A report on Cartel

Headquarters of the Rhenish-Westphalian Coal Syndicate, Germany (at times the best known cartel in the world), around 1910
The printing equipment company American Type Founders (ATF) explicitly states in its 1923 manual that its goal is to "discourage unhealthy competition" in the printing industry.

Group of independent market participants who collude with each other in order to improve their profits and dominate the market.

- Cartel
Headquarters of the Rhenish-Westphalian Coal Syndicate, Germany (at times the best known cartel in the world), around 1910

28 related topics with Alpha

Overall

Seven Sisters (oil companies)

1 links

"Seven Sisters" was a common term for the seven transnational oil companies of the "Consortium for Iran" oligopoly or cartel, which dominated the global petroleum industry from the mid-1940s to the mid-1970s.

Lysine price-fixing conspiracy

1 links

Organized effort during the mid-1990s to raise the price of the animal feed additive lysine.

Organized effort during the mid-1990s to raise the price of the animal feed additive lysine.

The cartel had been able to raise lysine prices 70% within their first nine months of cooperation.

Oil traders, Houston, 2009

Price of oil

1 links

The price of oil, or the oil price, generally refers to the spot price of a barrel (1.00 oilbbl) of benchmark crude oil—a reference price for buyers and sellers of crude oil such as West Texas Intermediate (WTI), Brent Crude, Dubai Crude, OPEC Reference Basket, Tapis crude, Bonny Light, Urals oil, Isthmus and Western Canadian Select (WCS).

The price of oil, or the oil price, generally refers to the spot price of a barrel (1.00 oilbbl) of benchmark crude oil—a reference price for buyers and sellers of crude oil such as West Texas Intermediate (WTI), Brent Crude, Dubai Crude, OPEC Reference Basket, Tapis crude, Bonny Light, Urals oil, Isthmus and Western Canadian Select (WCS).

Oil traders, Houston, 2009
Nominal price of oil from 1861 to 2020 from Our World in Data
Weekly reports on crude oil inventories or total stockpiles in storage facilities like these tanks have a strong bearing on oil prices
Oil prices in USD, 1861–2015 (1861–1944 averaged US crude oil, 1945–1983 Arabian Light, 1984–2015 Brent). Red line adjusted for inflation, blue not adjusted.
West Texas Intermediate (WTI) oil prices and gas prices
Brent barrel petroleum spot prices since May 1987 in United States dollars (USD)
Movement of WTI price from January 2019 to April 2020. The crash started in mid-February 2020.
The Knock Nevis (1979–2010, used for floating storage in 2004–2009), a ULCC supertanker compared to the longest ships ever built
WTI crude oil price

Since 1927, a cartel known as the "Seven Sisters"—five of which were headquartered in the United States—had been controlling posted prices since the so-called 1927 Red Line Agreement and 1928 Achnacarry Agreement, and had achieved a high level of price stability until 1972, according to Yergin.

German Empire

0 links

The period of the German Reich from the unification of Germany in 1871 until the November Revolution in 1918, when the German Reich changed its form of government from a monarchy to a republic.

The period of the German Reich from the unification of Germany in 1871 until the November Revolution in 1918, when the German Reich changed its form of government from a monarchy to a republic.

