Challenger 2

ChallengerChallenger IIdestroyed by friendly fireTitanChallenger tanksChallenger Armoured Repair and Recovery Vehicle (CRARRV)2ArmouredChallenger 2 MBTsChallenger 2s
The FV4034 Challenger 2 (MOD designation "CR2") is a British main battle tank (MBT) in service with the armies of the United Kingdom and Oman.wikipedia
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Challenger 1

ChallengerChallenger tanksFV4030/4 Challenger
Vickers Defence Systems began to develop a successor to Challenger 1 as a private venture in 1986.
The FV4030/4 Challenger 1 is a British main battle tank (MBT) used by the British Army from 1983 to the mid-1990s, when it was superseded by the Challenger 2.

Royal Army of Oman

RAOOmani ArmyRoyal Army
The Royal Army of Oman ordered 18 Challenger 2s in 1993 and a further 20 tanks in November 1997.
Two regiments of main battle tanks (Challenger 2 and M60A3)

L30

120 mm L30Royal Ordnance L30
The Challenger 2 is equipped with a 120 mm 55-calibre long L30A1 tank gun, the successor to the L11 gun used on the Chieftain and Challenger 1.
It is fitted in the turret of the Challenger 2 main battle tank.

RPG-29

RPG-29 Vampir
On one occasion, in August 2006, during the post-invasion stage of the Iraq War, an RPG-29 was fired at a Challenger 2 that was climbing over a ramp.
The RPG-29 has been implicated in an attack on the British Challenger 2, as well as in attacks on Israeli Merkava tanks in Lebanon, which breached the tanks armor and in some cases injured or killed members of the crew.

Chobham armour

ChobhamChobham armorBurlington
The turret and hull are protected with second generation Chobham armour (also known as Dorchester).
The armour was first tested in the context of the development of a British prototype vehicle, the FV4211, and first applied on the preseries of the American M1. Only the M1 Abrams, Challenger 1, and Challenger 2 tanks have been disclosed as being thus armoured.

Future of the British Army (Army 2020 Refine)

Army 2020Army 2020 RefineMulti-Role Brigade
Under Army 2020, only three Challenger 2 Tank Regiments will remain: the Queen's Royal Hussars, the King's Royal Hussars and the Royal Tank Regiment.
One armoured regiment of Challenger 2 tanks

Leopard 2

Leopard 2A4Leopard 2A6Leopard tank
In June 1991, after competition with other tank manufacturers' designs (including the M1A2 Abrams and the Leopard 2 (Improved)), the MoD placed a ÂŁ520 million order for 127 MBTs and 13 driver training vehicles. The Challenger Lethality Improvement Programme (CLIP) was a programme to replace the current L30A1 rifled gun with the smoothbore Rheinmetall 120 mm gun currently used in the Leopard 2A6.
The Leopard 2 Improved managed to outperform the Challenger 2E, Leclerc, M1A2 Abrams, T-80U and, T-84 and was subsequently chosen by the Greek officials.

L94A1 chain gun

L94A1
The Challenger 2 is also armed with a L94A1 EX-34 7.62 mm chain gun and a 7.62 mm L37A2 (GPMG) machine gun.
L94A1 is the British Ministry of Defence designation for the long-barrelled version of the Hughes EX-34 7.62 mm chain gun, which is fitted to several British Army armoured fighting vehicles, including the Challenger 2 and the Warrior.

Main battle tank

MBTmain battle tankstanks
The FV4034 Challenger 2 (MOD designation "CR2") is a British main battle tank (MBT) in service with the armies of the United Kingdom and Oman.
Britain deployed its Challenger 2 tanks to support its operations in southern Iraq.

Oman

🇴🇲Sultanate of OmanOmani
The FV4034 Challenger 2 (MOD designation "CR2") is a British main battle tank (MBT) in service with the armies of the United Kingdom and Oman.
Oman has a relatively limited number of tanks, including 6 M60A1, 73 M60A3, and 38 Challenger 2 main battle tanks, as well as 37 aging Scorpion light tanks.

Royal Wessex Yeomanry

The Royal Wessex YeomanryYeomanry
A single Army Reserve regiment, The Royal Wessex Yeomanry, will provide reservist Challenger crews to the regular regiments.
The training of Challenger 2 main battle tank crewmen as Turret Crew Replacements. This commitment was provided by B (RWY), C (RGH) and D (RDY) Squadrons.

Rheinmetall Rh-120

Rheinmetall 120 mm smoothbore gunM256Rheinmetall L44
The Challenger Lethality Improvement Programme (CLIP) was a programme to replace the current L30A1 rifled gun with the smoothbore Rheinmetall 120 mm gun currently used in the Leopard 2A6.
It was tested on the British Challenger 2 as a potential replacement for its current weapon, the rifled L30 120 mm cannon.

Queen's Royal Hussars

The Queen's Royal Hussars (Queen's Own and Royal Irish)The Queen's Royal Hussars (The Queen's Own and Royal Irish)Queen's Royal Hussars (Queen's Own and Royal Irish)
Under Army 2020, only three Challenger 2 Tank Regiments will remain: the Queen's Royal Hussars, the King's Royal Hussars and the Royal Tank Regiment. It serves with the Queen's Royal Hussars, the King's Royal Hussars and the Royal Tank Regiment, each of which is the tank Regiment of an Armoured Infantry Brigade.
The regiment is equipped with 56 Challenger 2 tanks.

