A report on Cerrado

Vegetation in northwest Minas Gerais, Brazil.
Vegetation in Pirineus State Park, Goiás
Fields of flowers in bloom during spring, Chapada do Veadeiros, Goiás, Brazil.
Autumn foliage during the fall, Chapada dos Veadeiros, Goiás, Brazil.
Green vegetation during the summer, Chapada dos Veadeiros, Goiás, Brazil.
Dry and cold winter in the Cerrado.
Cerrado vegetation of Brazil.
The frog species Physalaemus nattereri (posterior view shown) is found in the open cerrado, but not in adjacent gallery forests.
Red brocket
Giant anteater
Manned wolf
Seriema

Vast tropical savanna ecoregion of Brazil, particularly in the states of Goiás, Mato Grosso do Sul, Mato Grosso, Tocantins, Minas Gerais and the Federal District.

- Cerrado
Vegetation in northwest Minas Gerais, Brazil.

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Overall

The Black River running through the Chapada dos Veadeiros National Park

Goiás

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Brazilian state located in the Center-West region.

Brazilian state located in the Center-West region.

The Black River running through the Chapada dos Veadeiros National Park
Dom Bosco Church in Catalão.
Chemical-mineral complex of the Fosfértil company in Catalão.
The Mitsubishi plant in Catalão.
Wave pool, where thermal water is used, located in RioQuente Resorts, Caldas Novas.
Waterfall, in Pirenópolis.
View of Catalão in Goiás.
Chapada dos Veadeiros National Park
serra dos Pirineus in Goiás
Basilica of the Eternal Father
Wheat harvest in Goiás
BR-060 Highway
Santa Barbara Waterfall in Cavalcante
View of Catalão in Goiás.
Serra Dourada Stadium in Goiânia

Goiás is covered with a woodland savanna known in Brazil as campo cerrado, although there are still tropical forests along the rivers.

Minas Gerais

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State in Southeastern Brazil.

State in Southeastern Brazil.

Town of Bom Jesus de Matosinhos c.1821–1825
Maxakalisaurus.
Baruch, 18th century Baroque sculpture, by Aleijadinho
People of Minas Gerais in the 1820s
Downtown of Uberlândia, largest city in the state after Belo Horizonte.
Indians visiting a farm plantation in Minas Gerais, 1824
Imperial topaz of Minas Gerais
This satellite photograph illustrates the diverse agricultural landscape in the western part of Minas Gerais.
Coffee in São João do Manhuaçu
Strawberry in Estiva
Milk extraction in Ouro Preto
Iron mine in Itabira
Extraction of niobium in Araxá
Aquamarine of Minas Gerais
Usiminas headquarters in Belo Horizonte
Governador Valadares City
Pontifical Catholic University of Minas Gerais
Federal University of Viçosa
Baroque churches in Mariana.
Carlos Drummond de Andrade, considered one of the most talented Brazilian poets. He often wrote about Itabira the interior of the state, the place where he was born and raised and where his parents were from.
Romeu e Julieta (left; queijo Minas with goiabada) and doce de leite (right), two sweets typical of Minas Gerais.
Yayoi Kusama at the Inhotim in Brumadinho
Milton Nascimento, one of the most iconic musicians of Minas Gerais, 17 March 1969.
Palácio Tiradentes, the seat of government of Minas Gerais
Fernão Dias highway
Mineirão stadium in Belo Horizonte.
Belo Horizonte
Downtown of Uberlândia, largest city in the state after Belo Horizonte.
The 13 intermediate geographic regions of Minas Gerais, divided by a red line. Inside them, the immediate geographic regions (70 at the total), divided by a black line.
Governador Valadares City
Coffee in Santo Antonio do Amparo
Pontifical Catholic University of Minas Gerais
Corn plantation in Paracatu
Confins International Airport
Beans production in Minas Gerais
Belo Horizonte
Cattle in Pingo-d'Água
Oil refinery in Betim
Linguistic map of the state, according to the scientific study Esboço de um Atlas Linguístico de Minas Gerais (EALMG), "Draft of a Linguistic Atlas for Minas Gerais". UFJF, 1977. The three dialects' zones are shown: mineiro, caipira and baiano.
Pão de Queijo is a traditional Brazilian snack originating in Minas Gerais
Belo Horizonte

The west of Minas Gerais, also known as "Triângulo Mineiro" (which means "the Minas Triangle", due to the geographic shape of this region), is composed of a particular type of savanna, known as the Cerrado. This region was initially occupied by large free-wheeling beef ranches, which are still important for the economy of the region. Over the 1990s, extensive soy and corn farms occupied much of the farming land available. The Cerrado is also one of the principal coffee-growing areas of Brazil. The main cities of this region are Uberlândia, Uberaba, Patos de Minas and Araguari.

