A report on PattadakalChalukya dynasty and Jainism

Temples of Pattadakal
Extent of Badami Chalukya Empire, 636 CE, 740 CE.
The hand symbolizes Ahiṃsā, the wheel dharmachakra, the resolve to halt saṃsāra (transmigration).
Old Kannada inscription of Chalukya King Mangalesha dated 578 CE at Badami cave temple no.3
Classification of Saṃsāri Jīvas (transmigrating souls) in Jainism
Ardhanarishvara (left half Shiva, right half Parvati) at the Kadasiddheswara temple.
Old Kannada inscription on victory pillar, Virupaksha Temple, Pattadakal, 733–745 CE
Lord Neminatha, Akota Bronzes (7th century)
The Nataraja sukanasa on Jambulingeshwara temple spire.
Coinage of the Chalukyas of Badami. Uncertain ruler. Circa 597-757 CE. Boar and Temple type.
Jain miniature painting of 24 tirthankaras, Jaipur, c. 1850
Chandrashekhara temple.
Bhutanatha temple complex, at Badami
Jain temple painting explaining Anekantavada with Blind men and an elephant
Incomplete Vishnu avatar Varaha relief on Sangameswara Shaiva temple wall.
Virupaksha temple in Dravidian style at Pattadakal, built 740 CE
A Jain monk in meditation, wearing the characteristic white robe and face covering
Kashi Vishwanatha temple with Nandi facing the sanctum.
Poetry on stone at the Meguti temple (Aihole inscription) dated 634 CE, in Sanskrit language and old Kannada script, with a Kannada language endorsement of about the same date at the bottom.
Nishidhi stone, depicting the vow of sallekhana, 14th century, Karnataka
Lovers inside Mallikarjuna temple.
Vaishnava Cave temple No. 3 at Badami, 578 CE
Praying at the feet of a statue of Bahubali
A relief at Virupaksha temple
Bahubali at Jain Cave temple No. 4 at Badami, 6th century
Jain worship may include ritual offerings and recitals.
A Virupaksha frieze showing two Panchatantra fables.
Vishnu image in Cave temple No. 3
Celebrating Das Lakshana (Paryushana), Jain Center of America, New York City
Papanatha temple
Bhutanatha group of temples facing the Badami tank
The birth of Mahavira, from the Kalpa Sūtra (c.1375–1400 CE)
Jain Narayana temple
The Parvati Temple, located about 140 km southeast to the Badami
Mahabharata frieze
Aihole – Durga Temple Front View
Idol of Suparśvanātha
Aihole – Meguti Jain Temple
A symbol to represent the Jain community was chosen in 1975 as part of the commemoration of the 2,500th anniversary of Mahavira’s nirvana.
Mallikarjuna temple in dravidian style and Kashi Vishwanatha temple in nagara style at Pattadakal, built 740 CE
Rishabhdev, believed to have lived over 592.704×1018 years ago, is considered the traditional founder of Jainism.
Dancing Shiva in cave no. 1 in Badami
The ruins of Gori Jain temples in Nagarparkar, Pakistan, a pilgrimage site before 1947.
Papanatha temple at Pattadakal – fusion of southern and northern Indian styles, 680 CE
Ranakpur Jain Temple
Dilwara Temples
Parshvanath Temple in Khajuraho
Girnar Jain temples
Jal Mandir, Pawapuri
Lodhurva Jain temple
Palitana temples
Saavira Kambada Basadi, Moodbidri, Karnataka
Jain temple, Antwerp, Belgium
Brahma Jinalaya, Lakkundi
Hutheesing Jain Temple

Pattadakal, also called Paṭṭadakallu or Raktapura, is a complex of 7th and 8th century CE Hindu and Jain temples in northern Karnataka (India).

- Pattadakal

Kannada literature, which had enjoyed royal support in the 9th century Rashtrakuta court found eager patronage from the Western Chalukyas in the Jain and Veerashaiva traditions.

- Chalukya dynasty

As its name implies, it was used during the Chalukya dynasty for coronation ceremonies, such as that of Vinayaditya in the 7th century CE.

- Pattadakal

Among them, the Badami cave inscriptions of Mangalesha (578), Kappe Arabhatta record of c. 700, Peddavaduguru inscription of Pulakeshin II, the Kanchi Kailasanatha Temple inscription and Pattadakal Virupaksha Temple inscription of Vikramaditya II (all in Kannada language) provide more evidence of the Chalukya language.

- Chalukya dynasty

The Jain complex, Khajuraho and Jain Narayana temple are part of a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

- Jainism

Mularaja (10th century CE), the founder of the Chalukya dynasty, constructed a Jain temple, even though he was not a Jain.

