Caucasus Mountains

CaucasusGreater Caucasus Mountain RangeLesser Caucasus MountainsCaucasus mountainThe Greater Caucasus Mountain RangeCaucasian MountainsGreater Caucasus mountainsCaucasus rangemountainsNorth Caucasus
The Caucasus Mountains are a mountain system in West Asia between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea in the Caucasus region.wikipedia
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Caspian Sea

CaspianCaspian regionCaspian Basin
The Caucasus Mountains are a mountain system in West Asia between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea in the Caucasus region.
It is an endorheic basin (a basin without outflows) located between Europe and Asia, to the east of the Caucasus Mountains and to the west of the broad steppe of Central Asia.

Caucasus

CaucasianCaucasiathe Caucasus
The Caucasus Mountains are a mountain system in West Asia between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea in the Caucasus region.
It is home to the Caucasus Mountains including the Greater Caucasus mountain range, which has historically been considered a natural barrier between Eastern Europe and Western Asia, but is today accepted by the majority of scholars as being part of Asia.

Sochi

Sochi, RussiaSochi, Krasnodar kraiBlack Sea resort
The Greater Caucasus runs west-northwest to east-southeast, from the Caucasian Natural Reserve in the vicinity of Sochi on the northeastern shore of the Black Sea nearly to Baku on the Caspian Sea.
The Greater Sochi area, which includes territories and localities subordinated to Sochi proper, has a total area of 3526 km2 and sprawls for 145 km along the shores of the Black Sea near the Caucasus Mountains.

Lesser Caucasus

Lesser Caucasus MountainsLesser
The Caucasus Mountains include the Greater Caucasus in the north and Lesser Caucasus in the south.
Lesser Caucasus, also called Caucasus Minor is second of the two main mountain ranges of Caucasus mountains, of length about 600 km. The western portion of the Lesser Caucasus overlaps and converges with the high plateau of Eastern Anatolia, in the far northeast of Turkey.

Black Sea

BlackPonticEuxine Sea
The Caucasus Mountains are a mountain system in West Asia between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea in the Caucasus region.
It is constrained by the Pontic Mountains to the south, Caucasus Mountains to the east, Crimean Mountains to the north, Strandzha to the southwest, Dobrogea Plateau to the northwest, and features a wide shelf to the northwest.

Transcaucasia

South CaucasusTranscaucasianTranscaucasus
The Lesser Caucasus and the Armenian Highland constitute the Transcaucasian Highland, which at their western end converge with the highland plateau of Eastern Anatolia in the far north east of Turkey.
Transcaucasia, (Անդրկովկաս, Andrkovkas) or the South Caucasus, (Cənubi Qafqaz) is a geographical region in the vicinity of the southern Caucasus Mountains on the border of Eastern Europe and Western Asia.

Europe

EuropeanEUEuropean continent
Geologically, the Caucasus Mountains belong to a system that extends from southeastern Europe into Asia.
Since around 1850, Europe is most commonly considered to be separated from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits.

Western Caucasus

Caucasian State Nature Biosphere ReserveCaucasus ZapovednikCaucasian Natural Reserve
The Greater Caucasus runs west-northwest to east-southeast, from the Caucasian Natural Reserve in the vicinity of Sochi on the northeastern shore of the Black Sea nearly to Baku on the Caspian Sea.
The Western Caucasus includes a natural UNESCO World Heritage Site comprising the extreme western edge of the Caucasus Mountains.

Asia

AsianAsian continentAsian countries
Geologically, the Caucasus Mountains belong to a system that extends from southeastern Europe into Asia.
The most commonly accepted boundaries place Asia to the east of the Suez Canal separating it from Africa; and to the east of the Turkish Straits, the Ural Mountains and Ural River, and to the south of the Caucasus Mountains and the Caspian and Black Seas, separating it from Europe.

Greater Caucasus

Greater Caucasus Mountain RangeGreater Caucasus MountainsCaucasus
The Caucasus Mountains include the Greater Caucasus in the north and Lesser Caucasus in the south.
Greater Caucasus (Böyük Qafqaz, Бөјүк Гафгаз, بيوک قافقاز; დიდი კავკასიონი, Didi K’avk’asioni; Большой Кавказ, Bolshoy Kavkaz, sometimes translated as "Caucasus Major", "Big Caucasus" or "Large Caucasus") is the major mountain range of the Caucasus Mountains.

Colchis

ColchianColchiansLazica
The Greater and Lesser Caucasus ranges are connected by the Likhi Range, and to the west and east of the Likhi Range lie the Colchis Plain and the Kur-Araz Lowland.
According to most classic authors, a district which was bounded on the southwest by Pontus, on the west by the Black Sea as far as the river Corax (probably the present day Bzyb River, Abkhazia, Georgia), on the north by the chain of the Greater Caucasus, which lay between it and Asiatic Sarmatia, on the east by Iberia and Montes Moschici (now the Lesser Caucasus), and on the south by Armenia.

Likhi Range

LikhiLikhi mountainsmountains
The Greater and Lesser Caucasus ranges are connected by the Likhi Range, and to the west and east of the Likhi Range lie the Colchis Plain and the Kur-Araz Lowland.
Likhi Range or Surami Range is a mountain range in Georgia, a part of the Caucasus mountains.

