Chancellor (education)

Lord Grenville as Chancellor of the University of Oxford; painting by William Owen
The Chancellor of the University of Oxford, Lord Patten, in procession at Encaenia, 2009
William Smyth, Vice-Chancellor of the University of Oxford; painting by Gilbert Jackson

Leader of a college or university, usually either the executive or ceremonial head of the university or of a university campus within a university system.

- Chancellor (education)
Lord Grenville as Chancellor of the University of Oxford; painting by William Owen

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Inauguration of Rector Lubomír Dvořák (Palacký University)

Rector (academia)

Senior official in an educational institution, and can refer to an official in either a university or a secondary school.

Senior official in an educational institution, and can refer to an official in either a university or a secondary school.

Inauguration of Rector Lubomír Dvořák (Palacký University)
Then Rector of the Bologna University, Ivano Dionigi, with then Prime Minister of Italy Matteo Renzi, in 2015.
Enrique Graue 34th Rector of the UNAM during his inaugural speech.
Colonnade at the reconstructed Yushima Seidō in Tokyo. The hereditary rectors of this Edo period institution were selected from the Hayashi clan.
Herminio Dagohoy, the 96th Rector Magnificus of the Pontifical and Royal University of Santo Tomas, Manila

Outside the English-speaking world the rector is often the most senior official in a university, whilst in the United States the most senior official is often referred to as president and in the United Kingdom and Commonwealth of Nations the most senior official is the chancellor, whose office is primarily ceremonial and titular.

St Salvator's Chapel, St Andrews

Ancient universities of Scotland

The ancient universities of Scotland (Oilthighean ann an Alba) are medieval and renaissance universities which continue to exist in the present day.

The ancient universities of Scotland (Oilthighean ann an Alba) are medieval and renaissance universities which continue to exist in the present day.

St Salvator's Chapel, St Andrews
The Main Building of the University of Glasgow, from Kelvingrove Park
King's College, Aberdeen
The University of Edinburgh's Robert Adam-designed Old College, home of its Law School
Marischal College, a former ancient university now part of the University of Aberdeen.

The Chancellor is a titular non-resident head to each university and is elected for life by the respective General Council, although in actuality a good number of Chancellors resign before the end of their "term of office".

University of Edinburgh

Public research university in Edinburgh, Scotland.

Public research university in Edinburgh, Scotland.

