Caucasus Mountains

CaucasusGreater Caucasus Mountain RangeCaucasian MountainsLesser Caucasus MountainsCaucasus rangeCaucasus mountainThe Greater Caucasus Mountain RangeGreater Caucasus mountainsGhafghazmountains
The Caucasus Mountains are a mountain system at the intersection of Europe and Asia.wikipedia
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Caspian Sea

CaspianCaspian regionCaspian Sea basin
Stretching between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea, it surrounds the eponymous Caucasus region and is home to Mount Elbrus, the highest peak in Europe.
It is an endorheic basin (a basin without outflows) located between Europe and Asia, to the east of the Caucasus Mountains and to the west of the broad steppe of Central Asia.

Caucasus

CaucasianCaucasiathe Caucasus
Stretching between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea, it surrounds the eponymous Caucasus region and is home to Mount Elbrus, the highest peak in Europe.
It is home to the Caucasus Mountains, including the Greater Caucasus mountain range, which has historically been considered a natural barrier between Eastern Europe and Western Asia.

Black Sea

BlackEuxinePontus Euxinus
Stretching between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea, it surrounds the eponymous Caucasus region and is home to Mount Elbrus, the highest peak in Europe.
It is constrained by the Pontic Mountains to the south, Caucasus Mountains to the east, Crimean Mountains to the north, Strandzha to the southwest, Balkan Mountains to the west, Dobrogea Plateau to the northwest, and features a wide shelf to the northwest.

Sochi

Sochi, RussiaSotchiSochi, Krasnodar krai
The Greater Caucasus runs west-northwest to east-southeast, from the Caucasian Natural Reserve in the vicinity of Sochi on the northeastern shore of the Black Sea nearly to Baku on the Caspian Sea.
The Greater Sochi area, which includes territories and localities subordinated to Sochi proper, has a total area of 3526 km2 and sprawls for 145 km along the shores of the Black Sea near the Caucasus Mountains.

Lesser Caucasus

Lesser Caucasus MountainsLesser
The Caucasus Mountains include the Greater Caucasus in the north and Lesser Caucasus in the south.
The Lesser Caucasus, also called Caucasus Minor, is the second of the two main mountain ranges of Caucasus mountains, of length about 600 km.

Transcaucasia

South CaucasusTranscaucasusSouthern Caucasus
The Lesser Caucasus and the Armenian Highland constitute the Transcaucasian Highland, which at their western end converge with the highland plateau of Eastern Anatolia in the far north east of Turkey.
Transcaucasia, also known as the South Caucasus (Южный Кавказ; სამხრეთ კავკასია, romanized: Samxret Ḳavḳasia; Cənubi Qafqaz, Ҹәнуби Гафгаз), is a geographical region in the vicinity of the southern Caucasus Mountains on the border of Eastern Europe and Western Asia.

Europe

EuropeanEUEuropean continent
Geologically, the Caucasus Mountains belong to a system that extends from southeastern Europe into Asia.
Europe is commonly considered to be separated from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits.

Western Caucasus

West CaucasusCaucasian Biosphere ReserveCaucasian State Nature Biosphere Reserve
The Greater Caucasus runs west-northwest to east-southeast, from the Caucasian Natural Reserve in the vicinity of Sochi on the northeastern shore of the Black Sea nearly to Baku on the Caspian Sea.
The Western Caucasus includes a natural UNESCO World Heritage Site comprising the extreme western edge of the Caucasus Mountains.

Asia

AsianAsian continentAsian countries
Geologically, the Caucasus Mountains belong to a system that extends from southeastern Europe into Asia.
The most commonly accepted boundaries place Asia to the east of the Suez Canal separating it from Africa; and to the east of the Turkish Straits, the Ural Mountains and Ural River, and to the south of the Caucasus Mountains and the Caspian and Black Seas, separating it from Europe.

Greater Caucasus

Caucasus MajorGreater Caucasus MountainsGreater Caucasus Mountain Range
The Caucasus Mountains include the Greater Caucasus in the north and Lesser Caucasus in the south.
Greater Caucasus (Böyük Qafqaz, Бөјүк Гафгаз, بيوک قافقاز; დიდი კავკასიონი, Didi K’avk’asioni; Большой Кавказ, Bolshoy Kavkaz, sometimes translated as "Caucasus Major", "Big Caucasus" or "Large Caucasus") is the major mountain range of the Caucasus Mountains.

Colchis

ColchiansColchianEgrisi
The Greater and Lesser Caucasus ranges are connected by the Likhi Range, and to the west and east of the Likhi Range lie the Colchis Plain and the Kur-Araz Lowland.
According to most classic authors, a district which was bounded on the south-west by Pontus, on the west by the Black Sea as far as the river Corax (probably the present day Bzyb River, Abkhazia, Georgia), on the north by the chain of the Greater Caucasus, which lay between it and Asiatic Sarmatia, on the east by Iberia and Montes Moschici (now the Lesser Caucasus), and on the south by Armenia.

Mountain range

rangemountain rangeshill range
The Caucasus Mountains are a mountain system at the intersection of Europe and Asia.
The Alpide belt includes Indonesia and Southeast Asia, through the Himalaya, Caucasus Mountains, Balkan Mountains fold mountain range, the Alps, and ends in the Spanish mountains and the Atlas Mountains.

