Chakra

chakrascakraseven chakrascakeracakrascentres of forcechakra systemChakra § The seven chakra systemfive cakrasHeart
Chakras (Sanskrit: चक्र, IAST: cakra, Pali: cakka, lit. wheel, circle; ) are the various focal points in the subtle body used in a variety of ancient meditation practices, collectively denominated as Tantra, or the esoteric or inner traditions of Hinduism.wikipedia
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Subtle body

subtle bodiesBody of LightYoga physiology
Chakras (Sanskrit: चक्र, IAST: cakra, Pali: cakka, lit. wheel, circle; ) are the various focal points in the subtle body used in a variety of ancient meditation practices, collectively denominated as Tantra, or the esoteric or inner traditions of Hinduism.
The subtle body consists of focal points, often called chakras, connected by channels, often called nadis, that convey subtle breath (with names such as prana or vayu).

Nadi (yoga)

nadisnadisushumna
Or, in modern interpretations, complexes of electromagnetic variety, the precise degree and variety of which directly arise from a synthetic average of all positive and negative so-called "fields", thus eventuating the complex Nadi.
Within this philosophical framework, the nadis are said to connect at special points of intensity, the chakras.

Tantra

TantricTantrismTantrik
Chakras (Sanskrit: चक्र, IAST: cakra, Pali: cakka, lit. wheel, circle; ) are the various focal points in the subtle body used in a variety of ancient meditation practices, collectively denominated as Tantra, or the esoteric or inner traditions of Hinduism.
Later, according to Lorenzen, these early Yoga-related ideas develop into Hatha Yoga, and then diversify into the "mystical anatomy" of nadis and chakras of Tantric practices.

Kundalini yoga

Laya yogaKundalinikuṇḍalinī
Within kundalini yoga, the techniques of breath exercises, visualizations, mudras, bandhas, kriyas, and mantras are focused on transmuting subtle energy through chakras.
The practice of Kundalini yoga is supposed to arouse the sleeping Kundalini Shakti from its coiled base through the 6 chakras, and penetrate the 7th chakra, or crown.

Sahasrara

crown chakraSahasrara ChakraBrahmarandhra
Sahasrara (सहस्रार, IAST:, "thousand-petaled") or crown chakra is generally considered the seventh primary chakra, according to most tantric yoga traditions.

Geoffrey Samuel

According to Geoffrey Samuel and Jay Johnston, professors of Religious studies known for their studies on Yoga and esoteric traditions:
Loriliai Biernacki, reviewing Religion and the Subtle Body for Asian Medicine, called it an ambitious endeavour to describe the subtle body in different geographic and philosophical traditions, from Daoist energy flow to the "transmigratory" Tibetan and Indian body of chakras and nadis and modern theosophy and new age shamanic astral bodies.

Ajna

ajna chakrabrow chakraAnthagam
Ajna (आज्ञा, IAST:, ), guru chakra or third-eye chakra, is the sixth primary chakra in the body according to Hindu tradition.

Vishuddha

VishuddaVishuddhiVisuthi
Lalance chakra is situated at the base of the mouth and is associated with Vishuddha chakra.
Vishuddha (विशुद्ध, IAST:, "especially pure"), or Vishuddhi, or throat chakra is the fifth primary chakra according to the Hindu tradition of tantra.

Anahata

heart chakraAnahata ChakraAnahat Chakra
Anahata (अनाहत, IAST:, "unstruck") or heart chakra is the fourth primary chakra, according to Hindu Yogic, Shakta and Buddhist Tantric traditions.

Manipura

ManipooragaManipooragamMaṇipūraka
Manipura (मणिपूर, IAST: ) is the third primary chakra according to Vedic tradition.

Kaula (Hinduism)

KaulaKulamārgaKula
According to Gavin Flood, this system of six chakras plus the sahasrara "center" at the crown first appears in the Kubjikāmata-tantra, an 11th-century Kaula work.
In later Hatha Yoga, the Kaula visualization of kundalini rising through a system of chakras is overlaid onto the earlier bindu-oriented system.