Interior dome of the McEwan Hall after restoration in 2017
Robert Rollock, Regent (1583–1586) and first principal (1586–1599) of the University of Edinburgh
Main buildings of King James' College in 1647, lying in a double courtyard on the lower left
The east facade of Old College facing onto South Bridge, as built in 1827. A dome similar to Adam's original design was added in 1887 by Sir Robert Rowand Anderson.
Plaque commemorating the Edinburgh Seven at the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh
Buildings of the old Medical School at Teviot Place, photographed in the late 19th century
Exterior of the McEwan Hall
Teviot Row House, drawn by architect Sydney Mitchell in 1888
Facade of New College facing onto The Mound in 1910
Plaque honouring the Polish School of Medicine at the old Medical School
Spiral staircase inside of the Informatics Forum
The Lady Lawson Street entrance of Edinburgh College of Art
Interior courtyard of Old College
The Main Library viewed from The Meadows
Pollock Halls of Residence seen from Arthur's Seat
The view of the Holyrood campus
Princess Anne, current chancellor of the University of Edinburgh
Hugh Blair, first Regius Professor of Rhetoric and Belles-Lettres appointed by King George III
Members of the medical faculty at Edinburgh in the first half of the 19th century
Old Surgical Hospital in Drummond Street, once part of the Royal Infirmary, today houses the university's Institute of Geography
Edinburgh graduation ceremony in the McEwan Hall
Playfair Library Hall in Old College
The former principal Sir Timothy O'Shea signed an agreement with Peking University in 2012
The Pleasance, one of EUSA's main buildings, is a theatre, bar, sports and recreation complex
Edinburgh University Music Society, performing Mahler in Greyfriars Kirk
The student-run Bedlam Theatre, home to the Edinburgh University Theatre Company
Peter Higgs, faculty at Edinburgh since 1960 and Emeritus Professor after retiring in 1996, was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 2013.
Gordon Brown, former Prime Minister and consecutive 10-year-long Chancellor of the Exchequer, is an alumnus (MA '72, PhD '82) and former rector of the university.
Appleton Tower
Business School
Centre for Regenerative Medicine
Erskine Williamson Building, King's Buildings
thumb|Informatics Forum, School of Informatics
Roslin Institute
Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, School of Medicine
Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies
Robert Adam, neoclassical architect
J. M. Barrie, novelist and playwright
James Barry, surgeon
Thomas Bayes, statistician
Joseph Black, physicist and chemist
Richard Bright, physician, father of nephrology
Robert Brown, botanist, discovered Brownian motion
Thomas Carlyle, historian and satirist
Thomas Chalmers, political economist
Charles Darwin, naturalist and biologist
Adam Ferguson, philosopher and historian
David Hume, philosopher
James Hutton, geologist, father of modern geology
James Clerk Maxwell, mathematician and physicist
Richard Owen, biologist, coined the term dinosaur
Macquorn Rankine, engineer, founding contributor to thermodynamics
Benjamin Rush, signatory of the United States Declaration of Independence
Walter Scott, novelist and poet
James Young Simpson, physician
Robert Louis Stevenson, novelist and poet
Dugald Stewart, philosopher and mathematician
James Wilson, Founding Father of the United States
John Witherspoon, Founding Father of the United States
Thomas Young, polymath
New College
Edinburgh University Mountaineering Club at the cairn on Ciste Dhubh, 1964
Max Born, Tait Professor of Natural Philosophy at Edinburgh from 1936 to 1953, was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1954.
Business School

The office of chancellor serves as the titular head and highest office of the university.

Coat of arms

University of Oxford

Collegiate research university in Oxford, England.

Collegiate research university in Oxford, England.

Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Balliol College, one of the university's oldest constituent colleges
Aerial view of Merton College's Mob Quad, the oldest quadrangle of the university, constructed in the years from 1288 to 1378
In 1605 Oxford was still a walled city, but several colleges had been built outside the city walls (north is at the bottom on this map).
An engraving of Christ Church, Oxford, 1742
Atrium of the Chemistry Research Laboratory, where the university has invested heavily in new facilities in recent years
The Sheldonian Theatre, built by Sir Christopher Wren between 1664 and 1668, hosts the university's Congregation, as well as concerts and degree ceremonies.
Summer in the Botanic Garden
Wellington Square, the name of which has become synonymous with the university's central administration
Tom Quad, Christ Church
Main Quad, Worcester College
Dining hall at Christ Church. The hall is an important feature of the typical Oxford college, providing a place to both dine and socialise.
Percentage of state-school students at Oxford and Cambridge
Rhodes House – home to the awarding body for the Rhodes Scholarships, often considered to be the world's most prestigious scholarship
The Clarendon Building is home to many senior Bodleian Library staff and previously housed the university's own central administration.
Duke Humfrey's Library in the Bodleian Library
The interior of the Pitt Rivers Museum
An undergraduate student at the University of Oxford in subfusc for matriculation
Rowing at Summer Eights, an annual intercollegiate bumps race
The Oxford Union's debating chamber
Tom Quad, Christ Church

The head of the university had the title of chancellor from at least 1201, and the masters were recognised as a universitas or corporation in 1231.

Shield of the University of St Andrews

University of St Andrews

Public university in St Andrews, Fife, Scotland.

Public university in St Andrews, Fife, Scotland.

