Carlo Maderno

Carlo Maderno
Façade of St. Peter's Basilica from Rome
The façade of Santa Susanna, Rome

Italian architect, born in today's Ticino, who is remembered as one of the fathers of Baroque architecture.

- Carlo Maderno

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Baroque architecture

Highly decorative and theatrical style which appeared in Italy in the early 17th century and gradually spread across Europe.

Santa Susanna, Rome
Chapel of Les Invalides, Jules Hardouin-Mansart (completed 1708)
Greenwich Hospital by Sir Christopher Wren (1694)
The Zwinger in Dresden by Matthäus Daniel Pöppelmann (1697–1716)
Upper Belvedere Palace in Vienna (1721–23)
Troja Palace, Prague (1679–1691)
St. George's Cathedral of Timișoara by Joseph Emanuel Fischer von Erlach
Interior of the Church of St. Peter and St. Paul in Vilnius (1668–1701)
Church of Santa Engrácia, Lisbon (now National Pantheon of Portugal; begun 1681)
Interior of the Basilica and Convent of Nossa Senhora do Carmo in Recife, Brazil, built between 1665 and 1767
Church of Our Saviour, Copenhagen (1682–1747)
Smolny Convent
The Mariinskyi Palace in Kyiv (1744–1752)
Facade of the Church of the Gesù Rome (consecrated 1584)
Interior view of Dome of the Church of the Gesù by Giacomo Barozzi da Vignola, and Giacomo della Porta
Corpus Christi Church, Nesvizh in Belarus (1586 and 1593)
Facade of Santa Susanna, Rome by Carlo Maderno (1603)
Saints Peter and Paul Church, Kraków, Poland by Giovanni Maria Bernardoni (1605–1619)
The Church of St-Gervais-et-St-Protais, the first Paris church with a façade in the new Baroque style (1616–20)
The Luxembourg Palace by Salomon de Brosse (1615–1624)
Basilica of Bom Jesus. A World Heritage Site built in Baroque style and completed in 1604 AD. It has the body of St Francis Xavier.
Baldaquin by Bernini in the Basilica of Saint Peter, Rome (1623–34)
Fresco on ceiling of the grand salon of Barberini Palace in Rome, by Pietro da Cortona (1633–1639)
San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane by Francesco Borromini (1634–1646)
The interior of the dome of San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane by Francesco Borromini (1638–1641)
Church of Santi Luca e Martina, in Rome, by Pietro da Cortona (1635–50)
Santa Maria della Salute by Baldassare Longhena in Venice (1630–31).
Pavillon de l’Horloge of the Louvre Palace by Jacques Lemercier (1624–1645)
Chapel of the Sorbonne by Jacques Lemercier (1626–35)
Château de Maisons by François Mansart (1630–1651)
The Basilica of Superga near Turin by Filippo Juvarra (1717–1731)
Interior of the Basilica of Superga by Filippo Juvarra
The Palazzo Carignano, now the Museum of the Italian Renaissance, Turin
Hall of Mirrors in the Palace of Versailles by Jules Hardouin-Mansart (begun 1678–1686)
Chapel of the Palace of Versailles begun by Jules Hardouin-Mansart (1699 to 1710)
Salon of the Hôtel de Soubise in Paris (1735–40) by Germain Boffrand
West facade of Saint Paul's Cathedral by Christopher Wren (1675–1702)
Castle Howard, North Yorkshire by John Vanbrugh and Nicholas Hawksmoor (1699–1712)
Blenheim Palace by John Vanbrugh and Nicholas Hawksmoor
