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Lord Grenville as Chancellor of the University of Oxford; painting by William Owen
Coat of arms
The Chancellor of the University of Oxford, Lord Patten, in procession at Encaenia, 2009
Balliol College, one of the university's oldest constituent colleges
William Smyth, Vice-Chancellor of the University of Oxford; painting by Gilbert Jackson
Aerial view of Merton College's Mob Quad, the oldest quadrangle of the university, constructed in the years from 1288 to 1378
In 1605 Oxford was still a walled city, but several colleges had been built outside the city walls (north is at the bottom on this map).
An engraving of Christ Church, Oxford, 1742
Atrium of the Chemistry Research Laboratory, where the university has invested heavily in new facilities in recent years
The Sheldonian Theatre, built by Sir Christopher Wren between 1664 and 1668, hosts the university's Congregation, as well as concerts and degree ceremonies.
Summer in the Botanic Garden
Wellington Square, the name of which has become synonymous with the university's central administration
Tom Quad, Christ Church
Main Quad, Worcester College
Dining hall at Christ Church. The hall is an important feature of the typical Oxford college, providing a place to both dine and socialise.
Percentage of state-school students at Oxford and Cambridge
Rhodes House – home to the awarding body for the Rhodes Scholarships, often considered to be the world's most prestigious scholarship
The Clarendon Building is home to many senior Bodleian Library staff and previously housed the university's own central administration.
Duke Humfrey's Library in the Bodleian Library
The interior of the Pitt Rivers Museum
An undergraduate student at the University of Oxford in subfusc for matriculation
Rowing at Summer Eights, an annual intercollegiate bumps race
The Oxford Union's debating chamber
Tom Quad, Christ Church

The head of the university had the title of chancellor from at least 1201, and the masters were recognised as a universitas or corporation in 1231.

- University of Oxford

In England, a Chancellor is generally a titular position without day-to-day managerial responsibilities, such as at University of Oxford, where the Vice-Chancellor runs the administration and is the de facto university leader.

- Chancellor (education)
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University of Edinburgh

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Public research university in Edinburgh, Scotland.

Public research university in Edinburgh, Scotland.

Interior dome of the McEwan Hall after restoration in 2017
Robert Rollock, Regent (1583–1586) and first principal (1586–1599) of the University of Edinburgh
Main buildings of King James' College in 1647, lying in a double courtyard on the lower left
The east facade of Old College facing onto South Bridge, as built in 1827. A dome similar to Adam's original design was added in 1887 by Sir Robert Rowand Anderson.
Plaque commemorating the Edinburgh Seven at the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh
Buildings of the old Medical School at Teviot Place, photographed in the late 19th century
Exterior of the McEwan Hall
Teviot Row House, drawn by architect Sydney Mitchell in 1888
Facade of New College facing onto The Mound in 1910
Plaque honouring the Polish School of Medicine at the old Medical School
Spiral staircase inside of the Informatics Forum
The Lady Lawson Street entrance of Edinburgh College of Art
Interior courtyard of Old College
The Main Library viewed from The Meadows
Pollock Halls of Residence seen from Arthur's Seat
The view of the Holyrood campus
Princess Anne, current chancellor of the University of Edinburgh
Hugh Blair, first Regius Professor of Rhetoric and Belles-Lettres appointed by King George III
Members of the medical faculty at Edinburgh in the first half of the 19th century
Old Surgical Hospital in Drummond Street, once part of the Royal Infirmary, today houses the university's Institute of Geography
Edinburgh graduation ceremony in the McEwan Hall
Playfair Library Hall in Old College
The former principal Sir Timothy O'Shea signed an agreement with Peking University in 2012
The Pleasance, one of EUSA's main buildings, is a theatre, bar, sports and recreation complex
Edinburgh University Music Society, performing Mahler in Greyfriars Kirk
The student-run Bedlam Theatre, home to the Edinburgh University Theatre Company
Peter Higgs, faculty at Edinburgh since 1960 and Emeritus Professor after retiring in 1996, was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 2013.
Gordon Brown, former Prime Minister and consecutive 10-year-long Chancellor of the Exchequer, is an alumnus (MA '72, PhD '82) and former rector of the university.
Appleton Tower
Business School
Centre for Regenerative Medicine
Erskine Williamson Building, King's Buildings
thumb|Informatics Forum, School of Informatics
Roslin Institute
Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, School of Medicine
Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies
Robert Adam, neoclassical architect
J. M. Barrie, novelist and playwright
James Barry, surgeon
Thomas Bayes, statistician
Joseph Black, physicist and chemist
Richard Bright, physician, father of nephrology
Robert Brown, botanist, discovered Brownian motion
Thomas Carlyle, historian and satirist
Thomas Chalmers, political economist
Charles Darwin, naturalist and biologist
Adam Ferguson, philosopher and historian
David Hume, philosopher
James Hutton, geologist, father of modern geology
James Clerk Maxwell, mathematician and physicist
Richard Owen, biologist, coined the term dinosaur
Macquorn Rankine, engineer, founding contributor to thermodynamics
Benjamin Rush, signatory of the United States Declaration of Independence
Walter Scott, novelist and poet
James Young Simpson, physician
Robert Louis Stevenson, novelist and poet
Dugald Stewart, philosopher and mathematician
James Wilson, Founding Father of the United States
John Witherspoon, Founding Father of the United States
Thomas Young, polymath
New College
Edinburgh University Mountaineering Club at the cairn on Ciste Dhubh, 1964
Max Born, Tait Professor of Natural Philosophy at Edinburgh from 1936 to 1953, was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1954.
Business School