- Jainism
Temples of Pattadakal

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Rashtrakuta dynasty

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Rashtrakuta (IAST: ) (r.

Rashtrakuta (IAST: ) (r.

Kashivishvanatha temple at Pattadakal, Karnataka
Jain Narayana temple at Pattadakal, Karnataka
A stanza from the 9th century Kannada classic Kavirajamarga, praising the people for their literary skills
Interior and arcades
Kailasa temple, is one of the largest rock-cut ancient Hindu temples located in Ellora.
Shikhara of Indra Sabha at Ellora.

The Elichpur clan was a feudatory of the Badami Chalukyas, and during the rule of Dantidurga, it overthrew Chalukya Kirtivarman II and went on to build an empire with the Gulbarga region in modern Karnataka as its base.

The early kings of this dynasty were influenced by Hinduism and the later kings by Jainism.

Other important contributions are the Kashivishvanatha temple and the Jain Narayana temple at Pattadakal in modern Karnataka, both of which are UNESCO World Heritage Sites.


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State in the southwestern region of India.

State in the southwestern region of India.

Mallikarjuna temple and Kashi Vishwanatha temple at Pattadakal, built successively by the kings of the Chalukya Empire and Rashtrakuta Empire, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Chief Minister Dr. Devaraj Urs announcing the new name of the Mysore state as 'Karnataka'
Jog Falls, formed by Sharavathi River, are the second-highest plunge waterfalls in India.
Political map of Indian state of Karnataka with the official names of its 31 districts.
emblem of Karnataka
Infosys, a Bengaluru-headquartered information-technology company,
A yakshagana artist
Vishnu image inside the Badami Cave Temple Complex number 3. The complex is an example of Indian rock-cut architecture.
Gomateswara (982–983) at Shravanabelagola is an important centre of Jain pilgrimage.
Halmidi inscription (450 CE) is the earliest attested inscription in the Kannada language.
Indian Institute of Science is one of the premier institutes of India.
Literacy rates of Karnataka districts
Anil Kumble, former captain of the Indian Test team and spin legend, is the highest wicket-taker for India in international cricket.
M. Chinnaswamy Stadium in Bangalore.
The state bird, Indian roller
Bengal tigers at Bannerghatta National Park near Bangalore
Chennakesava Temple is a model example of the Hoysala architecture, later repaired in the 16th century with financial support and grants by the Vijayanagara Emperors.
Gol Gumbaz at Bijapur has the second largest pre-modern dome in the world after the Byzantine Hagia Sophia.
Mysore Palace in the evening, the official residence and seat of the Wodeyar dynasty, the rulers of Mysore of the Mysore Kingdom, the royal family of Mysore.

These dynasties were followed by imperial Kannada empires such as the Badami Chalukyas, the Rashtrakuta Empire of Manyakheta and the Western Chalukya Empire, which ruled over large parts of the Deccan and had their capitals in what is now Karnataka.

The Jain philosophy and literature have contributed immensely to the religious and cultural landscape of Karnataka.

The ruins of the Vijayanagara Empire at Hampi and the monuments of Pattadakal are on the list of UNESCO's World Heritage Sites.

Caves on the cliff above Agastya Lake

Badami cave temples

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Caves on the cliff above Agastya Lake
Epigraphy in the Kannada language (c. 578) dating the carving of Cave3
Entrance to Cave1
Nataraja or Dancing Shiva in Cave1
Layout of Cave 3 temple; 1: Vishnu; 2: Trivikrama; 3: Vishnu on sesha; 4: Vishnu avatar Varaha rescuing earth; 5: Harihara (half Shiva, half Vishnu); 6: Vishnu avatar Narasimha standing; 7: Garbha ghriya (sacrum sanctum); Blue O: ceiling carvings of Vedic and Puranic Hindu gods and goddesses.
Ceiling in the Cave-3 with images of Swasthika on two ends with a Matsya avatara of Vishnu in the middle
Artwork shows a collapsing sorrowful woman being helped.
A small cave rock carving of Anantashayana Vishnu.

The Badami cave temples are a complex of Hindu and Jain cave temples located in Badami, a town in the Bagalkot district in northern part of Karnataka, India.

Badami is a modern name and was previously known as Vataapinagara, the capital of the early Chalukya dynasty, which ruled much of Karnataka from the 6th to the 8th century.

The cave temples are 14 mi from the UNESCO world heritage site Pattadakal and 22 mi from Aihole – another site with over a hundred ancient and early medieval era Hindu, Jain and Buddhist monuments.