Central African Republic

Central AfricanCARCentral Africa RepublicCentral AfricaCentral African Republic (CAR)CentrafriqueCentral African Rep.Central African RepCFAdministrative divisions of the Central African Republic
The Central African Republic (CAR; Sango: Ködörösêse tî Bêafrîka; République centrafricaine, or Centrafrique ) is a landlocked country in Central Africa.wikipedia
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Sango language

SangoSanghoNgbandi-based creole
The Central African Republic (CAR; Sango: Ködörösêse tî Bêafrîka; République centrafricaine, or Centrafrique ) is a landlocked country in Central Africa.
Sango (also spelled Sangho) is a creole language in the Central African Republic and the primary language spoken in the country.

Sudan

SudaneseRepublic of SudanRepublic of the Sudan
It is bordered by Chad to the north, Sudan to the northeast, South Sudan to the east, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the south, the Republic of the Congo to the southwest and Cameroon to the west.
It is bordered by Egypt to the north, Libya to the northwest, Chad to the west, the Central African Republic to the southwest, South Sudan to the south, Ethiopia to the southeast, Eritrea to the east, and the Red Sea to the northeast.

Chad

Republic of ChadTchadChadian
It is bordered by Chad to the north, Sudan to the northeast, South Sudan to the east, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the south, the Republic of the Congo to the southwest and Cameroon to the west.
It is bordered by Libya to the north, Sudan to the east, the Central African Republic to the south, Cameroon and Nigeria to the southwest, and Niger to the west.

South Sudan

Southern SudanRepublic of South SudanSouth Sudanese
It is bordered by Chad to the north, Sudan to the northeast, South Sudan to the east, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the south, the Republic of the Congo to the southwest and Cameroon to the west.
South Sudan is bordered by Sudan to the north, Ethiopia to the east, Kenya to the southeast, Uganda to the south, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the southwest and the Central African Republic to the west.

Cameroon

Republic of CameroonCameroonianCMR
It is bordered by Chad to the north, Sudan to the northeast, South Sudan to the east, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the south, the Republic of the Congo to the southwest and Cameroon to the west.
It is bordered by Nigeria to the west and north; Chad to the northeast; the Central African Republic to the east; and Equatorial Guinea, Gabon and the Republic of the Congo to the south.

Republic of the Congo

Republic of CongoCongoCongolese
It is bordered by Chad to the north, Sudan to the northeast, South Sudan to the east, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the south, the Republic of the Congo to the southwest and Cameroon to the west.
It is bordered by five countries: Gabon to its west; Cameroon to its northwest and the Central African Republic to its northeast; the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the southeast and the Angolan exclave of Cabinda to its south; and the Atlantic Ocean to its southwest.

Central Africa

CentralMiddle AfricaMiddle
The Central African Republic (CAR; Sango: Ködörösêse tî Bêafrîka; République centrafricaine, or Centrafrique ) is a landlocked country in Central Africa.
Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, the Central African Republic, Chad, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Rwanda, and São Tomé and Príncipe are members of the Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS).

Central African Republic Civil War (2012–present)

Central African Republic Civil WarCentral African Republic conflictCentral African Republic conflict (2012–present)
, the CAR is the scene of a civil war, ongoing since 2012.
The Central African Republic conflict is an ongoing civil war in the Central African Republic (CAR) involving the government, rebels from the Séléka coalition, and anti-balaka militias.

François Bozizé

Francois BozizeBozizéFrancois Bozizé
Ange-Félix Patassé became president, but was later removed by General François Bozizé in the 2003 coup.
François Bozizé Yangouvonda (born 14 October 1946) is a Central African politician who was the President of the Central African Republic from 2003 to 2013.

Ange-Félix Patassé

Ange-Felix PatasseAnge Felix PatasseAnge-Felix Patassé
Ange-Félix Patassé became president, but was later removed by General François Bozizé in the 2003 coup.
Ange-Félix Patassé (January 25, 1937 – April 5, 2011) was a Central African politician who was President of the Central African Republic from 1993 until 2003, when he was deposed by the rebel leader François Bozizé.

2003 Central African Republic coup d'état

2003 coupcoup in 2003March 2003 coup
Ange-Félix Patassé became president, but was later removed by General François Bozizé in the 2003 coup.
A coup d'état occurred in March 2003 in the Central African Republic when the forces of General François Bozizé marched on Bangui, the country's capital, while President Ange-Félix Patassé was at a regional conference in Niger.

Central African Republic Bush War

Central African Republic Civil Warcivil warBush War
The Central African Republic Bush War began in 2004 and, despite a peace treaty in 2007 and another in 2011, civil war resumed in 2012.
The Central African Republic Bush War was a civil war in the Central African Republic between Union of Democratic Forces for Unity (UFDR) rebels and government forces.

