Caroline Islands

CarolinesCarolineWestern CarolinesCarolina IslandsEastern Caroline IslandsCaroline Islands ArchipelagoCarolinianWestern CarolineWestern Caroline IslandsCarolinas
The Caroline Islands (or the Carolines) are a widely scattered archipelago of tiny islands in the western Pacific Ocean, to the north of New Guinea.wikipedia
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Palau

Palau IslandsPalausRepublic of Palau
Politically they are divided between the Federated States of Micronesia in the eastern part of the group, and Palau at the extreme western end. The name was extended to include the Palau Islands and the archipelagos which were named the Gilbert Islands and the Marshall Islands by British explorers who visited them a century later, between 1788 and 1799.
The country contains approximately 340 islands, and together with parts of the Federated States of Micronesia, forms the western chain of the Caroline Islands.

Spanish East Indies

SpanishPhilippinesSpanish Philippines
Historically, this area was also called Nuevas Filipinas or New Philippines as they were part of the Spanish East Indies and governed from Manila in the Philippines.
At one time or another, they included the Philippines, Marianas, Carolines, Palaos and Guam, as well as parts of Formosa (Taiwan), Sulawesi (Celebes) and the Moluccas (Maluku).

Yap

Yap IslandYap IslandsTony Ganngiyan
The group consists of about 500 small coral islands, east of the Philippines, in the Pacific Ocean; the distance from Manila to Yap, one of the larger islands of the group, is 1200 mi.
Yap or Wa′ab traditionally refers to an island group located in the Caroline Islands of the western Pacific Ocean, a part of Yap State.

Kosrae

KusaieKosrae StateKosrae Island
The Carolines span a distance of approximately 3540 kilometers (2200 miles), from Tobi, Palau at the westernmost point to Kosrae at the easternmost. These ships stimulated commerce and were significant vectors for change both good and ill. The islands most commonly visited were Kosrae, Mokil, Ngatik, Pingelap and Pohnpei.
Kosrae, the easternmost of the Caroline Islands, has a population of 6,616 (2010 census).

Pacific Ocean

PacificSouth PacificWestern Pacific
The Caroline Islands (or the Carolines) are a widely scattered archipelago of tiny islands in the western Pacific Ocean, to the north of New Guinea.
Sailing around and east of the Moluccas, between 1525 and 1527, Portuguese expeditions discovered the Caroline Islands, the Aru Islands, and Papua New Guinea.

Federated States of Micronesia

MicronesiaMicronesianMicronesia, Federated States of
Politically they are divided between the Federated States of Micronesia in the eastern part of the group, and Palau at the extreme western end.
The Federated States of Micronesia is spread across part of the Caroline Islands in the wider region of Micronesia, which consists of thousands of small islands divided among several countries.

Pohnpeian language

PohnpeianPONlocal language
The native inhabitants speak a variety of Micronesian languages including Pohnpeian, Chuukese, Carolinian, and Kosraean, as well as the Western Malayo-Polynesian languages Palauan and Chamorro, and the unclassified language Yapese (possibly one of the Admiralty Islands languages).
Pohnpeian, is a Micronesian language spoken as the indigenous language of the island of Pohnpei in the Caroline Islands.

Carolinian language

CarolinianCarolinianscal
The native inhabitants speak a variety of Micronesian languages including Pohnpeian, Chuukese, Carolinian, and Kosraean, as well as the Western Malayo-Polynesian languages Palauan and Chamorro, and the unclassified language Yapese (possibly one of the Admiralty Islands languages).
Carolinian is an Austronesian language originating in the Caroline Islands, but spoken in the Northern Mariana Islands.

Atoll

coral atollatollsDarwin Point
Most of the islands comprise low, flat coral atolls, but some rise high above sea level.
Most of the world's atolls are in the Pacific Ocean (with concentrations in the Tuamotu Islands, Caroline Islands, Marshall Islands, Coral Sea Islands, and the island groups of Kiribati, Tuvalu and Tokelau) and Indian Ocean (the Atolls of the Maldives, the Lakshadweep Islands, the Chagos Archipelago and the Outer Islands of the Seychelles).

Kosraean language

KosraeankosKosrean
The native inhabitants speak a variety of Micronesian languages including Pohnpeian, Chuukese, Carolinian, and Kosraean, as well as the Western Malayo-Polynesian languages Palauan and Chamorro, and the unclassified language Yapese (possibly one of the Admiralty Islands languages).
Kosraean, sometimes rendered Kusaiean, is the language spoken on the islands of Kosrae (Kusaie), a nation-state of the Federated States of Micronesia, Caroline Islands.

Chuukese language

ChuukeseTrukeseCHK
The native inhabitants speak a variety of Micronesian languages including Pohnpeian, Chuukese, Carolinian, and Kosraean, as well as the Western Malayo-Polynesian languages Palauan and Chamorro, and the unclassified language Yapese (possibly one of the Admiralty Islands languages).
Chuukese, also rendered Trukese, is a Trukic language of the Austronesian language family spoken primarily on the islands of Chuuk in the Caroline Islands in Micronesia.

