Chandragupta Maurya

ChandraguptaChandra Gupta MauryaSandracottusSandrocottusChandragupt MauryaSimhasenaCandragupta MauryaChandargupta MauryaChandraChandragupta''' Maurya
Chandragupta Maurya (reign: 321–298 BCE) was the founder of the Maurya Empire in ancient India.wikipedia
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Chanakya

KautilyaKautiliyaAcharya Chanakya
He was born in a humble family, orphaned and abandoned, raised as a son by another pastoral family, was picked up, taught and counselled by Chanakya – a Hindu Brahmin also known as Kautilya and the author of the Arthashastra.
Chanakya assisted the first Mauryan emperor Chandragupta in his rise to power.

Ashoka

AsokaAshoka the GreatEmperor Ashoka
His grandson was emperor Ashoka, famous for his historic pillars and for his role in helping spread Buddhism outside of ancient India.
The grandson of the founder of the Maurya Dynasty, Chandragupta Maurya, Ashoka promoted the spread of Buddhism across ancient Asia.

Arthashastra

ArthasastraArthaśāstraArtha Shastra
He was born in a humble family, orphaned and abandoned, raised as a son by another pastoral family, was picked up, taught and counselled by Chanakya – a Hindu Brahmin also known as Kautilya and the author of the Arthashastra.
The latter was a scholar at Takshashila, the teacher and guardian of Emperor Chandragupta Maurya.

History of India

ancient IndiaIndiaIndian history
Chandragupta Maurya was a pivotal figure in the history of India.
The empire was established by Chandragupta Maurya assisted by Chanakya (Kautilya) in Magadha (in modern Bihar) when he overthrew the Nanda dynasty.

Shravanabelagola

SravanabelagolaShravana BelgolaShravanbelgola
A memorial to Chandragupta Maurya exists on the Chandragiri hill, along with a 7th-century hagiographic inscription, on one of the two hills in Shravanabelagola, Karnakata.
Chandragupta Maurya is said to have died here in 298 BCE after he became a Jain monk and assumed an ascetic life style.

Mudrarakshasa

MalayketuMalayaketuMudra-Rakshasa
Another Sanskrit dramatic text Mudrarakshasa uses the terms "Vrishala" and "Kula-hina" to describe Chandragupta.
The Mudrarakshasa (IAST: Mudrārākṣasa, The Signet of the Minister) is a Sanskrit-language play by Vishakhadatta that narrates the ascent of the king Chandragupta Maurya ((r.

Megasthenes

Megasthanes
Megasthenes served as a Greek ambassador in his court for four years.
At the time of treaty between the Greek ruler Seleucus I Nicator and the Indian ruler Chandragupta Maurya in c. 303 BCE, he appears to have been serving as an officer under Sibyrtius, who was Seleucus's satrap of Arachosia.

Nanda Empire

Nanda dynastyNandaNandas
The conquest was fictionalised in Mudrarakshasa, in which Chandragupta is said to have first acquired Punjab and then allied with a local king named Parvatka under the advice of Chanakya, and advanced upon the Nanda Empire.
The last Nanda king was overthrown by Chandragupta Maurya, the founder of the Maurya Empire, and the latter's mentor Chanakya.

Chandragiri hill

Chandragiri
A memorial to Chandragupta Maurya exists on the Chandragiri hill, along with a 7th-century hagiographic inscription, on one of the two hills in Shravanabelagola, Karnakata.
The recorded history surrounding the hill started in 300 BC when last Shruthakevali Bhadrabahu and Chandragupta Maurya visited the place in order to attain religious peace.

Indian campaign of Alexander the Great

Indian campaignAlexander's India campaigncampaign in India
Plutarch claims that he was a young man when he met Alexander during the latter's invasion of India (c.
322 BC, one year after Alexander's death, Chandragupta Maurya of Magadha founded the Maurya Empire in India.

Seleucid Empire

SeleucidSeleucidsSeleucid dynasty
According to Appian, Seleucus I Nicator, a Macedonian general of Alexander who in 312 BCE established the Seleucid Kingdom with its capital at Babylon, brought Persia and Bactria under his own authority, putting his eastern front facing the empire of Sandrocottus (Chandragupta).
Having come into conflict in the east (305 BC) with Chandragupta Maurya of the Maurya Empire, Seleucus I entered into an agreement with Chandragupta whereby he ceded vast territory west of the Indus, including the Hindu Kush, modern-day Afghanistan, and the Balochistan province of Pakistan and offered his daughter in marriage to the Maurya Emperor to formalize the alliance.

Jainism

JainJainsJaina
According to Jain sources, he then renounced it all, became a monk in the Jain tradition.
Jain tradition states that Chandragupta Maurya (322–298 BCE), the founder of the Mauryan Empire and grandfather of Ashoka, became a monk and disciple of Jain ascetic Bhadrabahu during later part of his life.

