Carpatho-Ukraine

Carpathian UkraineRutheniaTranscarpathiaTranscarpathianCarpathian RusCarpathian RutheniaHungarian Invasion of Carpatho-UkraineHungarian Invasion of the Carpatho-UkraineInvasion of Carpatho-UkraineRepublic of Carpatho-Ukraine
Carpatho-Ukraine (Карпа́тська Украї́на, Karpats’ka Ukrayina, ) was an autonomous region within Czechoslovakia from late 1938 to 15 March 1939.wikipedia
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Second Czechoslovak Republic

CzechoslovakiaSecond RepublicCzechoslovak Republic
Carpatho-Ukraine (Карпа́тська Украї́на, Karpats’ka Ukrayina, ) was an autonomous region within Czechoslovakia from late 1938 to 15 March 1939.
It was composed of Bohemia, Moravia, Silesia and the autonomous regions of Slovakia and Subcarpathian Ruthenia, the latter renamed as of 22 November 1938 as Carpathian Ukraine (Karpatská Ukrajina in Czech).

Avgustyn Voloshyn

Voloshyn
It was declared an independent republic by Avgustyn Voloshyn on 15 March 1939. Following the Slovak proclamation of independence on March 14 and the Nazis' seizure of Czech lands on 15 March, Carpatho-Ukraine declared its independence as the Republic of Carpatho-Ukraine for one day, with the Reverend Avgustyn Voloshyn as head of state.. Voloshin was now supported by Indigenous population of Subcarpathia. The proclaimed Carpatho-Ukrainian government was headed by President Avgustyn Ivanovych Voloshyn, Prime Minister Yulian Révaý, Minister of Defence Stepan Klochurak, and Minister of Internal Affairs Yuriy Perevuznyk.
He was president of the independent Carpatho-Ukraine, which existed for one day on March 15, 1939.

Ukraine

🇺🇦UkrainianUKR
The territory is now administered as Zakarpattia Oblast in Ukraine.
established_event8 = Carpatho-Ukraine

Czechoslovakia

CzechoslovakCzechTCH
Soon after the implementation of the Munich Agreement of 29 September 1938 (by which Czechoslovakia lost much of its border region to Nazi Germany) Carpathian Ruthenia and Slovakia declared their autonomy within Czechoslovakia, which Prague accepted.
1938–1939: After annexation of Sudetenland by Nazi Germany in 1938, the region gradually turned into a state with loosened connections among the Czech, Slovak, and Ruthenian parts. A large strip of southern Slovakia and Carpatho-Ukraine was annexed by Hungary, and the Zaolzie region was annexed by Poland.

Carpathian Ruthenia

TranscarpathiaZakarpattiaCarpathia
Soon after the implementation of the Munich Agreement of 29 September 1938 (by which Czechoslovakia lost much of its border region to Nazi Germany) Carpathian Ruthenia and Slovakia declared their autonomy within Czechoslovakia, which Prague accepted.
The region declared its independence as Carpatho-Ukraine on March 15, 1939, but was occupied and annexed by Hungary in March 15–18, 1939 and remained under Hungarian control until the end of the World War II. During this period the region continued to possess a special administration and the term Kárpátalja became more common.

First Vienna Award

First1938Vienna Award
In November 1938, under the First Vienna Award, which resulted from the Munich agreement, Nazi Germany and Italy prevailed on Czechoslovakia to cede the southern third of Slovakia and southern Carpatho-Ukraine to Hungary.
In mid-March 1939, Adolf Hitler gave Hungary permission to occupy the rest of Carpatho-Ukraine, taking territory further north up to the Polish border, thus creating a common Hungarian-Polish border, as had existed prior to the 18th-century Partitions of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.

Kingdom of Hungary (1920–1946)

HungaryKingdom of HungaryHungarian
Hitler did not reply and the historical part of Hungary was annexed by Hungary between March 15 & 16 1939, remaining under Hungarian control until the end of World War II, when it was ceded to the Soviet Union.
Finally the First Vienna Award reassigned the southern parts of Czechoslovakia to Hungary, and shortly after Czechoslovakia was abolished Hungary occupied and annexed the remainder of the Carpatho-Ukraine.

Zakarpattia Oblast

ZakarpattiaTranscarpathiaZakarpattya
The territory is now administered as Zakarpattia Oblast in Ukraine.
After the occupation of Bohemia and Moravia on March 15, 1939 and the Slovak declaration of an independent state, Carpathian Ruthenia declared its independence as the Republic of Carpatho-Ukraine, but was immediately occupied and later annexed by Hungary.

Soim

3) Carpatho-Ukraine is a republic, headed by a president elected by the Soim of Carpatho-Ukraine.
The Soim was the parliament of the short-lived Republic of Carpatho-Ukraine.

Slovak Republic (1939–1945)

Slovak RepublicSlovakiaFirst Slovak Republic
Following the Slovak proclamation of independence on March 14 and the Nazis' seizure of Czech lands on 15 March, Carpatho-Ukraine declared its independence as the Republic of Carpatho-Ukraine for one day, with the Reverend Avgustyn Voloshyn as head of state.. Voloshin was now supported by Indigenous population of Subcarpathia.
On 23 March 1939, Hungary, having already occupied Carpatho-Ukraine, attacked from there, and the newly established Slovak Republic was forced to cede 1,697 km2 of territory with about 70,000 people to Hungary before the onset of World War II.

