Chaitanya Mahaprabhu

ChaitanyaSri ChaitanyaSri Chaitanya MahaprabhuŚrī Caitanya MahāprabhuCaitanyaGauraGourangaKrishna ChaitanyaLord ChaitanyaCaitanya Mahaprabhu
Chaitanya Mahaprabhu (also transliterated ) (18 February 1486 – 14 June 1534), formally known as Shri Krishna Chaitanya was a Hindu mystic, saint, and the chief proponent of the Achintya Bheda Abheda and Gaudiya Vaishnavism tradition within Hinduism.wikipedia
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Hare Krishna (mantra)

Hare KrishnaHare Krishna mantra Maha Mantra
He popularised the chanting of the Hare Krishna mantra and composed the Siksastakam (eight devotional prayers) in Sanskrit.
The Hare Krishna mantra, also referred to reverentially as the Maha Mantra ("Great Mantra"), is a 16-word Vaishnava mantra which is mentioned in the Kali-Santarana Upanishad, and which from the 15th century rose to importance in the Bhakti movement following the teachings of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.

Achintya Bheda Abheda

Achintya Bheda AbhedavedantaAchintya Bhedābheda vādaAchintya-bheda-abheda
Chaitanya Mahaprabhu (also transliterated ) (18 February 1486 – 14 June 1534), formally known as Shri Krishna Chaitanya was a Hindu mystic, saint, and the chief proponent of the Achintya Bheda Abheda and Gaudiya Vaishnavism tradition within Hinduism.
It is believed that this philosophy was taught by the movement's theological founder Chaitanya Mahaprabhu (1486 - 1534) and differentiates the Gaudiya tradition from the other Vaishnava Sampradayas.

Bhagavata Purana

BhagavataŚrīmad BhāgavatamSrimad Bhagavatam
He also expounded the Vaishnava school of Bhakti yoga (meaning loving devotion to God), based on Bhagavata Purana and Bhagavad Gita.
The text has played a significant role in Chaitanya's Krishna-bhakti in Bengal, and in the 15th–16th century Ekasarana Dharma in Assam, a panentheistic tradition whose proponents, Sankardeva and Madhavdeva, acknowledge that their theological positions are rooted in the Bhagavata Purana, purged of doctrines that find no place in Assamese Vaishnavism and adding a monist commentary instead.

Gaura-purnima

Gaura PoornimaGaura Purnima
His birthday is celebrated as Gaura-purnima.
Gaura-purnima is a Vaisnava festival that celebrates the birth of the saint Chaitanya Mahaprabhu (1486–1534), who founded Gaudiya Vaishnavism.

Prataparudra Deva

The Gajapati king, Prataprudra Dev, regarded Chaitanya as Krishna's avatar and was an enthusiastic patron and devotee of Chaitanya's sankeertan gatherings.
He ruled from the year 1497 to 1540 A.D. Besides being a ruler, he was a devout Vaishnava and adherent of the famous saint, Sri Chaitanaya who arrived in Odisha during is rule.

Gaudiya Vaishnavism

Gaudiya VaishnavaGaudiya VaishnavasGaudiya Vaisnava
Chaitanya Mahaprabhu (also transliterated ) (18 February 1486 – 14 June 1534), formally known as Shri Krishna Chaitanya was a Hindu mystic, saint, and the chief proponent of the Achintya Bheda Abheda and Gaudiya Vaishnavism tradition within Hinduism.
Gaudiya Vaishnavism (also known as Gauḍīya Vaiṣṇava tradition, Bengali Vaishnavism, or Chaitanya Vaishnavism ) is a Vaishnava religious movement inspired by Chaitanya Mahaprabhu (1486–1534) in India.

Chaitanya Charitamrita

Caitanya CaritāmṛtaCaitanya-caritāmṛtaShri Chaitanya Charitamrita
There are numerous biographies available from the time giving details of Chaitanya's life, the most prominent ones being the Chaitanya Charitamrita of Krishnadasa Kaviraja, the earlier Chaitanya Bhagavata of Vrindavana Dasa (both originally written in Bengali but now widely available in English and other languages), and the Chaitanya Mangala, written by "Lochana Dasa".
The Chaitanya Charitamrita is one of the primary biographies detailing the life and teachings of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu (1486–1534), a Vaisnava saint and founder of the Gaudiya Vaishnava Sampradaya.