Sallekhana

Santharasallekhanāstarve himself to death
Other Digambara Jain sources state he moved to Karnataka after renouncing his kingdom and there he performed Sallekhana – the Jain religious ritual of peacefully welcoming death by fasting.
Several inscriptions after 600 CE record that Chandragupta Maurya (c.

Alexander the Great

AlexanderAlexander III of MacedonAlexander of Macedon
Plutarch claims that he was a young man when he met Alexander during the latter's invasion of India (c. Prior to his consolidation of power, Alexander the Great had invaded the northwest Indian subcontinent, then abandoned his campaign in 324 BCE and left a legacy of several Indo-Greek kingdoms in the northwest ancient India.
Taking advantage of this power vacuum, Chandragupta Maurya (referred to in Greek sources as "Sandrokottos"), of relatively humble origin, took control of the Punjab, and with that power base proceeded to conquer the Nanda Empire.

Dhana Nanda

NandaDhananandDhana
There Dhana Nanda accepted defeat, and was killed by Buddhist accounts, or deposed and exiled by Hindu accounts.
Chanakya then installed his own protege Chandragupta Maurya on the throne.

Seleucus I Nicator

SeleucusSeleucus ISeleucus Nicator
According to Appian, Seleucus I Nicator, a Macedonian general of Alexander who in 312 BCE established the Seleucid Kingdom with its capital at Babylon, brought Persia and Bactria under his own authority, putting his eastern front facing the empire of Sandrocottus (Chandragupta). Greek rulers such as Seleucus I Nicator avoided war with him, entered into a marriage alliance instead, and retreated into Persia.
Seleucus' wars took him as far as India, where, after two years of war (305–303 BC), he was defeated by the armies of the Maurya Empire and made peace by marrying his daughter to king Chandragupta, whereupon he was rewarded a considerable force of 500 war elephants, which would play a decisive role against Antigonus at the Battle of Ipsus in 301 BC and against Lysimachus at the Battle of Corupedium in 281 BC.

War elephant

war elephantselephantselephantry
Chandragupta sent 500 war elephants to Seleucus, which played a key role in the victory of Seleucus at the Battle of Ipsus.
Chandragupta Maurya (321–297 BC), formed the Maurya Empire, the largest empire to exist in South Asia.

Kandahar

QandaharKandahar, AfghanistanKandahar City
The Maurya Empire added Arachosia (Kandahar), Gedrosia (Balochistan), and Paropamisadae ( Gandhara).
The founder of the empire, Chandragupta Maurya, confronted a Macedonian invasion force led by Seleucus I in 305 BC and following a brief conflict, an agreement was reached as Seleucus ceded Gandhara and Arachosia and areas south of Bagram to the Mauryas.

Punjab

Punjab regionPanjabPunjabi
The conquest was fictionalised in Mudrarakshasa, in which Chandragupta is said to have first acquired Punjab and then allied with a local king named Parvatka under the advice of Chanakya, and advanced upon the Nanda Empire.
In a long line of succeeding rulers of the area, Chandragupta Maurya and Ashoka stand out as the most renowned.

Paropamisadae

ParopamisadeParopamisusParuparaesanna
The Maurya Empire added Arachosia (Kandahar), Gedrosia (Balochistan), and Paropamisadae ( Gandhara).
The entire satrapy was subsequently ceded by Seleucus I Nicator to Chandragupta Maurya following a treaty.

Maurya Empire

Mauryan EmpireMauryanMaurya
Chandragupta Maurya (reign: 321–298 BCE) was the founder of the Maurya Empire in ancient India.
The Maurya Empire was a geographically extensive Iron Age historical power based in Magadha and founded by Chandragupta Maurya which dominated the Indian subcontinent between 322 and 185 BCE.

Gujarat

Gujarat StateGujarat, IndiaGujrat
In the west, Chandragupta's rule over present-day Gujarat is attested to by the Ashoka's inscription in Junagadh.
The early history of Gujarat reflects the imperial grandeur of Chandragupta Maurya who conquered a number of earlier states in what is now Gujarat.

Parishishtaparvan

Parishishta-ParvanPariśiṣṭaparvan
The 12th-century Digambara text Parishishtaparvan by Hemachandra is the main and earliest Jain source of the complete legend of Chandragupta.
According to Hemachandra, the sequence of rulers in the times of the Jains discussed was: Shrenika, Kunika, Udayin, the nine Nandas, Chandragupta Maurya, Ashoka, and Samprati.

Magadha

MagadhMagadha KingdomMagadhas
Chandragupta laid siege to Kusumapura (now Patna), the capital of Magadha, with the help of mercenaries from areas already conquered and by deploying guerrilla warfare methods.
Around 321 BCE, the Nanda Dynasty ended and Chandragupta Maurya became the first king of the great Mauryan dynasty and Mauryan Empire with the help of Chanakya.

Gandhara

GandhāraGandharanGandahara
The Maurya Empire added Arachosia (Kandahar), Gedrosia (Balochistan), and Paropamisadae ( Gandhara).
Chandragupta Maurya, the founder of the Mauryan dynasty, is said to have lived in Taxila when Alexander captured the city.