Channel 4

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Channel 4 is a British public-service free-to-air television network headquartered in London, United Kingdom.wikipedia
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Channel Four Television Corporation

Channel 4 Television CorporationChannel 4Channel Four Television Company
Although largely commercially self-funded, it is ultimately publicly owned; originally a subsidiary of the Independent Broadcasting Authority (IBA), the station is now owned and operated by Channel Four Television Corporation, a public corporation of the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport, which was established in 1990 and came into operation in 1993. In addition, the corporation launched a number of new television channels through its new 4Ventures offshoot, including Film4, At the Races, E4 and More4.
Its original and principal activity is the British national television network Channel 4.

ITV (TV network)

ITVITV NetworkIndependent Television
The channel was established to provide a fourth television service to the United Kingdom in addition to the licence-funded BBC One and BBC Two, and the single commercial broadcasting network ITV.
Since the passing of the Broadcasting Act 1990, its legal name has been Channel 3, to distinguish it from the other analogue channels at the time, namely BBC 1, BBC 2 and Channel 4.

Independent Broadcasting Authority

IBAIndependent Broadcasting Acts 1973, 1974 and 1978radio industry regulator
Although largely commercially self-funded, it is ultimately publicly owned; originally a subsidiary of the Independent Broadcasting Authority (IBA), the station is now owned and operated by Channel Four Television Corporation, a public corporation of the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport, which was established in 1990 and came into operation in 1993.
The Independent Broadcasting Authority (IBA) was the regulatory body in the United Kingdom for commercial television (ITV and Channel 4 and limited satellite television regulation – cable television was the responsibility of the Cable Authority) – and commercial and independent radio broadcasts.

S4C

Sianel Pedwar CymruSianel 4 CymruS4C Clirlun
The Broadcasting Act 1980 began the process of adding a fourth; Channel 4 was formally created, along with its Welsh counterpart, by an Act of Parliament in 1982.
When first established, the channel—initially broadcast on analogue television—was bilingual (Welsh and English) outside peak hours, with English-language content consisting of the simultaneous or deferred transmission of programmes from Channel 4 (analogue reception of which was unavailable in most of Wales).

Countdown (game show)

CountdownDictionary CornerCountdown'' (game show)
The first programme to air on the channel was the teatime game show Countdown, at 16:45 produced by Yorkshire Television.
It is broadcast on Channel 4 and is currently presented by Nick Hewer, assisted by Rachel Riley, with regular lexicographer Susie Dent.

BBC One

BBC1BBC 1BBC
The channel was established to provide a fourth television service to the United Kingdom in addition to the licence-funded BBC One and BBC Two, and the single commercial broadcasting network ITV.
During this time, both commercial analogue broadcasters, ITV and Channel 4 had officially begun stereo transmissions using the BBC-developed NICAM system.

Brookside

Irene MarotBrookside CloseCarmel O’Leary
On its first day, Channel 4 also broadcast soap opera Brookside, which often ran storylines thought to be controversial; this ran until 2003.
The series began on the launch night of Channel 4 on 2 November 1982 and ran for 21 years until 4 November 2003.

Richard Whiteley

John Richard Whiteley
The first person to be seen on Channel 4 was Richard Whiteley with Ted Moult being the second.
Countdown was the launch programme for Channel 4 at 4:45 pm on 2 November 1982, and Whiteley was the first person to be seen on the channel (not counting a programme montage).

Carol Vorderman

Carol VodermanCarol VordemanCarol, Mrs. Vorderman
The first woman on the channel, contrary to popular belief, was not Whiteley's Countdown co-host Carol Vorderman but a lexicographer only ever identified as Mary.
Vorderman's career began in 1982 when she joined Channel 4 game show Countdown.

Paul Coia

The first voice heard on Channel 4's opening day of Tuesday 2 November 1982 was that of continuity announcer Paul Coia who said:
Paul Coia (born 19 June 1955 in Glasgow) is a Scottish television presenter and continuity announcer who was the first voice to be heard on Channel 4 on its launch in 1982.

Jani Allan

In 1992, Channel 4 also faced its first libel case by Jani Allan, a South African journalist, who objected to her representation in Nick Broomfield's documentary The Leader, His Driver and the Driver's Wife.
Allan filed an unsuccessful and highly publicized libel suit in London against the broadcaster Channel 4 in 1992 over the affair allegations.

ITV Wales & West

HTVHTV WalesHTV West
At the time the fourth service was being considered, a movement in Wales lobbied for the creation of dedicated service that would air Welsh-language programmes, then only catered for at "off peak" times on BBC Wales and HTV.
HTV also began to supply local commercial playout for both S4C and the new Channel 4, which at that time, carried regional advertising in the West.

