Château Cantemerle

Cantemerle
Château Cantemerle is a winery in the Haut-Médoc appellation of the Bordeaux wine region of France, in the commune of Macau.wikipedia
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Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855

1855 Classification1855 Bordeaux classificationclassified
The wine produced here was the final estate to be classified as one of eighteen Cinquièmes Crus (Fifth Growths) in the Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855.
Within each category, the various châteaux are ranked in order of quality and only twice since the 1855 classification has there been a change: first when in 1856 Cantemerle was added as a fifth growth (having either been originally omitted by oversight or added as an afterthought, depending on which of the conflicting accounts is correct) and, more significantly, in 1973, when Château Mouton Rothschild was elevated from a second growth to a first growth vineyard after decades of intense lobbying by the powerful Philippe de Rothschild.

Château Mouton Rothschild

Chateau Mouton RothschildMouton RothschildChâteau Mouton
The second, and so far only other change, occurred in 1973 with the elevation of Château Mouton Rothschild from Second Growth to First Growth status.
In 1973, Mouton was elevated to "first growth" status after decades of intense lobbying by its powerful and influential owner, the only change in the original 1855 classification (excepting the 1856 addition of Château Cantemerle).

Haut-Médoc AOC

Haut-MédocHaut Médoc
Château Cantemerle is a winery in the Haut-Médoc appellation of the Bordeaux wine region of France, in the commune of Macau.

Second wine

second labelsecondsecond wines
The Chateau annually produces on average 25,000 cases of its Grand vin, and 12,500 cases of its second wine, Les Allées de Cantemerle.

Winery

winerieswine estatebodega
Château Cantemerle is a winery in the Haut-Médoc appellation of the Bordeaux wine region of France, in the commune of Macau.

Appellation d'origine contrôlée

appellationAOCAppellation d’Origine Contrôlée
Château Cantemerle is a winery in the Haut-Médoc appellation of the Bordeaux wine region of France, in the commune of Macau.

Bordeaux wine

BordeauxclaretBordeaux style
Château Cantemerle is a winery in the Haut-Médoc appellation of the Bordeaux wine region of France, in the commune of Macau.

Macau, Gironde

Macau
Château Cantemerle is a winery in the Haut-Médoc appellation of the Bordeaux wine region of France, in the commune of Macau.

Exposition Universelle (1855)

Exposition UniverselleExposition Universelle of 1855Paris Exhibition
Its absence from the classification map featured at the 1855 Exposition Universelle de Paris created some controversy, even though it has been listed on all maps published after 1855.

Asterisk

*starasterisks
Some sources will include an asterisk next to Château Cantemerle listing in reference to this controversy.

Winemaking

wine makingwine productionvinification
The estate has a long history in the Haut-Médoc with records detailing its existence since at least the 12th century and wine production since at least the 14th century.

Great French Wine Blight

phylloxera epidemicdevastatingPhylloxera
In the 19th century, the estate was hard hit by the phylloxera epidemic as well as grapevine attacks of downy mildew, after which production dropped nearly 50%.

Downy mildew

downydowney mildewdowny mildews
In the 19th century, the estate was hard hit by the phylloxera epidemic as well as grapevine attacks of downy mildew, after which production dropped nearly 50%.

First Growth

premier crufirst growthsPremier Cru Supérieur
The second, and so far only other change, occurred in 1973 with the elevation of Château Mouton Rothschild from Second Growth to First Growth status.

Middle Ages

medievalmediaevalmedieval Europe
In the Middle Ages, the original chateau was part of a line of fortifications defending the banks of the left side of the river Gironde.

Regional Bordeaux AOCs

Bordeaux AOCBordeaux SupérieurBordeaux
Mention of viticulture dates back to 1354 with the Ponset de Cantemerle recorded as paying debt in wine, a tonneau of clairet.

Château La Lagune

Some of the vines were planted in Ludon, next to those of la Château La Lagune, while the remainder were situated on the best slopes of Macau.

Exposition Universelle (1867)

Exposition UniverselleInternational ExpositionInternational Exposition of 1867
In 1867, the château Cantemerle received a silver medal at the World Fair in Paris as a reward for the quality of its wine.

Phylloxera

Phylloxera vastatrixgrape phylloxeraphylloxera plague
Cantemerle was not only the worst hit of the Médoc classified growths during the phylloxera crisis, but the vines were also attacked by downy mildew between 1879 and 1887.

Château Lafite Rothschild

Château LafiteChâteau Lafite-RothschildChateau Lafite
Consequently, the price obtained for 1884 Lafite fell to 1400 francs per tonneau (compared with 5000 francs for Margaux) and Cantemerle was one of two fifth growths, the other being Dauzac, to fetch 200 francs more per tonneau than the Lafite wines.

Château Margaux

Chateau MargauxMargauxChateau-Margaux
Consequently, the price obtained for 1884 Lafite fell to 1400 francs per tonneau (compared with 5000 francs for Margaux) and Cantemerle was one of two fifth growths, the other being Dauzac, to fetch 200 francs more per tonneau than the Lafite wines.

Château Dauzac

Dauzac
Consequently, the price obtained for 1884 Lafite fell to 1400 francs per tonneau (compared with 5000 francs for Margaux) and Cantemerle was one of two fifth growths, the other being Dauzac, to fetch 200 francs more per tonneau than the Lafite wines.

Franc

francsBelgian francs
After purchasing the estate for 25 million francs ($5.9 million USD), the new owners invested heavily in reviving the estate spending nearly 60 million francs (about $8 million USD) in the 1980s planting an additional 70 hectares (174 acres) and purchasing new oak barrels to replace the use of stainless steel tanks in production of the estate's first wine.

Oak (wine)

oakoak barrelswine barrel
After purchasing the estate for 25 million francs ($5.9 million USD), the new owners invested heavily in reviving the estate spending nearly 60 million francs (about $8 million USD) in the 1980s planting an additional 70 hectares (174 acres) and purchasing new oak barrels to replace the use of stainless steel tanks in production of the estate's first wine.