Cerrado

Brazilian cerradoCampos CerradosCerrado ecoregionCerrado regionCerrado savannahCerrado subtropical savannasCerrado woodlands and savannasThe Cerradotropical savanna (''cerrado'')
The Cerrado is a vast tropical savanna ecoregion of Brazil, particularly in the states of Goiás, Mato Grosso do Sul, Mato Grosso, Tocantins, Minas Gerais and the Federal District.wikipedia
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Savanna

savannahsavannassavannahs
The Cerrado is a vast tropical savanna ecoregion of Brazil, particularly in the states of Goiás, Mato Grosso do Sul, Mato Grosso, Tocantins, Minas Gerais and the Federal District.
The South American savanna types cerrado sensu stricto and cerrado dense typically have densities of trees similar to or higher than that found in South American tropical forests, with savanna ranging from 800–3300 trees per hectare (trees/ha) and adjacent forests with 800–2000 trees/ha.

Mato Grosso

Mato Grosso stateMTMatto Grosso
The Cerrado is a vast tropical savanna ecoregion of Brazil, particularly in the states of Goiás, Mato Grosso do Sul, Mato Grosso, Tocantins, Minas Gerais and the Federal District.
A state with a flat landscape that alternates between vast chapadas and plain areas, Mato Grosso contains three main ecosystems: the Cerrado, the Pantanal and the Amazon rainforest.

Tocantins

Tocantins stateTOState of Tocantins
The Cerrado is a vast tropical savanna ecoregion of Brazil, particularly in the states of Goiás, Mato Grosso do Sul, Mato Grosso, Tocantins, Minas Gerais and the Federal District.
Because it is in the central zone of the country, Tocantins has characteristics of the Amazon Basin, and also semi-open pastures, known as cerrado.

Goiás

GoiasGOGoiás state
The Cerrado is a vast tropical savanna ecoregion of Brazil, particularly in the states of Goiás, Mato Grosso do Sul, Mato Grosso, Tocantins, Minas Gerais and the Federal District.
Goiás is covered with a woodland savanna known in Brazil as campo cerrado, although there are still tropical forests along the rivers.

Mato Grosso do Sul

Mato Grosso do Sul stateMSMato Grosso
The Cerrado is a vast tropical savanna ecoregion of Brazil, particularly in the states of Goiás, Mato Grosso do Sul, Mato Grosso, Tocantins, Minas Gerais and the Federal District.
The "cerrado" landscape is characterized by extensive savanna formations crossed by gallery forests and stream valleys.

Minas Gerais

MGMinas Gerais stateState of Minas Gerais
The Cerrado is a vast tropical savanna ecoregion of Brazil, particularly in the states of Goiás, Mato Grosso do Sul, Mato Grosso, Tocantins, Minas Gerais and the Federal District.

Brazil

BRABrasilBrazilian
The Cerrado is a vast tropical savanna ecoregion of Brazil, particularly in the states of Goiás, Mato Grosso do Sul, Mato Grosso, Tocantins, Minas Gerais and the Federal District.
Brazil's large territory comprises different ecosystems, such as the Amazon rainforest, recognized as having the greatest biological diversity in the world, with the Atlantic Forest and the Cerrado, sustaining the greatest biodiversity.

Federal District (Brazil)

Federal DistrictDistrito FederalDF
The Cerrado is a vast tropical savanna ecoregion of Brazil, particularly in the states of Goiás, Mato Grosso do Sul, Mato Grosso, Tocantins, Minas Gerais and the Federal District.
The artificial Paranoá Lake, with almost 40 km2 and 500 e6m3 of water, was built to minimize the severe dry climatic conditions of winter in the Cerrado vegetation.

Cerradão

cerradao
Goodland (1971) divided the Cerrado into four categories ranging from least to most canopy cover: campo sujo (herbaceous layer with occasional small trees about 3 m tall), campo cerrado (slightly higher density of trees about 4 m tall on average), cerrado sensu stricto (orchard-like vegetation with trees about 6 m high) and cerradao (canopy cover near 50% with general height 9 m).
Cerradão is a type of dry forest found in Brazil, associated with the cerrado savanna ecoregion.

Eugenius Warming

Eugen WarmingWarm.Warming
The first detailed account of the Brazilian cerrados was provided by Danish botanist Eugenius Warming (1892) in the book Lagoa Santa, in which he describes the main features of the cerrado vegetation in the state of Minas Gerais.
Having finished the taxonomical work, Warming finally published his ecological study of plant communities in the Lagoa Santa area, with cerrado as the main vegetation type.

