A report on Castle and Manor house

Dating back to the early 12th century, the Alcázar of Segovia is one of the most distinctive castles in Europe.
The Abbey, Sutton Courtenay in Oxfordshire (previously Berkshire), considered to be a "textbook" example of the English medieval manor house
Built in 1385, Bodiam Castle in East Sussex, England, is surrounded by a water-filled moat.
Markenfield Hall in North Yorkshire, a 14th-century manor house with moat and gatehouse
The Norman White Tower, the keep of the Tower of London, exemplifies all uses of a castle including city defence, a residence, and a place of refuge in times of crisis.
Ightham Mote, a 14th-century moated manor house in Kent, England
Windsor Castle in England was founded as a fortification during the Norman Conquest and today is one of the principal official residences of Queen Elizabeth II.
A 19th-century main building of the Hatanpää Manor in Tampere, Finland
Baba Vida medieval castle build on the banks of the Danube in Vidin, Bulgaria
Leeds Manor House Blue Plaque, Scarborough Hotel
São Jorge Castle in Lisbon, Portugal, with a bridge over a moat
Château de Trécesson, a 14th-century manor-house in Morbihan, Brittany
The wooden palisades on top of mottes were often later replaced with stone, as in this example at Château de Gisors in France.
Warmond House (Huis te Warmond), the manor house for the Hoge Heerlijkheid of Warmond in the Netherlands
A courtyard of the 14th-century Raseborg Castle in Finland
Solar de Mateus, Vila Real, Portugal
The 14th-century keep of Château de Vincennes near Paris towers above the castle's curtain wall. The wall exhibits features common to castle architecture: a gatehouse, corner towers, and machicolations.
Pazo da Touza, Galicia
Beaumaris Castle in Anglesey, North Wales, with curtain walls between the lower outer towers, and higher inner curtain walls between the higher inner towers.
Biltmore Estate in North Carolina
A 13th-century gatehouse in the château de Châteaubriant, France. It connects the upper ward to the lower one.
Virginia House, Garden Side (no title) (16835896132)
Caerlaverock Castle in Scotland is surrounded by a moat.
Schloss Machern (Machern Castle) near Leipzig is an example of a typical manor house, it evolved from a medieval castle which was originally protected by a water moat and later was converted into a baroque-style castle with typical architectural features of the period and one of the first English-style parks in Germany.
Daorson, Bosnia, built around a prehistoric central fortified settlement or acropolis (existed there cca. 17/16th c. to the end of the Bronze Age, cca. 9/8th c. BCE), surrounded by cyclopean walls (similar to Mycenae) dated to the 4th c. BCE.
Borġ in-Nadur fort in Malta, built during the Tarxien phase and used until the Bronze Age.
The Bayeux Tapestry contains one of the earliest representations of a castle. It depicts attackers of the Château de Dinan in France using fire, a major threat to wooden castles.
Built in 1138, Castle Rising in Norfolk, England is an example of an elaborate donjon.
Albarrana tower in Paderne Castle, Portugal
The gatehouse to the inner ward of Beeston Castle in Cheshire, England, was built in the 1220s, and has an entrance between two D-shaped towers.
Krak des Chevaliers in Syria is a concentric castle built with both rectangular and rounded towers. It is one of the best-preserved Crusader castles.
The design of Edward I's Harlech Castle (built in the 1280s) in North Wales was influenced by his experience of the Crusades.
The northern walls of the Gran Castello in Gozo, Malta, were built in the 15th century.
Corvin Castle in Transylvania (built between 1446 and 1480) was one of the biggest in Eastern Europe at that time.
Castle De Haar, Utrecht, Netherlands.
The angled bastion, as used in Copertino Castle in Italy, was developed around 1500. First used in Italy, it allowed the evolution of artillery forts that eventually took over the military role of castles.
Neuschwanstein is a 19th-century historicist (neoromanesque) castle built by Ludwig II of Bavaria, inspired by the romanticism of the time.
Castello Dei Baroni, a country residence in Wardija, Malta, designed with castle-like features.
A 19th-century depiction by Eugène Viollet-le-Duc of the construction of the large tower at Coucy Castle in France, with scaffolding and masons at work. The putlog holes mark the position of the scaffolding in earlier stages of construction. The tower was blown up in 1917.
Experimental archeology castle building at Guédelon Castle site in France (2015).
God Speed! by Edmund Blair Leighton, 1900: a late Victorian view of a lady giving a favour to a knight about to do battle.
Highland castles such as Château de Montségur in southern France have become the popular idea of where castles should be found because they are photogenic, where in reality castles were built in a variety of places due to a range of considerations.
Srebrenik Fortress in Srebrenik, Bosnia: inaccessibility of location with only a narrow bridge traversing deep canyon provides excellent protection.
Almourol Castle in Portugal, which stands on a small islet in the Tejo River.
Tavastia Castle in Hämeenlinna, Finland, one of the northernmost castles in Europe. The exact date of construction of the castle is unclear, as far as it is known to have been built in the late 13th century, but the first mention of it in contemporary documents is from 1308. It was built close to Lake Vanajavesi.
An early 13th-century drawing by Matthew Paris showing contemporary warfare, including the use of castles (here Lincoln Castle), crossbowmen and mounted knights.
A reconstructed trebuchet at Château des Baux in Bouches-du-Rhône in the south of France.