Central African Empire

Central Africaabortive attempt at a monarchyCentral African
After gaining independence from France in 1960, the Central African Republic was ruled by a series of autocratic leaders, including an abortive attempt at a monarchy; by the 1990s, calls for democracy led to the first multi-party democratic elections in 1993.
The Central African Empire (Empire centrafricain) was a short-lived and self-proclaimed 'Imperial' one-party state ruled by an absolute monarch that replaced the Central African Republic and was, in turn, replaced by the restoration of the Republic.

Sahel

SahelianSahelian Acacia savannaSahel region
Most of the CAR consists of Sudano-Guinean savannas, but the country also includes a Sahelo-Sudanian zone in the north and an equatorial forest zone in the south.
The Sahel part of Africa includes from west to east parts of northern Senegal, southern Mauritania, central Mali, northern Burkina Faso, the extreme south of Algeria, Niger, the extreme north of Nigeria, parts of Cameroon and Central African Republic, central Chad, central and southern Sudan, the extreme north of South Sudan, Eritrea, and the extreme north of Ethiopia.

Chari River

ChariShari RiverShari
Two thirds of the country is within the Ubangi River basin (which flows into the Congo), while the remaining third lies in the basin of the Chari, which flows into Lake Chad.
The Chari River flows from the Central African Republic through Chad into Lake Chad, following the Cameroon border from N'Djamena, where it is joined by its western and principal tributary, the Logone River.

Bouar

Bouar Megaliths
The Bouar Megaliths in the western region of the country indicate an advanced level of habitation dating back to the very late Neolithic Era (c.
Bouar is a market town in the western Central African Republic, lying on the main road from Bangui (437 km) to the frontier with Cameroon (210 km).

Central Sudanic languages

Central SudanicCentral Sudanic languageCentral Sudanic language family
Central Sudanic-speaking people settled along the Ubangi River in what is today Central and East CAR.
Central Sudanic languages are spoken in the Central African Republic, Chad, South Sudan, Uganda, Congo (DRC) and Cameroon.

Economic Community of Central African States

Economic and Monetary Community of Central AfricaCEMACECCAS
The Central African Republic is a member of the United Nations, the African Union, the Economic Community of Central African States, the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie and the Non-Aligned Movement.
The treaty became effective in 1966 after it was ratified by the then five member countries—Cameroon, the Central African Republic, Chad, the Republic of Congo, and Gabon.

Bangassou

During the 18th century Bandia-Nzakara peoples established the Bangassou Kingdom along the Ubangi River.
Bangassou is a city in the south eastern Central African Republic, lying on the north bank of the Mbomou River.

Ubangi River

UbangiUbangui RiverOubangui River
Two thirds of the country is within the Ubangi River basin (which flows into the Congo), while the remaining third lies in the basin of the Chari, which flows into Lake Chad. Central Sudanic-speaking people settled along the Ubangi River in what is today Central and East CAR. During the 18th century Bandia-Nzakara peoples established the Bangassou Kingdom along the Ubangi River.
It begins at the confluence of the Mbomou and Uele Rivers and flows west, forming the border between Central African Republic (CAR) and Democratic Republic of the Congo.

East Sudanian Savanna

northern lowland regionsavannaSudan-Guinea Savanna Biome
Most of the CAR consists of Sudano-Guinean savannas, but the country also includes a Sahelo-Sudanian zone in the north and an equatorial forest zone in the south.
There are national parks at the edges of the region, in Cameroon and Ethiopia, and other protected areas but most of these are severely under-resourced, and apart from hunting for sport in the Central African Republic there is very little wildlife-based tourism.

History of slavery

slave tradeslave traderslave trading
During the 16th and 17th centuries slave traders began to raid the region as part of the expansion of the Saharan and Nile River slave routes.
The eastern regions of the Central African Republic have never recovered demographically from the impact of 19th-century raids from the Sudan and still have a population density of less than 1 person/km².

Bangui

Bangui, Central African RepublicBangiBangui Commune, Central African Republic
In September 1940, during the Second World War, pro-Gaullist French officers took control of Ubangi-Shari and General Leclerc established his headquarters for the Free French Forces in Bangui.
Bangui (or Bangî in Sango, formerly written Bangi in English) is the capital and largest city of the Central African Republic.

Barthélemy Boganda

Barthélémy BogandaBogandaBoganda Day
In 1946 Barthélémy Boganda was elected with 9,000 votes to the French National Assembly, becoming the first representative of the CAR in the French government.
Barthélemy Boganda (4 April 1910 – 29 March 1959) was the leading nationalist politician of what is now the Central African Republic.

Movement for the Social Evolution of Black Africa

MESAN
Boganda maintained a political stance against racism and the colonial regime but gradually became disheartened with the French political system and returned to CAR to establish the Movement for the Social Evolution of Black Africa (Mouvement pour l'évolution sociale de l'Afrique noire, MESAN) in 1950.
The Movement for the Social Evolution of Black Africa (Mouvement pour l'évolution sociale de l'Afrique noire; MESAN) is a political party in the Central African Republic.