Interior of the church of the Abbey of Melk by Jakob Prandtauer (1702–1736)
Library of the Clementinum, the Jesuit university in Prague (1722)
Karlskirche, Vienna by Fischer von Erlach (consecrated 1737)
Kaisersaal of Würzburg Residence by Balthasar Neumann (1749–51)
Basilica of the Fourteen Holy Helpers by Balthasar Neumann (1743–1772)
Royal Palace of Gödöllő (Hungary) by András Mayerhoffer (1730s–1785)
Late Baroque facade, Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela (1738–1750)
Palacio de San Telmo in Seville by Leonardo de Figueroa (1682–1895)
Retable in the Sagrario Chapel of Segovia Cathedral (1686) by Jose Benito de Churriguera, the earliest architect of the Churrigueresque style
Church of Saint Francis of Assisi in Ouro Preto, Brazil, built between 1765 and 1775, by Brazilian Aleijadinho
Mexico City Metropolitan Cathedral, Mexico City, built between 1571 and 1813, by several architects
Cathedral Basilica of Zacatecas in Mexico, built between 1729 and 1772, an example of the Churrigueresque style
Havana Cathedral, Cuba, built between 1748 and 1777<ref>{{cite book|url=https://www.filepicker.io/api/file/iSxgoQ8ETD27Ws4jydTm|title=Modern architecture in Cuba and Contemporary Preservation Challenges|author=Belmont Freeman|work=Columbia University|date=23 June 2018}}</ref>
High altar of the Iglesia de El Sagrario, Quito, church built between 1617 and 1747 by Spaniard José Jaime Ortiz. It is a World Heritage Site by UNESCO
Complete facade of the Iglesia y Convento de San Francisco, Quito, built between 1550 and 1680
Iglesia de la Compañía de Jesús, Cusco, Peru, built between 1576 and 1668, by Jean-Baptiste Gilles and Diego Martínez de Oviedo.
Panorama of the facade of the Basilica and Convent of San Francisco, Lima, built between 1657 and 1672 by the Portuguese Constantino de Vasconcellos and the Liman Manuel Escobar, is a World Heritage City by UNESCO
Mission Nuestra Señora de la Purísima Concepción de Acuña in Texas, built between 1711 and 1731
Mission San José y San Miguel de Aguayo in San Antonio, built between 1760 and 1782.
Decorative cartouche designed for the Palazzo Barberini by Filippo Juvarra (1711)
Ceiling of the Farnese Gallery by Annibale Carracci (1597–1704)
Illusionistic painting on the ceiling of the Jesuit church in Vienna by Andrea Pozzo (1703)
Grand staircase of the Würzburg Residence (1720–1780)
Trompe-l'œil effect on the ceiling of the Church of the Gesu, Rome, by Giovanni Battista Gaulli (completed 1679)
Baroque garden at Vaux-le-Vicomte. The parterre, designed to be viewed from above from the Chateau windows and terrace, was an extension of the interior architecture and design
Cruciform plan of a high Baroque Church, Santi Luca e Martina in Rome by Pietro da Cortona (1639–1669)
Floor plan of Sant'Andrea al Quirinale by Gian Lorenzo Bernini (1658–1661) showing the entrance (below), altar (top) and radiating chapels
Plan of the Late Baroque Basilica of the Fourteen Holy Helpers by Balthasar Neumann, constructed between 1743 and 1772. The altar is in an oval in the center.
San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane by Francesco Borromini (1634–1646)
The Basilica of Superga near Turin by Filippo Juvarra (1717–1731)