Isvara Puri

Ishvara PuriSwāmī Isvara Puri
When travelling to Gaya to perform the shraddha ceremony for his departed father, Chaitanya met his guru, the ascetic Ishvara Puri, from whom he received initiation with the Gopala Krishna mantra.
He met Chaitanya at Gaya, India, whereupon Mahaprabhu requested Puri to be his guru.

Bhagavad Gita

GitaBhagavad GītāGeeta
He also expounded the Vaishnava school of Bhakti yoga (meaning loving devotion to God), based on Bhagavata Purana and Bhagavad Gita.
Chaitanya Mahaprabhu (b. 1486 CE) commentaries on various parts of the Gita are in the Gaudiya Vaishnavism Bhakti (achintya bhedabheda) Vedanta tradition; in part a foundation of the ISKCON (Hare Krishna) interpretation of the Gita

Chaitanya Bhagavata

Śrī-caitanya-bhāgavata
There are numerous biographies available from the time giving details of Chaitanya's life, the most prominent ones being the Chaitanya Charitamrita of Krishnadasa Kaviraja, the earlier Chaitanya Bhagavata of Vrindavana Dasa (both originally written in Bengali but now widely available in English and other languages), and the Chaitanya Mangala, written by "Lochana Dasa".
The Chaitanya Bhagavata is a hagiography of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu (b.1486), the Supreme Personality of Godhead Krishna incarnation in Kaliyuga, written by Vrindavana Dasa Thakura (1507-1589 CE).

Hinduism

HinduHindusHindu religion
Chaitanya Mahaprabhu (also transliterated ) (18 February 1486 – 14 June 1534), formally known as Shri Krishna Chaitanya was a Hindu mystic, saint, and the chief proponent of the Achintya Bheda Abheda and Gaudiya Vaishnavism tradition within Hinduism.
Hinduism underwent profound changes, aided in part by teachers such as Ramanuja, Madhva, and Chaitanya.

Kesava Bharati

Keshava Bharati
After leaving Bengal and receiving entrance into the sannyasa order by Keshava Bharati, Chaitanya journeyed throughout the length and breadth of India for several years, chanting the divine Names of Krishna constantly.
He bestowed sannyasa on Chaitanya Mahaprabhu when the latter requested it.

Nabadwip

NavadvipaNabadwip DistrictNavadweep
Mayapur is located on the banks of the Ganges river, at the point of its confluence with the Jalangi, near Nabadwip, West Bengal, India, 130 km north of Kolkata (Calcutta).
The great Vaishnava saint, social reformer and an important figure of the Bhakti movement, Chaitanya Mahaprabhu (1486–1533) was born here, for whose sake, this place has turned into an important center of pilgrimage for the Vaishnavs worldwide as well as the Hindus in general.

Krishnadasa Kaviraja

Krishnadas KavirajKrishnadasa Kaviraja GoswamiKrishna Das Kaviraja
There are numerous biographies available from the time giving details of Chaitanya's life, the most prominent ones being the Chaitanya Charitamrita of Krishnadasa Kaviraja, the earlier Chaitanya Bhagavata of Vrindavana Dasa (both originally written in Bengali but now widely available in English and other languages), and the Chaitanya Mangala, written by "Lochana Dasa".
Krishna Dasa Kaviraja Goswami (born 1496; date of death unknown) was the author of the Chaitanya Charitamrita, a hagiography on the life of the mystic and saint Chaitanya Mahaprabhu (1486–1533), who is considered by the Gaudiya Vaishnava school of Hinduism to be an incarnation of Radha and Krishna combined.

Puri

Jagannatha PuriJagannathJagannath Puri
He spent the last 24 years of his life in Puri, Odisha, the great temple city of Jagannath in the Radhakanta Math.
In the 16th century, Chaitanya Mahaprabhu of Bengal established the Bhakti movements of India, now known by the name the Hare Krishna movement.

Vrindavan

vrindavanaBrindavanVṛndāvana
Vrindavan, the land of Radha Rani, the “City of Temples” has more than 5000 temples to showcase the pastimes of Radha and Krishna, including temples as old as 5500 years.
The essence of Vrindavan was lost over time until the 16th century, when it was rediscovered by Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.