Chancellor Bismarck, the statesman who unified Germany with skillful political moves
Wilhelm I in 1884
Die Proklamation des Deutschen Kaiserreiches by Anton von Werner (1877), depicting the proclamation of Emperor William I (18 January 1871, Palace of Versailles). From left, on the podium (in black): Crown Prince Frederick (later Frederick III), his father the emperor, and Frederick I of Baden, proposing a toast to the new emperor. At centre (in white): Otto von Bismarck, first Chancellor of Germany, Helmuth von Moltke the Elder, Prussian Chief of Staff.
A postage stamp from the Caroline Islands
German colonies and protectorates in 1914
The Krupp works in Essen, 1890
Tensions between Germany and the Catholic Church hierarchy as depicted in a chess game between Bismarck and Pope Pius IX. Between Berlin and Rome, Kladderadatsch, 1875
Prussian deportations of ethnic Poles (Polenausweisungen), 1909 painting by Wojciech Kossak
Crime; convicts in relation to the population, 1882–1886
Frederick III, emperor for only 99 days (9 March – 15 June 1888)
Wilhelm II in 1902
The Reichstag in the 1890s / early 1900s
Berlin in the late 19th century
Bismarck at the Berlin Conference, 1884
Flag of the German colonial empire
Hoisting of the German flag at Mioko, German New Guinea in 1884
Map of the world showing the participants in World War I. Those fighting on the Entente's side (at one point or another) are depicted in green, the Central Powers in orange, and neutral countries in grey.
German troops being mobilized, 1914
German Army positions, 1914
The Eastern Front at the time of the cease-fire and the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
A war memorial in Berlin
Coats of arms and flags of the constituent states in 1900
Percentage of linguistic minorities of the German Empire in 1900 by Kreis
Emperor Wilhelm II, who was the Supreme Governor of the Evangelical Church of Prussia's older Provinces, and Empress Augusta Victoria after the inauguration of the Evangelical Church of the Redeemer in Jerusalem (Reformation Day, 31 October 1898)
War flag of the German Empire. In 1956, the Iron Cross was re-introduced as the symbol of the Bundeswehr, the modern German armed forces.
German territories lost in both World Wars are shown in black, while present-day Germany is marked dark grey on this 1914 map.
Different legal systems in Germany prior to 1900
Fields of law in the German Empire
Administrative map
Population density ({{circa|1885}})
Election constituencies for the Reichstag
Detailed map in 1893 with cities and larger towns
Danish
Dutch
Frisian
Polish
Czech (and Moravian)
Masurian
Kashubian
Sorbian
French
Walloon
Italian
Lithuanian
non-German
Distribution of Protestants and Catholics in Imperial Germany
Distribution of Protestants, Catholics and Jews in Imperial Germany (Meyers Konversationslexikon)
Distribution of Jews in Imperial Germany
Greater Imperial coat of arms of Germany
Middle Imperial coat of arms of Germany
Lesser Imperial coat of arms of Germany
The German Empire during World War I, shortly before its collapse:
Home Territory (1871–1919)
Client states (1917–1919)
Occupied territory (1914–1919)

The German cartel system (known as Konzerne), being significantly concentrated, was able to make more efficient use of capital.

Prisoners in a Nazi concentration camp doing forced labour

Economics of fascism

0 links

Historians and other scholars disagree on the question of whether a specifically fascist type of economic policy can be said to exist.

Historians and other scholars disagree on the question of whether a specifically fascist type of economic policy can be said to exist.

Prisoners in a Nazi concentration camp doing forced labour

The government also issued new securities to provide a source of credit for the banks and began enlisting the help of various cartels (consorzi) that had been created by Italian business leaders since 1922.

Quinine cartel

0 links

Quinine Cartel was a cartel regarding price and territory of producers of quinine and quinidine.

Phoebus cartel

0 links

Oligopoly that controlled the manufacture and sale of incandescent light bulbs.

Oligopoly that controlled the manufacture and sale of incandescent light bulbs.

Corporations based in Europe and the United States founded the cartel on January 15, 1925 in Geneva.

Replica of an East Indiaman of the Dutch East India Company/United East India Company (VOC). A pioneering early model of the public company and multinational corporation in its modern sense, the VOC was formed in 1602 from a government-directed consolidation/amalgamation of several competing Dutch trading companies (the so-called voorcompagnieën). It was possibly in fact the first recorded major consolidation and is generally one of the most successful mergers (in particular amalgamations) in the history of business.

Mergers and acquisitions

0 links

In corporate finance, mergers and acquisitions (M&A) are transactions in which the ownership of companies, other business organizations, or their operating units are transferred or consolidated with other entities.

In corporate finance, mergers and acquisitions (M&A) are transactions in which the ownership of companies, other business organizations, or their operating units are transferred or consolidated with other entities.

Replica of an East Indiaman of the Dutch East India Company/United East India Company (VOC). A pioneering early model of the public company and multinational corporation in its modern sense, the VOC was formed in 1602 from a government-directed consolidation/amalgamation of several competing Dutch trading companies (the so-called voorcompagnieën). It was possibly in fact the first recorded major consolidation and is generally one of the most successful mergers (in particular amalgamations) in the history of business.

One strategy to keep prices high and to maintain profitability was for producers of the same good to collude with each other and form associations, also known as cartels.

Official Seal of the Swiss Cheese Union integrates traditional iconography with the trade's primary product

Swiss Cheese Union

0 links

Official Seal of the Swiss Cheese Union integrates traditional iconography with the trade's primary product
Union-sponsored skiers

The Swiss Cheese Union (Schweizer Käseunion AG, ) was a marketing and trading organization in Switzerland, which from 1914 to 1999 served as a cartel to control cheese production.

Federation of Quebec Maple Syrup Producers

0 links

Government-sanctioned private organization that regulates the production and marketing of maple syrup in Quebec.

Government-sanctioned private organization that regulates the production and marketing of maple syrup in Quebec.

Syrup production in a Quebec sugar house (2005)

Some consider it to be a cartel.