The Early Baroque (1584–1625) was largely dominated by the work of Roman architects, notably the Church of the Gesù by Giacomo della Porta (consecrated 1584) facade and colonnade of St. Peter's Basilica by Carlo Maderno (completed 1612) and the lavish Barberini Palace interiors by Pietro da Cortona (1633–1639).

St. Peter's Square

Large plaza located directly in front of St. Peter's Basilica in Vatican City, the papal enclave inside Rome, directly west of the neighborhood (rione) of Borgo.

Evening aerial view of the piazza and basilica
Fresco of St. Peter's Square c. 1587, before the dome of the new St. Peter's Basilica or the façade had been built
St. Peter's Square colonnades
A reconstruction of Old Saint Peter's in 1450; at left is the obelisk in its previous location.
The obelisk today
An early interpretation of the relative locations of the circus and obelisk, including the medieval and current basilicas.
One possible modern interpretation

A granite fountain constructed by Bernini in 1675 matches another fountain designed by Carlo Maderno in 1613.

Theatines

Order of clerics regular of Pontifical Right for Men of the Catholic Church.

Sant'Andrea della Valle, Theatine church in Rome.
Theatine Church, Munich.
Andrew Avellino (1521-1608).
Giuseppe Maria Tomasi (1649-1713).

This church is a masterpiece of Carlo Maderno and contains several paintings by Domenichino.

Sant'Andrea della Valle

Minor basilica in the rione of Sant'Eustachio of the city of Rome, Italy.

The Baroque façade of Sant'Andrea della Valle.
Windows on the ceiling, allowing natural light to illuminate the interior
Interior of the church.
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Plan of the basilica.

Work restarted by 1608, financed by what was then an enormous endowment of over 150,000 gold scudi, and with a more grandiose plan designed mainly by Carlo Maderno.

Palazzo Barberini

17th-century palace in Rome, facing the Piazza Barberini in Rione Trevi.

Palazzo Barberini façade
The famous ceiling by Pietro Cortona, Allegory of Divine Providence and Barberini Power, 1639
Celebrations for Christina of Sweden at Palazzo Barberini on 28 February 1656.
The famous helicoidal staircase by Borromini.

Carlo Maderno, then at work extending the nave of St Peter's, was commissioned to enclose the Villa Sforza within a vast Renaissance block along the lines of Palazzo Farnese; however, the design quickly evolved into a precedent-setting combination of an urban seat of princely power combined with a garden front that had the nature of a suburban villa with a semi-enclosed garden.

Quirinal Palace

Historic building in Rome, Italy, one of the three current official residences of the President of the Italian Republic, together with Villa Rosebery in Naples and the Tenuta di Castelporziano, an estate on the outskirts of Rome, some 25 km from the centre of the city.

The palace seen from Piazza del Quirinale
The palace and garden by Giovanni Battista Falda in 1683
Cuirassiers, honor guard of the President of Italy, outside the palace
The Courtyard of Honour
The Great Hall of Banquets
The Great Hall of the Cuirassiers
The Pauline Chapel
President Segni at the Piffetti Library in 1962
Gardens of the palace
Coffee House

To the latter, a bell tower was added according to a project by Carlo Maderno and Francesco Borromini.

Francesco Borromini

Italian architect born in the modern Swiss canton of Ticino who, with his contemporaries Gian Lorenzo Bernini and Pietro da Cortona, was a leading figure in the emergence of Roman Baroque architecture.

Borromini (anonymous youth portrait)
Façade of San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane.
Oratory of Saint Philip Neri
Sant'Ivo alla Sapienza, courtyard and façade.
The plaque commissioned by the Swiss embassy in Rome to commemorate Francesco Borromini in the basilica of San Giovanni dei Fiorentini
Borromini on the 6th series 100 francs note

He moved to Rome in 1619 and started working for Carlo Maderno, his distant relative, at St. Peter's and then also at the Palazzo Barberini.

Santa Susanna

Roman Catholic parish church located on the Quirinal Hill in Rome, Italy.

Baroque façade of Santa Susanna by Carlo Maderno (1603).
Fresco detail in Santa Susanna depicting the martyrdom of St. Felicity, by Paris Nogari.
Santa Susanna, Rome
The interior.
A 17th-century replica of Santa Susanna in Lviv, Ukraine.

Consequently, he gave the assignment to Carlo Maderno (1556–1629) for architectural renovations made to the church.

Stefano Maderno

Italian sculptor.

The Martyrdom of Saint Cecilia, Stefano Maderno's masterpiece, in the Church of Saint Cecilia, Rome.
St. Carlo Borromeo (right), Church of San Lorenzo in Damaso, Rome, Italy.
Pietà (c. 1605), Bode-Museum, Berlin, Germany.
Hercules and Antaeus (c. 1622), terra-cotta, Victoria and Albert Museum, London, Great Britain.
Hercules and Antaeus (c. 1622-25), bronze, Walters Art Museum, Baltimore, Maryland, United States.
Hercules, terra-cotta, Hermitage Museum, Saint Petersburg, Russia.

He was long supposed to have been a brother of the contemporary architect Carlo Maderno, and therefore to having been born at Capolago, in what is now Ticino: his death certificate, however, gave his place of birth as Palestrina (Donati 1945) and he signed a bas-relief in the Cappella Paolina in Santa Maria Maggiore as a Roman: STEPHANVS MADERNVS ROMANVS F ("Stefano Maderno of Rome made [this]").

