Cat

domestic catcatsFelis catusdomestic catshouse catfelinehousecattomcatFelis domesticusFelis silvestris catus
The cat (Felis catus) is a small carnivorous mammal.wikipedia
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Popular cat names

Adrian Frankllin, senior lecturer of the School of Sociology and Social Work at the University of Tasmania and author of Animals and Modern Cultures, told the Sunday Tasmanian in 2001: "In the 1950s and '60s dogs and cats were given 'dog' and 'cat' names. [...] Cats had names like 'Blackie' and 'Spotty', names that illustrated their physical appearance. The 1980s marked a turning point, with the 10 most popular dog names all being compatible as human names, but in the '90s this progressed even further. People are now giving animals the same names as contemporary names given to babies."

Model organism

animal modelmouse modelanimal models
The high level of similarity among the metabolism of mammals allows many of these feline diseases to be diagnosed using genetic tests that were originally developed for use in humans, as well as the use of cats as animal models in the study of the human diseases.
Other important model organisms and some of their uses include: T4 phage (viral infection), Tetrahymena thermophila (intracellular processes), maize (transposons), hydras (regeneration and morphogenesis), cats (neurophysiology), chickens (development), dogs (respiratory and cardiovascular systems), Nothobranchius furzeri (aging), and non-human primates such as the rhesus macaque and chimpanzee (hepatitis, HIV, Parkinson's disease, cognition, and vaccines).

List of fictional felines

List of fictional catsList of fictional cats and other felinescat

Cosmopolitan distribution

cosmopolitancosmopolitan speciessubcosmopolitan
The domestic cat is a cosmopolitan species and occurs across much of the world.
Other examples include humans, cats, dogs, orchid, the foliose lichen Parmelia sulcata, and the mollusc genus Mytilus.

Gastrointestinal tract

intestinegastrointestinaldigestive tract
Hairballs can be prevented with remedies that ease elimination of the hair through the gut, as well as regular grooming of the coat with a comb or stiff brush.

Parasitism

parasiteparasiticparasites
Humans who have cats living in their home or in close association are more likely to become infected, however, those who do not keep cats as pets might also acquire infections from cat feces and parasites exiting the cat's body.
Another example is the protozoan Toxoplasma gondii, a parasite that matures in cats but can be carried by many other mammals.

Toxoplasmosis

Congenital toxoplasmosistoxoplasmosis, cerebraltoxoplasmosis, congenital
Some of the infections of most concern include salmonella, cat-scratch disease and toxoplasmosis.
gondii'' in domestic cats, worldwide has been estimated to be around 30–40% and exhibits significant geographical variation.

Aging in cats

cat yearsequivalentequivalent of
The life expectancy of a cat that is living indoors is typically 15.1 years.

Big cat

big catscatlarge cat
The Felinae, on the other hand, comprises mostly small to medium-sized cats, including the domestic cats, but also some larger cats such as the cougar and cheetah.

Family (biology)

familyfamiliessubfamily
It is the only domesticated species in the family Felidae and often referred to as the domestic cat to distinguish it from wild members of the family.

Night vision

night-visionthermal sightnightvision
Its night vision and sense of smell are well developed.

Animal communication

communicationvocalizationsvocalization
Cat communication includes vocalizations like meowing, purring, trilling, hissing, growling and grunting as well as cat-specific body language.

Trill consonant

Trilltrillstrilled
Cat communication includes vocalizations like meowing, purring, trilling, hissing, growling and grunting as well as cat-specific body language.

Sociality

gregarioussocial animalsolitary
It is a solitary hunter, but a social species.

Frequency

frequenciesperiodperiodic
It can hear sounds too faint or too high in frequency for human ears, such as those made by mice and other small mammals.

Predation

predatorypredatorprey
It is a predator that is most active at dawn and dusk.

Pheromone

pheromonespheromonalalarm pheromone
It secretes and perceives pheromones.

Animal fancy

cat fancyfancyfanciers
Domestic cats are bred and shown as registered pedigreed cats, a hobby known as cat fancy.

Population control

Animal population controlcontrol the populationcontrol
Failure to control breeding of pet cats by spaying and neutering, as well as abandonment of pets, resulted in large numbers of feral cats worldwide, contributing to the extinction of entire bird species, and evoking population control.

Cyprus

CypriotRepublic of CyprusCYP
lybica'') was found in Cyprus, where a cat skeleton was excavated close by a human Neolithic grave dating to around 7500 BC.

Neolithic

Neolithic periodNeolithic AgeNew Stone Age
lybica'') was found in Cyprus, where a cat skeleton was excavated close by a human Neolithic grave dating to around 7500 BC.

Near East

Near EasternNearNear-East
African wildcats were probably first domesticated in the Near East.

Fishkeeping

aquaristaquarium tradeaquarium
As of 2017, the domestic cat was the second-most popular pet in the United States by number of pets owned, after freshwater fish, with 95 million cats owned.

Old English

Anglo-SaxonSaxonAnglo Saxon
The origin of the English word 'cat', Old English catt, is thought to be the Late Latin word cattus, which was first used at the beginning of the 6th century.