Causal reasoning

causal connectionCausal Reasoning (Psychology)
Causal reasoning is the process of identifying causality: the relationship between a cause and its effect.wikipedia
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Causal inference

causalcausal relationshipslack of one
Causal inference is an example of causal reasoning.
Causal inference is an example of causal reasoning.

Causality

causalcause and effectcausation
Causal reasoning is the process of identifying causality: the relationship between a cause and its effect. A constant which guides human reasoning and learning about events is causality.
See Causal Reasoning (Psychology) for more information.

Result

effectresultsUpshot
Causal reasoning is the process of identifying causality: the relationship between a cause and its effect.

Ancient philosophy

classical philosophyAncientclassical
The study of causality extends from ancient philosophy to contemporary neuropsychology; assumptions about the nature of causality may be shown to be functions of a previous event preceding a later one.

Neuropsychology

neuropsychologicalneuropsychologistneuropsychologists
The study of causality extends from ancient philosophy to contemporary neuropsychology; assumptions about the nature of causality may be shown to be functions of a previous event preceding a later one.

Protoscience

protoscientificproto-scienceproto-scientific
The first known protoscientific study of cause and effect occurred in Aristotle's Physics.

Physics (Aristotle)

PhysicsAristotle's PhysicsPhysica
The first known protoscientific study of cause and effect occurred in Aristotle's Physics.

Counterfactual thinking

counterfactualcounterfactual inferencecounterfactual reasoning
Humans can reason about many topics (for example, in social and counterfactual situations and mathematics) with the aid of causal understanding.

Mechanism (philosophy)

mechanismmechanisticmechanical philosophy
Although causality is related to mechanism, an understanding of causality does not necessarily imply an understanding of mechanism.

Animacy

animateinanimateanimacy hierarchy
Animacy may also be inferred from such relationships.

A priori and a posteriori

a prioria posterioriA priori'' and ''a posteriori
This suggests an inverted causal experience: cause must be attributed to effect a posteriori to understand the causal connection between agent and act.

Friedrich Nietzsche

NietzscheNietzscheanFriedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche
Friedrich Nietzsche argued against Aristotelian causality (that cause precedes effect) in The Will To Power.

The Will to Power (manuscript)

The Will to PowerWill to Powerpower
Friedrich Nietzsche argued against Aristotelian causality (that cause precedes effect) in The Will To Power.

Reason

reasoningratiocinationhuman reason
A constant which guides human reasoning and learning about events is causality.

Homeostasis

homeostaticequilibriumimmunomodulation
Several types of causal models are developed as a result of observing causal relationships: common-cause relationships, common-effect relationships, causal chains and causal homeostasis.

Causal chain

causal linkevent
*In causal chains one cause triggers an effect, which triggers another effect:

Deductive reasoning

deductiondeductivedeductive logic
Deductive reasoning implies a general rule; an event is a guaranteed conclusion.

Inductive reasoning

inductioninductiveinductive logic
Inductive reasoning is an inference made with uncertainty; the conclusion is likely, but not guaranteed.

Abductive reasoning

abductionabductiveinference to the best explanation
In abductive reasoning, the premises do not guarantee a conclusion.

Hypothesis

hypotheseshypotheticalhypothesized
Abduction moves from data description to a hypothesis without a necessary relationship between cause and effect.

Jean Piaget

PiagetPiagetianPiaget, J.
Jean Piaget defined preoperational, concrete operational and formal operational stages of development.

Piaget's theory of cognitive development

theory of cognitive developmentsensorimotorsensorimotor stage
Jean Piaget defined preoperational, concrete operational and formal operational stages of development.

Attribution (psychology)

attribution theoryattributionattributions
Yan and Gaier investigated causal attributions of college success and failure between two groups of students, American and Asian.

Individual

individualityindividualshuman identity
Members of individualist or collectivist cultures may make different attributions of the origins and motivations of movement on a small scale among animated objects, or what would cause movement within a group of animated objects.

Collectivism

collectivistcollectivisticcollective
Members of individualist or collectivist cultures may make different attributions of the origins and motivations of movement on a small scale among animated objects, or what would cause movement within a group of animated objects.