Shield of the University of St Andrews
College Hall, within the 16th-century St Mary's College building
St Salvator's Chapel
The Gateway building, built in 2000 as an International Golf Club and now used by the university's School of Management
Courtyard of the United College
Castle House, School of English
The Scores
View across St Salvator's Quad
The University of St Andrews Classics Building, Swallowgate
Observatory of the university
St Andrews University library building
King James Library
St Salvator's Chapel
The Wardlaw Wing of University Hall
St Salvator's Hall
The University shop and Rector's Cafe, part of the Union
Music Centre, Younger Hall
Quadrangle of St Mary's College
Madras RFC Playing Fields St Andrews
Entrance to St Mary's College
St Andrews students in undergraduate gowns
St Salvator's Quadrangle during the Raisin Weekend foam fight
St Andrews May Dip 2013
Prince William, Duke of Cambridge and Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge graduated together in 2005 with degrees in Geography and History of Art respectively.
Alex Salmond was the First Minister of Scotland and Leader of the SNP during the Scottish Independence Referendum in 2014.
View of St Andrews from the West Sands.
Thomas Chalmers
Edward Jenner
John Knox
John Napier
John Pringle
James Wilson

In 2009, Louise Richardson, an Irish-American political scientist specialising in the study of terrorism, was drawn from Harvard to serve as the first female Principal and Vice Chancellor of St Andrews.

A meeting of the Academic Senate at Georgia Southern University.

Academic senate

Governing body in some universities and colleges, and is typically the supreme academic authority for the institution.

Governing body in some universities and colleges, and is typically the supreme academic authority for the institution.

A meeting of the Academic Senate at Georgia Southern University.
The Faculty Senate at Southeastern Louisiana University hears from University President John L. Crain about the Fiscal Year 2016 budget.
James D. Kirylo (left), president of Southeastern Louisiana University's Faculty Senate, confers with Kevin L. Cope, president of the Louisiana State University Faculty Senate and president of the Association of Louisiana Faculty Senates, at a program in Hammond during 2015 concerning the budget for public higher education in Louisiana.

The officers of the academic senate may include the president of the university and the provost of the university.

The University of Bologna in Italy, founded in 1088, is often regarded as the world's oldest university in continuous operation

University court

Administrative body of a university in the United Kingdom.

Administrative body of a university in the United Kingdom.

The University of Bologna in Italy, founded in 1088, is often regarded as the world's oldest university in continuous operation

At an ancient university the court is chaired by the rector, who ranks third after the chancellor and vice-chancellor, is elected by all the matriculated students of each university.

McDonald's Corporation is one of the most recognizable corporations in the world.

Principal (academia)

Chief executive and the chief academic officer of a university or college in certain parts of the Commonwealth.

Chief executive and the chief academic officer of a university or college in certain parts of the Commonwealth.

McDonald's Corporation is one of the most recognizable corporations in the world.

Queen's University, the constituent colleges of the University of Toronto and McGill University in Canada have principals instead of presidents or rectors, as a result of their Scottish origins.

Coat of arms of the University of Aberdeen

University of Aberdeen

Public research university in Aberdeen, Scotland.

Public research university in Aberdeen, Scotland.

