Carmen Jones (film)

Carmen Jones1954 filmCarmen Jones'' (1954 film)film adaptation
Carmen Jones is a 1954 American musical film starring Dorothy Dandridge and Harry Belafonte, produced and directed by Otto Preminger.wikipedia
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Dorothy Dandridge

DorothyDorothy Jean Dandridge
Carmen Jones is a 1954 American musical film starring Dorothy Dandridge and Harry Belafonte, produced and directed by Otto Preminger.
She is perhaps one of the most famous black actresses to have a successful Hollywood career and the first to be nominated for an Academy Award for Best Actress for her performance in the 1954 film Carmen Jones.

Harry Belafonte

Belafonte Harry BelafonteBelafont
Carmen Jones is a 1954 American musical film starring Dorothy Dandridge and Harry Belafonte, produced and directed by Otto Preminger.
He has also starred in several films, including Otto Preminger's hit musical Carmen Jones (1954), Island in the Sun (1957), and Robert Wise's Odds Against Tomorrow (1959).

Musical film

musicalmusical comedy filmmusicals
Carmen Jones is a 1954 American musical film starring Dorothy Dandridge and Harry Belafonte, produced and directed by Otto Preminger.
Meanwhile, director Otto Preminger, better known for controversial "message pictures", made Carmen Jones and Porgy and Bess, both starring Dorothy Dandridge, who is considered the first African American A-list film star.

National Film Registry

United States National Film RegistryList of films preserved in the United States National Film RegistryLibrary of Congress National Film Registry
In 1992, Carmen Jones was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant".

Carmen Jones

Beat Out That Rhythm on a DrumDat's Lovemusical of the same name
The screenplay by Harry Kleiner is based on the lyrics and book by Oscar Hammerstein II, from the 1943 stage musical of the same name, set to the music of Georges Bizet's 1875 opera Carmen. The opera was an adaptation of the 1845 Prosper Mérimée novella Carmen by Henri Meilhac and Ludovic Halévy.
The 1954 film was adapted by Hammerstein and Harry Kleiner.

Harry Kleiner

The screenplay by Harry Kleiner is based on the lyrics and book by Oscar Hammerstein II, from the 1943 stage musical of the same name, set to the music of Georges Bizet's 1875 opera Carmen. The opera was an adaptation of the 1845 Prosper Mérimée novella Carmen by Henri Meilhac and Ludovic Halévy.

Herbert Ross

RossPhoenix Pictures
He hired cinematographer Sam Leavitt as director of photography, Herschel Burke Gilbert as musical director, and Herbert Ross as choreographer and began to scout locations.
Ross's first film assignment came as an uncredited choreographer on Carmen Jones (1954).

Otto Preminger

Preminger
Carmen Jones is a 1954 American musical film starring Dorothy Dandridge and Harry Belafonte, produced and directed by Otto Preminger.
Carmen Jones (1954) is a reworking of the Bizet opera Carmen to a wartime African-American setting while Porgy and Bess (1959) is based on the George Gershwin opera.

Diahann Carroll

Diahann Carroll auditioned for the title role, but she was so terrified of the director she could barely focus on the scene, and Preminger cast her in the small supporting role of Myrt instead.
She rose to prominence in some of the earliest major studio films to feature black casts, including Carmen Jones (1954) and Porgy and Bess (1959).

Sam Leavitt

He hired cinematographer Sam Leavitt as director of photography, Herschel Burke Gilbert as musical director, and Herbert Ross as choreographer and began to scout locations.

Marilyn Horne

Marilyn Horne FoundationHorneM. Horne
Marilyn Horne and LeVern Hutcherson were hired to record their vocals, and soundtrack recording began on June 18.
Horne's first major professional engagement was in 1954, when she dubbed the singing voice of Dorothy Dandridge in the film Carmen Jones.

1955 Cannes Film Festival

1955CannesBest Dramatic Film
However, it was permitted to open the 1955 Cannes Film Festival, where for the first time Preminger and Dandridge openly flaunted their relationship.
The festival opened with Du rififi chez les hommes by Jules Dassin and closed with Carmen Jones by Otto Preminger.

