Changchun

HsinkingXinjingChangchun, ChinaChangchun, JilinShinkyoShinkyōChangchun CityChangchun, JLXinjing (Changchun)Adventure Mountain
Changchun is the capital and largest city of Jilin Province, People's Republic of China.wikipedia
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Jilin

Jilin ProvinceKirinKirin Province
Changchun is the capital and largest city of Jilin Province, People's Republic of China.
Its capital and largest city is Changchun.

Kuancheng District

KuanchengKuanchengzi
In May 1898, Changchun got its first railway station, located in Kuancheng, part of the railway from Harbin to Lüshun (the southern branch of the Chinese Eastern Railway), constructed by the Russian Empire.
Kuancheng District is one of seven districts of the prefecture-level city of Changchun, the capital of Jilin Province, Northeast China.

South Manchuria Railway

South Manchurian RailwaySouth Manchurian Railway CompanySouth Manchuria Railway Company
The next station just a short distance to the south—the new "Japanese" Changchun station—became the first station of the South Manchuria Railway, which now owned all the tracks running farther south, to Lüshun, which they re-gauged to the standard gauge (after a short period of using the narrow Japanese gauge during the war).
The South Manchuria Railway (南滿洲鐵道: Japanese Minamimanshū Tetsudō; Chinese Nánmǎnzhōu Tiědào), officially South Manchuria Railway Company (南満州鉄道株式会社, kyujitai: 南滿洲鐵道株式會社), or 滿鐵 (Mantetsu) for short (Mǎntiě in Chinese), was a large National Policy Company of Japan whose primary function was the operation of railways on the Dalian–Fengtian (Mukden)–Changchun (called Xinjing from 1931 to 1945) corridor in northeastern China, as well as on several branch lines.

Museum of the Imperial Palace of Manchukuo

Imperial PalaceMuseum of the Imperial Palace of the Manchu StateWei Huang Gong
The Emperor Puyi resided in the Imperial Palace which is now the Museum of the Manchu State Imperial Palace.
The Museum of the Imperial Palace of Manchukuo is a museum in the northeastern corner of Changchun, Jilin province, northeast China.

Northeast China

NortheastNortheastern Chinanortheastern
It is one of the biggest cities in Northeast China, along with Shenyang, Dalian and Harbin. Between 1932 and 1945, Changchun was renamed Hsinking by the Japanese as it became the capital of the Japanese puppet state of Manchukuo, occupying modern Northeast China.
Major cities include Shenyang, Dalian, Harbin, Changchun and Anshan, all with several million inhabitants.

Manchukuo

ManchuriaEmperor of ManchukuoPrime Minister of Manchukuo
Between 1932 and 1945, Changchun was renamed Hsinking by the Japanese as it became the capital of the Japanese puppet state of Manchukuo, occupying modern Northeast China.
The city of Changchun, renamed Hsinking (Pinyin: Xinjing) (新京, "New Capital"), became the capital of the new entity.

Yitong River

Yitong
In 1800, the Jiaqing Emperor selected a small village on the east bank of the Yitong River and named it "Changchun Ting".
It is the mother river of Changchun, the capital of Jilin Province.

Dalian

DairenDalian CityDalian, China
It is one of the biggest cities in Northeast China, along with Shenyang, Dalian and Harbin.
Together with the Dalian Railway Station, Dalian North Railway Station, Dalian International Airport and two major express roads to Shenyang (Shenda Expressway), Changchun (Changda Expressway), Harbin (Hada Expressway) in the north and to Dandong to the east, Dalian has been an important distribution centre.

5 ft and 1520 mm gauge railways

Russian gaugebroad gaugeRussian broad gauge
A special Russo-Japanese agreement of 1907 provided that Russian gauge tracks would continue from the "Russian" Kuancheng Station to the "Japanese" Changchun Station, and vice versa, tracks on the "gauge adapted by the South Manchuria Railway" (i.e. the standard gauge) would continue from Changchun Station to Kuancheng Station.
The railway's southern branch, from Harbin via Changchun to Lüshun, used the Russian gauge, but as a result of the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-1905 its southernmost section (from Changchun to Lüshun) was lost to the Japanese, who promptly regauged it to standard gauge (after using the narrow for a short time during the war).