Coat of arms of the University of Aberdeen
Coat of arms of the University of Aberdeen
King's College, Aberdeen.
An illustration of King's College in 1661.
Marischal College
Christ's College, built in 1850
Marischal College quad with Mitchell Tower
Façade of the Sir Duncan Rice Library in Old Aberdeen
New Building, King's College ("New Kings")
The Powis Gateway on College Bounds
A 2017 aerial view of the Foresterhill Campus, showing University of Aberden and NHS Grampian facilities
The Great Gate at Marischal College
Elphinstone Hall (1930) which replaced the original Great Hall
Camilla, Duchess of Rothesay
This archway, designed by AM Mackenzie, leading to the forecourt of the New King's Building at King's College portrays, from top to bottom, the coat of arms of Scotland, the coat of arms of Bishop Elphinstone, and the University's coat of arms. It is also engraved with the University's Latin motto, Initium Sapientiae Timor Domini.
The scarlet gown (toga rubra) previously worn by undergraduates.
The Hub, a student social centre
Seaton Park
Aberdeen Sports Village (ASV) full-sized indoor 3G football pitch
Aberdeen Sports Village (ASV) games hall
The round tower (apparently known as the Ivy Tower) from ca. 1525 is one of the oldest parts of King's College (the University of Aberdeen) but it is now almost surrounded by later buildings.
Institute of Medical Sciences, Aberdeen
Chemistry Department
Cruickshank Building
Edward Wright Building
Fraser Noble Building
Geography Department
History Department
Faculty of Education
Zoology Building
The Rowett Institute
King's Pavilion
A mosaic of the University of Aberdeen coat of arms on the floor of King's College
George Wishart, early Protestant reformer<ref>{{Cite journal|last=Broun|first=Macolm|title=George Wishart: a Torch of the Reformation in Scotland|url=https://openjournals.library.sydney.edu.au/index.php/JSSSH/article/view/7156|journal=Journal of the Sydney Society for Scottish History|year=1995|volume=3}}</ref><ref>{{Cite book|last=Lorimer|first=Peter|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=dZsQAAAAYAAJ&dq=GEORGE+WISHART+KING%27S+COLLEGE+GREEK&pg=PA91|title=The Scottish Reformation: A Historical Sketch|year=1923|pages=91}}</ref>
Thomas Reid, founder of the Scottish School of Common Sense.<ref>{{cite web |title=Thomas Reid |url=https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/reid/ |website=Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy |access-date=1 January 2022}}</ref>
Alastair Darling, Chancellor of the Exchequer.<ref>{{cite news |last1=Robertson |first1=Kirsten |title=Alistair Darling offers wise words to Aberdeen University graduates |url=https://www.pressandjournal.co.uk/fp/education/higher-education/1615743/alistair-darling-offers-wise-words-to-aberdeen-university-graduates/ |access-date=1 January 2022 |work=Aberdeen press and Journal |date=23 November 2018}}</ref>
Tessa Jowell, Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport and Minister for the Olympics.<ref>{{cite news |last1=Hebdich |first1=Jon |title=Memories of Dame Tessa Jowell's education in Aberdeen flood in |url=https://www.pressandjournal.co.uk/fp/education/higher-education/1475037/memories-of-dame-tessa-jowells-education-in-aberdeen-flood-in/ |access-date=1 January 2022 |work=Aberdeen Press and Journal |date=15 May 2018}}</ref>
Gilbert Burnet, adviser to William III, philosopher, historian, and Bishop of Salisbury.<ref>{{cite web |title=The Burnet Psalter |url=https://www.abdn.ac.uk/burnet-psalter/ |website=Aberdeen University |access-date=1 January 2022}}</ref>
Patrick Manson, founder of the field of tropical medicine, the London School of Tropical Medicine, Dairy Farm, and the University of Hong Kong.<ref>{{cite web |title=Sir Patrick Manson (1844-1922) |url=https://www.lshtm.ac.uk/aboutus/introducing/history/frieze/sir-patrick-manson |website=London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine |access-date=1 January 2022}}</ref>
Alexander Bain, analytical philosopher, psychologist, educationalist, and founder of the first academic psychology and philosophy journal, Mind.<ref>{{cite web |title=Alexander Bain (1818-1903) |url=http://www.scottishphilosophy.org/philosophers/alexander-bain/ |website=Institute for the Study of Scottish Philosophy |access-date=2 January 2022}}</ref>
Robert Brown, botanist and discoverer of Brownian motion. (Was a student, but did not graduate).<ref>{{cite book |last1=Burbidge |first1=N T |title=Brown, Robert (1773–1858) |url=https://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/brown-robert-1835 |website=Australian Dictionary of Biography |publisher=Australian National University |access-date=2 January 2022}}</ref>
