Chang Myon

John M. ChangJohn ChangJohn Myun ChangMyon Chang
Chang Myon (hangul: 장면; hanja: 張勉; August28, 1899 – June4, 1966) was a South Korean statesman, educator, diplomat, journalist and social activist as well as a Roman Catholic youth activist.wikipedia
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Second Republic of Korea

Second RepublicSecond Republic of South KoreaSouth Korea
He was the last Vice President of South Korea and the Prime Minister of the Second Republic.
The Second Republic was founded during the April Revolution mass protests against President Syngman Rhee, succeeding the First Republic and establishing a parliamentary government under President Yun Bo-seon and Prime Minister Chang Myon.

Vice President of South Korea

Vice PresidentVice President of the Republic of Korea
He was the last Vice President of South Korea and the Prime Minister of the Second Republic.

Park Chung-hee

Park Chung HeePark Jung-HeeChung Hee Park
Chang Myon's government ended when Park Chung-hee led a successful military coup on May 16, 1961, which marked the end of the Second Republic and the nation's brief experimentation with the cabinet form of government.
Yun Bo-seon was a figurehead president, with the real power vested in Prime Minister Chang Myon.

Indong Jang clan

Indong Chang Family
He was a member of the Indong Chang Family, and descended from Jukjong Chang Cham, a well-known Neo-Confucianism philosopher.

April Revolution

April 19 MovementApril 19 Revolution1960–1961
When Syngman Rhee's government was ousted by the student-led pro-democracy uprising of April 19 Movement, he was elected the Prime Minister of the Second Republic in 1960.
Lee ran against the Democratic Party candidate Chang Myon, who had been South Korea's ambassador to the United States during the Korean War.

Syngman Rhee

Rhee Syng-manRhee SyngmanRhee
When Syngman Rhee's government was ousted by the student-led pro-democracy uprising of April 19 Movement, he was elected the Prime Minister of the Second Republic in 1960.
When Lee, who was running against Chang Myon (the ambassador to the United States during the Korean War, a member from the opposition Democratic Party) won the vote with a wide margin, the opposition Democratic Party claimed the election was rigged.

Democratic Party (South Korea, 1955)

Democratic PartyDemocraticDemocratic (1955)
On September 18, 1955, he was defeated by a narrow margin by Shin Ik-hee for the Democratic Party's candidacy in the presidential election.
The party did not nominate a presidential candidate in the 1956 elections, but put forward Chang Myon as its vice-presidential candidate.

Manhattan College

ManhattanBeta Eta: Manhattan Collegefrom Manhattan College
In September 1921, he entered Manhattan College and in 1924 took a one-year leave of absence from the college due to acute appendicitis.

Sin Ik-hui

Shin Ik-heeIkhee "Haikong" Shin
On September 18, 1955, he was defeated by a narrow margin by Shin Ik-hee for the Democratic Party's candidacy in the presidential election.

Yun Posun

Yun Bo-seonYun Po SunYoon Bo-seon
Rhee's government was ousted by a student-led, pro-democracy uprising in 1960; and Yun was elected president on August 13, and appointed Chang Myon as First Minister.

Hangul

Chosŏn'gŭlHangeulKorean
Chang Myon (hangul: 장면; hanja: 張勉; August28, 1899 – June4, 1966) was a South Korean statesman, educator, diplomat, journalist and social activist as well as a Roman Catholic youth activist.

Hanja

HanchahanmunChinese characters
Chang Myon (hangul: 장면; hanja: 張勉; August28, 1899 – June4, 1966) was a South Korean statesman, educator, diplomat, journalist and social activist as well as a Roman Catholic youth activist.

South Korea

Republic of KoreaKoreaKOR
Chang Myon (hangul: 장면; hanja: 張勉; August28, 1899 – June4, 1966) was a South Korean statesman, educator, diplomat, journalist and social activist as well as a Roman Catholic youth activist. In 1948, he led the delegation of the Republic of Korea to the UN General Assembly.

United Nations General Assembly

General AssemblyUN General AssemblyGeneral Assembly of the United Nations
In 1948, he led the delegation of the Republic of Korea to the UN General Assembly.

United States

AmericanU.S.USA
In 1949, he became the first ambassador of the Republic of Korea to the United States.

Korean War

KoreaKoreanKorea War
In 1950, he successfully appealed to the United States and the UN to send troops to assist in the Korean War.

Parliamentary system

parliamentaryparliamentarismparliamentary democracy
After the country adopted a parliamentary system in response to Rhee's abuse of presidential power, Chang became the head of government.

Cabinet (government)

cabinetcouncil of ministerscabinets
Chang Myon's government ended when Park Chung-hee led a successful military coup on May 16, 1961, which marked the end of the Second Republic and the nation's brief experimentation with the cabinet form of government.