Carmen

Don JoséEscamilloMicaela
The screenplay by Harry Kleiner is based on the lyrics and book by Oscar Hammerstein II, from the 1943 stage musical of the same name, set to the music of Georges Bizet's 1875 opera Carmen. The opera was an adaptation of the 1845 Prosper Mérimée novella Carmen by Henri Meilhac and Ludovic Halévy.
The Preminger film, Carmen Jones, is based on the 1943 Oscar Hammerstein's Broadway musical of the same name, itself an adaptation of the opera.

Carmen (novella)

Carmennovella1846 novella
The screenplay by Harry Kleiner is based on the lyrics and book by Oscar Hammerstein II, from the 1943 stage musical of the same name, set to the music of Georges Bizet's 1875 opera Carmen. The opera was an adaptation of the 1845 Prosper Mérimée novella Carmen by Henri Meilhac and Ludovic Halévy.

Saul Bass

Bass, SaulNotes on the Popular Arts
The opening title sequence is the first film title sequence created by Saul Bass, and marked the beginning of Bass's long professional relationship with Preminger.
His next collaboration with Preminger was to design a film poster for his 1954 film Carmen Jones.

Brock Peters

Peters made his film debut in Carmen Jones in 1954, but began to make a name for himself in such films as To Kill a Mockingbird and The L-Shaped Room.

Roy Glenn

Roy E. GlennRoy E. Glenn, Sr.
His other film credits include The Jackie Robinson Story (1950), Carmen Jones (1954), Porgy and Bess (1959), The Sound and the Fury (1959), A Raisin in the Sun (1961), with Sidney Poitier, Ruby Dee and Claudia McNeil, and a memorable turn as Mr. Prentice (the father of Poitier's character) in the 1967 film Guess Who's Coming to Dinner.

Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy

Best Motion Picture – Musical or ComedyGolden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture - Musical or ComedyMusical or Comedy
The film won the Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy.

Herschel Burke Gilbert

Herschel Gilbert
He hired cinematographer Sam Leavitt as director of photography, Herschel Burke Gilbert as musical director, and Herbert Ross as choreographer and began to scout locations.
His film work includes It's a Wonderful Life (1947), The Jackie Robinson Story (1950), The Thief (1952), Carmen Jones (1954), It Came from Beneath the Sea (1954), Beyond a Reasonable Doubt (1956), No Place to Hide (1956), Comanche (1956), Slaughter On Tenth Avenue (1957), Sam Whiskey (1969), I Dismember Mama (1974), and The Witch Who Came from the Sea (1976).

BAFTA Award for Best Film

Best FilmBest Film from any SourceBAFTA Award for Best Film from any Source
It was nominated for the BAFTA Award for Best Film from any Source but lost to Richard III.

Pearl Bailey

Pearl BailyBailey, PearlPearl Mae Bailey
Pearl Bailey's sole screen credit was the 1948 film Isn't It Romantic?, but she had achieved success as a band singer and was familiar to television audiences from her appearances on Your Show of Shows, so she was assigned the role of Frankie.

BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role

Best Actress in a Leading RoleBest ActressBAFTA Award
Dorothy Dandridge was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actress, the first African American to be honored in the category, but lost to Grace Kelly in The Country Girl, and the BAFTA Award for Best Foreign Actress, but lost to Betsy Blair in Marty.

Golden Leopard

Best DirectorGolden Leopard AwardBest Feature Film
The film also won the Golden Leopard at the Locarno International Film Festival.

5th Berlin International Film Festival

Berlin19551955 Berlin Film Festival
At the 5th Berlin International Film Festival the film won the Bronze Berlin Bear award.

Notes of a Native Son

James Baldwin, in his 1955 published essays Notes of a Native Son, devotes his critical attention to the movie with the essay "Carmen Jones: The Dark Is Light Enough".
Baldwin criticises Carmen Jones, a film adaptation of Carmen using an all black cast.