A report on New York City and Central Park

Randel's surveying bolt
New Amsterdam, centered in the eventual Lower Manhattan, in 1664, the year England took control and renamed it "New York"
Map of the former Seneca Village from Viele's survey for Central Park
Fort George and the City of New York c. 1731. Royal Navy ships of the line are seen guarding what would become New York Harbor.
The Lake, one of the first features of Central Park to be completed
Columbia University was founded by royal charter in 1754 under the name of King's College.
Bethesda Terrace and Fountain under construction in 1862
The Battle of Long Island, the largest battle of the American Revolution, took place in Brooklyn in 1776.
Gentry in the new park, c. undefined 1870
Broadway follows the Native American Wickquasgeck Trail through Manhattan.
Belvedere Castle, completed 1869
The current 5 boroughs of Greater New York as they appeared in 1814. Bronx was in Westchester County, Queens County included modern Nassau County, Kings County had 6 towns, one of which was Brooklyn, New York City is shown by hatching in southern New York County on the island of Manhattan, and Richmond County on Staten Island.
Lower end of the mall, seen in 1901
A construction worker atop the Empire State Building as it was being built in 1930. The Chrysler Building is behind him.
East side of Rat Rock
Manhattan's Little Italy, Lower East Side, circa 1900
Wooded area of the Ramble
The Stonewall Inn in Greenwich Village, a designated U.S. National Historic Landmark and National Monument, as the site of the June 1969 Stonewall riots and the cradle of the modern gay rights movement
Female northern cardinal, one of the bird species found in Central Park
United Airlines Flight 175 hits the South Tower of the World Trade Center on September 11, 2001.
The USS Maine National Monument
The core of the New York City metropolitan area, with Manhattan Island at its center
Metropolitan Museum of Art
Bethesda Terrace and Fountain
Lower and Midtown Manhattan, as seen by a SkySat satellite in 2017
Gapstow Bridge in fall
Central Park in Winter by Raymond Speers, in Munsey's Magazine, February 1900
Angel of the Waters (1873) in Bethesda Fountain
Flushing Meadows–Corona Park was used in both the 1939 and 1964 New York World's Fair, with the Unisphere as the centerpiece of the latter and which remains today.
Cleopatra's Needle, the park's oldest man-made structure
The Statue of Liberty on Liberty Island in New York Harbor is a symbol of the United States and its ideals of freedom, democracy, and opportunity.
Horse-drawn carriage by the park
View of The Pond and Midtown Manhattan from the Gapstow Bridge in Central Park, one of the world's most visited tourist attractions, in 2019
Summerstage features free musical concerts throughout the summer.
California sea lions play at the Bronx Zoo, the world's largest metropolitan zoo.
Entrance to the Fifth Avenue–59th Street subway station just outside Central Park
A map of racial distribution in New York, 2010 U.S. census. Each dot is 25 people:
66th Street transverse
The landmark Neo-Gothic Roman Catholic St. Patrick's Cathedral, Midtown Manhattan
Center Drive in Central Park
Ultra-Orthodox Jewish residents in Brooklyn. Brooklyn has the largest Jewish community in the United States, with approximately 600,000 individuals.
North Woods, one of several places where crimes were reported during the 1989 Central Park jogger case
The Islamic Cultural Center of New York in Upper Manhattan was the first mosque built in New York City.
Sheep Meadow, a common place for gatherings
Ganesh Temple in Flushing, Queens, is the oldest Hindu temple in the Western Hemisphere.
Skyscrapers abut the southern border of Central Park.
The New York Stock Exchange, by a significant margin the world's largest stock exchange per market capitalization of its listed companies, at US$23.1 trillion as of April 2018. Pictured is the exchange's building on Wall Street.
The Deutsche Bank Center as viewed from Central Park West
Times Square is the hub of the Broadway theater district and a media center. It also has one of the highest annual attendance rates of any tourist attraction in the world, estimated at 50 million.
The I Love New York logo, designed by Milton Glaser in 1977
Rockefeller Center is home to NBC Studios.
Times Square Studios, home of Good Morning America
Butler Library at Columbia University, described as one of the most beautiful college libraries in the United States
The Washington Square Arch, an unofficial icon of both New York University (NYU) and its Greenwich Village neighborhood
New York-Presbyterian Hospital, affiliated with Columbia University and Cornell University, the largest hospital and largest private employer in New York City and one of the world's busiest
The New York Police Department (NYPD) is the largest police force in the United States.
Police officers of New York Police Department (NYPD)
The Fire Department of New York (FDNY) is the largest municipal fire department in the United States.
The Stephen A. Schwarzman Headquarters Building of the New York Public Library, at 5th Avenue and 42nd Street
The fast-paced streets of New York City, January 2020
Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, part of Museum Mile, is one of the largest museums in the world.
Smorgasburg opened in 2011 as an open-air food market and is part of the Brooklyn Flea.
As of 2012, the city had about 6,000 hybrid taxis (shown) in service, the largest number of any city in North America.
New York City Hall is the oldest City Hall in the United States that still houses its original governmental functions.
The New York County Courthouse houses the New York Supreme Court and other offices.
Eric Adams, the current and 110th Mayor of New York City
New York City is home to the two busiest train stations in the U.S., including Grand Central Terminal.
The New York City Subway is the world's largest rapid transit system by number of stations.
The Port Authority Bus Terminal, the world's busiest bus station, at 8th Avenue and 42nd Street
John F. Kennedy Airport in Queens, the busiest international air passenger gateway to the United States
The Staten Island Ferry shuttles commuters between Manhattan and Staten Island.
Yellow medallion taxicabs are widely recognized icons of the city.
8th Avenue, looking northward ("uptown"). Most streets and avenues in Manhattan's grid plan incorporate a one-way traffic configuration.
The George Washington Bridge, connecting Upper Manhattan (background) from Fort Lee, New Jersey across the Hudson River, is the world's busiest motor vehicle bridge.
The growing skyline of Long Island City, Queens (background),<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-10-30/nyc-s-fastest-growing-neighborhood-gets-180-million-investment|title=NYC's Fastest-Growing Neighborhood Gets $180 Million Investment|first=Henry|last=Goldman|date=October 30, 2018|publisher=Bloomberg L.P|access-date=October 30, 2018}}</ref> facing the East River and Manhattan in May 2017
The Grand Concourse in the Bronx, foreground, with Manhattan in the background in February 2018
St. George, Staten Island as seen from the Staten Island Ferry, the world's busiest passenger-only ferry system, shuttling passengers between Manhattan and Staten Island
The Asia gate entrance to the Bronx Zoo, the world's largest metropolitan zoo.
The Spanish Harlem Orchestra. New York City is home to nearly 3 million Latino Americans, the largest Hispanic population of any city outside Latin America and Spain.
The Financial District of Lower Manhattan including Wall Street, the world's principal financial center