Siege of Changchun

Changchunsiege of the citythe siege
The city fell to the communists in 1948 after the five-month Siege of Changchun by the People's Liberation Army.
The Siege of Changchun was a military blockade undertaken by the People's Liberation Army against Changchun between May and October 1948, the largest city in Manchuria at the time, and one of the headquarters of the Republic of China Army in Northeast China.

Changchun Film Studio

Changchun Film Group CorporationChangchun Film GroupChangchun Film Studio Group Corporation
The Changchun Film Studio is also one of the remaining film studios of the era.
Changchun Film Studio Group Corporation is a Chinese film production company in Changchun.

Unit 100

In 1936, the Japanese established Unit 100 to develop plague biological weapons, although the declared purpose of Unit 100 was to conduct research about diseases originating from animals.
Its headquarters was located in Mokotan, Manchukuo, a village just south of the city of Changchun.

Chaoyang District, Changchun

Chaoyang DistrictChaoyang
Chaoyang District is one of seven districts of the prefecture-level city of Changchun, the capital of Jilin Province, Northeast China.

Nanguan District

Nanguan
Nanguan District is one of seven districts of the prefecture-level city of Changchun, the capital of Jilin Province, Northeast China, and forms part of the urban core.

Erdao District

Erdao
Erdao District is one of seven districts of the prefecture-level city of Changchun, the capital of Jilin Province, Northeast China.

Jiutai District

JiutaiJiutai CountyJiutai, Changchun, Jilin
The city's metro area, comprising 5 districts and 4 development areas, had a population of 3,815,270 in 2010, as the Shuangyang and Jiutai districts are not urbanized yet.
Jiutai is one of seven districts of the prefecture-level city of Changchun, the capital of Jilin Province, Northeast China.

Luyuan District

LuyuanLüyuan
Luyuan District is one of seven districts of the prefecture-level city of Changchun, the capital of Jilin Province, Northeast China, forming part of the city's urban core.

District (China)

Districtdistrictsurban districts
The sub-provincial city of Changchun has direct jurisdiction over 7 districts, 2 county-level cities and 1 County:

Puyi

Xuantong EmperorPu YiEmperor Puyi
The Emperor Puyi resided in the Imperial Palace which is now the Museum of the Manchu State Imperial Palace.
Puyi believed Manchukuo was just the beginning, and that within a few years he would again reign as Emperor of China, having the yellow Imperial Dragon robes used for coronation of Qing emperors brought from Beijing to Changchun.

Shuangyang District

ShuangyangShuangyang County
The city's metro area, comprising 5 districts and 4 development areas, had a population of 3,815,270 in 2010, as the Shuangyang and Jiutai districts are not urbanized yet.
Shuangyang District is one of seven districts of the prefecture-level city of Changchun, the capital of Jilin Province, Northeast China, forming part of the city's southeastern suburbs.

Yushu, Jilin

YushuYushiYushu City
Yushu is a county-level city of Jilin Province, Northeast China, it is under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Changchun.

Chinese Civil War

civil warCommunist RevolutionChina
The Russians maintained a presence in the city during the Chinese civil war until 1946.
By late 1948, the CPC eventually captured the northern cities of Shenyang and Changchun and seized control of the Northeast after suffering numerous setbacks while trying to take the cities, with the decisive Liaoshen Campaign.

Shenyang

MukdenFengtianShenyang, China
It is one of the biggest cities in Northeast China, along with Shenyang, Dalian and Harbin.
Eight railways connect Shenyang with Beijing, Dalian, Changchun, Harbin and Fushun.

Dehui

Yao-men
Dehui is a county-level city of Jilin Province, Northeast China, it is under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Changchun, located in the middle of the Songliao Plain.

FAW Group

FAWFirst Automobile WorksFirst Auto Works
Construction of the First Automobile Works (FAW) began in 1953 and production of the Jiefang CA-10 truck, based on the Soviet ZIS-150 started in 1956.
FAW Group Corporation ("First Automobile Works") is a Chinese state-owned automotive manufacturing company headquartered in Changchun, Jilin, China.