carinae (ε Carinae, abbreviated Epsilon Car, ε Car), also named Avior, is a binary star in the southern constellation of Carina.

Iota Carinae

ι Carι CarinaeAspidiske
Iota Carinae is a white-hued supergiant star of magnitude 2.2, 690 light-years from Earth. The False Cross consists of two stars in Carina, Iota Carinae and Epsilon Carinae, and two stars in Vela, Kappa Velorum and Delta Velorum.
Iota Carinae (ι Carinae, abbreviated Iota Car, ι Car), also named Aspidiske, is a star in the southern circumpolar constellation (circumpolar if viewed at any location from approximately 40° S to the South Pole) of Carina.

IC 2602

Theta Carinae is also the most prominent member of the cluster IC 2602.
IC 2602, generally known as the Southern Pleiades or Theta Carinae Cluster, is an open cluster in the constellation Carina that was discovered by Abbe Lacaille in 1751 from South Africa.

Theta Carinae

θ Carθ CarinaeTheta
Another fairly bright star is the blue-white hued Theta Carinae; it is a magnitude 2.7 star 440 light-years from Earth.
θ Carinae, Latinized as Theta Carinae, is a spectroscopic binary star in the southern constellation of Carina.

Carina Nebula

Eta Carinae Nebula3372Carina complex
Eta Carinae is inside NGC 3372, commonly called the Carina Nebula.
The Carina Nebula (catalogued as NGC 3372; also known as the Grand Nebula, Great Nebula in Carina, or Eta Carinae Nebula) is a large, complex area of bright and dark nebulosity in the constellation Carina, and is located in the Carina–Sagittarius Arm.

Delta Velorum

δ VelKoo Sheδ Velorum
The False Cross consists of two stars in Carina, Iota Carinae and Epsilon Carinae, and two stars in Vela, Kappa Velorum and Delta Velorum.
Delta Velorum (δ Velorum, abbreviated Del Vel, δ Vel) is a triple star system in the southern constellation of Vela, near the border with Carina, and is part of the False Cross.

HD 84810

l Carl CarinaeI Carinae
l Carinae is a Cepheid variable noted for its brightness; it is the brightest Cepheid that is variable to the unaided eye.
HD 84810, also known as l Carinae (l Car), is a star in the southern constellation of Carina.

Upsilon Carinae

υ CarUpsilonυ Carinae
Upsilon Carinae is a binary star with two blue-white hued giant components, 1600 light-years from Earth.
Upsilon Carinae, Latinized from υ Carinae, is a double star in the southern constellation of Carina.

R Carinae

R Car
Two bright Mira variable stars are in Carina: R Carinae and S Carinae; both stars are red giants.
R Carinae is a star in the constellation Carina.

NGC 3114

NGC 3114 is another open cluster approximately of the same size, though it is more distant at 3000 light-years from Earth.
NGC 3114 is a sparse open cluster which is projected onto the outskirts of the Carina complex.

NGC 2808

2808
Carina also contains the naked-eye globular cluster NGC 2808.
NGC 2808 is a globular cluster in the constellation Carina.

Carina in Chinese astronomy

Carina (船底座)Sea and Mountain
Carina (Chinese astronomy)
The modern constellation Carina lies across one of the quadrants symbolized by the Vermillion Bird of the South (南方朱雀, Nán Fāng Zhū Què) and The Southern Asterisms (近南極星區, Jìnnánjíxīngōu), that divide the sky in traditional Chinese uranography.

NGC 2516

2516
NGC 2516 is an open cluster that is both quite large–approximately half a degree square–and bright, visible to the unaided eye.
NGC 2516 is an open star cluster in the southern sky in the constellation Carina discovered by Abbe Lacaille in 1751-1752.

Chi Carinae

χ Carχ Carinae
Superimposed on the cluster is Chi Carinae, a yellow-white hued star of magnitude 3.9, far more distant than NGC 3532.
Chi Carinae, Latinized from χ Carinae, is a star in the southern constellation of Carina.

NGC 3532

3532Wishing Well cluster
Like IC 2602, NGC 3532 is visible to the unaided eye and is of comparable size.
NGC 3532 (Caldwell 91), also commonly known as the Pincushion Cluster, Football Cluster, and the Wishing Well Cluster, is an open cluster some 405 parsecs from Earth in the constellation Carina.

Puppis

ζ-PuppisPuppusPup
Its name is Latin for the keel of a ship, and it was formerly part of the larger constellation of Argo Navis (the ship Argo) until that constellation was divided into three pieces, the other two being Puppis (the poop deck), and Vela (the sails of the ship).
Puppis, the Poop Deck, was originally part of an over-large constellation, the ship of "Jason and the Argonauts", Argo Navis, which centuries after its initial description was divided into three parts, the other two being Carina (the keel and hull), and Vela (the sails of the ship).

Asterism (astronomy)

asterismasterismsconstellation
Two asterisms are prominent in Carina.
Four other stars (Beta — Miaplacidus, Upsilon, Theta, and Omega Carinae) form a well-shaped diamond — the Diamond Cross.

Chinese constellations

Southern AsterismsExotic BirdThe Southern Asterisms
The star Canopus (the south polar star in Chinese astronomy) was located by Chinese astronomers in the Vermilion Bird of the South (南方朱雀, Nán Fāng Zhū Què). The rest of the stars were first classified by Xu Guanggi during the Ming Dynasty, based on the knowledge acquired from western star charts, and placed among The Southern Asterisms (近南極星區, Jìnnánjíxīngōu).

LHS 288

LHS 288 (Luyten 143-23) is a red dwarf around 15.8 light years from the Sun, the closest in the constellation Carina (near Eta Carinae).