Cell biology

cytologycell biologistcellular biologycytologistcytologicalcellcellularmolecular cell biologycytologicallycellular biologist
Cell biology is a branch of biology that studies the structure and function of the cell, also known as the basic unit of life.wikipedia
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Cell (biology)

cellcellscellular
Cell biology is a branch of biology that studies the structure and function of the cell, also known as the basic unit of life.
The study of cells is called cell biology, cellular biology, or cytology.

Physiology

physiologistphysiologicalphysiologically
Cell biology is a branch of biology that studies the structure and function of the cell, also known as the basic unit of life.
Closely related fields include plant morphology, plant ecology, phytochemistry, cell biology, genetics, biophysics, and molecular biology.

Molecular genetics

molecular geneticmolecularmolecular geneticist
Research in cell biology is interconnected to other fields such as genetics, molecular genetics, biochemistry, molecular biology, medical microbiology, immunology, and cytochemistry.
The field of study is based on the merging of several sub-fields in biology: classical Mendelian inheritance, cellular biology, molecular biology, biochemistry, and biotechnology.

Cell theory

steady-state membrane pump
All of this preceded the cell theory which states that all living things are made up of cells and that cells are the functional and structural unit of organisms.
This discovery is largely attributed to Robert Hooke, and began the scientific study of cells, also known as cell biology.

Organelle

organellescell organellescell organelle
Viruses, for example, lack common characteristics of a living cell, such as membranes, cell organelles, and the ability to reproduce by themselves. Prokaryotic cells are distinguished from eukaryotic cells by the absence of a cell nucleus or other membrane bound organelle.
In cell biology, an organelle is a specialized subunit within a cell that has a specific function.

Molecular biology

molecular biologistmolecularmolecular microbiology
Research in cell biology is interconnected to other fields such as genetics, molecular genetics, biochemistry, molecular biology, medical microbiology, immunology, and cytochemistry.
Increasingly many other areas of biology intersecting with molecular Biology, focus on molecules, either directly studying interactions in their own right such as in cell biology and developmental biology, or indirectly, where molecular techniques are used to infer historical attributes of populations or species, as in fields in evolutionary biology such as population genetics and phylogenetics.

Cell nucleus

nucleusnucleinuclear
Prokaryotic cells are distinguished from eukaryotic cells by the absence of a cell nucleus or other membrane bound organelle.
In cell biology, the nucleus (pl.

Biology

biologicalBiological Sciencesbiologist
Cell biology is a branch of biology that studies the structure and function of the cell, also known as the basic unit of life. Knowing the components of cells and how cells work is fundamental to all biological sciences while also being essential for research in biomedical fields such as cancer, and other diseases.
The next larger scale, cell biology, studies the structural and physiological properties of cells, including their internal behavior, interactions with other cells, and with their environment.

Green fluorescent protein

GFPeGFPgreen fluorescent protein (GFP)
In cell and molecular biology, the GFP gene is frequently used as a reporter of expression.

Centriole

centriolesciliogenesiscentric
In cell biology a centriole is a cylindrical organelle composed mainly of a protein called tubulin.

Biomedical sciences

biomedical sciencebiomedicalbio-medical
Knowing the components of cells and how cells work is fundamental to all biological sciences while also being essential for research in biomedical fields such as cancer, and other diseases.

Life

livinglife on Earthbiota
Cell biology is a branch of biology that studies the structure and function of the cell, also known as the basic unit of life.
As new discoveries enabled detailed study of cells and microorganisms, new groups of life were revealed, and the fields of cell biology and microbiology were created.

Confocal microscopy

confocal microscopeconfocal laser scanning microscopyconfocal
CLSM is widely used in numerous biological science disciplines, from cell biology and genetics to microbiology and developmental biology.

Mitosis

mitoticmitosesmitotic division
The G1, G2, and S phase (DNA replication, damage and repair) are considered to be the interphase portion of the cycle, while the M phase (mitosis) is the cell divisio n portion of the cycle.
In cell biology, mitosis is a part of the cell cycle when replicated chromosomes are separated into two new nuclei.

Cancer

cancersmalignanciescancerous
Knowing the components of cells and how cells work is fundamental to all biological sciences while also being essential for research in biomedical fields such as cancer, and other diseases.
The improved understanding of molecular biology and cellular biology due to cancer research has led to new treatments for cancer since US President Richard Nixon declared the "War on Cancer" in 1971.

Cytopathology

cytologysmear testcellular pathology
The scientific branch that studies and diagnoses diseases on the cellular level is called cytopathology.
Cytopathology is frequently, less precisely, called "cytology", which means "the study of cells".

Christian de Duve

De DuveChristian DeDuveChristian Rene Marie Joseph de Duve
Christian René Marie Joseph, Viscount de Duve (2 October 1917 – 4 May 2013) was a Nobel Prize-winning English-born Belgian cytologist and biochemist.

Virus

virusesviralvirion
Scientists have struggled to decide whether viruses are alive or not and whether they are in agreement with the cell theory.
Viruses are important to the study of molecular and cell biology as they provide simple systems that can be used to manipulate and investigate the functions of cells.

Ira Mellman

Ira Mellman is an American cell biologist who discovered endosomes.

Kenneth R. Miller

Kenneth MillerKen MillerMiller, Kenneth R.
Kenneth Raymond Miller (born July 14, 1948) is an American cell biologist and molecular biologist, currently Professor of Biology and Royce Family Professor for Teaching Excellence at Brown University.

George Emil Palade

George PaladeGeorge E. PaladeEmil Palade
George Emil Palade ForMemRS HonFRMS (November 19, 1912 – October 7, 2008) was a Romanian-American cell biologist.

Keith R. Porter

Keith PorterKeith Roberts Porter
Keith Roberts Porter (June 11, 1912 – May 2, 1997) was a Canadian-American cell biologist.

Yoshinori Ohsumi

Yoshinori Ohsumi is a Japanese cell biologist specializing in autophagy, the process that cells use to destroy and recycle cellular components.

Ray Rappaport

Ray Rappaport (May 1922 – December 14, 2010) was an American cell biologist.

Michael Swann

Sir Michael SwannMichael Meredith SwannMichael Meredith Swann, Baron Swann of Coln St Denys
Michael Meredith Swann, Baron Swann, FRS, FRSE (1 March 1920 – 22 September 1990) was a British molecular and cell biologist.