St. Peter's Basilica

Church built in the Renaissance style located in Vatican City, the papal enclave that is within the city of Rome, Italy.

View from the Tiber on Ponte Sant'Angelo and the Basilica. The iconic dome dominates the skyline of Rome.
St. Peter and the Apostles on the Facade of St. Peter's Basilica
Bishops at the Second Vatican Council in 1962
Crepuscular rays are seen in St. Peter's Basilica at certain times each day.
An early interpretation of the relative locations of the circus, and the medieval and current Basilicas of St. Peter.
One possible modern interpretation
Maarten van Heemskerck - Santa Maria della Febbre, Vatican Obelisk, Saint Peter's Basilica in construction (1532)
A conjectural view of the Old St. Peter's Basilica by H. W. Brewer, 1891
Bramante's plan
Raphael's plan
Michelangelo's plan
Bramante's dome
Sangallo's design
St. Peter's Basilica from Castel Sant'Angelo showing the dome rising behind Maderno's façade.
1506 medal by Cristoforo Foppa depicting Bramante's design, including the four flanking smaller domes
The engraving by Stefan du Pérac was published in 1569, five years after the death of Michelangelo
The dome was brought to completion by Giacomo della Porta and Fontana.
Architectural details of the central part looking upward into the dome
Michelangelo's plan extended with Maderno's nave and narthex
Maderno's façade, with the statues of Saint Peter (left) and Saint Paul (right) flanking the entrance stairs
The narthex
Maderno's nave, looking towards the chancel
The apse with St. Peter's Cathedra supported by four Doctors of the Church
The altar with Bernini's baldacchino
Bernini's Cathedra Petri and Gloria
St. Peter's Basilica and the piazza at night
One of the two fountains which form the axis of the piazza.
Evening aerial view of the piazza and facade
View of Rome from the Dome of St. Peter's Basilica
Air vents for the crypt in St. Peter's Basilica
Cardinals at Mass in Saint Peter's Basilica two days before a papal conclave, 16 April 2005.
The inauguration of Pope Francis in 2013
Silhouette of St. Peter's Basilica at sundown (view from Castel Sant'Angelo).
alt= A marble statue showing a matronly woman in a sweeping cloak supporting a cross which stands beside her and presenting a set of nails to the viewer with her left hand|Saint Helena
alt= This statue shows a Roman soldier, with a cloak furling around him, gazing upward while he supports a long spear with his right hand and throws out his other hand in amazement.|Saint Longinus
alt= This statue shows an elderly man, bare-chested, and draped, looking up despairingly as he supports a large cross, arranged diagonally.|Saint Andrew
alt= This statue shows the saint as a young woman, who, with a sweeping dramatic gesture, displays a cloth on which there is an image of the face of Jesus.|Saint Veronica
alt= A pair of bronze doors divided into sixteen panels containing reliefs depicting scenes mainly from the life of Jesus and stories that he told.|The Holy Door is opened only for great celebrations.
alt= A large memorial set in a niche. The marble figure of a kneeling pope is surrounded by allegoric marble figures, and sculptured drapery surfaced with patterned red stone.|The tomb of Alexander VII, by Gian Lorenzo Bernini, 1671–1678.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.saintpetersbasilica.org/Docs/seminarians4.htm|website=saintpetersbasilica.org|title=The Seminarian GuidesNorth American College, Rome|access-date=29 July 2009}}</ref>
alt= Peter is shown as a bearded man in draped garment like a toga. He is seated on a chair made of marble, and has his right hand raised in a gesture of blessing while in his left hand he holds two large keys. Behind the statue, the wall is patterned in mosaic to resemble red and gold brocade cloth.|The bronze statue of Saint Peter holding the keys of heaven, attributed to Arnolfo di Cambio.
alt= This marble statue shows the Virgin Mary seated, mourning over the lifeless body of Jesus which is supported across her knees.|The Pietà by Michelangelo, 1498–1499, is in the north aisle.

Designed principally by Donato Bramante, Michelangelo, Carlo Maderno and Gian Lorenzo Bernini, St. Peter's is the most renowned work of Renaissance architecture and the largest church in the world by interior measure.