Cat

domestic catcatsFelis catusdomestic catshouse catfelinehousecattomcatFelis domesticusFelis silvestris catus
The cat (Felis catus) is a small carnivorous mammal.wikipedia
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Felidae

wild catfelidfeline
It is the only domesticated species in the family Felidae and often referred to as the domestic cat to distinguish it from wild members of the family.
The term "cat" refers both to felids in general and specifically to the domestic cat (Felis catus).

Farm cat

barn catmouserbarn cats
The cat is either a house cat or a farm cat, which are pets, or a feral cat, which ranges freely and avoids human contact.
The farm cat, also known as a barn cat, is a domestic cat, usually of mixed breed, that lives primarily out-of-doors, in a feral or semi-feral condition on agricultural properties, usually sheltering in outbuildings.

Pet

petscompanion animalscompanion animal
The cat is either a house cat or a farm cat, which are pets, or a feral cat, which ranges freely and avoids human contact.
Two of the most popular pets are dogs and cats.

Cat anatomy

anatomycat earscat-like claws
The cat is similar in anatomy to the other felid species, has a strong flexible body, quick reflexes, sharp teeth and retractable claws adapted to killing small prey.
The anatomy of the domestic cat is similar to that of other members of the genus Felis.

List of cat breeds

breedcat breedcat breeds
About 60 cat breeds are recognized by various cat registries.
The following list of cats breeds includes only domestic cat breeds and domestic × wild hybrids.

Cat registry

cat registriesregistry of pedigreed catscat association
About 60 cat breeds are recognized by various cat registries.
A cat registry or cat breed registry, also known as a cat fancier organisation, cattery federation, or cat breeders' association, is an organisation that registers domestic cats (usually purebred) of many breeds, for exhibition and for breeding lineage tracking purposes.

Neutering

neuteredspayingspayed
Failure to control breeding of pet cats by spaying and neutering, as well as abandonment of pets, resulted in large numbers of feral cats worldwide, contributing to the extinction of entire bird species, and evoking population control.
Another option is to remove only the ovaries (oophorectomy or ovariectomy), which is mainly done in cats and young dogs.

African wildcat

African wild catFelis lybicaWildcat
However, the earliest indication for the taming of an African wildcat (''F.
African wildcats were first domesticated about 10,000 years ago in the Near East, and are the ancestors of the domestic cat (''F.

Domestication

domesticateddomesticdomesticate
It is the only domesticated species in the family Felidae and often referred to as the domestic cat to distinguish it from wild members of the family.
It is proposed that there were three major pathways that most animal domesticates followed into domestication: (1) commensals, adapted to a human niche (e.g., dogs, cats, fowl, possibly pigs); (2) prey animals sought for food (e.g., sheep, goats, cattle, water buffalo, yak, pig, reindeer, llama and alpaca); and (3) targeted animals for draft and nonfood resources (e.g., horse, donkey, camel).

Puss

Puss (disambiguation)
The English puss, extended as pussy and pussycat, is attested from the 16th century and may have been introduced from Dutch poes or from Low German puuskatte, related to Swedish kattepus, or Norwegian pus, pusekatt.

Leopard cat

Prionailurus bengalensisAsian leopard catFelis bengalensis
The leopard cat (Prionailurus bengalensis) was tamed independently in China around 5500 BC.
A leopard cat is about the size of a domestic cat, but more slender, with longer legs and well-defined webs between its toes.

Species

specificspecific epithetspecific name
It is the only domesticated species in the family Felidae and often referred to as the domestic cat to distinguish it from wild members of the family.
The commonly used names for kinds of organisms are often ambiguous: "cat" could mean the domestic cat, Felis catus, or the cat family, Felidae.

Mammal

mammalsMammaliamammalian
The cat (Felis catus) is a small carnivorous mammal.
The next three are the Primates (apes, monkeys, and others), the Cetartiodactyla (cetaceans and even-toed ungulates), and the Carnivora (cats, dogs, seals, and others).

Carnivore

carnivorouscarnivorescarnivory
The cat (Felis catus) is a small carnivorous mammal.
Obligate carnivores include the axolotl, which consumes mainly worms and larvae in its environment, but if necessary will consume algae, as well as all felids (including the domestic cat) which require a diet of primarily animal flesh and organs.

Polydactyl cat

polydactylpolydactylypolydactyl cats
Some breeds of cats are prone to polydactyly.
A polydactyl cat is a cat with a congenital physical anomaly called polydactyly (or polydactylism, also known as hyperdactyly), which causes the cat to be born with more than the usual number of toes on one or more of its paws.

Cats in ancient Egypt

cat was the sacred and peculiar animalcatsreverential treatment by the Egyptians
It was long thought that cat domestication was initiated in Egypt, because cats in ancient Egypt were venerated since around 3100 BC.
Domestic cats (Felis catus) were increasingly worshiped and considered sacred.

Selective breeding

artificial selectionselectively bredbreeding
Results of phylogenetic research confirm that the wild Felis species evolved through sympatric or parapatric speciation, whereas the domestic cat evolved through artificial selection.
Its first chapter discusses selective breeding and domestication of such animals as pigeons, cats, cattle, and dogs.

Kneading (cats)

kneadingcat's kneadingkneading action
They may extend their claws in hunting or self-defense, climbing, kneading, or for extra traction on soft surfaces.
Kneading is an activity common to all domestic cats whereby, when in a state of ease, they alternately push out and pull in their front paws, often alternating between right and left limbs.

Kellas cat

Kellas
House cats often mate with feral cats, producing hybrids such as the Kellas cat in Scotland.
Felis silvestris grampia) and the domestic cat (Felis catus).

European wildcat

Felis silvestrisScottish wildcatwildcat
silvestris catus'', a subspecies of the European wildcat in 2007, following results of phylogenetic research.
The European wildcat is on average bigger and stouter than the domestic cat, has longer fur and a shorter non-tapering bushy tail.

Feral cat

feral catscatsferal
The cat is either a house cat or a farm cat, which are pets, or a feral cat, which ranges freely and avoids human contact.
A feral cat is an un-owned domestic cat (Felis catus) that lives outdoors and avoids human contact: it does not allow itself to be handled or touched, and usually remains hidden from humans.

Cat pheromone

cat attractantpheromones4-Mercapto-4-methylpentan-2-one
Cats are sensitive to pheromones such as 3-mercapto-3-methylbutan-1-ol, which they use to communicate through urine spraying and marking with scent glands.
Cat pheromones are pheromones that are used by cats and other felids for cat communication.

Cat righting reflex

righting reflexair-righting reflexCats always land on their feet
Also lending credence to this myth is the fact that falling cats often land on their feet, using an instinctive righting reflex to twist their bodies around.
The cat righting reflex is a cat's innate ability to orient itself as it falls in order to land on its feet.

Leopardus

Captive Leopardus cats may also display affectionate behavior toward humans, but were not domesticated.
pardalis); most of the other species resemble domestic cats in size, with the kodkod (L.

Vomeronasal organ

Jacobson's organvomeronasalVomeronasal system
Cats and many other animals have a Jacobson's organ in their mouths that is used in the behavioral process of flehmening.
It is present and functional in all snakes and lizards, and in many mammals, including cats, dogs, horses, cattle, pigs, and some primates; in humans it is present, but is vestigial and non-functional.