Shche ne vmerla Ukraina

national anthem of UkraineUkrainian national anthemanthem of Ukraine
7) The national anthem of Carpatho-Ukraine is "Sche ne vmerla Ukraina" ("Ukraine has not perished").
In the first half of the 20th century, during unsuccessful attempts to gain independence from Russia, Poland, and Austro-Hungary, the song was the national anthem of the Ukrainian People's Republic, West Ukrainian People's Republic, and Carpatho-Ukraine, and was once again adopted by independent Ukraine following its secession from the Soviet Union.

Rusyns

RusynCarpatho-RusynCarpatho-Rusyns
Not only did this transfer the homes of about 590,000 Hungarians to Hungary, but 290,000 Slovaks and 37,000 Rusyns as well.
The Republic of Carpatho-Ukraine, which existed for one day on March 15, 1939, before it was occupied by Hungarian troops, is sometimes considered to have been a self-determining Rusyn state that had intentions to unite with Kiev.

Stepan Klochurak

Stephan Kločurak
The proclaimed Carpatho-Ukrainian government was headed by President Avgustyn Ivanovych Voloshyn, Prime Minister Yulian Révaý, Minister of Defence Stepan Klochurak, and Minister of Internal Affairs Yuriy Perevuznyk.
In 1939, in the same general area, he was the Minister of Defense of Carpatho-Ukraine.

Khust

ChustHusztChuster
In the night to 17 March, the last Czecho-Slovak troops left Khust and retreated to Romanian borders.
Khust was the capital of the short-lived republic of Carpatho-Ukraine.

Carpathian Sich

sich
The Carpatho-Ukrainian irregular troops, the Carpathian Sich, without additional support, were quickly routed.
The Carpathian Sich were irregular soldiers of the short-lived state of Carpatho-Ukraine.

Joachim von Ribbentrop

Ribbentropvon RibbentropDienststelle Ribbentrop
In the evening of 13 March, Jozef Tiso (the Slovak leader) and Ďurčanský met German leader Adolf Hitler, Joachim von Ribbentrop and Generals Walther von Brauchitsch and Wilhelm Keitel in Berlin.
In March 1939, Ribbentrop assigned the largely ethnic Ukrainian Sub-Carpathian Ruthenia region of Czecho-Slovakia, which had just proclaimed its independence as the Republic of Carpatho-Ukraine, to Hungary, which then proceeded to annex it after a short war.

Royal Hungarian Army

Hungarian ArmyHungarianNational Army
On 15 March 1939 the Hungarian Army regular troops invaded Carpatho-Ukraine and by nightfall reached Szolyva.
In November 1938 after the First Vienna Award, Hungarian troops occupied the disputed areas of Slovakia and Carpatho-Ukraine.

German occupation of Czechoslovakia

occupation of CzechoslovakiaGerman occupationNazi occupation
Following the Slovak proclamation of independence on March 14 and the Nazis' seizure of Czech lands on 15 March, Carpatho-Ukraine declared its independence as the Republic of Carpatho-Ukraine for one day, with the Reverend Avgustyn Voloshyn as head of state.. Voloshin was now supported by Indigenous population of Subcarpathia.
Reflecting the spread of modern Ukrainian national consciousness, the pro-Ukrainian faction, led by Avhustyn Voloshyn, gained control of the local government and Subcarpathian Ruthenia was renamed Carpatho-Ukraine.

Munich Agreement

Munich CrisisMunichMunich Conference
Soon after the implementation of the Munich Agreement of 29 September 1938 (by which Czechoslovakia lost much of its border region to Nazi Germany) Carpathian Ruthenia and Slovakia declared their autonomy within Czechoslovakia, which Prague accepted. In November 1938, under the First Vienna Award, which resulted from the Munich agreement, Nazi Germany and Italy prevailed on Czechoslovakia to cede the southern third of Slovakia and southern Carpatho-Ukraine to Hungary.
On the following day, Carpatho-Ukraine proclaimed independence as well, but after three days was completely occupied and annexed by Hungary.

Battle of the Dukla Pass

DuklabattleBattle of Dukla
At the conclusion (28 October 1944) of the Battle of the Dukla Pass, the Soviet Union had driven the Germans and Hungarians back and liberated Carpathian Ruthenia and the rest of western Ukraine.
The operation's primary goal, to provide support for the Slovakian rebellion, was not achieved, but it concluded the full liberation of the Ukraine in its modern borders by the occupation of the Subcarpathian region as a territory of the former Carpatho-Ukraine.

Slovak–Hungarian War

annexedlaunched an invasionshort conflict
Slovak–Hungarian War
The Hungarian Minister of the Interior, Miklós Kozma, had been born in Carpathian Ruthenia, and in mid-1938 his ministry armed the Rongyos Gárda ("Ragged Guard"), which began to infiltrate into southern Slovakia and Carpatho-Ukraine.

Autonomous administrative division

autonomousautonomous regionautonomy
Carpatho-Ukraine (Карпа́тська Украї́на, Karpats’ka Ukrayina, ) was an autonomous region within Czechoslovakia from late 1938 to 15 March 1939.

Adolf Hitler

HitlerFührerthe leader
In the evening of 13 March, Jozef Tiso (the Slovak leader) and Ďurčanský met German leader Adolf Hitler, Joachim von Ribbentrop and Generals Walther von Brauchitsch and Wilhelm Keitel in Berlin. Voloshyn named himself the president and asked Adolf Hitler to support him.

End of World War II in Europe

end of the war in Europeend of the warWar ended
Hitler did not reply and the historical part of Hungary was annexed by Hungary between March 15 & 16 1939, remaining under Hungarian control until the end of World War II, when it was ceded to the Soviet Union.