Mau Piailug

Micronesian Navigator Mau Piailug was from the Carolinian island of Satawal.
Pius "Mau" Piailug (pronounced ; 1932 – July 12, 2010) was a Micronesian navigator from the Carolinian island of Satawal, best known as a teacher of traditional, non-instrument wayfinding methods for open-ocean voyaging.

Micronesia

MicronesiansMicronesianFSM
Due to extensive missionary work, Christianity is the primary religion practiced in this region of Micronesia.
There are five main archipelagos—the Caroline Islands, the Gilbert Islands, the Line Islands, the Mariana Islands, and the Marshall Islands—along with numerous outlying islands.

Satawal

Micronesian Navigator Mau Piailug was from the Carolinian island of Satawal.
Satawal is a solitary coral atoll of one island with about 500 people on just over 1 km 2 located in the Caroline Islands in the Pacific Ocean It forms a legislative district in Yap State in the Federated States of Micronesia.

Pohnpei

PonapePohnpei IslandPOH
On Pohnpei, for example, pre-colonial history is divided into three eras: Mwehin Kawa or Mwehin Aramas (Period of Building, or Period of Peopling, before c. 1100); Mwehin Sau Deleur (Period of the Lord of Deleur, c. 1100 to c. 1628); and Mwehin Nahnmwarki (Period of the Nahnmwarki, c. 1628 to c. 1885). These ships stimulated commerce and were significant vectors for change both good and ill. The islands most commonly visited were Kosrae, Mokil, Ngatik, Pingelap and Pohnpei.
Pohnpei "upon (pohn) a stone altar (pei)" (formerly known as Ponape or Ascension) is an island of the Senyavin Islands which are part of the larger Caroline Islands group.

Weriyeng

He learned the traditional navigation techniques of the Weriyeng school.
Weriyeng (also spelled Warieng) is one of the last two schools of traditional navigation found in the central Caroline Islands in Micronesia, the other being Fanur.

Isokelekel

The Saudeleur Dynasty ended with the invasion of Isokelekel, another semi-mythical foreigner, who replaced the Saudeleur rule with the more decentralized nahnmwarki system in existence today.
According to tradition, Isokelekel stopped in several places throughout the eastern Caroline Islands en route to Pohnpei, including Ant Atoll near Kitti, Losap in the Mortlocks, and Pingelap.

Northern Mariana Islands

Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana IslandsNorthern MarianasNorthern Marianas Islands
After the Spanish–American War of 1898, Spain sold the Carolines and the Northern Marianas to Germany in the German–Spanish Treaty (1899) for 25 million pesetas or 17 million goldmark (nearly 1,000,000 pounds sterling), while reserving to itself the right to establish a coal mine in the area.
The Northern Marianas experienced an influx of immigration from the Carolines during the 19th century.

German New Guinea

New GuineaGerman MicronesiaDeutsch-Neuguinea
Germany governed the archipelago as the Karolinen, administratively associated with German New Guinea.
New Pomerania, the Bismarck Archipelago, and the northern Solomon Islands were declared a German protectorate in 1885; the Caroline Islands, Palau, and the Mariana Islands were bought from Spain in 1899; the protectorate of the Marshall Islands was bought from Spain in 1885 for $4.5 million by the 1885 Hispano-German Protocol of Rome; and Nauru was annexed to the Marshall Islands protectorate in 1888.

Sapwuahfik

NgatikNgatik IslandSapwuafik
These ships stimulated commerce and were significant vectors for change both good and ill. The islands most commonly visited were Kosrae, Mokil, Ngatik, Pingelap and Pohnpei.
It is located 150 km southwest of the main island of Pohnpei in the Eastern Caroline Islands and consists of 10 individual islands on the reef.

Chuuk Lagoon

TrukTruk LagoonChuuk
During World War II, Japan had a large base set up at Truk Lagoon which was used for expansion into the southeastern Pacific.
Chuuk Lagoon is part of the larger Caroline Islands group.

Operation Hailstone

attack on TrukOperation HailstormTruk
In the latter years of the war, during the Japanese withdrawal to the Japanese home islands, the Allies effectively neutralized Truk in Operation Hailstone.
Truk's location in the Caroline Islands also made it an excellent shipping hub for armaments and aircraft moving from Japan's home islands down through the South Pacific Mandate and into the Japanese "Southern Resources Area".

Empire of Japan

JapaneseJapanImperial Japan
Japan invaded and occupied the islands in 1914, during World War I.
Japanese and allied British Empire forces soon moved to occupy Tsingtao fortress, the German East Asia Squadron base, German-leased territories in China's Shandong Province as well as the Marianas, Caroline, and Marshall Islands in the Pacific, which were part of German New Guinea.

Gilbert Islands

GilbertsGilbertKingsmill Islands
The name was extended to include the Palau Islands and the archipelagos which were named the Gilbert Islands and the Marshall Islands by British explorers who visited them a century later, between 1788 and 1799.
The natives of the Gilbert Islands are Austronesian peoples, similar in many respects to the Micronesian natives of the Marshalls, the Carolines, and the Marianas.

Álvaro de Saavedra Cerón

Álvaro de SaavedraAlvaro de SaavedraSaavedra
On 1 January 1528 the discoverer Álvaro de Saavedra took possession of the Ulithi Islands on behalf of the King of Spain.
They then sailed north and discovered the Nomoi Islands in the Carolines.