In the fiscal year ending 31 July 2021, it had a total income of £1,175.6 million, of which £324.0 million was from research grants and contracts, with the third-largest endowment in the UK, behind only Cambridge and Oxford.

The office of chancellor serves as the titular head and highest office of the university.

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University of London

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Federal public research university located in London, England, United Kingdom.

Federal public research university located in London, England, United Kingdom.

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General Examination for Women certificate from 1878. These were issued 1869–1878, before women were admitted to degrees of the university.
Yeomanry House in Handel Street is the home of London UOTC. The flag seen flying is the University of London coat of arms.
The Imperial Institute Building in South Kensington, home to the university from 1900 to 1937
Senate House, constructed 1932–1937: the headquarters of the University of London
The University of London coat of arms
The main building of the University of London Union (now rebranded as 'Student Central, London')
Connaught Hall, located in Tavistock Square
Somerset House in 1836. The university had its offices here from 1837 to 1870.
King William IV, who granted the University of London its original royal charter in 1836.
An illustration of 6 Burlington Gardens, home to the university administration from 1870 to 1900.
Mahatma Gandhi, Father of the Nation for India
Nelson Mandela (LLB; Hon. DSc Econ), Father of the Nation for South Africa
Muhammad Ali Jinnah, Father of the Nation for Pakistan{{efn|Muhammad Ali Jinnah graduated from Inns of Court School of Law, which is now City Law School. In 2016, City University London became one of the constituent college of the University of London as City, University of London.}}
John Snow (MB, MD), founder of epidemiology
John Hunter, founder of modern surgery
Florence Nightingale, founder of modern nursing
Achim Steiner (MA 1985), Administrator of the UNDP
Tedros Adhanom (MSc 1992), 8th Director-General of the World Health Organization
Kaushik Basu (MSc 1974, PhD 1976), 11th Chief Economist of the World Bank
Jeremy Heywood (MSc 1986), 11th Cabinet Secretary
Margrethe II (Hon. LLD), Queen of Denmark
Aung San Suu Kyi (MPhil 1988), 1st State Counsellor of Myanmar
V. K. Krishna Menon (MSc, MA), 3rd Defence Minister of India
Fred Mulley (BSc), former British Secretary of State for Defence
Leszek Borysiewicz (PhD 1986){{efn|Imperial College London was a constituent college of University of London from years 1908 to 2007. All degrees during this time was solely issued by the federal university. Imperial College left UoL in 2007 and after which is now issuing its own degree in its name.}}, 345th Vice-Chancellor of the University of Cambridge
Elton John (Hon. DMus 2002), English singer and composer.
Mick Jagger, English singer and composer.
George Soros (BSc 1951, MSc 1954), billionaire investor and philanthropist.
Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall.{{efn|Attended; did not graduate.}}
Meir Shamgar, 7th Chief Justice of Supreme Court of Israel.
Sudhi Das (LLB 1918), 5th Chief Justice of India.
George V (LLD 1903), King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions and Emperor of India <ref name="Foundation UOL">{{cite web|url=https://london.ac.uk/about-us/how-university-run/foundation-day|title=Foundation Day of University of London}}</ref>
Edward VIII (MCom 1921, DSc 1921), King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions and Emperor of India
Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother (DLitt 1937), Queen consort of the United Kingdom
Queen Elizabeth II (BMus 1946, LLD 1951), Queen of the United Kingdom and
Princess Margaret (DMus 1957),<ref name="Queen Mother Official Biography">{{cite book|last=Shawcross|first=William|title =Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother: The Official Biography|date=2 October 2009| publisher=Pan Macmillan, 2009| isbn=9780230748101}}</ref> Member of British royal family
Winston Churchill (LLD 1948), Prime Minister of the United Kingdom{{efn|The University of London awarded honorary doctorate degree to Winston Churchill at the Foundation Day ceremony on 18 November 1948.}}
Albert Einstein (1936), Theoretical physicist and Recipient of Nobel Prize in Physics in 1921
René Cassin (1969), Recipient of Nobel Peace Prize in 1968
Amartya Sen (DSc Econ 2000), Recipient of Nobel Prize in Economics 1998
Lars Ahlfors (1978), Finnish mathematician Recipient of Fields Medal in 1936.<ref name="Lars Ahlfors UoL">{{cite web|title=Lars Ahlfors (1907-1996)|url=http://www.math.harvard.edu/history/ahlfors/|work=Harvard University|access-date=31 May 2018}}</ref><ref name="Lars Ahlfors UoL2">{{cite web|title=Lars Valerian Ahlfors|url=http://www-history.mcs.st-and.ac.uk/Biographies/Ahlfors.html|work=University of St Andrews|access-date=31 May 2018}}</ref>
Franklin D. Roosevelt (1941), 32nd President of the United States