Maned wolf

maned wolvesChrysocyonChrysocyon brachyurus
Notable species include large herbivores like the Brazilian tapir and Pampas deer and large predators like the maned wolf, cougar, jaguar, giant otter, ocelot and jaguarundi.
This mammal is found in open and semiopen habitats, especially grasslands with scattered bushes and trees, in the Cerrado of south, central-west, and southeastern Brazil; Paraguay; northern Argentina; and Bolivia east and north of the Andes, and far southeastern Peru (Pampas del Heath only).

Dwarf tinamou

TaoniscusTaoniscus nanus
The crowned solitary eagle, hyacinth macaw, toco toucan, buff-necked ibis, dwarf tinamou, and Brazilian merganser are examples of birds found in the Cerrado.
The dwarf tinamou is found in the arid scrub grasslands, around 1000 m in elevation, restricted to the Cerrado region of interior southeastern Brazil in Distrito Federal, Goiás, Minas Gerais, Mato Grosso do Sul, São Paulo and formerly Paraná.

Hyacinth macaw

Anodorhynchus hyacinthinushyacinthHyacinth Macaws
The crowned solitary eagle, hyacinth macaw, toco toucan, buff-necked ibis, dwarf tinamou, and Brazilian merganser are examples of birds found in the Cerrado.
The hyacinth macaw survives today in three main populations in South America: In the Pantanal region of Brazil, and adjacent eastern Bolivia and northeastern Paraguay, in the Cerrado region of the eastern interior of Brazil (Maranhão, Piauí, Bahia, Tocantins, Goiás, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, and Minas Gerais), and in the relatively open areas associated with the Tocantins River, Xingu River, Tapajós River, and the Marajó island in the eastern Amazon Basin of Brazil.

List of plants of Cerrado vegetation of Brazil

List of plants of cerrado vegetationplant of the Cerrado vegetation of Brazil
* List of plants of Cerrado vegetation of Brazil
This is a list of plants found in the wild in cerrado vegetation of Brazil.

Toco toucan

Ramphastos tococommon toucanToco toucan (''Ramphastos toco'')
The crowned solitary eagle, hyacinth macaw, toco toucan, buff-necked ibis, dwarf tinamou, and Brazilian merganser are examples of birds found in the Cerrado.
It can be found in a wide range of semi-open habitats such as woodland, savanna and other open habitats with scattered trees, Cerrado, plantations, forest-edge, and even wooded gardens.

Black-striped capuchin

bearded capuchinSapajus libidinosusblack-striped
Although the diversity is much lower than in the adjacent Amazon and Atlantic Forest, several species of monkeys are present, including black-striped capuchin, black howler monkey and black-tufted marmoset.
The black-striped capuchin is found in the Caatinga, Cerrado, and Pantanal of Brazil.

Soybean

soysoybeansGlycine max
Researchers also developed tropical varieties of soybeans, until then a temperate crop, and currently, Brazil is the world's main soyabeans exporter due to the boom in animal feed production caused by the global rise in meat demand.
Soil scientists Edson Lobato (Brazil), Andrew McClung (U.S.), and Alysson Paolinelli (Brazil) were awarded the 2006 World Food Prize for transforming the ecologically biodiverse savannah of the Cerrado region of Brazil into highly productive cropland that could grow profitable soybeans.

Jaguar

Panthera oncajaguarsYaguareté
Notable species include large herbivores like the Brazilian tapir and Pampas deer and large predators like the maned wolf, cougar, jaguar, giant otter, ocelot and jaguarundi.

Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation

EmbrapaEmpresa Brasileira de Pesquisa AgropecuáriaBrazilian Agricultural Research Agency
The Cerrado was thought challenging for agriculture until researchers at Brazil's agricultural and livestock research agency, Embrapa, discovered that it could be made fit for industrial crops by appropriate additions of phosphorus and lime.

Tropics

tropicaltropictropical zone
The Cerrado is a vast tropical savanna ecoregion of Brazil, particularly in the states of Goiás, Mato Grosso do Sul, Mato Grosso, Tocantins, Minas Gerais and the Federal District.

Ecoregion

ecoregionsterrestrialterrestrial ecoregion
The Cerrado is a vast tropical savanna ecoregion of Brazil, particularly in the states of Goiás, Mato Grosso do Sul, Mato Grosso, Tocantins, Minas Gerais and the Federal District.

Biome

biotabiomesmajor habitat type
The Cerrado biome core areas are the plateaus in the center of Brazil.

Plateau

plateausmountain plateauplateaux
The Cerrado biome core areas are the plateaus in the center of Brazil.

Gallery forest

gallery forestsgallerygallery woodland
Savanna wetlands and gallery forests are also included.

Endemism

endemicendemic speciesendemics
Since then vast amounts of research have proved that the Cerrado is one of the richest of all tropical savanna regions and has high levels of endemism.