Census

UK censuscensusespopulation censusmunicipal censusnational censusCensus DayCensus yearpopulation countpopulation estimates2000 South Korean Census
A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population.wikipedia
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Population and housing censuses by country

national population and housing censuses1948 Census of India Act2006 census
This term is used mostly in connection with national population and housing censuses; other common censuses include traditional culture, business, supplies, and traffic censuses.
This is a list of national population and housing censuses.

Intercensal estimate

Intercensal Surveycensus estimateintercensal
A census can be contrasted with sampling in which information is obtained only from a subset of a population; typically main population estimates are updated by such intercensal estimates.
In demographics, an intercensal estimate is an estimate of population between official census dates with both of the census counts being known.

2011 Canadian Census

2011 Census2011Canada 2011 Census
Recently there has been controversy in Canada about the cessation of the long form; the head, Munir Sheikh, resigned.
Statistics Canada, an agency of the Canadian government, conducts a nationwide census every five years.

Sampling frame

frame errorgridsample frame
However, population censuses rely on a sampling frame to count the population.
In the most straightforward cases, such as when dealing with a batch of material from a production run, or using a census, it is possible to identify and measure every single item in the population and to include any one of them in our sample; this is known as direct element sampling.

Censuses of Egypt

Ancient Egyptcensus1986 census
Censuses in Egypt first appeared in the late Middle Kingdom and developed in the New Kingdom Pharaoh Amasis, according to Herodotus, required every Egyptian to declare annually to the nomarch, "whence he gained his living".
The practice of conducting a periodic census began in Egypt in the second millennium BC, where it was used for tax gathering and to determine fitness for military services.

Microdata (statistics)

microdata
This is particularly important when individuals' census responses are made available in microdata form, but even aggregate-level data can result in privacy breaches when dealing with small areas and/or rare subpopulations.
In the study of survey and census data, microdata is information at the level of individual respondents.

Roman Republic

RomanRepublicRomans
The word is of Latin origin: during the Roman Republic, the census was a list that kept track of all adult males fit for military service.
Every five years, two censors were elected for an 18-month term, during which they would conduct a census.

Demography

demographicdemographicsdemographer
This allows adjustments to the count for non-response, varying between different demographic groups.
A census is the other common direct method of collecting demographic data.

IPUMS

Integrated Public Use Microdata SeriesIntegrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS)
Different release strategies between government have led to an international project (IPUMS) to co-ordinate access to microdata and corresponding metadata.
IPUMS consists of microdata samples from United States (IPUMS-USA) and international (IPUMS-International) census records, as well as data from U.S. and international surveys.

Statistical disclosure control

This is known as statistical disclosure control.
Many kinds of social, economic and health research use potentially sensitive data as a basis for their research, such as survey or Census data, tax records, health records, educational information, etc. Such information is usually given in confidence, and, in the case of administrative data, not always for the purpose of research.

Official statistics

national statistics officespublic statistics instituteMethodology for Collecting, Estimating, and Organizing Macroeconomic Data
which won an award from the Royal Statistical Society for excellence in official statistics in 2011.

Han dynasty

Eastern Han dynastyHanWestern Han dynasty
One of the world's earliest preserved censuses was held in China in 2 during the Han Dynasty, and is still considered by scholars to be quite accurate.
In China's first known nationwide census taken in 2 AD, the population was registered as having 57,671,400 individuals in 12,366,470 households.

Quipu

quipuskhipukhipus
The Incas did not have any written language but recorded information collected during censuses and other numeric information as well as non-numeric data on quipus, strings from llama or alpaca hair or cotton cords with numeric and other values encoded by knots in a base-10 positional system.
The Inca people used them for collecting data and keeping records, monitoring tax obligations, properly collecting census records, calendrical information, and for military organization.

Poll tax

head taxpoll taxespoll-tax
God commands a per capita tax to be paid with the census in for the upkeep of the Tabernacle.
The Roman census was conducted periodically in the provinces to draw up and update the poll tax register.

Servius Tullius

her fatherServianServius
It is said to have been instituted by the Roman king Servius Tullius in the 6th century, at which time the number of arms-bearing citizens was supposedly counted at around 80,000.
This required his development of the first Roman census, making Servius the first Roman censor.

Information

informativeinputinputs
A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population.

Statistical population

populationsubpopulationsubpopulations
A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population.

United Nations

UNU.N.the United Nations
The United Nations defines the essential features of population and housing censuses as "individual enumeration, universality within a defined territory, simultaneity and defined periodicity", and recommends that population censuses be taken at least every ten years.

International comparisons

The modern census is essential to international comparisons of any kind of statistics, and censuses collect data on many attributes of a population, not just how many people there are.

Sampling (statistics)

samplingrandom samplesample
A census can be contrasted with sampling in which information is obtained only from a subset of a population; typically main population estimates are updated by such intercensal estimates.

Marketing

marketermarketedmarketing campaign
Modern census data are commonly used for research, business marketing, and planning, and as a baseline for designing sample surveys by providing a sampling frame such as an address register.

Opinion poll

opinion pollingpollapproval rating
Census counts are necessary to adjust samples to be representative of a population by weighting them as is common in opinion polling.

Stratified sampling

stratificationstratifiedstratified random sampling
Similarly, stratification requires knowledge of the relative sizes of different population strata which can be derived from census enumerations.

Utah v. Evans

In some countries, the census provides the official counts used to apportion the number of elected representatives to regions (sometimes controversially – e.g., Utah v. Evans).

Home range

home rangesde facto'' residence
Every person should be identified uniquely as resident in one place; but the place where they happen to be on Census Day, their de facto residence, may not be the best place to count them.