Catholic Church

Roman CatholicCatholicRoman Catholic ChurchRoman CatholicismCatholicismCatholicsRoman CatholicsChurchCatholic faithRoman-Catholic
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with approximately 1.3 billion baptised Catholics worldwide.wikipedia
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List of Christian denominations by number of members

largest Christian churchlargest denominationall Christian denominations
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with approximately 1.3 billion baptised Catholics worldwide.
The list includes the following Christian denominations: the Catholic Church including the Eastern Catholic Churches; all the Eastern Orthodox and Oriental Orthodox churches with some recognition and their offshoots; Protestant denominations with at least 0.2 million members; the provinces of the Anglican Communion with at least 0.2 million members; all the other Christian branches with distinct theologies, such as Restorationist and Nontrinitarianian denominations; the independent Catholic denominations; and the Church of the East.

Papal supremacy

papal authorityuniversal ordinary jurisdiction supremacy
The church is headed by the Bishop of Rome, known as the pope.
Papal supremacy is the doctrine of the Roman Catholic Church that the Pope, by reason of his office as Vicar of Christ and as the visible foundation and source of unity, and as pastor of the entire Christian Church, has full, supreme, and universal power over the whole Church, a power which he can always exercise unhindered: that, in brief, "the Pope enjoys, by divine institution, supreme, full, immediate, and universal power in the care of souls."

Diocese of Rome

RomeBishop of RomeChurch of Rome
The church is headed by the Bishop of Rome, known as the pope.
The Diocese of Rome (Dioecesis Urbis seu Romana; Diocesi di Roma) is a diocese of the Catholic Church in Rome.

Catholic theology

Catholic doctrineRoman Catholic theologytheology
It maintains that it practises the original Christian faith, reserving infallibility, passed down by sacred tradition.
Catholic theology is the understanding of Catholic doctrine or teachings, and results from the studies of theologians.

Religious institute

religious lifeReligious institute (Catholic)religious institutes
The Latin Church, the twenty-three Eastern Catholic Churches, and institutes such as mendicant orders, enclosed monastic orders and third orders reflect a variety of theological and spiritual emphases in the church.
A religious institute is a type of institute of consecrated life in the Catholic Church where its members take religious vows and lead a life in community with fellow members.

Eastern Catholic Churches

Eastern CatholicUniateEastern Catholic Church
The Latin Church, the twenty-three Eastern Catholic Churches, and institutes such as mendicant orders, enclosed monastic orders and third orders reflect a variety of theological and spiritual emphases in the church.
The Eastern Catholic Churches or Oriental Catholic Churches, also called the Eastern-rite Catholic Churches, and in some historical cases Uniate Churches, are twenty-three Eastern Christian autonomous (in Latin, sui iuris) particular churches in full communion with the pope in Rome, as part of the worldwide Catholic Church.

Mass in the Catholic Church

MassCatholic MassMasses
Of its seven sacraments the Eucharist is the principal one, celebrated liturgically in the Mass.
The Mass, known more fully as the Most Holy Sacrifice of the Mass is the central liturgical ritual in the Catholic Church where the bread and wine are consecrated and become the body and blood of Christ.

Baptism

baptizedbaptisedbaptize
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with approximately 1.3 billion baptised Catholics worldwide.
Later, the Catholic Church identified a baptism of desire, by which those preparing for baptism who die before actually receiving the sacrament are considered saved.

Third order

tertiarytertiariesThird Orders
The Latin Church, the twenty-three Eastern Catholic Churches, and institutes such as mendicant orders, enclosed monastic orders and third orders reflect a variety of theological and spiritual emphases in the church.
Roman Catholicism, Anglicanism, and Lutheranism all recognize Third Orders.

Veneration of Mary in the Catholic Church

Blessed Virgin MaryOur LadyVirgin Mary
The Virgin Mary is venerated in the Catholic Church as Mother of God and Queen of Heaven, honoured in dogmas and devotions.
In the Catholic Church, the veneration of Mary, mother of Jesus, encompasses various Marian devotions which include prayer, pious acts, visual arts, poetry, and music devoted to the Blessed Virgin Mary.

Catholic liturgy

liturgyRoman Catholic liturgyliturgical
Of its seven sacraments the Eucharist is the principal one, celebrated liturgically in the Mass.
In the Catholic Church, liturgy is divine worship, the proclamation of the Gospel, and active charity.

Apostolic succession

apostolicepiscopal lineagesuccessors
The Catholic Church teaches that it is the One, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic church founded by Jesus Christ in his Great Commission, that its bishops are the successors of Christ's apostles, and that the pope is the successor to Saint Peter upon whom primacy was conferred by Jesus Christ.
Further, proponents of the necessity of the personal apostolic succession of bishops within the Church point to the universal practice of the undivided early Church (up to AD 431), before being divided into the Church of the East, Oriental Orthodoxy, the Eastern Orthodox Church and the Roman Catholic Church.