They existed in most European countries where feudalism existed, where they were sometimes known as castles, palaces, mansions, and so on.

- Manor house

Although "castle" has not become a generic term for a manor house (like château in French and Schloss in German), many manor houses contain "castle" in their name while having few if any of the architectural characteristics, usually as their owners liked to maintain a link to the past and felt the term "castle" was a masculine expression of their power.

- Castle
Dating back to the early 12th century, the Alcázar of Segovia is one of the most distinctive castles in Europe.

2 related topics with Alpha

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Ham House is an English country house in Richmond, England.

English country house

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Large house or mansion in the English countryside.

Large house or mansion in the English countryside.

Ham House is an English country house in Richmond, England.
Longleat House was the first country house to open to the public, and also claims the first safari park outside Africa. It became the first property in what later was known as the stately home industry.
Blenheim Palace
Forde Abbey in Dorset. Many country houses have evolved and been extended over several centuries. Here, the architecture runs from Medieval ecclesiastical to Palladian and on to Strawberry Hill Gothic, while at sometime an attempt at unity has been made by the use of crenelation.
Brympton d'Evercy in Somerset evolved from the Medieval period; its provincial architects are long forgotten. Yet, Christopher Hussey described it as "The most incomparable house in Britain, the one which created the greatest impression and summarises so exquisitely English country life qualities".
Kedleston Hall designed by Matthew Brettingham and Robert Adam, one of the great power houses.
Waddesdon Manor, Buckinghamshire. During the Victorian era, vast country houses were built in a variety of styles by wealthy industrialists and bankers.
Trentham, Staffordshire. During the 20th century, thousands of country houses were demolished, their stone and fixtures sold. During this era, many fine architectural features were transported to the US.

Frequently, the formal business of the counties was transacted in these country houses, having functional antecedents in manor houses.

Other terms used in the names of houses to describe their origin or importance include palace, castle, court, hall, mansion, park, house, manor, and place.

The Winter Palace, a royal palace in Saint Petersburg, Russia; which served as the official residence of the Russian Emperors.

Palace

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Grand residence, especially a royal residence, or the home of a head of state or some other high-ranking dignitary, such as a bishop or archbishop.

Grand residence, especially a royal residence, or the home of a head of state or some other high-ranking dignitary, such as a bishop or archbishop.

The Winter Palace, a royal palace in Saint Petersburg, Russia; which served as the official residence of the Russian Emperors.
The Forbidden City in Beijing, China
The Tokyo Imperial Palace, the official residence of Emperor of Japan.
The Royal Site of San Lorenzo de El Escorial, in Spain, is a renacentist complex that has functioned as a royal palace, monastery, basilica, pantheon, library, museum, university and hospital.
The Milavida Palace (Näsilinna) in Tampere, Finland.
The Blue House, the official residence of the President of South Korea.
Istana Negara (National Palace), the official residence of the king of Malaysia.
Domus Augustana of Palatine Hill in Rome, the origin of the term "palace"
Palace of Darius I in Persepolis, the imperial capital of 
Persia
The Planalto Palace, in Brasília, Brazil
Rideau Hall is one of the official residences for the Canadian monarchy.
The Palacio Nacional, or National Palace in Mexico City, built as the residence of the Viceroys of New Spain in 1563
The now-ruined Queen's Palace in Kabul
Tigran Honents Palace in Ani
Palace of Happiness in Baku
Ahsan Manzil, Dhaka
The Forbidden City took form as a grand complex of pavilions enclosed within square walls
Drone view of the Shenyang Imperial Palace.
The Hazarduari Palace in Murshidabad, India
Pagaruyung Palace
Golestan Palace in Tehran
Tokyo Imperial Palace
The Korean Gyeongbokgung palace
Beiteddine Palace built in the 15th century in Lebanon
The monumental gate of Istana Negara Jalan Duta, Malaysia
Narayanhiti Palace
Kathmandu Durbar Square
Bhaktapur Durbar Square
Daru Jambangan, royal palace of the Sultanate of Sulu.
Meridian gate, Imperial City of Hue
Doan Mon gate, Imperial Citadel of Thang Long
Exterior view of the Gruuthuse
Palais de Justice of Paris, France
Palace of Versailles
The Charlottenburg Palace in Berlin, Germany
Map of Tiryns palace
Károlyi Palace of Parádsasvár, Hungary
Palazzo della Signoria in Florence
Grandmaster's Palace in Valletta
Presidential Palace in Warsaw, Poland
Pena Palace in Sintra, Portugal is the oldest palace inspired by European Romanticism.
Palace of the Parliament in Bucharest, Romania
Built as a public administration centre, the Cultural Palace in Iasi looks royal, but was never the seat of royalty
Windsor Castle
Apostolic Palace
The Peterhof Palace (1709–1755) in Petergof
The Winter Palace, from Palace Square
The Winter Palace, from Palace Embankment

A palace is distinguished from a castle while the latter clearly is fortified or has the style of a fortification, whereas a palace does not.

Germany offers a variety of more than 25,000 castles and palaces and thousands of manor houses.