Central Park is an urban park in New York City, between the Upper West and Upper East Sides of Manhattan.

- Central Park

Public-minded members of the contemporaneous business elite lobbied for the establishment of Central Park, which in 1857 became the first landscaped park in an American city.

- New York City

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Peter Minuit, early 1600s
Pieter Schaghen's 1626 letter saying Manhattan was purchased for 60 guilders.
The Castello Plan showing the Dutch city of New Amsterdam in 1660, at the southern tip of Manhattan
Washington's statue in front of Federal Hall on Wall Street, where in 1789 he was sworn in as first U.S. president
Manhattan in 1873. The Brooklyn Bridge was under construction from 1870 until 1883
The "Sanitary & Topographical Map of the City and Island of New York", commonly known as the Viele Map, was created by Egbert Ludovicus Viele in 1865
Manhattan's Little Italy, Lower East Side, circa 1900
Manhattan personified, early 20th century
V-J Day in Times Square in Times Square, 1945
Flooding on Avenue C caused by Hurricane Sandy on October 29, 2012
Satellite image of Manhattan Island, bounded by the Hudson River to the west, the Harlem River to the north, the East River to the east, and New York Harbor to the south, with rectangular Central Park prominently visible. Roosevelt Island, in the East River, belongs to Manhattan.
Location of Manhattan (red) within New York City (remainder yellow)
Manhattan schist outcropping in Central Park
Liberty Island is an exclave of Manhattan, of New York City, and of New York State, that is surrounded by New Jersey waters
The Empire State Building in the foreground looking southward from the top of Rockefeller Center, with One World Trade Center in the background, at sunset. The Midtown South Community Council acts as a civic caretaker for much of the neighborhood between the skyscrapers of Midtown and Lower Manhattan.
Central Park in autumn
The Estonian House, the main center of Estonian culture amongst Estonian Americans
A. T. Stewart in 1870, 9th Street, Manhattan
Many tall buildings have setbacks on their facade due to the 1916 Zoning Resolution. This is exemplified at Park Avenue and 57th Street in Midtown Manhattan.
The New York Stock Exchange, by a significant margin the world's largest stock exchange per market capitalization of its listed companies, at US$23.1 trillion as of April 2018.
The Financial District of Lower Manhattan, seen from Brooklyn
The Flatiron District is the center and birthplace of Silicon Alley
Times Square is the hub of the Broadway theater district and a major cultural venue in Manhattan, it also has one of the highest annual attendance rates of any tourist attraction in the world, estimated at 50 million
The New York Times headquarters, 620 Eighth Avenue
Butler Library at Columbia University, with its notable architectural design
Stuyvesant High School, in Tribeca
New York Public Library Main Branch at 42nd Street and Fifth Avenue
Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts
The scene at Manhattan's 2015 LGBT Pride March. The annual event rivals the sister São Paulo event as the world's largest pride parade, attracting tens of thousands of participants and millions of sidewalk spectators each June.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Madison Square Garden is home to the Rangers and Knicks, and hosts some Liberty games
The Skating Pond in Central Park, 1862
Manhattan Municipal Building
James Farley Post Office
A slum tour through the Five Points in an 1885 sketch
Tenement houses in 1936
At the time of its construction, London Terrace in Chelsea was the largest apartment building in the world
Grand Central Terminal is a National Historic Landmark.
Ferries departing Battery Park City and helicopters flying above Manhattan
The Staten Island Ferry, seen from the Battery, crosses Upper New York Bay, providing free public transportation between Staten Island and Manhattan.
The Brooklyn Bridge to the right and the Manhattan Bridge towards the left, are two of the three bridges that connect Lower Manhattan with Brooklyn over the East River.
Eighth Avenue, looking northward ("Uptown"), in the rain; most streets and avenues in Manhattan's grid plan incorporate a one-way traffic configuration
Tourists looking westward at sunset to observe the July 12, 2016 Manhattanhenge
Ferry service departing Battery Park City towards New Jersey, see from Paulus Hook