Queen's Royal Lancers

The Queen's Royal Lancers16th LancersQRL
25 March 2003: A friendly fire ("blue-on-blue") incident in Basra in which one Challenger 2 of the Black Watch Battlegroup (2nd Royal Tank Regiment) mistakenly engaged another Challenger 2 of the Queen's Royal Lancers after detecting what was believed to be an enemy flanking manoeuvre on thermal equipment. The attacking tank's second HESH round hit the open commander's hatch lid of the QRL tank sending hot fragments into the turret, killing two crew members. The hit caused a fire that eventually led to an explosion of the stowed ammunition, destroying the tank. It remains the only Challenger 2 to be destroyed on operations.
From its formation, the regiment served in the armoured role with first Challenger 1, then Challenger 2.

King's Royal Hussars

The King's Royal HussarsThe Emperor
It serves with the Queen's Royal Hussars, the King's Royal Hussars and the Royal Tank Regiment, each of which is the tank Regiment of an Armoured Infantry Brigade.
The regiment currently serves in the armoured role, equipped with Challenger 2 tanks, and is based in Tidworth, Wiltshire.

Saif Sareea II

UKExercise SAIF SAREEASaif Sareea 2
The problems that had been identified during the large Saif Sareea II exercise, held 18 months earlier, had been solved by the issuing of Urgent Operational Requirements for equipment such as sand filters and so during the invasion of Iraq the tank's Operational availability was improved.
The 66 Challenger 2 tanks suffered from poor reliability. This was not due to any inherent defect with the tank, but rather due to the failure of the Army to adequately 'desertise' the tanks (apparently on grounds of cost). The failure to fit appropriate filters led to substantial engine damage due to the ingress of sand and dust. Two squadrons of tanks were withdrawn from the exercise.

Royal Ordnance L11A5

L11L11A5Royal Ordnance L11
Uniquely among NATO main battle tank armament, the L30A1 is rifled and along with its predecessor, Royal Ordnance L11A5, the only Third Generation Main Battle Tank Guns to use a rifled barrel.
L30 (EXP 32M1) – The latest variant of the L11 design, developed under the Challenger Armament program.

Royal Tank Regiment

Tank CorpsRoyal Tank Corps1st Tank Brigade
Under Army 2020, only three Challenger 2 Tank Regiments will remain: the Queen's Royal Hussars, the King's Royal Hussars and the Royal Tank Regiment. It serves with the Queen's Royal Hussars, the King's Royal Hussars and the Royal Tank Regiment, each of which is the tank Regiment of an Armoured Infantry Brigade.
The regiment is equipped with Challenger 2 tanks and based at Tidworth and slated to be part of the Reaction Force, coming under 1st Armoured Infantry Brigade.

BAE Systems Land & Armaments

BAE SystemsLand and ArmamentsBAE Systems Global Combat Systems Munitions
It was designed and built by the British company Vickers Defence Systems (now known as BAE Systems Land & Armaments).
Examples include the Challenger 2 main battle tank and the CV90 infantry fighting vehicle family.

Vickers plc

VickersVickers Defence SystemsBrown Brothers
It was designed and built by the British company Vickers Defence Systems (now known as BAE Systems Land & Armaments).
Vickers would later develop this into the Challenger 2 tank, the current main battle tank of the British Army and Oman.

2nd Royal Tank Regiment

2nd2nd Battalion, Tank Corps2nd Battalion
25 March 2003: A friendly fire ("blue-on-blue") incident in Basra in which one Challenger 2 of the Black Watch Battlegroup (2nd Royal Tank Regiment) mistakenly engaged another Challenger 2 of the Queen's Royal Lancers after detecting what was believed to be an enemy flanking manoeuvre on thermal equipment. The attacking tank's second HESH round hit the open commander's hatch lid of the QRL tank sending hot fragments into the turret, killing two crew members. The hit caused a fire that eventually led to an explosion of the stowed ammunition, destroying the tank. It remains the only Challenger 2 to be destroyed on operations.
It became the second regiment to be equipped with the Challenger 2 in 1998.

MILAN

MILAN ERMILAN 2MILAN 2T
It was hit by 14 rocket propelled grenades from close range and a MILAN anti-tank missile.
🇮🇶 – Iraqi Army: One reportedly hit a British Challenger 2 MBT during the early stages of Operation Telic along with multiple rocket-propelled grenades. The tank survived the attack.

Slat armor

cage armorslat armourcage armour
Explosive reactive armour kits are also fitted as necessary along with additional bar armour.
In modern times, slat armor has seen use on the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) Caterpillar D9R armored bulldozer, the Force Protection Buffalo MPV MRAP vehicle, the General Dynamics Stryker, Ukrainian BTR-4, the Warrior Infantry Fighting Vehicle, the M113 APC, the British Challenger 2, the Leopard 2A6 main battle tank, and Russian T-62 tanks.

High-explosive squash head

HESHhigh explosive squash headHEP
Unique among NATO main battle tank armament, the L30A1 is rifled, because the British Army continues to place a premium on the use of High-explosive squash head (HESH) rounds in addition to armour-piercing fin-stabilised discarding-sabot rounds.
The British Army has persisted with a rifled cannon on their Challenger 1 and Challenger 2 battle tanks partly to preserve the general purpose capability of HESH ammunition.

Depleted uranium

depletedDUAP-DU
The use of a smoothbore weapon would have allowed Challenger 2 to use NATO standard ammunition developed in Germany and the US. This includes tungsten-based kinetic energy penetrators, which do not have the same political and environmental objections as depleted uranium rounds.
Another use of depleted uranium is in kinetic energy penetrators, anti-armor rounds such as the 120 mm sabot rounds fired from the British Challenger 1, Challenger 2, M1A1 and M1A2 Abrams.