Catholic Church in the Philippines

Roman CatholicRoman CatholicismCatholicRoman Catholicism in the PhilippinesCatholic ChurchCatholicismFilipino CatholicsRoman CatholicsRoman Catholic ChurchFilipino Catholic
The Catholic Church in the Philippines (Iglesia Católica en las Filipinas) is part of the worldwide Catholic Church, under the spiritual direction of the Pope.wikipedia
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Catholic Church by country

Global organisation of the Catholic ChurchCatholic countriesRoman Catholicism by country
The Philippines is one of the two nations in Asia having a substantial portion of the population professing the Catholic faith, along with East Timor, and has the third largest Catholic population in the world after Brazil and Mexico.
According to the CIA Factbook and the Pew Research Center, the five countries with the largest number of Catholics are, in decreasing order of Catholic population, Brazil, Mexico, the Philippines, the United States, and Italy.

Religion in the Philippines

religionAnitistreligious
It reduced the significant political power exerted by the Church, which led to the establishment of other faiths (particularly Protestantism) within the country.
At least 92% of the population is Christian; about 81% belong to the Catholic Church while about 11% belong to Protestantism, Orthodoxy, Restorationist and Independent Catholicism and other denominations such as Iglesia Filipina Independiente, Iglesia ni Cristo, Seventh-day Adventist Church, United Church of Christ in the Philippines, Members Church of God International (MCGI) and Evangelicals.

Protestantism in the Philippines

ProtestantProtestantismProtestants
It reduced the significant political power exerted by the Church, which led to the establishment of other faiths (particularly Protestantism) within the country.
Under American rule, the Catholic Church was disestablished as the state religion, giving Protestant missionaries more opportunities to enter the islands.

Holy Angel University

5th Paragala Central Luzon Media AwardsHoly Angel
Other prominent educational institutions in the country are St. Scholastica's College Manila, Angeles University Foundation, Holy Angel University, Vincentian's Adamson University, Colegio de San Juan de Letran, University of San Carlos, University of San Jose – Recoletos, San Beda College, Saint Louis University, Saint Mary's University, St. Paul University System, Canossa School, San Pedro College, San Sebastian College – Recoletos de Manila, Ateneo de Davao University, Xavier University – Ateneo de Cagayan, University of St. La Salle, University of the Immaculate Conception, Notre Dame University, Notre Dame of Marbel University, Notre Dame of Dadiangas University, Salesians of Don Bosco in the Philippines, Saint Mary's Academy of Nagcarlan, Sanctuario de San Antonio Children's Learning Center, and the University of San Agustin, La Consolacion College, Universidad de Santa Isabel, Ateneo de Naga University, University of Santo Tomas - Legazpi
Holy Angel University is a private Roman Catholic research university in Angeles City, Pampanga, Philippines.

Order of Augustinian Recollects

Augustinian RecollectsO.A.R.Augustinian Recollect
Recollects, Jesuits, Dominicans, Benedictines, Franciscans, Carmelites, Divine Word Missionaries, De La Salle Christian Brothers, Salesians of Don Bosco, and the indigenous Religious of the Virgin Mary.
With their arrival in May 1606 from Spain, the Recollects became one of the most important groups in the history of the evangelization of the Philippines.

Cebu

Cebu IslandCebu ProvinceCebú
Christianity was first brought to the Philippine islands by Spanish missionaries and colonists, who arrived in waves beginning in the early 16th century in Cebu.
The majority of its population are Roman Catholic followed by roughly 95% of Cebuanos.

Jaime Sin

Jaime Cardinal SinJaime L. Cardinal SinJaime Lachica Sin
The turning point came in 1986 when the CBCP President then-Archbishop of Cebu Ricardo Cardinal Vidal appealed to the Filipinos and the bishops against the government and the fraudulent result of the snap election; with him was then-Archbishop of Manila Jaimé Cardinal Sin, who broadcast over Church-owned Radio Veritas a call for people to support anti-regime rebels.
Jaime Lachica Sin (undefined; August 31, 1928 – June 21, 2005) was the 30th Roman Catholic Archbishop of Manila, and was also a cardinal.

Corazon Aquino

Corazon C. AquinoCory AquinoCorazón Aquino
In 1989, President Corazon Aquino asked Cardinal Vidal to convince General Jose Comendador, who was sympathetic to the rebel forces fighting her government, to peacefully surrender.
Defections from the Armed Forces of the Philippines and the support of the local Catholic hierarchy led to the People Power Revolution that ousted Marcos and secured Aquino's accession on 25 February 1986.

History of the Philippines (1521–1898)

Spanish colonial periodSpanish colonial eraSpanish Era
Compared to the Spanish Era, when Christianity was recognized as the state religion, the faith today is practiced in the context of a secular state.
The small increase of Peninsulares from the Iberian Peninsula threatened the secularization of the Philippine churches.

Our Lady of Aranzazu

Nuestra Señora de AranzazuOur Lady of ArantzazuDiocesan Shrine and Parish of Our Lady of Aranzazu
Our Lady of Aranzazu (Spanish: Nuestra Señora de Aranzazu) is a Roman Catholic title of the image of the Blessed Virgin Mary venerated in San Mateo, Rizal, Philippines.