Likhi Range

LikhiLikhi mountainsmountains
The Greater and Lesser Caucasus ranges are connected by the Likhi Range, and to the west and east of the Likhi Range lie the Colchis Plain and the Kur-Araz Lowland.
Likhi Range or Surami Range is a mountain range in Georgia, a part of the Caucasus mountains.

Iran

PersiaIslamic Republic of IranIranian
In the southeast the Aras River separates the Lesser Caucasus from the Talysh Mountains which straddle the border of southeastern Azerbaijan and Iran.
The populous western part is the most mountainous, with ranges such as the Caucasus, Zagros, and Alborz, the last containing Mount Damavand, Iran's highest point at 5610 m, which is also the highest mountain in Asia west of the Hindu Kush.

Mount Elbrus

ElbrusMt. ElbrusMt Elbrus
Stretching between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea, it surrounds the eponymous Caucasus region and is home to Mount Elbrus, the highest peak in Europe. Only recently was the Caucasus a scene for intense volcanic activity: the Armenian highland was flooded by calc-alkaline basalts and andesites in the Pliocene and the highest summits of the Caucasus, the Elbrus, and the Kazbek, formed as Pleistocene-Pliocene volcanoes.
Mount Elbrus (, Miñi taw or Mın̨i taw ;, ’Wāśhamāxwa or Ꜧuas̨hemaxue, ;, ’Wāśhamāfa or Ꜧuas̨hemafe, ; Hakuchi: Къӏуащхьэмафэ, Qʼuas̨hemafe, ;) is a dormant volcano in the Caucasus Mountains in Southern Russia, near the border with Georgia.

Javakheti Plateau

Javakheti Volcanic PlateauJavakheti
The Javakheti Volcanic Plateau in Georgia and the surrounding volcanic ranges which extend well into central Armenia are some of the youngest features of the region.
Javalkheti Plateau is a volcanic plateau within the Caucasus Mountains that covers the Samtskhe-Javakheti region of Georgia, along the border with Turkey and Armenia.

Mont Blanc

Mont-BlancMonte BiancoMount Blanc
Elbrus is 832 m higher than Mont Blanc, the highest peak in the Alps and western Europe at 4810 m. The crest of the Caucasus Mountains usually is taken to define the continental divide between Asia and Europe for the region between the Black and Caspian Seas.
Mont Blanc (Monte Bianco ; meaning "White Mountain") is the highest mountain in the Alps and the highest in Europe west of the Caucasus peaks of Russia and Georgia.

Armenia

ArmenianRepublic of ArmeniaARM
The Javakheti Volcanic Plateau in Georgia and the surrounding volcanic ranges which extend well into central Armenia are some of the youngest features of the region. Clusters of seismicity occur in Dagestan and in northern Armenia.
Its strategic location between two continents has subjected it to invasions by many peoples, including Assyria (under Ashurbanipal, at around 669–627 BC, the boundaries of Assyria reached as far as Armenia and the Caucasus Mountains), Medes, Achaemenid Empire, Greeks, Parthians, Romans, Sasanian Empire, Byzantine Empire, Arabs, Seljuk Empire, Mongols, Ottoman Empire, the successive Safavid, Afsharid, and Qajar dynasties of Iran, and the Russians.

Alpine orogeny

AlpineAlpide orogenyAlpine folding
The evolution of the Caucasus began from the Late Triassic to the Late Jurassic during the Cimmerian orogeny at the active margin of the Tethys Ocean while the uplift of the Greater Caucasus is dated to the Miocene during the Alpine orogeny.
These mountains include (from west to east) the Atlas, the Rif, the Baetic Cordillera, the Cantabrian Mountains, the Pyrenees, the Alps, the Apennine Mountains, the Dinaric Alps, the Pindus (Hellenides), the Carpathians, the Balkanides - Balkan Mountains and Rila-Rhodope massifs, the Pontic Mountains, the Taurus, the Armenian Highlands, the Caucasus, the Alborz, the Zagros, the Hindu Kush, the Pamir, the Karakoram, and the Himalayas.

Mount Kazbek

KazbekMt. KazbekKasbek
Only recently was the Caucasus a scene for intense volcanic activity: the Armenian highland was flooded by calc-alkaline basalts and andesites in the Pliocene and the highest summits of the Caucasus, the Elbrus, and the Kazbek, formed as Pleistocene-Pliocene volcanoes.
It is the third-highest peak in Georgia (after Mount Shkhara and Janga) and the seventh-highest summit in the Caucasus Mountains.

Dagestan

Republic of DagestanDaghestanDagestan Republic
Clusters of seismicity occur in Dagestan and in northern Armenia.
Most of the Republic is mountainous, with the Greater Caucasus Mountains covering the south.

Ushba

Ushba is one of the most notable peaks of the Caucasus Mountains.

Gistola

Gestola
Gestola is a peak in the central part of the Greater Caucasus Mountain Range on Russian - Georgian border.

Shota Rustaveli Peak

Pik Schota RustaveliShota Rustaveli
Shota Rustaveli (officially known as the Shota Rustaveli Peak) is a mountain in the central part of the Greater Caucasus Mountain Range, straddling the border of Svaneti (Georgia) and Kabardino-Balkaria (Russia).

Tetnuldi

Tetnuld
Tetnuldi is a prominent peak in the central part of the Greater Caucasus Mountain Range, located in the Svaneti region of Georgia.