Iran

🇮🇷PersiaIranian
In the southeast the Aras River separates the Lesser Caucasus from the Talysh Mountains which straddle the border of southeastern Azerbaijan and Iran.
The populous western part is the most mountainous, with ranges such as the Caucasus, Zagros, and Alborz, the last containing Mount Damavand, Iran's highest point at 5610 m, which is also the highest mountain on the Eurasian landmass west of the Hindu Kush.

Mount Elbrus

ElbrusMt ElbrusElbruz
The highest peak in the Caucasus range is Mount Elbrus in the Greater Caucasus, which rises to a height of 5642 m above sea level. Only recently was the Caucasus a scene for intense volcanic activity: the Armenian highland was flooded by calc-alkaline basalts and andesites in the Pliocene and the highest summits of the Caucasus, the Elbrus, and the Kazbek, formed as Pleistocene-Pliocene volcanoes.
Mount Elbrus (, Miñi taw or Mın̨i taw ;, ’Wāśhamāxwa or Ꜧuas̨hemaxue, ;, ’Wāśhamāfa or Ꜧuas̨hemafe, ; Hakuchi: Къӏуащхьэмафэ, Qʼuas̨hemafe, ;) is a dormant volcano in the Caucasus Mountains in Southern Russia, near the border with Georgia.

Javakheti Plateau

Javakheti
The Javakheti Volcanic Plateau in Georgia and the surrounding volcanic ranges which extend well into central Armenia are some of the youngest features of the region.
Javalkheti Plateau is a volcanic plateau within the Caucasus Mountains that covers the Samtskhe-Javakheti region of Georgia, along the border with Turkey and Armenia.

Mont Blanc

Mont Blanc MassifMont Blanc/Monte BiancoMonte Bianco
Elbrus is 832 m higher than Mont Blanc, the highest peak in the Alps and western Europe at 4810 m. The crest of the Caucasus Mountains usually is taken to define the continental divide between Asia and Europe for the region between the Black and Caspian Seas.
Mont Blanc (Monte Bianco ), meaning "White Mountain", is the highest mountain in the Alps and the highest in Europe west of Russia's Caucasus peaks.

Armenia

🇦🇲ArmenianARM
The Javakheti Volcanic Plateau in Georgia and the surrounding volcanic ranges which extend well into central Armenia are some of the youngest features of the region. Clusters of seismicity occur in Dagestan and in northern Armenia.
Its strategic location between two continents has subjected it to invasions by many peoples, including Assyria (under Ashurbanipal, at around 669–627 BC, the boundaries of Assyria reached as far as Armenia and the Caucasus Mountains), Medes, Achaemenid Empire, Greeks, Parthians, Romans, Sasanian Empire, Byzantine Empire, Arabs, Seljuk Empire, Mongols, Ottoman Empire, the successive Safavid, Afsharid, and Qajar dynasties of Iran, and the Russians.

Alpine orogeny

AlpineAlpine orogenicAlpine orogenic belt
The evolution of the Caucasus began from the Late Triassic to the Late Jurassic during the Cimmerian orogeny at the active margin of the Tethys Ocean while the uplift of the Greater Caucasus is dated to the Miocene during the Alpine orogeny.
These mountains include (from west to east) the Atlas, the Rif, the Baetic Cordillera, the Cantabrian Mountains, the Pyrenees, the Alps, the Apennine Mountains, the Dinaric Alps, the Hellenides, the Carpathians, the Balkan Mountains and the Rila-Rhodope massif, the Taurus, the Armenian Highlands, the Caucasus, the Alborz, the Zagros, the Hindu Kush, the Pamir, the Karakoram, and the Himalayas.

Mount Kazbek

KazbekMt. KazbekKazbeg
Only recently was the Caucasus a scene for intense volcanic activity: the Armenian highland was flooded by calc-alkaline basalts and andesites in the Pliocene and the highest summits of the Caucasus, the Elbrus, and the Kazbek, formed as Pleistocene-Pliocene volcanoes.
It is the third-highest peak in Georgia (after Mount Shkhara and Janga) and the seventh-highest summit in the Caucasus Mountains.

Dagestan

Republic of DagestanDaghestanDagestani
Clusters of seismicity occur in Dagestan and in northern Armenia.
Most of the Republic is mountainous, with the Greater Caucasus Mountains covering the south.

Ushba

Ushba is one of the most notable peaks of the Caucasus Mountains.

Shkhara

Mount Shkhara
With the exception of Shkhara, the heights are taken from Soviet 1:50,000 mapping.
The summit lies in the central part of the Greater Caucasus Mountain Range, to the south-east of Mount Elbrus, Europe's highest mountain.

Shota Rustaveli Peak

Pik Schota RustaveliShota Rustaveli
Shota Rustaveli (officially known as the Shota Rustaveli Peak) is a mountain in the central part of the Greater Caucasus Mountain Range, straddling the border of Svaneti (Georgia) and Kabardino-Balkaria (Russia).

Tetnuldi

Tetnuldi is a prominent peak in the central part of the Greater Caucasus Mountain Range, located in the Svaneti region of Georgia.

Gistola

Gestola
Gestola is a peak in the central part of the Greater Caucasus Mountain Range in Svaneti, Georgia.