Carmen Saliare

Carmina Saliaria
The Carmen Saliare is a fragment of archaic Latin, which played a part in the rituals performed by the Salii (Salian priests, a.k.a. "leaping priests") of Ancient Rome.wikipedia
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Old Latin

Archaic Latinarchaic formearly Latin
The Carmen Saliare is a fragment of archaic Latin, which played a part in the rituals performed by the Salii (Salian priests, a.k.a. "leaping priests") of Ancient Rome.
They were Prisca, spoken before the founding of Rome, when Janus and Saturn ruled Latium, to which he dated the Carmen Saliare; Latina, dated from the time of king Latinus, in which period he placed the laws of the Twelve Tables; Romana, essentially equal to Classical Latin; and Mixta, "mixed" Classical Latin and Vulgar Latin, which is known today as Late Latin.

Salii

Salii PalatiniSalian priestsSalii Collinus
The Carmen Saliare is a fragment of archaic Latin, which played a part in the rituals performed by the Salii (Salian priests, a.k.a. "leaping priests") of Ancient Rome.
Each year in March, the Salii made a procession round the city, dancing and singing the Carmen Saliare.

Mars (mythology)

MarsMars UltorMars the Avenger
The rituals revolved around Mars and Quirinus, and were performed in March and October.
The Carmen Saliare was sung by Mars' priests the Salii while they moved twelve sacred shields (ancilia) throughout the city in a procession.

Germanicus

Germanicus CaesarGermanicus Julius CaesarCaesar
In the Annales written by Roman historian Tacitus, it is revealed that several Romans proposed the name of Germanicus to be added to the Salian Song, as a memory of his virtue and goodwill.
His name was placed into the Carmen Saliare, and onto the Curule chairs that were placed with oaken garlands over them as honorary seats for the Augustan priesthood.

Carmen (verse)

carmencarmina
*Carmen (verse)
In Ancient Rome, the term "carmen" was generally used to signify a verse; but in its proper sense, it referred to a spell or prayer, form of expiation, execration, etc. Surviving examples include the Carmen Arvale and the Carmen Saliare.

Ritual

ritualsreligious ritualritualistic
The Carmen Saliare is a fragment of archaic Latin, which played a part in the rituals performed by the Salii (Salian priests, a.k.a. "leaping priests") of Ancient Rome.

Priest

priesthoodparish priestpriests
The Carmen Saliare is a fragment of archaic Latin, which played a part in the rituals performed by the Salii (Salian priests, a.k.a. "leaping priests") of Ancient Rome.

Ancient Rome

RomanRomansRome
The Carmen Saliare is a fragment of archaic Latin, which played a part in the rituals performed by the Salii (Salian priests, a.k.a. "leaping priests") of Ancient Rome.

Quirinus

QuirinaliaQuerini
The rituals revolved around Mars and Quirinus, and were performed in March and October.

Armour

armorarmoredArmoured
These involved processions in which they donned archaic armour and weapons, performed their sacred dance, and sang the Carmen Saliare.

Dance

dancerdancingdancers
These involved processions in which they donned archaic armour and weapons, performed their sacred dance, and sang the Carmen Saliare.

Roman Republic

RomanRepublicRomans
As a body they existed before the founding of the Roman Republic, tracing their origin back to the reign of Numa Pompilius.

Numa Pompilius

NumaKing NumaPompilius
As a body they existed before the founding of the Roman Republic, tracing their origin back to the reign of Numa Pompilius.

Patrician (ancient Rome)

patricianpatrikiospatricians
The Salian priests were chosen from the sons of patrician families whose parents were still living.

Annals (Tacitus)

AnnalesAnnalsThe Annals
In the Annales written by Roman historian Tacitus, it is revealed that several Romans proposed the name of Germanicus to be added to the Salian Song, as a memory of his virtue and goodwill.

Tacitus

Publius Cornelius TacitusCornelius TacitusGaius Cornelius Tacitus
In the Annales written by Roman historian Tacitus, it is revealed that several Romans proposed the name of Germanicus to be added to the Salian Song, as a memory of his virtue and goodwill.

Marcus Terentius Varro

VarroMarcus VarroVarro Reatinus
Two fragments which have been preserved by Marcus Terentius Varro in his De Lingua Latina, 7.26, 27 (fragment 2 and 1 by Maurenbrecher's numbering):

Julius Pomponius Laetus

Pomponio LetoPomponius LaetusPomponius Leto
Julius Pomponius Laetus proposed in his editio princeps the interpretation osculo dolori ero "I shall be as a kiss to grief", though his emendations are now dismissed as "editorial fantasy".

Editio princeps

first printededitiones principesfirst edition
Julius Pomponius Laetus proposed in his editio princeps the interpretation osculo dolori ero "I shall be as a kiss to grief", though his emendations are now dismissed as "editorial fantasy".

Cuckoo

CuculidaeCuculiformescuckoos
George Hempl restored it more carefully to coceulod orieso, attested in some manuscripts aside from the spacing, which is good archaic Latin for classical cucūlō oriēre "(thou shalt) come forth with the cuckoo".

Quintus Terentius Scaurus

A fragment preserved by Quintus Terentius Scaurus in his De orthographia (fragment 6 by Maurenbrecher's numbering):

Carmen (given name)

CarmenCarmela
The name of the Roman goddess Carmenta based on this root comes from the purely Latin origin, as is the fragment of archaic Latin known as "Carmen Saliare".