Carola-class corvette

The Carola class was a group of six steam corvettes built by the German Kaiserliche Marine in the late 1870s and 1880s.wikipedia
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10.5 cm SK L/35

10.5 cm10.5 cm SK L/35 guns SK L/35
For Carola, which was converted into a gunnery training ship in the early 1890s, the 15 cm guns were later reduced to six and then four guns, and the 8.7 cm guns were replaced with a pair of 10.5 cm SK L/35 guns, eight 8.8 cm SK L/30 guns, and two 5 cm SK L/40 guns.

Corvette

corvettesguided missile corvetteadvanced offshore patrol vessel
The Carola class was a group of six steam corvettes built by the German Kaiserliche Marine in the late 1870s and 1880s.

Imperial German Navy

Kaiserliche MarineGerman Imperial NavyGerman
The Carola class was a group of six steam corvettes built by the German Kaiserliche Marine in the late 1870s and 1880s.

Lead ship

name shiplead boatlead vessel
The class comprised, the lead ship,,,,, and.

Artillery battery

batterybatteriesartillery batteries
Intended for service in the German colonial empire, the ships were designed with a combination of steam and sail power for extended cruising range, and they were equipped with a battery of ten 15 cm guns.

Togo

TogoleseRepublic of TogoTogolese Republic
The six ships were all sent on lengthy overseas deployments throughout their careers, with assignments to Germany's colonial holdings in Africa—Togo, German South West Africa and German East Africa—and in the Pacific—German New Guinea and later the Kiautschou Bay concession.

German East Africa

East AfricaGerman colonial ruleGerman
The six ships were all sent on lengthy overseas deployments throughout their careers, with assignments to Germany's colonial holdings in Africa—Togo, German South West Africa and German East Africa—and in the Pacific—German New Guinea and later the Kiautschou Bay concession.

German New Guinea

New GuineaGerman MicronesiaDeutsch-Neuguinea
The six ships were all sent on lengthy overseas deployments throughout their careers, with assignments to Germany's colonial holdings in Africa—Togo, German South West Africa and German East Africa—and in the Pacific—German New Guinea and later the Kiautschou Bay concession.

Kiautschou Bay concession

KiaochowKiautschouKiautschou Bay
The six ships were all sent on lengthy overseas deployments throughout their careers, with assignments to Germany's colonial holdings in Africa—Togo, German South West Africa and German East Africa—and in the Pacific—German New Guinea and later the Kiautschou Bay concession.

New Ireland (island)

New IrelandNeu-Mecklenburgthe island of New Ireland
On several occasions, ships of the class were badly damaged in accidents—Marie running aground off New Mecklenburg and Sophie being rammed by a merchant vessel, both in 1884, and Olga being forced ashore by a cyclone in 1889—but none of the members of the class were lost.

Training ship

school shiptraining vesselschoolship
Several of the corvettes were used for training purposes, taking part in fleet exercises, extended training cruises with naval cadets, and in the case of Carola and Olga later in their careers, as dedicated gunnery training ships.

Barracks ship

accommodation shipfloating barracksaccommodation vessel
Some were used for training purposes, but Alexandrine was too worn out from her years abroad to permit further use, Marie was too expensive to convert into a training ship, and Sophie was instead used as a barracks ship.

Ship breaking

broken upscrapscrapped
Between 1904 and 1908, all of the Carola-class corvettes were broken up for scrap, with the exception of Sophie, which lingered on as a floating barracks until she too went to the breakers in 1920.

Scrap

scrap metalscrappedscrap iron
Between 1904 and 1908, all of the Carola-class corvettes were broken up for scrap, with the exception of Sophie, which lingered on as a floating barracks until she too went to the breakers in 1920.

Ironclad warship

ironcladironcladsbroadside ironclad
At the time, the world's navies were grappling with the development of steam power, which had already replaced sails in large ironclad warships.

Steam engine

steam powertriple expansion enginetriple expansion
Cruising vessels required a much longer radius of action than the ironclads, and steam engines were not yet reliable or efficient enough to rely on them alone, necessitating the retention of traditional sailing rigs.

Waterline length

long at the waterlinew/lat the waterline
The first four ships of the Carola class were 70.6 m long at the waterline and 76.35 m long overall, with a beam of 12.5 m and a draft of 4.98 m forward.

Length overall

o/along overalloverall length
The first four ships of the Carola class were 70.6 m long at the waterline and 76.35 m long overall, with a beam of 12.5 m and a draft of 4.98 m forward.

Beam (nautical)

beamabeambeams
The first four ships of the Carola class were 70.6 m long at the waterline and 76.35 m long overall, with a beam of 12.5 m and a draft of 4.98 m forward.

Draft (hull)

draughtdraftdrew
The first four ships of the Carola class were 70.6 m long at the waterline and 76.35 m long overall, with a beam of 12.5 m and a draft of 4.98 m forward.

Displacement (ship)

displaceddisplacementdeep load
The first four ships displaced 2147 t as designed and 2424 t at full load, and the larger vessels displaced 2361 t as designed and 2662 t fully laden.

Hull (watercraft)

hullhulledhulls
The ships' hulls were constructed with iron frames that provided the structure for the wood hull planks, over which a layer of zinc was applied to protect the wood from biofouling.

Zinc

ZnZn 2+ zinc alloy
The ships' hulls were constructed with iron frames that provided the structure for the wood hull planks, over which a layer of zinc was applied to protect the wood from biofouling.

Biofouling

antifoulinganti-foulingfouling
The ships' hulls were constructed with iron frames that provided the structure for the wood hull planks, over which a layer of zinc was applied to protect the wood from biofouling.

Copper sheathing

copperedcopperingcopper-sheathed
Alexandrine and Arcona received copper sheathing instead of zinc.