Tocantins

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One of the 26 states of Brazil.

One of the 26 states of Brazil.

Amazon rainforest
Jalapão in Tocantins
Map of the Province of Araguaia, created during the Empire of Brazil, 1873. Today, Tocantins lies in this area. National Archives of Brazil.
Irrigated rice in Formoso do Araguaia
Cattle in Tocantins
The BR-153 (also known as Belém–Brasília Highway) is the main highway of the Tocantins state.
Jalapão in Tocantins
Serra Geral do Tocantins Ecological Station
The BR-153 (also known as Belém–Brasília Highway) is the main highway of the Tocantins state.
Palmas Airport
Formiga waterfall
Araguaia National Park

Because it is in the central zone of the country, Tocantins has characteristics of the Amazon Basin, and also semi-open pastures, known as cerrado.

Mato Grosso

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One of the states of Brazil, the third largest by area, located in the Central-West region.

One of the states of Brazil, the third largest by area, located in the Central-West region.

Chapada dos Guimarães
Guaporé River in Mato Grosso
Soy plantation in Mato Grosso
Cattle in Mato Grosso
Federal University of Mato Grosso in Cuiabá
Kuikuro people from Mato Grosso
Theatre of Federal University of Mato Grosso
Marechal Rondon International Airport in Várzea Grande
BR-163-364-070 in Mato Grosso
Arena Pantanal in Cuiabá.
Paraguay River in Mato Grosso
Salgadeira Waterfall
Andorinha Waterfall
Pantanal in Mato Grosso
Cuiabá River
Chapada dos Guimarães National Park
Plantation area in Mato Grosso
Campus of the Federal University of Mato Grosso in Cuiabá
Museum of Sacred Art of Cuiabá
Marechal Rondon International Airport in Várzea Grande
BR-174 highway in Mato Grosso
Paraguay River in Mato Grosso
Araras Nobres lagoon
Pantanal in Mato Grosso

A state with a flat landscape that alternates between vast chapadas and plain areas, Mato Grosso contains three main ecosystems: the Cerrado, the Pantanal and the Amazon rainforest.

Mato Grosso do Sul

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One of the Midwestern states of Brazil.

One of the Midwestern states of Brazil.

Map of Köppen climate types of Mato Grosso do Sul
Pantanal
Paraguay River in Mato Grosso do Sul
Aerial view of Campo Grande, the capital.
Corn in Dourados
Engineer Souza Dias Dam.
Campo Grande is the most important educational centre of the state.
ENFOB Museum in Campo Grande.
Rio da Prata (River of Silver) in Jardim.
Recreational scuba diver in Bonito.
Capybara in Pantanal.
Campo Grande International Airport.
BR-267 in Mato Grosso do Sul.
Corn in Dourados
Metalfrio headquarters in Três Lagoas
Blue-and-yellow macaw in Bonito
MS-040 in Mato Grosso do Sul.

The "cerrado" landscape is characterized by extensive savanna formations crossed by gallery forests and stream valleys.

Federal District (Brazil)

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One of 27 federative units of Brazil.

One of 27 federative units of Brazil.

Buriti Palace, seat of the government of the Federal District.
Headquarters of the Legislative Chamber of the Federal District.
Federal District products treemap, 2020
Brasília inauguration in 1960
Buriti Palace, seat of the government of the Federal District.
Brasília International Airport

The artificial Paranoá Lake, with almost 40 km2 and 500 e6m3 of water, was built to minimize the severe drought and consequent flammability of the dry season in the cerrado region.

Brazil

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Largest country in both South America and Latin America.

Largest country in both South America and Latin America.