Manhattan, known regionally as The City, is the most densely populated and geographically smallest of the five boroughs of New York City.

Many districts and landmarks in Manhattan are well known, as New York City received a record 62.8 million tourists in 2017, and Manhattan hosts three of the world's 10 most-visited tourist attractions in 2013: Times Square, Central Park, and Grand Central Terminal.

Looking northward from the Metropolitan Museum of Art at 81st Street

Fifth Avenue

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Looking northward from the Metropolitan Museum of Art at 81st Street
Robert L. Bracklow (1849–1919), from his Glimpses through the Camera series, Fifth Avenue at 42nd Street, New York, USA, September 1, 1888, albumen print cabinet card, Department of Image Collections, National Gallery of Art Library, Washington, DC
Fifth Avenue after a snow storm in 1905
Members of Naval Reserve Center Bronx's color guard march up Fifth Avenue at the 244th Annual NYC St. Patrick's Day parade
1026–1028 Fifth Avenue, one of the few extant mansions on Millionaire's Row
The Museum Mile street sign
The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Fifth Avenue looking north from 51st Street. This section of the street contains numerous boutiques and flagship stores.
Bird's-eye view looking north from 51st St. c. 1893
Street view looking north from 51st St. c. 1895
The same shot in March 2015
Christmas on Fifth Avenue in 1896
Fifth Avenue, 1918
Fifth Avenue begins at the Washington Square Arch in Washington Square Park
Memorial to New York architect Richard Morris Hunt, Fifth Avenue between 70th and 71st Streets
The Plaza Hotel, c.1907

Fifth Avenue is a major thoroughfare in the borough of Manhattan in New York City.

Fifth Avenue was originally only a narrower thoroughfare but the section south of Central Park was widened in 1908.

Upper West Side

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Verdi Square at the intersection of Broadway and Amsterdam Avenue. The 72nd Street subway station on the is in the center of the square.
A typical midblock view on the Upper West Side consisting of 4- and 5-story brownstones
Bloomingdale Playground, which retains the old name of Bloomingdale Road
The Apthorp on West End Avenue
Lincoln Square at night
Westside YMCA
American Broadcasting Company headquarters
Jewish Guild for the Blind
American Museum of Natural History
Nicholas Roerich Museum
Firemen's Memorial
View from 79th Street and West End Avenue
Sidewalk cafe on Broadway and 112th Street
Two popular groceries on Broadway: Fairway left, Citarella right
PS 163
New York Public Library, St Agnes branch
Fourth Universalist Society in the City of New York
Blessed Sacrament Roman Catholic Church
The landmark building of West-Park Presbyterian Church
The Spanish and Portuguese Synagogue, Congregation Shearith Israel, is the oldest Jewish congregation in the U.S. (est. 1654)
Roman Catholic Church of the Holy Trinity 213 West 82nd Street
St. Volodymyr Ukrainian Orthodox Church, formerly home to Temple Shaarey Tefila, 180 West 82d Street
Young Israel of the Upper West Side
Cong Ohav Sholom

The Upper West Side (UWS) is a neighborhood in the borough of Manhattan in New York City.