Channel 5 (UK)

Channel 5FiveChannel Five
This led to very good coverage across most of the country and few problems of interference with other UK-based transmissions; a stark contrast to the problems associated with Channel 5's launch almost 15 years later.
Overall, an estimated 2,490,000 tuned in to see Britain's fifth free network launch, a figure higher than that achieved by launch of Channel 4, fourteen and a half years earlier.

Beyond Citizen Kane

Beyond Citizen Kane'' (1993)
In September 1993, the channel broadcast the direct-to-TV documentary film Beyond Citizen Kane, in which it displayed the dominant position of the Rede Globo television network, and discussed its influence, power and political connections in Brazil.
Beyond Citizen Kane is a 1993 British documentary film directed by Simon Hartog, produced by John Ellis, and first broadcast on Channel 4.

Big Brother (British TV series)

Big BrotherBig Brother UKCelebrity Big Brother
In the early 2000s, Channel 4 began broadcasting reality formats such as Big Brother and obtained the rights to broadcast mass appeal sporting events like cricket and horse racing.
The series premiered on 18 July 2000 on Channel 4, and immediately became a ratings hit.

The Big Fat Quiz of the Year

The Big Fat Anniversary QuizBig Fat Quiz of the YearThe Big Fat Quiz of Everything
It showed the first episode of Countdown, an anniversary Countdown special, as well as a special edition of The Big Fat Quiz and using the original multicoloured 1982–1996 blocks logo on presentation and idents using the Fourscore jingle throughout the day.
The Big Fat Quiz of the Year is an annual British television programme broadcast in the last or first week of the year on Channel 4.

Wenvoe transmitting station

WenvoeWenvoe transmitterWenvoe Mast
With the conversion of the Wenvoe transmitter group in Wales to digital terrestrial broadcasting on 31 March 2010, Channel 4 became a UK-wide television channel for the first time.
At the time, many homes within range of Mendip already had aerials pointing at it so as to receive the English-only Channel 4 rather than the bilingual English/Welsh S4C transmitted from Wenvoe.

Freeview (UK)

FreeviewFreeview HDFreeview+
Under the leadership of Freeview founder Andy Duncan, 2005 saw a change of direction for Channel 4's digital channels.
It is operated by DTV Services Ltd, a joint venture between the BBC, ITV, Channel 4, Sky and transmitter operator Arqiva.

The Leader, His Driver and the Driver's Wife

The Leader, His Driver, and the Driver's Wife
In 1992, Channel 4 also faced its first libel case by Jani Allan, a South African journalist, who objected to her representation in Nick Broomfield's documentary The Leader, His Driver and the Driver's Wife.
It received an average of 2.3 million viewers during its screening on Channel 4.

BBC Two

BBC2BBC 2BBC Two HD
The channel was established to provide a fourth television service to the United Kingdom in addition to the licence-funded BBC One and BBC Two, and the single commercial broadcasting network ITV.
Like the early Channel 4, BBC Two also established for itself a reputation as a champion of independent and international cinema, under the Screen 2 brand.

More4

More 4More4 HDMore4 +2
In addition, the corporation launched a number of new television channels through its new 4Ventures offshoot, including Film4, At the Races, E4 and More4.
When the channel first launched in 2005, it encouraged viewers by showing the first run of critically acclaimed US dramas including The West Wing, showing season 6 and 7 back to back, from its sister digital station E4 to More4 and Without a Trace from Channel 4.

Public service broadcasting in the United Kingdom

public-servicepublic service broadcastingpublic service
Channel 4 is a British public-service free-to-air television network headquartered in London, United Kingdom.
The next commercial television broadcasters in the UK, the state-owned Channel 4 and S4C, were set up by the government in 1981 to provide different forms of public broadcasting.

Digital terrestrial television in the United Kingdom

digital switchoverdigital terrestrial televisionterrestrial television in the UK
Channel 4 made E4 free-to-air on digital terrestrial television, and launched a new free-to-air digital channel called More4.
Three of the multiplexes, carrying the free public service channels operated by the BBC, ITV, Channel 4, S4C and Channel 5, are guaranteed wider coverage still, reaching 98.5% of the country including areas dependent on low-power local relays.

4Music

4 MusicWill Best4Music Video Honours
On 15 August 2008, 4Music was launched across the UK.
It is the only Channel 4-branded channel within The Box Plus Network.

The Courtesans of Bombay

Channel 4 also began the funding of independent films, such as the Merchant-Ivory docudrama The Courtesans of Bombay, during this time.
It was broadcast by Channel 4 in the UK in January 1983 and went into limited theatrical release in the United States on 19 March 1986.