Advaita Acharya

Advaita AcaryaŚrī Advaita Ācārya
This meeting was to mark a significant change in Chaitanya's outlook and upon his return to Bengal the local Vaishnavas, headed by Advaita Acharya, were stunned at his external sudden 'change of heart' (from 'scholar' to 'devotee') and soon Chaitanya became the eminent leader of their Vaishnava group within Nadia.
Advaita Acharya (1434–1559), born Kamalaksha Bhattacharya, was said to be an incarnation of Krishna or Chaitanya in the Gaudiya Vaishnava sampradaya, notable disciple and companion of the founder of the Gaudiya Vaishnava sect, Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, and guru of Haridasa Thakur.

Mayapur

Mayapur ISKCON TempleMāyāpur
Alternatively, Chaitanya is also believed to born in Mayapur.
The town is heavily centered on this particular Vaishnava religious tradition, officially known as the Brahma-Madhva-Gaudiya Sampradaya, with temples devoted to Radha and Krishna or Gaura-Nitai throughout; however, there is a sizable Muslim population in the historical center, previously called Miyapur.

West Bengal

BengalWestWB
Mayapur is located on the banks of the Ganges river, at the point of its confluence with the Jalangi, near Nabadwip, West Bengal, India, 130 km north of Kolkata (Calcutta).
The region was also home to several religious teachers, such as Chaitanya, Ramakrishna, Prabhupada, and Paramahansa Yogananda.

Bhakti yoga

bhaktiBhakti-YogaBhakti Yog
He also expounded the Vaishnava school of Bhakti yoga (meaning loving devotion to God), based on Bhagavata Purana and Bhagavad Gita.
These nine principles of devotional service were incorporated by Rupa Goswami linked to Chaitanya Mahaprabhu as integral to spiritual practice focussed on Krishna.

Chaitanya Mangala

Śrī-caitanya-maṅgala
There are numerous biographies available from the time giving details of Chaitanya's life, the most prominent ones being the Chaitanya Charitamrita of Krishnadasa Kaviraja, the earlier Chaitanya Bhagavata of Vrindavana Dasa (both originally written in Bengali but now widely available in English and other languages), and the Chaitanya Mangala, written by "Lochana Dasa".
The Chaitanya Mangala (c.16th century) of Lochana Dasa is an important hagiographical work on the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Sri Krishna Chaitanya - Chaitanya Mahaprabhu in Bengali.

Kirtan

sankirtankirtanasankirtana
The Gajapati king, Prataprudra Dev, regarded Chaitanya as Krishna's avatar and was an enthusiastic patron and devotee of Chaitanya's sankeertan gatherings.
In the early 16th century CE Chaitanya Mahaprabhu popularized adolescent Krishna based san-kirtana in Bengal, with Hare Krishna mantra and other songs, wherein the love between Radha and Krishna was symbolized as the love between one's soul and God.

Chhatrabhog

At that time He travelled on foot covering a lot of place like Baranagar, Mahinagar, Atisara at last Chhatrabhog.
From the description of Chaitanya Bhagavata of Virndabon Das, hundreds of mouths of Ganga/ Jhanabi was present at the time Chaitanya Mahaprabhu visited in 1510 A.D., where he bathed with his companion in Ambulinga Ghat.

Sanatana Goswami

Sanātana Gosvāmin
The six saints and theologians were Rupa Goswami, Sanatana Goswami, Gopala Bhatta Goswami, Raghunatha Bhatta Goswami, Raghunatha dasa Goswami and Jiva Goswami, a nephew of brothers Rupa and Sanatana.
Sanatana Goswami (1488–1558) was a principal disciple of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.

Rupa Goswami

Rūpa GosvāminRupa Goswami PrabhupadaRūpa Gosvāmī
The six saints and theologians were Rupa Goswami, Sanatana Goswami, Gopala Bhatta Goswami, Raghunatha Bhatta Goswami, Raghunatha dasa Goswami and Jiva Goswami, a nephew of brothers Rupa and Sanatana.
With his brother Sanatana Goswami, he is considered the most senior of the six Goswamis of Vrindavan associated with Caitanya Mahaprabhu, a hidden avatar (incarnation) of Krishna in Kali Yuga.