Cell site

cell towercell towerscell phone towermastscellular base stationmobile phone mastcell phone towerscellular towercellcell phone base stations
A cell site, cell tower, or cellular base station is a cellular-enabled mobile device site where antennae and electronic communications equipment are placed — typically on a radio mast, tower, or other raised structure — to create a cell (or adjacent cells) in a cellular network.wikipedia
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Cellular network

cellularmobile networkcellular networks
A cell site, cell tower, or cellular base station is a cellular-enabled mobile device site where antennae and electronic communications equipment are placed — typically on a radio mast, tower, or other raised structure — to create a cell (or adjacent cells) in a cellular network. The purpose of cellular organization is to conserve radio bandwidth by frequency reuse; the low power radio signals used within each cell do not travel far beyond the cell, so the radio channels can be reused in geographically separated cells.
The network is distributed over land areas called cells, each served by at least one fixed-location transceiver, but more normally three cell sites or base transceiver stations.

GPS navigation device

GPSIntegratedGPS receiver
The raised structure typically supports antennae and one or more sets of transmitter/receivers transceivers, digital signal processors, control electronics, a GPS receiver for timing (for CDMA2000/IS-95 or GSM systems), primary and backup electrical power sources, and sheltering. Cellular geolocation is less precise than by GPS, but it is available to devices that do not have GPS receivers and where the GPS is not available.
The GPS capability of smartphones may use assisted GPS (A-GPS) technology, which can use the base station or cell towers to provide a faster Time to First Fix (TTFF), especially when GPS signals are poor or unavailable.

CDMA2000

CDMA1xRTTCDMA 1xRTT
The raised structure typically supports antennae and one or more sets of transmitter/receivers transceivers, digital signal processors, control electronics, a GPS receiver for timing (for CDMA2000/IS-95 or GSM systems), primary and backup electrical power sources, and sheltering.
CDMA2000 (also known as C2K or IMT Multi‑Carrier (IMT‑MC)) is a family of 3G mobile technology standards for sending voice, data, and signaling data between mobile phones and cell sites.

Enhanced 9-1-1

E911enhanced 911Wireless Enhanced 911
In the United States, for emergency calling service using location data (locally called "Enhanced 911"), it was required that at least 95% of cellular phones in use on 31 December 2005 support such service.
Calls from cellular phones are received via cell towers by mobile switching centers (MSC).

Backhaul (telecommunications)

backhaulbackhaul networkback-haul
A generator may be included for use where network electrical power is not available, and the system may have a wireless backhaul link allowing use where a wired link is not available.
Cell phones communicating with a single cell tower constitute a local subnetwork; the connection between the cell tower and the rest of the world begins with a backhaul link to the core of the Internet service provider's network (via a point of presence).

Handover

handoffhanded overhand off
Ensure there is enough overlap for "handover" to/from other sites (moving the signal for a mobile device from one cell site to another, for those technologies that can handle it - e.g. making a GSM phone call while in a car or train).
The most basic form of handover is when a phone call in progress is redirected from its current cell (called source) to a new cell (called target). In terrestrial networks the source and the target cells may be served from two different cell sites or from one and the same cell site (in the latter case the two cells are usually referred to as two sectors on that cell site).

Geolocation

geo-locationgeolocategeolocated
Cellular geolocation is less precise than by GPS, but it is available to devices that do not have GPS receivers and where the GPS is not available.
When satellite navigation (such as GPS) signals are unavailable, geolocation applications can use information from cell towers to triangulate the approximate position, a method that is not as accurate as GPS but has greatly improved in recent years.

Base station

base stationsbaseradio base station
In Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) networks, the correct term is Base Transceiver Station (BTS), and colloquial synonyms are "mobile phone mast" or "base station".
a wireless telephone system such as cellular CDMA or GSM cell site.

Radio masts and towers

radio towermastbroadcast tower
A cell site, cell tower, or cellular base station is a cellular-enabled mobile device site where antennae and electronic communications equipment are placed — typically on a radio mast, tower, or other raised structure — to create a cell (or adjacent cells) in a cellular network.
Many people view bare cellphone towers as ugly and an intrusion into their neighbourhoods.