Veneration of the dead

ancestor worshipancestor venerationancestral worship
Natives also worshiped nature and venerated the spirits of their ancestors whom they propitiated with sacrifices.
The predominantly Roman Catholic Filipino people still hold ancestors in particular esteem—though without the formality common to their neighbours—despite having been Christianised since coming into contact with Spanish missionaries in 1521.

Languages of the Philippines

Philippine languagesLanguagesPhilippine language
Although the natives were resistant, they could not organise into a unified resistance towards the Spaniards due to geography, ethno-linguistic differences, and overall mutual indifference.
In this respect, its function and use is somewhat like the traditional roles of Latin and Spanish in Filipino Catholicism vis-à-vis other currently spoken languages.

Santo Niño de Cebú

Santo NiñoSanto Niño de CebuSto. Niño
A nationwide fiesta occurs on the third Sunday of January, on the country-specific Feast of the Santo Niño de Cebú. Filipinos have established two shrines in the Chicago Metropolitan Area: one at St. Wenceslaus Church dedicated to Santo Niño de Cebú and another at St. Hedwig's with its statue to Our Lady of Manaoag.
The Santo Niño de Cebú (Balaang Bata sa Sugbo, Santo Niño de Cebú, Santo Nino kan Cebu) is a Roman Catholic title of the Child Jesus associated with a religious image of the Christ Child widely venerated as miraculous by Filipino Catholics.

Philippines

FilipinoPhilippinePhilippine Islands
The Philippines is one of the two nations in Asia having a substantial portion of the population professing the Catholic faith, along with East Timor, and has the third largest Catholic population in the world after Brazil and Mexico.
Census data from 2010 found that about % of the population professed Catholicism.

Our Lady of Peace and Good Voyage

Our Lady of AntipoloNuestra Señora de la Paz y Buen ViajeNuestra Señora de la Paz y Buen Viaje'' (Our Lady of Peace and Good Voyage)
Our Lady of Peace and Good Voyage (Nuestra Señora de la Paz y Buen Viaje), also known as the Virgin of Antipolo and the Our Lady of Antipolo, is a 17th-century Roman Catholic wooden image of the Blessed Virgin Mary venerated in the Philippines.

Our Lady of Manaoag

Our Lady of the Rosary of ManaoagBasilica of Our Lady of ManaoagManaoag Dominican Broadcasting Inc.
Filipinos have established two shrines in the Chicago Metropolitan Area: one at St. Wenceslaus Church dedicated to Santo Niño de Cebú and another at St. Hedwig's with its statue to Our Lady of Manaoag.
Our Lady of Manaoag (formal title: Our Lady of the Most Holy Rosary of Manaoag; Spanish: Nuestra Señora del Santísimo Rosario de Manaoag) is a Roman Catholic title of the Blessed Virgin Mary venerated in Manaoag, Pangasinan, the Philippines.

Pasig

Pasig CityPasig Sports CenterPasig City, Philippines
The city is home to the Roman Catholic Diocese of Pasig, based in Pasig Cathedral, a landmark built around the same time as the town's foundation in 1573.

Bathala

BathalàBatalaBathalang Maykapal
Bathala (Tagalog – Central Luzon) or Laon (Visayan) was the ultimate, creator deity above subordinate gods and goddesses.
After the conversion of the Tagalogs to Roman Catholicism, the katalonan (shamans) were condemned by Spanish missionaries as witches and were forced to convert.

Our Lady of La Naval de Manila

Our Lady of La NavalOur Lady of the Most Holy Rosary of La Naval de ManilaLa Naval de Manila
Filipino Catholics claim that the Virgin's intercession under this title helped successfully repulse invading forces of the Protestant Dutch Republic during the Battles of La Naval de Manila, in a fashion similar to the Battle of Lepanto of 1571.

Christianity in the Philippines

ChristianChristianityChristians
Christianity was first brought to the Philippine islands by Spanish missionaries and colonists, who arrived in waves beginning in the early 16th century in Cebu.

Our Lady of Salvation

Nuestra Señora de Salvación
Our Lady of Salvation (Nuestra Señora de Salvación), also known as Our Lady of Light, is a Catholic title of the Blessed Virgin Mary.

Holy Week in the Philippines

Holy WeekBlack SaturdaySanto Entierro
Catholic holy days, such as Christmas and Good Friday, are observed as national holidays, with local saints' days being observed as holidays in different towns and cities.
Holy Week in the Philippines (Semana Santa) is a significant religious observance for the country's Catholic majority, the Iglesia Filipina Independiente or the Philippine Independent Church and most Protestant groups.

Imelda Marcos

ImeldaImelda Romualdez MarcosImelda R. Marcos
Born into the Romuáldez political dynasty from the province of Leyte, Imelda grew up in a wealthy clan of católicos cerrados (literally, "Closed Catholics"), a local term for strict and devout Latin-Rite Catholics.

State religion

Established Churchofficial religionestablished
Compared to the Spanish Era, when Christianity was recognized as the state religion, the faith today is practiced in the context of a secular state.

Virgen de los Remedios de Pampanga

Nuestra Señora de los RemediosVirgen De Los Remedios
Virgen de los Remedios de la Pampanga also known as Indu Ning Capaldanan is a title of the Blessed Virgin Mary venerated by Kapampangan Catholics in Pampanga, Philippines.