It is bounded by Central Park on the east, the Hudson River on the west, West 59th Street to the south, and West 110th Street to the north.

Upper East Side

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Gracie Mansion, last remaining East River villa
45 East 66th Street, a designated New York City landmark, as seen across Madison Avenue
Musical Mutual Protective Union, 85th Street
The Metropolitan Museum of Art at Fifth Avenue and 82nd Street
The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum at Fifth Avenue and 89th Street
The Jewish Museum on Fifth Avenue at 92nd St. The Museum Mile Festival
Archdiocesan Cathedral of the Holy Trinity
Temple Emanu-El of New York
Quarters of FDNY Engine Company 39/Ladder Company 16
NewYork–Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medical Center
Urban Academy Laboratory High School is in the Julia Richman Education Complex
Marymount School of New York
The West Building of Hunter College
New York Public Library, Yorkville branch

The Upper East Side, sometimes abbreviated UES, is a neighborhood in the borough of Manhattan in New York City, bounded by 96th Street to the north, the East River to the east, 59th Street to the south, and Central Park/Fifth Avenue to the west.


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A map of Upper Manhattan, with Greater Harlem highlighted. Harlem proper is the neighborhood in the center.
Harlem, from the old fort in the Central Park, New York Public Library
Three Harlem Women, ca. 1930
Apartment building in Central Harlem
A condemned building in Harlem after the 1970s
Welcome to Harlem sign above the now defunct Victoria 5 cinema theater on 125th st
The Apollo Theater on 125th Street in November 2006
Spiritual African Drummer on 135th Street between Adam Clayton Powell Boulevard and Frederick Douglass Boulevard
Black Ivory in Harlem 2017
St. Andrew's Episcopal Church
St Martin's Episcopal Church, at Lenox Avenue and 122nd Street
Hotel Theresa building at the corner of Adam Clayton Powell Jr. Boulevard and 125th Street
Adam Clayton Powell Jr. State Office Building, at the same intersection as the Hotel Theresa
NYPD Police Service Area 6, which serves NYCHA developments in greater Harlem
The Harlem riot of 1964
The Quarters of FDNY Engine Company 59/Ladder Company 30
Drew Hamilton Houses, a large low-income NYCHA housing project in Central Harlem
New York Public Library, Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture

Harlem is a neighborhood in Upper Manhattan, New York City.

The greater Harlem area encompasses several other neighborhoods and extends west to the Hudson River, north to 155th Street, east to the East River, and south to Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard, Central Park, and East 96th Street.

Daytime scene on Broadway Broadway.png Broadway through Manhattan, the Bronx and lower Westchester County is highlighted in red

Broadway (Manhattan)

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Road in the U.S. state of New York.

Road in the U.S. state of New York.

Daytime scene on Broadway Broadway.png Broadway through Manhattan, the Bronx and lower Westchester County is highlighted in red
Broadway in 1834
Broadway in 1860
Somerindyke House, Bloomingdale Road, middle 19th century
Looking north from Broome Street (circa 1853–55)
In 1885, the Broadway commercial district was overrun with telephone, telegraph, and electrical lines. This view was north from Cortlandt and Maiden Lane.
The segment of Broadway in Times Square
A view up Broadway from Bowling Green, with the Chrysler Building visible in the background
A view of Broadway in 1909
Broadway looking north from 48th Street in the Theater District
X-shaped intersection of Broadway (from lower right to upper left) and Amsterdam Avenue (lower left to upper right), looking north from Sherman Square to West 72nd Street and the treetops of Verdi Square
Broadway at Dyckman Street in Inwood
North Broadway (U.S. 9) in Yonkers
The Washington Irving Memorial on North Broadway in Irvington, not far from Irving's home, Sunnyside
Canyon of Heroes during a ticker-tape parade for the Apollo 11 astronauts on August 13, 1969
Broadway under the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line's elevated structure in the Bronx
Plan of 1868 for an "arcade railway"
International Mercantile Marine Company Building

Broadway runs from State Street at Bowling Green for 13 mi through the borough of Manhattan and 2 mi through the Bronx, exiting north from New York City to run an additional 18 mi through the Westchester County municipalities of Yonkers, Hastings-On-Hudson, Dobbs Ferry, Irvington, and Tarrytown, and terminating north of Sleepy Hollow.