John Arbuthnot, scientist, mathematician, court physician to Queen Anne, author, and co-founder of the Scriblerus Club. Fellow of the Royal Society (1704).<ref>{{cite web |title=John Arbuthnot |url=https://mathshistory.st-andrews.ac.uk/Biographies/Arbuthnot/ |website=MacTutor (History of Mathematics Archive) |publisher=School of Mathematics and Statistics University of St Andrews |access-date=2 January 2022}}</ref>
Sir James Mackintosh, philosopher, historian, and Whig politician.<ref>{{cite web |title=MS 2164 - Sir James Mackintosh, M.P.: correspondence and biographical notes |url=https://calm.abdn.ac.uk/archives/Record.aspx?src=CalmView.Catalog&id=MS+2164%2F1 |website=Museums and Special Collections, University of Aberdeen |access-date=2 January 2022}}</ref>
James Burnett, Lord Monboddo, jurist and pioneer anthropologist who anticipated principles of Darwinian evolution.<ref>{{cite web |title=James Burnett, Lord Monboddo (1714-1799) |url=https://www.ed.ac.uk/alumni/services/notable-alumni/alumni-in-history/lord-monboddo |website=The University of Edinburgh |publisher=Alumni Services |access-date=3 January 2022}}</ref>
James Gregory, discoverer of the infinite series and designer of the first practical reflecting telescope, the Gregorian telescope.<ref>{{cite web |title=Who was James Gregory? |url=https://www.nms.ac.uk/explore-our-collections/stories/science-and-technology/reflecting-and-refracting-telescopes/telescopes/james-gregory/ |website=National Museums Scotland |access-date=3 January 2022}}</ref>
James Blair, founder of The College of William and Mary.<ref>{{cite web |title=James Blair Statue, Dedicated 1993 |url=https://tribetrek.wm.edu/items/show/13 |website=TribeTrek |publisher=Special Collections Research Center, William & Mary Libraries |access-date=3 January 2022}}</ref>
William Thornton, physician, inventor, painter, and architect of the United States Capitol.<ref>{{cite web |title=Dr. William Thornton |url=https://www.aoc.gov/about-us/history/architects-of-the-capitol/dr-william-thornton |website=Architect of the Capitol |access-date=3 January 2022}}</ref>
James Gibbs, architect. Studied at Marischal College.<ref>{{cite ODNB |last1=Friedman |first1=Terry |title=Gibbs [Gibb], James |url=https://www.oxforddnb.com/view/10.1093/ref:odnb/9780198614128.001.0001/odnb-9780198614128-e-10604?mediaType=Article |access-date=3 January 2022 |date=3 January 2008|doi=10.1093/ref:odnb/10604 }}</ref>
Iain Glen, actor. Former English student and recipient of an honorary LLD (2004).<ref>{{cite web |title=Iain Glen |url=https://www.abdn.ac.uk/alumni/our-alumni/game-of-thrones.php |website=University of Aberdeen |publisher=Alumni Relations |access-date=3 January 2022}}</ref>
James Macpherson, writer, poet, politician, and 'translator' of the Ossian cycle of epic poems.
Sir Thomas Sutherland, banker, politician, and founder of the Hong Kong Bank and Shanghai Banking Corporation (HSBC).
Robert Davidson, inventor of the electric locomotive.
Frederick Soddy, Nobel Prize in Chemistry.
John Macleod, Nobel Prize in Medicine
George Paget Thomson, Nobel Prize in Physics
John Boyd Orr, Nobel Peace Prize
Richard Laurence Millington Synge, Nobel Prize in Chemistry

It is nominally headed by the Chancellor, a largely ceremonial position traditionally held by the Bishop of Aberdeen but divorced from the see as a result of the Scottish Reformation and holders are now elected for life by the General Council.

University of Limerick

Public research university institution in Limerick, Ireland.

Public research university institution in Limerick, Ireland.

Plassey House, built in the eighteenth-century, now houses the President's Office and displays the university's ceremonial mace.
The block logo was often seen alongside the heraldic crest in promotional material.
The 1,000-seat University Concert Hall, seen from a water fountain on the main campus
Plassey House, on the River Shannon
UL's Schumann Building
Kemmy Business School
Cast-iron sculpture by Antony Gormley in UL's Central Plaza
UL's North Campus playing fields
The Living Bridge over the Shannon on the UL campus
The renovated PESS Building
The School of Medicine building, which was shortlisted for the Stirling Prize in architecture
The Irish World Academy (left) and the Health Sciences building, with the School of Medicine in the background
Analog Devices Building
Tierney Building, home to Lero and Nexus

The university is headed, titularly, by the Chancellor.