Château Lafite Rothschild

Château LafiteChâteau Lafite-RothschildChateau LafiteLafiteLafite RothschildChateau Lafite RothschildLafite-RothschildLes Domaines Barons de Rothschild (Lafite)
Château Lafite Rothschild is a wine estate in France, owned by members of the Rothschild family since the 19th century.wikipedia
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Rothschild family

RothschildRothschildsRothschild banking family
Château Lafite Rothschild is a wine estate in France, owned by members of the Rothschild family since the 19th century.
In 1868, Nathaniel's uncle, James Mayer de Rothschild, acquired the neighbouring Château Lafite vineyard.

Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855

1855 Classification1855 Bordeaux classificationclassified
Lafite was one of four wine-producing châteaux of Bordeaux originally awarded First Growth status in the 1855 Classification, which was based on the prices and wine quality at that time.

Nicolas-Alexandre, marquis de Ségur

Nicholas-AlexandreNicolas-Alexandre de Ségur
In the early 18th century, Nicolas-Alexandre, marquis de Ségur refined the wine-making techniques of the estate, and introduced his wines to the upper echelons of European society.
Nicolas-Alexandre, marquis de Ségur (1695–1755) was a Bordeaux wine maker who during his lifetime was known as the "Prince of Vines" due to his ownership of some of the most famous Bordeaux chateaus-including Château Lafite, Château Latour, Château Mouton and Château Calon-Ségur.

Élie de Rothschild

Elie de RothschildElie Robert de RothschildÉlie Robert de Rothschild
Succeeding his uncle Élie de Rothschild, Lafite has been under the direction of Éric de Rothschild since 1974.
He followed his father as a partner in the family bank, de Rothschild Frères, and ran the Château Lafite-Rothschild premier cru claret vineyard from 1946 to 1974.

James Mayer de Rothschild

James Mayer RothschildJames de RothschildBaron James de Rothschild
In 1868 the Château was purchased by Baron James Mayer Rothschild for 4.4 million francs, and the estate became Château Lafite Rothschild.
In addition to his banking business, in 1868 de Rothschild purchased Château Lafite, one of France's most outstanding vineyards.

Pauillac

Situated in the wine-producing village of Pauillac in the Médoc region to the north-west of Bordeaux, the estate was the property of Gombaud de Lafite in 1234.
The commune consists of only 3000 acre of vineyards in the Haut-Médoc between the villages of Saint-Julien to the south and Saint-Estèphe to the north, but is home to 18 Grands Crus Classés (classification of 1855) including three of Bordeaux's five first-growth wines: Château Lafite Rothschild, Château Latour, and Château Mouton Rothschild.

Éric de Rothschild

Eric de RothschildÉric
Succeeding his uncle Élie de Rothschild, Lafite has been under the direction of Éric de Rothschild since 1974.
He took over the management of Château Lafite Rothschild from his uncle in 1973.

First Growth

premier crufirst growthsPremier Cru Supérieur
Lafite was one of four wine-producing châteaux of Bordeaux originally awarded First Growth status in the 1855 Classification, which was based on the prices and wine quality at that time.
The best of the best wines were assigned the highest rank of Premier Cru; only four wines, Château Latour, Château Lafite Rothschild, Château Margaux and Château Haut-Brion were deemed worthy.

Second wine

second labelsecondsecond wines
In addition to the first growth, around a third of the wine is released as a second wine under the label Carruades de Lafite.

Château Mouton Rothschild

Chateau Mouton RothschildMouton RothschildChâteau Mouton
Despite the market prices for their vineyard's wines equalling that of Château Lafite Rothschild, Château Mouton Rothschild was excluded from First Great Growth status, an act that Baron Philippe de Rothschild referred to as "the monstrous injustice".

Wine fraud

counterfeitadulteratedadulterating
In early November 2012, police in the city of Wenzhou, China, seized nearly 10,000 bottles of suspected counterfeit Châteaux Lafite Rothschild.
In 2002, bottles of the weaker 1991 vintage of Château Lafite Rothschild were relabeled and sold as the acclaimed 1982 vintage in China.

French wine

FranceFrenchFrench wines
This is primarily a red wine region, famous for the wines Château Lafite-Rothschild, Château Latour, Château Mouton-Rothschild, Château Margaux and Château Haut-Brion from the Médoc sub-region; Château Cheval Blanc and Château Ausone in Saint-Émilion; and Château Pétrus and Château Le Pin in Pomerol.

Bordeaux wine

BordeauxclaretBordeaux style
Lafite was one of four wine-producing châteaux of Bordeaux originally awarded First Growth status in the 1855 Classification, which was based on the prices and wine quality at that time.

Marselan

Marselán
Its vines are Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc and Marselan.
The First Growth Bordeaux wine estate of Château Lafite Rothschild is also growing Marselan in China at their Penglai, Shandong vineyard which they own in partnership with the Chinese investment company CITIC Group.

Wine

winesfine winewhite wine
Château Lafite Rothschild is a wine estate in France, owned by members of the Rothschild family since the 19th century.

Surname

family nameoccupational surnamelast name
The name Lafite comes from the surname of the La Fite family.

Red wine

redred winesWine
Since then, it has been a consistent producer of one of the world's most expensive red wines.

Médoc

MedocLandes du MédocLeft Bank
Situated in the wine-producing village of Pauillac in the Médoc region to the north-west of Bordeaux, the estate was the property of Gombaud de Lafite in 1234.

Bordeaux

Bordeaux, FranceBurdigalaBordelais
Situated in the wine-producing village of Pauillac in the Médoc region to the north-west of Bordeaux, the estate was the property of Gombaud de Lafite in 1234.

Vineyard

vineyardswine estatevineries
Although vines almost certainly already existed on the site, around 1680, Jacques de Ségur planted the majority of the vineyard.

Armand de Vignerot du Plessis

Duke of Richelieuduc de RichelieuLouis François Armand de Vignerot du Plessis
Before long he was known as the "Wine Prince", and the wine of Château Lafite called "The King's Wine" thanks to the influential support of the Maréchal de Richelieu.

Thomas Jefferson

JeffersonPresident JeffersonJeffersonian
Towards the end of the 18th century, Lafite's reputation was assured and even Thomas Jefferson visited the estate and became a lifelong customer.

French Revolution

RevolutionRevolutionary FranceRevolutionary
Following the French Revolution, the period known as Reign of Terror led to the execution of Nicolas Pierre de Pichard on 30 June 1794, bringing an end to the Ségur family's ownership of the estate which became public property.

Reign of Terror

the TerrorTerrorFrench Terror
Following the French Revolution, the period known as Reign of Terror led to the execution of Nicolas Pierre de Pichard on 30 June 1794, bringing an end to the Ségur family's ownership of the estate which became public property.

Netherlands

DutchThe NetherlandsHolland
In 1797 the vineyards were sold to a group of Dutch merchants.