Cartagena, Colombia

CartagenaCartagena de IndiasCarthagenaCartagena (Colombia)Cartagena de las IndiasCartagena,Cartagena, D.T. and C.CartegenaCartagena de Indias, ColombiaCartagena of Indies
The city of Cartagena (, also ), known in the colonial era as Cartagena de Indias, is a major port founded in 1533, located on the northern coast of Colombia in the Caribbean Coast Region.wikipedia
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Bolívar Department

BolívarBolivarDepartment of Bolívar
It is the capital of the Bolívar Department, and had a population 971,592 as of 2016.
It is located to the north of the country, extending roughly north-south from the Caribbean coast at Cartagena near the mouth of the Magdalena River, then south along the river to a border with Antioquia Department.

Colombia

COLRepublic of ColombiaColombian
The city of Cartagena (, also ), known in the colonial era as Cartagena de Indias, is a major port founded in 1533, located on the northern coast of Colombia in the Caribbean Coast Region.
Santa Marta was founded in 1525, and Cartagena in 1533.

Piracy in the Caribbean

piratespiracypirate
It was defensible against pirate attacks in the Caribbean.
On the Spanish Main, the key early settlements were Cartagena in present-day Colombia, Porto Bello and Panama City on the Isthmus of Panama, Santiago on the southeastern coast of Cuba, and Santo Domingo on the island of Hispaniola.

Barranquilla

Barranquilla, ColombiaBaranquillaSavanilla
It is the fifth-largest city in Colombia and the second largest in the region, after Barranquilla.
The seal of the city was mentioned in the decree that granted Barranquilla the status of a city by Manuel Rodríguez Torices, the then President of the Sovereign State of Cartagena de Indias, as a reward for the determined and courageous patriots who participated in the defense of the independence of Cartagena de Indias against Santa Marta in 1813.

Cartagena, Spain

CartagenaCarthago NovaNew Carthage
The present city—named after Cartagena, Spain—was founded on June 1, 1533; but settlement by various indigenous people in the region around Cartagena Bay dates from 4000 BC.
It is the first of a number of cities that eventually have been named Cartagena, most notably Cartagena de Indias (Cartagena of the Indies) in Colombia.

List of cities and towns in Colombia

citiesList of cities in Colombiasecond-largest city
It is the fifth-largest city in Colombia and the second largest in the region, after Barranquilla.

Pedro de Heredia

Alonso de Heredia
Under contract to Queen Joanna of Castile, Pedro de Heredia entered the Bay of Cartagena with three ships, a lighter, 150 men, and 22 horses, on 14 January 1533.
Pedro de Heredia (Madrid, circa 1505 – Zahara de los Atunes, Cádiz, January 27, 1554) was a Spanish conquistador, founder of the city of Cartagena de Indias and explorer of the northern coast and the interior of present-day Colombia.

Isla Barú

Barú PeninsulaBarú IslandIsla Baru
The Isla Barú or Isla de Barú is a former peninsula south of Cartagena, Colombia.

Francisco de Murga

Francisco de Murga y Veleidén
Gov. Francisco de Murga made the Inner Bay an "impregnable lagoon", according to Segovia, which included the forts El Boquerón, Castillo Grande, Manzanillo, and Manga.
– 1636) was Spanish soldier and engineer who became Governor and Captain-General of Cartagena.

Palace of Inquisition

Palacio de la Inquisición
In 1610, the Holy Office of the Inquisition was established in Cartagena and The Palace of Inquisition was completed in 1770.
The Palace of Inquisition, also known as the Inquisition Palace, (Palacio de la Inquisición ) is an eighteenth-century the seat of the Holy Office of the Inquisition in Cartagena, now in modern Colombia.

Raid on Cartagena (1697)

Raid on Cartagenasiege of Cartagena1697 Raid of Cartagena
The Raid on Cartagena, in April 1697 during the Nine Years' War, by Sir Bernard Desjean, Baron de Pointis and Jean Baptiste Ducasse was a severe blow to Cartagena.
The Raid on Cartagena was a successful attack by the French on the fortified city of Cartagena de Indias, on May 6, 1697, as part of the War of the Grand Alliance.

Malibu languages

MalibuMalibúMocana
Until the Spanish colonization, many cultures derived from the Karib, Malibu and Arawak language families lived along the Colombian Caribbean coast.

Asiento

AssientoAsiento contractasiento de negros
During the colonial era it was a key port for the export of Peruvian silver to Spain and for the import of enslaved Africans under the asiento system. Spain was the only European power that could not establish factories in Africa to purchase slaves and therefore the Spanish empire relied on the asiento system, awarding merchants (mostly from Portugal, France, England and the Dutch Empire) the license to trade enslaved people to their overseas territories.
Shipping registers from Vera Cruz and Cartagena show that as many as 85% of the slaves arriving in Spanish ports were from Angola, brought by Portuguese ships.