Catholic social teaching

Social CatholicismCatholic social doctrinesocial teaching
Its teaching includes Divine Mercy, sanctification through faith and evangelisation of the Gospel as well as Catholic social teaching, which emphasises voluntary support for the sick, the poor, and the afflicted through the corporal and spiritual works of mercy.
Catholic social teaching is the Catholic doctrines on matters of human dignity and common good in society.

Marian devotions

Marian devotionMariandevotions
The Virgin Mary is venerated in the Catholic Church as Mother of God and Queen of Heaven, honoured in dogmas and devotions.
They are performed in Roman Catholicism, Anglo-Catholicism, and Orthodox Christianity, but generally rejected in Protestant denominations.

Catholic Church and health care

health careCatholic hospitalCatholic
The Catholic Church is the largest non-government provider of education and health care in the world.
The Roman Catholic Church is the largest non-government provider of health care services in the world.

Transubstantiation

transubstantiatedtranssubstantiationconsecration
The church teaches that through consecration by a priest the sacrificial bread and wine become the body and blood of Christ.
Transubstantiation (Latin: transsubstantiatio; Greek: μετουσίωσις metousiosis) is, according to the teaching of the Catholic Church, the change of substance or essence by which the bread and wine offered in the sacrifice of the sacrament of the Eucharist during the Mass, become, in reality, the body and blood of Jesus Christ.

Queen of Heaven

Queenship of MaryMary, Queen of HeavenQueen of the World
The Virgin Mary is venerated in the Catholic Church as Mother of God and Queen of Heaven, honoured in dogmas and devotions.
Queen of Heaven (Regina Caeli in Latin) is a title given to Mary, mother of Jesus, by Christians mainly of the Catholic Church, and also, to some extent, in Anglicanism, some Lutheran churches such as the Church of Sweden and Eastern Orthodoxy.

Catholic missions

Catholic missionCatholic missionariesmissions
Catholics live all over the world through missions, diaspora, and conversions.
Missionary work of the Catholic Church has often been undertaken outside the geographically defined parishes and dioceses by religious orders who have people and material resources to spare, and some of which specialized in missions.

Sacraments of the Catholic Church

sacramentsseven sacramentssacrament
Of its seven sacraments the Eucharist is the principal one, celebrated liturgically in the Mass.
The sevenfold list of sacraments is often organized into three categories: the sacraments of initiation (into the Church, the body of Christ), consisting of Baptism, Confirmation, and the Eucharist; the sacraments of healing, consisting of Penance and Anointing of the Sick; and the sacraments of service: Holy Orders and Matrimony.

Enclosed religious orders

enclosed religious orderenclosedcloistered
The Latin Church, the twenty-three Eastern Catholic Churches, and institutes such as mendicant orders, enclosed monastic orders and third orders reflect a variety of theological and spiritual emphases in the church.
In the Catholic Church enclosure is regulated by the code of canon law, either the Latin code or the Oriental code, and also by subsidiary legislation.

East–West Schism

Great SchismEast-West Schismschism
The Catholic Church shared communion with the Eastern Orthodox Church until the East–West Schism in 1054, disputing particularly the authority of the Pope.
The East–West Schism, also called the Great Schism and the Schism of 1054, was the break of communion between what are now the Roman Catholic Church and Eastern Orthodox Churches, which had lasted until the 11th century.

Four Marks of the Church

One, Holy, Catholic, and Apostolic Churchone, holy, catholic and apostolic churchOne Holy Catholic and Apostolic Church
The Catholic Church teaches that it is the One, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic church founded by Jesus Christ in his Great Commission, that its bishops are the successors of Christ's apostles, and that the pope is the successor to Saint Peter upon whom primacy was conferred by Jesus Christ.
This ecumenical creed is today recited in the liturgy of the Catholic Church (both Latin and Eastern Rites), the Eastern Orthodox Churches, the Oriental Orthodox Churches, the Church of the East, the Moravian Church, the Lutheran Churches, the Methodist Churches, the Presbyterian Churches, the Anglican Communion and by members of many Reformed Churches.

Criticism of the Catholic Church

Criticism of the Roman Catholic Churchbeen criticizedconfessions
From the late 20th century, the Catholic Church has received criticism from some for its teaching on sexuality, its inability to ordain women, as well as the handling of sexual abuse cases involving clergy.
The Catholic Church has been subject to criticism throughout its history for its beliefs and practices.

Western culture

WesternWestern civilizationWest
As the world's oldest and largest continuously functioning international institution, it has played a prominent role in the history and development of Western civilisation.
Christianity, including the Roman Catholic Church, Protestantism the Eastern Orthodox Church, and Oriental Orthodoxy, has played a prominent role in the shaping of Western civilization since at least the 4th century, as did Judaism.

Primacy of Peter

Prince of the ApostlesPrimacy of Simon Peterprimacy
The Catholic Church teaches that it is the One, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic church founded by Jesus Christ in his Great Commission, that its bishops are the successors of Christ's apostles, and that the pope is the successor to Saint Peter upon whom primacy was conferred by Jesus Christ.
In Catholicism, it is argued that the primacy of Peter is a basis for the primacy of the bishop of Rome over other bishops throughout the Church via the doctrine of Apostolic succession.