Depiction of Pedro Álvares Cabral landing in Porto Seguro in 1500, ushering in more than 300 years of Portuguese rule of Colonial Brazil.
Painting showing the arrest of Tiradentes; he was sentenced to death for his involvement in the best known movement for independence in Colonial Brazil. Painting of 1914.
The Acclamation of King João VI of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves in Rio de Janeiro, 6 February 1818
Declaration of the Brazilian independence by Prince Pedro (later Emperor Pedro I) on 7 September 1822.
Pedro II, Emperor of Brazil between 1831 and 1889.
Soldiers of the FEB, the only Latin American military force in World War II, in Massarosa, Italy, 1944.
Ulysses Guimarães holding the Constitution of 1988 in his hands
Coin of 1 real commemorating 25 years of Real Plan, which brought stability to the Brazilian economy after years of hyperinflation.
Topographic map of Brazil
Rock formations and the Dedo de Deus (God's Finger) peak in the background, Serra dos Órgãos National Park, Rio de Janeiro state
Brazil map of Köppen climate classification zones
Female pantanal jaguar in Piquirí River, Mato Grosso. Pantanal is the world's largest tropical wetland area.
The Amazon rainforest, the most biodiverse rainforest in the world
Palácio do Planalto, the official workplace of the President of Brazil.
National Congress, seat of the legislative branch.
Supreme Federal Court of Brazil serves primarily as the Constitutional Court of the country
Itamaraty Palace, the seat of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Field agents of the Federal Police's Tactical Operations Command.
A proportional representation of Brazil exports, 2019
SUS official symbol, the Brazilian publicly funded health care system
Historical building of the Federal University of Paraná, one of the oldest universities in Brazil, located in Curitiba.
Former President Dilma Rousseff at Jornal Nacional news program. Rede Globo is the world's second-largest commercial television network.
Population density of Brazilian municipalities
Immigration Museum of the State of São Paulo in the neighborhood of Mooca, in São Paulo city. The Italian Brazilians are 15% of the population and the largest Italian community outside Italy.
The Christ the Redeemer statue in Rio de Janeiro is one of the most famous religious statues worldwide
Museum of the Portuguese Language in São Paulo city, São Paulo.
Ocas of the Kuikuro people, Xingu Indigenous Park, Mato Grosso
Pomerode, Santa Catarina, is one of the municipalities with a cooficial language. In this region, Hunsrückisch and East Pomeranian, German dialects, are two of the minor languages (see Brazilian German).
Parade of Portela samba school at the Rio Carnival, the largest carnival in the world
Tom Jobim, one of the creators of bossa nova, and Chico Buarque, one of the leading names of MPB.
Machado de Assis, poet and novelist, founder of the Brazilian Academy of Letters.
Festival de Gramado, the biggest film festival in the country
São Paulo Municipal Theater, significant both for its architectural value as well as for its historical importance.
Candido Portinari in 1962, one of the most important Brazilian painters
Players at the podium with the first Olympic Gold of the Brazil national football team, won in the 2016 Summer Olympics. Football is the most popular sport in the country.
Brazil's tropical primary (old-growth) forest loss greatly exceeds that of other countries (compare rectangular areas), though its percentage loss is about the median among the ten countries with the greatest loss.
Rock art at Serra da Capivara National Park, one of the largest and oldest concentrations of prehistoric sites in the Americas.
Palácio do Planalto, the official workplace of the President of Brazil.
Declaration of the Brazilian independence by Prince Pedro (later Emperor Pedro I) on 7 September 1822.
The Cathedral of Brasilia, designed by Brazilian architect Oscar Niemeyer for the federal capital, an example of Modern architecture
Brazil's tropical primary (old-growth) forest loss greatly exceeds that of other countries
Feijoada is one of the main dishes of Brazilian cuisine
Augusto Boal presenting a workshop on the Theatre of the Oppressed at Riverside Church in New York City in 2008

Brazil's large territory comprises different ecosystems, such as the Amazon rainforest, recognized as having the greatest biological diversity in the world, with the Atlantic Forest and the Cerrado, sustaining the greatest biodiversity.

Emas National Park

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National park and a UNESCO World Heritage Site in the states of Goiás and Mato Grosso do Sul in Brazil.

National park and a UNESCO World Heritage Site in the states of Goiás and Mato Grosso do Sul in Brazil.

It covers 1320 km2 of cerrado savannah.

Typical tropical savanna in Northern Australia demonstrating the high tree density and regular spacing characteristic of many savannas

Savanna

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Mixed woodland-grassland ecosystem characterised by the trees being sufficiently widely spaced so that the canopy does not close.

Mixed woodland-grassland ecosystem characterised by the trees being sufficiently widely spaced so that the canopy does not close.

Typical tropical savanna in Northern Australia demonstrating the high tree density and regular spacing characteristic of many savannas
Tarangire National Park in Tanzania, East Africa
Prescribed burn; Wisconsin bur oak savanna
Grevy's zebras grazing
Iberian pigs feeding on acorns of an holm oak
Savanna in eastern South Africa
Savanna in Western Sydney
Acacia savanna, Taita Hills Wildlife Sanctuary, Kenya.
Mediterranean savanna in the Alentejo region, Portugal
Oak savanna, United States

The South American savanna types cerrado sensu stricto and cerrado dense typically have densities of trees similar to or higher than that found in South American tropical forests, with savanna ranging from 800–3300 trees per hectare (trees/ha) and adjacent forests with 800–2000 trees/ha.

Sunset

Serra do Cipó National Park

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National park in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil.

National park in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil.

Sunset

The park is in the Cerrado biome.