In re Application of the United States for Historical Cell Site Data

In re Application of the United States for Historical Cell Site Data
2013), was a case in which the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit held that the government can access cell site records without a warrant.

Antenna (radio)

antennaantennasradio antenna
A cell site, cell tower, or cellular base station is a cellular-enabled mobile device site where antennae and electronic communications equipment are placed — typically on a radio mast, tower, or other raised structure — to create a cell (or adjacent cells) in a cellular network.

Assisted GPS

A-GPSaGPSAssisted
Assisted GPS uses both satellite and cell phone signals.
7) * Accurate, surveyed coordinates for the cell site towers allow better knowledge of local ionospheric conditions and other conditions affecting the GPS signal than the GPS receiver alone, enabling more precise calculation of position.

Radio

radio communicationradio communicationswireless
The purpose of cellular organization is to conserve radio bandwidth by frequency reuse; the low power radio signals used within each cell do not travel far beyond the cell, so the radio channels can be reused in geographically separated cells.
Mobile phones transmit to a local cell site (transmitter/receiver) that ultimately connects to the public switched telephone network (PSTN) through an optic fiber or microwave radio and other network elements.

Base station subsystem

BSCbase station controllerbase station controllers
The base station controller (a central computer that specializes in making phone connections) and the intelligence of the cellphone keeps track of and allows the phone to switch from one mast to the next during conversation.
Cell site

Fuel cell

fuel cellshydrogen fuel cellfuel-cell
Fuel cell or other backup power systems are added to critical cell sites to provide emergency power.
Providing power for base stations or cell sites

Telecom infrastructure sharing

NWStelecom infrastructures
Telecom infrastructure sharing
Basically a cell site consists of electronic (active) and non-electronic infrastructure.

Telecommunications lease

monopalm
Nicknames include "monopalm" for a monopole disguised as a palm tree or "Pseudopinus telephoneyensis" for a mast disguised as a pine tree.
Similar to other real estate leases, a telecommunications lease is put in place as an agreement to lease space on the landowner’s property for a telecommunications site or cellular tower for a specified length of time.

Node B

eNBeNode-BnodeBs
Node B
A full cell site has a cabinet, an antenna mast and actual antenna.

Wind power

windwind energywind power plant
Renewable sources, such as solar power and wind power may be available where cell sites are placed.
Regarding tourism, query responders consider power pylons, cell phone towers, quarries and plantations more negatively than wind farms.

Mobile cell sites

cell on wheelsCell on Wheels (COW)cell-on-wheels
Although cell antennas are normally attached to permanent structures, carriers also maintain fleets of vehicles, called cells-on-wheels (COWs), that serve as temporary cell sites.
For instance, a carrier may have approved the placement of a cell site for coverage reasons, but the remaining budget is inadequate to fund the construction for a fiscal quarter or even longer.

Base transceiver station

BTSbase stationsbase station
In Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) networks, the correct term is Base Transceiver Station (BTS), and colloquial synonyms are "mobile phone mast" or "base station".
Cell site

Femtocell

femtofemtocellsaccess point base station
In telecommunications, a femtocell is a small, low-power cellular base station, typically designed for use in a home or small business.

Dirtbox (cell phone)

dirtbox
A dirtbox (or DRT box) is a cell site simulator, a phone device mimicking a cell phone tower, that creates a signal strong enough to cause nearby dormant mobile phones to switch to it. Mounted on aircraft, it is used by the United States Marshals Service to locate and collect information from cell phones believed to be connected with criminal activity.

Municipal wireless network

municipal Wi-Fipublic Wi-FiCities with Municipal Wireless Networks
In 2007, some companies with existing cell sites offered high-speed wireless services where the laptop owner purchased a PC card or adapter based on EV-DO cellular data receivers or WiMAX rather than 802.11b/g.

Mobile phone tracking

location informationlocation historymobile positioning
Localization may occur either via multilateration of radio signals between (several) cell towers of the network and the phone, or simply via GPS.