Carl Bosch

BoschBosch, Karl
Carl Bosch (27 August 1874 – 26 April 1940) was a German chemist and engineer and Nobel Laureate in Chemistry.wikipedia
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IG Farben

I.G. FarbenI. G. FarbenI.G. Farbenindustrie
He was a pioneer in the field of high-pressure industrial chemistry and founder of IG Farben, at one point the world's largest chemical company.
Otto Bayer discovered the polyaddition for the synthesis of polyurethane in 1937, and three company scientists became Nobel laureates: Carl Bosch and Friedrich Bergius in 1931 "for their contributions to the invention and development of chemical high pressure methods", and Gerhard Domagk in 1939 "for the discovery of the antibacterial effects of prontosil".

BASF

BASF SEBadische Anilin- und Soda-FabrikBASF Corporation
After he left in 1899 he took an entry level job at BASF, then Germany's largest chemical and dye firm.
Under the leadership of Carl Bosch - a critic of Nazi policies - BASF founded IG Farben with Hoechst, Bayer, and three other companies, thus losing its independence.

Technical University of Berlin

Technische Universität BerlinBerlin Institute of TechnologyTU Berlin
Carl, trying to decide between a career in metallurgy or chemistry, studied at the Königlich Technische Hochschule Charlottenburg (now the Technical University of Berlin) and the University of Leipzig from 1892–1898.

Fritz Haber

HaberF. HaberHaber, Fritz
From 1909 until 1913 he transformed Fritz Haber's tabletop demonstration of a method to fix nitrogen using high pressure chemistry through the Haber–Bosch process to produce synthetic nitrate, a process that has countless industrial applications for making a near-infinite variety of industrial compounds, consumer goods, and commercial products.
Teaming with Carl Bosch at BASF, the process was successfully scaled-up to produce commercial quantities of ammonia.

Friedrich Bergius

Bergius, Friedrich Karl Rudolf
In 1931 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry together with Friedrich Bergius for the introduction of high pressure chemistry.
Friedrich Karl Rudolf Bergius (11 October 1884 – 30 March 1949) was a German chemist known for the Bergius process for producing synthetic fuel from coal, Nobel Prize in Chemistry (1931, together with Carl Bosch) in recognition of contributions to the invention and development of chemical high-pressure methods.

Osmium

Osos'''miumosmiophilic
Bosch was also responsible for finding a more practical catalyst than the osmium and uranium being used by Haber.
At the time, a group at BASF led by Carl Bosch bought most of the world's supply of osmium to use as a catalyst.

Ammonia

NH 3 anhydrous ammonialiquid ammonia
Also, cheap and safe means had to be developed to clean and process the product ammonia.
The Haber–Bosch process to produce ammonia from the nitrogen in the air was developed by Fritz Haber and Carl Bosch in 1909 and patented in 1910.

Haber process

Haber-Bosch processHaber–Bosch processHaber-Bosch
From 1909 until 1913 he transformed Fritz Haber's tabletop demonstration of a method to fix nitrogen using high pressure chemistry through the Haber–Bosch process to produce synthetic nitrate, a process that has countless industrial applications for making a near-infinite variety of industrial compounds, consumer goods, and commercial products.
It is named after its inventors, the German chemists Fritz Haber and Carl Bosch, who developed it in the first decade of the 20th century.

List of German inventors and discoverers

German inventors and discoverersfamous inventors and engineersfamous inventors, discoverers and engineers

Werner von Siemens Ring

Siemens-RingWerner-von-Siemens-Ring
He received the Siemens-Ring in 1924 for his contributions to applied research and his support of basic research.

Bergius process

Bergius plantscoal hydrogenationdemonstration plants
After World War I Bosch extended high-pressure techniques to the production of synthetic fuel via the Bergius process and methanol.
The technical problems, inflation and the constant criticism of Franz Joseph Emil Fischer, which changed to support after a personal demonstration of the process, made the progress slow, and Bergius sold his patent to BASF, where Carl Bosch worked on it.

Heidelberg

Heidelberg, GermanyWieblingenHeidelberg Romanticism
He died in Heidelberg.
Among the most prominent museums of Heidelberg are for instance the Carl Bosch Museum which shows life and work of chemist and Nobel Prize-winner Carl Bosch.

Chemist

chemistsresearch chemistchemical
Carl Bosch (27 August 1874 – 26 April 1940) was a German chemist and engineer and Nobel Laureate in Chemistry.

Engineer

engineersconsulting engineerIr.
Carl Bosch (27 August 1874 – 26 April 1940) was a German chemist and engineer and Nobel Laureate in Chemistry.

Nobel Prize in Chemistry

Nobel PrizeChemistryNobel Prize for Chemistry
In 1931 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry together with Friedrich Bergius for the introduction of high pressure chemistry. Carl Bosch (27 August 1874 – 26 April 1940) was a German chemist and engineer and Nobel Laureate in Chemistry.

Cologne

KölnCologne, GermanyKöln, Germany
Carl Bosch was born in Cologne, Germany to a successful gas and plumbing supplier.

Robert Bosch

BoschRobert Bosch FoundationRobert Bosch GmbH (Germany)
His uncle Robert Bosch pioneered the development of the spark plug.

Technische Hochschule

Technische UniversitätBerlin Technische UniversitätInstitutes of Technology
Carl, trying to decide between a career in metallurgy or chemistry, studied at the Königlich Technische Hochschule Charlottenburg (now the Technical University of Berlin) and the University of Leipzig from 1892–1898.

Charlottenburg

Berlin-CharlottenburgCharlottenburg, BerlinBerlin Charlottenburg
Carl, trying to decide between a career in metallurgy or chemistry, studied at the Königlich Technische Hochschule Charlottenburg (now the Technical University of Berlin) and the University of Leipzig from 1892–1898.

Leipzig University

University of LeipzigLeipzigKarl Marx University
Carl, trying to decide between a career in metallurgy or chemistry, studied at the Königlich Technische Hochschule Charlottenburg (now the Technical University of Berlin) and the University of Leipzig from 1892–1898.

Johannes Wislicenus

WislicenusJ. WislicenusWislicenus, Johannes
Carl Bosch attended the University of Leipzig, and this is where he studied under Johannes Wislicenus, and he obtained his doctorate in 1898 for research in organic chemistry.

Uranium

UU 2 U(VI)
Bosch was also responsible for finding a more practical catalyst than the osmium and uranium being used by Haber.

Raw material

raw materialsfeedstockmaterial
A means was needed to provide pure hydrogen gas in quantity as the feedstock.