Svadhishthana

Swadhisthanasvadhisthanasacral chakra
"Swa means self and "adhishthana means established.) or the sacral chakra, is the second primary chakra according to Hindu Tantrism.

Muladhara

Muladhara Chakrabase chakraMoolatharam
Mula means root and adhara'' means basis.) or the root chakra is one of the seven primary chakras according to Hindu tantrism.

Meridian (Chinese medicine)

meridiansmeridianjingluo
The chakra theories of Hinduism and Buddhism differs from the historic Chinese system of meridians in acupuncture.

Paramahansa Yogananda

YoganandaParamhansa YoganandaParamahamsa Yogananda
Although Paramahansa Yogananda claimed this was the same technique taught as kriya yoga by Patañjali in the Yoga Sūtras and by Krishna in the Bhagavad Gita (as karma yoga), Swami Satyananda of the Bihar school disagreed with this assessment and acknowledged the similarities between kriya and taoist inner orbit practices.
"As he uttered these words, he lifted his eyes to the Kutastha center (the Ajna Chakra or "spiritual eye"), and his body slumped to the floor."

Prana

pranicprāṇaapana
In contrast to White, according to Georg Feuerstein, early Upanishads of Hinduism do mention cakra in the sense of "psychospiritual vortices", along with other terms found in tantra: prana or vayu (life energy) along with nadi (energy carrying arteries).

Yoga

yogicyogiYog
Chakra and related theories have been important to the esoteric traditions, but they are not directly related to mainstream yoga.
Tantra yoga may be described, according to Samuel, as practices in 9th to 10th century Buddhist and Hindu (Saiva, Shakti) texts, which included yogic practices with elaborate deity visualizations using geometrical arrays and drawings (mandala), fierce male and particularly female deities, transgressive life stage related rituals, extensive use of chakras and mantras, and sexual techniques, all aimed to help one's health, long life and liberation.

Dantian

tandenDan Tianhara
Throughout its cycle it enters various dantian (elixir fields) which act as furnaces, where the types of energy in the body (jing, qi and shen) are progressively refined.
The Taoist concept of dantian as energy centers is similar to the Indian yoga concept of chakras as key points where prana is stored (see also nadi).

Tummo

Tummo meditationTumocaṇḍāli
In Hindu texts she is known as Kundalini, while in Buddhist texts she is called Candali or Tummo (Tibetan: gtum mo, "fierce one").
A chakra is any place in the body where there are clusters of arteries, veins and nerves.

Kundalini

Kundalini energyKundalini syndromeawakened kundalini
In Hindu texts she is known as Kundalini, while in Buddhist texts she is called Candali or Tummo (Tibetan: gtum mo, "fierce one"). Some scholars, such as David Gordon White and Georg Feuerstein, interpret this might be related to kundalini shakti, and an overt overature to the terms of esotericism that would later emerge in Post-Aryan Bramhanism.
When awakened, Kundalini is described as rising up from the muladhara chakra, through the central nadi (called sushumna) inside or alongside the spine reaching the top of the head.

Ganesha

GaneshVinayakaLord Ganesha
According to Kundalini yoga, Ganesha resides in the first chakra, called Muladhara.

Aura (paranormal)

auraaurasaura photography
In New Age alternative medicine, the human aura is seen as a hidden anatomy that affect the health of a client, and is often understood to comprise centers of vital force called chakra.

Lung (Tibetan Buddhism)

rlungTsa lunglung
The tsa lung practice embodied in the Trul khor lineage, unbaffles the primary channels, thus activating and circulating liberating prana.

Third eye

Inner eye3rd Eyethree eyes
In Dharmic spiritual traditions from India, the third eye refers to the ajna (or brow) chakra.

Anodea Judith

Gary Osborn, for instance, has described the chakras as metaphysical counterparts to the endocrine glands, while Anodea Judith noted a marked similarity between the positions of the two and the roles described for each.
Anodea Judith (born Judith Ann Mull, December 1, 1952, Elyria, Ohio ) is an American author, therapist, and public speaker on the chakra system, bodymind (body/mind integration), somatic therapy, and yoga.