In 1913, it appointed Caroline Spurgeon as only the second female professor at a British university, and in 1948 was the first British university to appoint a woman as its vice chancellor (chief executive).

However, the blocking of a bill to open up Oxford and Cambridge degrees to dissenters led to renewed pressure on the Government to grant degree awarding powers to an institution that would not apply religious tests, particularly as the degrees of the new University of Durham were also to be closed to non-Anglicans.

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University of Cambridge

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Collegiate research university in Cambridge, United Kingdom.

Collegiate research university in Cambridge, United Kingdom.

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Peterhouse, Cambridge's first college, was founded in 1284
Emmanuel College Chapel
Selwyn College was founded in 1882
Newnham College is one of two extant women's colleges
The Mathematical Bridge over the River Cam (at Queens' College)
The entrance to the original Cavendish Laboratory on the New Museums Site
The Faculty of Education
The Faculty of Law on the Sidgwick Site
View over Trinity College, Gonville and Caius, Trinity Hall and Clare College towards King's College Chapel, seen from St John's College chapel whereas on the left, just in front of King's College chapel, is the university Senate House
The President's Lodge at Queens' College
Margaret Wileman Building, Hughes Hall
The Bridge of Sighs at St John's College
Institute of Continuing Education, Madingley Hall.
The Old Schools (left) are the administrative centre of the university
Officers of the Regent House, including Vice- Chancellor Borysiewicz, after a graduation ceremony
Faculty of Divinity at Cambridge University
Light show on the Senate House, for the 800th anniversary of the foundation of the university
Old Court, Clare College
Senate House Passage in the snow with Senate House on the right and Gonville and Caius College on the left
Peterhouse Old Court
Great Court of Trinity College, dating back to the 16th Century
Percentage of state-school students at Oxford and Cambridge
Results for the Cambridge Mathematical Tripos are read out inside Senate House and then tossed from the balcony
Graduands enter the Senate House at a graduation ceremony
University officials leading the Vice-Chancellor's deputy into the Senate House
Trinity College's Wren Library
The Fitzwilliam Museum, the art and antiquities museum of the University of Cambridge
The University Centre main dining hall
The boathouse of the Cambridge University Boat Club
Stephen Fry in the Main Chamber of the Cambridge Union
The Main Hall at Christ's College
The bridge over the River Cam at Clare College during its 2005 May Ball
Charles Darwin—whose family was also benefactor of Darwin College
Stephen Hawking
Paul Dirac, theoretical physicist
Muhammad Iqbal, philosopher, poet
Ludwig Wittgenstein, philosopher
Thomas Cranmer
The Marlowe portrait, often claimed to be Christopher Marlowe, playwright
Lord Byron, English poet
Zadie Smith, Author
Stephen Fry, comedian and actor
Great Court, Trinity College
Corpus Christi College New Court
Gatehouse, Gonville and Caius College
First Court, Pembroke College
Gatehouse, Selwyn College
Main Court, St Catharine's College
Hughes Hall and Fenner's
Bredon House of Wolfson College
St Edmund's College
West Lodge Garden, Downing College
Queens' College Old Gatehouse
Dining Hall of Magdalene College
Chapel Court, Jesus College
Second Court, St John's College
Trinity Hall
The Cavendish Building, Homerton College
Darwin College
The chapel, Sidney Sussex College
Judge Business School interior
The Grove at Fitzwilliam College
Gatehouse, Girton College

The university grew out of an association of scholars who left the University of Oxford after a dispute with the townspeople.

Notable educationalists to have attended the university include the founders and early professors of Harvard University, including John Harvard himself; Emily Davies, founder of Girton College, the first residential higher education institution for women, and John Haden Badley, founder of the first mixed-sex public school (i.e. not public) in England; Anil Kumar Gain, 20th century mathematician and founder of the Vidyasagar University in Bengal, Siram Govindarajulu Naidu founder vice chancellor of Sri Venkateswara University and Menachem Ben-Sasson, Israeli president of Hebrew University of Jerusalem.