Castle of San Luis de Bocachica

Boca Chica CastleCastle of San LuisFort San Fernando de Bocachica
The defense of the bay then shifted to two forts on either side of Bocachica, San Jose and San Luis de Bocachica.
The Castle of San Luis de Bocachica, was a military fortress that defended Cartagena, Colombia.

Battle of Cartagena de Indias

Cartagena de IndiasCartagenaexpedition to Cartagena de Indias
The engagement, referred to as Battle of Cartagena de Indias, was part of the larger War of Jenkins' Ear.
The result of long-standing commercial tensions, the war was primarily fought in the Caribbean; the British tried to capture key Spanish ports in the region, including Porto Bello and Chagres, in Panama, Havana and Cartagena de Indias, in present-day Colombia.

Edward Vernon

Admiral VernonVernonAdmiral Edward Vernon
Starting in mid-April 1741, the city endured a siege by a large English armada under the command of Admiral Edward Vernon.
However, his later amphibious operation against Cartagena de Indias suffered a severe defeat.

Turbaco

Road 25: Going through Turbaco and Arjona, and through the Montes de María when a fork divides it continuing to Sincelejo as National 25 and finally ending in Medellín, and to the east to Valledupar as number 80.
It is about 20 minutes from Cartagena de Indias and is one of Bolívar's most organized municipalities.

Canal del Dique

Dique Canal
The rise of a much more developed culture, the Monsú, who lived at the end of the Dique Canal near today's Cartagena neighborhoods Pasacaballos and Ciénaga Honda at the northernmost part of Barú Island, has been hypothesized.
The canal was needed since the mouth of the Magdalena River (which provided access into the interior of Colombia) was virtually impenetrable, and Colombia's two main colonial ports (Cartagena and Santa Marta) had no access to the river.

Puerta del Reloj, Cartagena

Puerta del Reloj
He is also known for designing the Puerta del Reloj starting in 1704.
The Puerta del Reloj, Torre del Reloj or Boca del Puente is the main city gate of the historic center of Cartagena de Indias, in Colombia and the original entrance of the fortified city.

Sancho Jimeno de Orozco

Don Sancho Jimeno
They quickly overwhelmed Sancho Jimeno de Orozco's force of 30 men in the San Luis de Bocachica fortification.
Sancho Jimeno (born as Sancho Jimeno de Orozco y Urnieta; 1640 in Hondarribia, Spain) was a governor of Cartagena, Colombia, between 1693 and 1695 and later, lord of the Castle of San Luis in the island of Tierrabomba, fort that was defended by him during the Raid of Cartagena in 1697.

Rafael Núñez International Airport

CartagenaCartagena-Crespo AirportCartagena Airport
In this area is the Rafael Núñez International Airport, located in the neighborhood of Crespo, ten minutes' drive from downtown or the old part of the city and fifteen minutes away from the modern area.
Rafael Núñez International Airport is an airport serving the Caribbean port city of Cartagena, Colombia.

El Cabrero

On the Caribbean shore between Crespo and the old city lie the neighborhoods of Marbella and El Cabrero.
El Cabrero is a neighborhood of Cartagena de Indias (Colombia).

Sebastián de Eslava

Sebastian de EslavaSebastián de Eslava y Lazaga
The Spanish defense was under the command of Sebastián de Eslava and Don Blas de Lezo.
He was governing the colony at the time of the defeat of British Admiral Edward Vernon at Cartagena de Indias.

Miss Colombia

ColombiaMiss Colombia PageantConcurso Nacional de Belleza de Colombia
Other prominent companies include Cementos Argos, Miss Colombia, Kola Román, Indufrial, Amazon Pepper, Vikings SA, Distribuidora Ltda Refrigeration, Central Ingenio Colombia, Perfumery Lemaitre, Cartagena Refinery Cellux Colombiana SA, Flour Three Castles, Polyban International SA, SABMiller, Dow Chemical, Cemex, Dole, and Abocol..
The current Miss Colombia is María Fernanda Aristizábal Urrea of Quindío Department, who was crowned on 11 November 2019 in Cartagena.

South Sea Company

South Sea BubbleSouth Seastock market crashed
Spain was the only European power that could not establish factories in Africa to purchase slaves and therefore the Spanish empire relied on the asiento system, awarding merchants (mostly from Portugal, France, England and the Dutch Empire) the license to trade enslaved people to their overseas territories.
Britain was permitted to open offices in Buenos Aires, Caracas, Cartagena, Havana, Panama, Portobello and Vera Cruz to arrange the Atlantic slave trade.