At the southwest corner of Central Park, Broadway crosses Eighth Avenue (called Central Park West north of 59th Street) at West 59th Street and Columbus Circle; on the site of the former New York Coliseum convention center is the new shopping center at the foot of the Time Warner Center, headquarters of Time Warner.

Peretz Square, Houston Street on left; 1st Street on right

List of numbered streets in Manhattan

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Peretz Square, Houston Street on left; 1st Street on right
St. Mark's Place
Little West 12th Street as viewed from the rooftop of The Standard, High Line
14th Street–Union Square station
Irving Place Theatre, from Northeast corner of Irving Place and East 15th Street
The Center for Jewish History at 15 West 16th Street
Bike parking at 17th Street
33 East 17th Street (NRHP)
Gershwin Hotel on East 27th Street
Korea Way in Koreatown, as seen on 32nd Street, with ubiquitous street signage in Hangul (한글)
A view of the Empire State Building from 33rd Street and Park Avenue Subway Station
Shops along Designers' Way
Mount Vernon Hotel Museum on East 61st Street
Archdiocesan Cathedral of the Holy Trinity
120-130 East 80th Street, with three of the four East 80th Street Houses; the Astor House is on the left, the Whitney House on the right, and the Dillon House is between them.
112th Street East of Broadway
Butler Library
Jewish Theological Seminary
The Apollo Theater
Western end
Underneath; unconnected
East end of 181st Street
West 187th Street stairs to Ft. Washington Avenue

The New York City borough of Manhattan contains 214 numbered east–west streets ranging from 1st to 228th, the majority of them designated in the Commissioners' Plan of 1811.

The first segment, West 90th Street begins at Riverside Drive and ends at Central Park West or West Drive, when it is open, in Central Park on the Upper West Side.


Van Cortlandt Park

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Remains of the New York and Putnam Railroad, Van Cortlandt Station inside the park
Van Cortlandt Park, Oscar Florianus Bluemner, 1936
Rocky terrain in the park
The Sachkerah Woods Playground, located at Van Cortlandt Park's southeast corner
Putnam Trail entrance, looking south from the city line.
The park's own little stonehenge, a former structural stone testing site for the construction of Grand Central Terminal
The historic Van Cortlandt House, now a museum
Riverdale Stables
The lake and golf course at sunset; the former railroad bridge is at far left
View of the Parade Ground from the starting line of the cross-country course
The interchange of Henry Hudson, Saw Mill, and Mosholu Parkways in the park
The abandoned Putnam Railroad bridge over the Henry Hudson Parkway
The Van Cortlandt Park–242nd Street station

Van Cortlandt Park is a 1146 acre park located in the borough of the Bronx in New York City.

Olmsted noted the natural beauty of the Van Cortlandt estate, comparing it to Central Park which he designed, and recommended the city purchase the property.

A map showing major greenspaces in New York City: 1) Central Park, 2) Van Cortlandt Park, 3) Bronx Park, 4) Pelham Bay Park, 5) Flushing Meadows Park, 6) Forest Park, 7) Prospect Park, 8) Floyd Bennett Field, 9) Jamaica Bay, A) Jacob Riis Park and Fort Tilden, B) Fort Wadsworth, C) Miller Field, D) Great Kills Park

List of New York City parks

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A map showing major greenspaces in New York City: 1) Central Park, 2) Van Cortlandt Park, 3) Bronx Park, 4) Pelham Bay Park, 5) Flushing Meadows Park, 6) Forest Park, 7) Prospect Park, 8) Floyd Bennett Field, 9) Jamaica Bay, A) Jacob Riis Park and Fort Tilden, B) Fort Wadsworth, C) Miller Field, D) Great Kills Park
Central Park is one of the most visited urban parks in the United States.
A pigeon at Bryant Park
Joyce Kilmer Park
St Mary's Park
Calvert Vaux Park
Continental Army Plaza
Dreier-Offerman Park
Seaside - Asser Levy park
Dag Hammarskjöld Plaza
Columbus Park
Tribeca Park
Captain Tilly Park
Rufus King Park
Buono Beach

This is a list of New York City parks.

Major municipal parks include Central Park, Prospect Park, Flushing Meadows-Corona Park, and Forest Park.

The elevated railroad reached its highest elevation in New York City at the 110th Street curve, 1915

110th Street (Manhattan)

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The elevated railroad reached its highest elevation in New York City at the 110th Street curve, 1915
Central Park North and Fifth
Lincoln Correctional Facility
Frederick Douglass Circle
Looking west along West 110th Street from Broadway, toward Riverside Park

110th Street is a street in the New York City borough of Manhattan.

It is commonly known as the boundary between Harlem and Central Park, along which it is known as Central Park North.