No Results Found!
1,207 Related Articles

Mediterranean climate

warm-summer Mediterranean climateMediterraneanCsb
It is shaped by a Mediterranean climate (mild, wet winters and hot dry summers) and wildfire, featuring summer-drought-tolerant plants with hard sclerophyllous evergreen leaves, as contrasted with the associated soft-leaved, drought-deciduous, scrub community of coastal sage scrub, found below the chaparral biome.
The resulting vegetation of Mediterranean climates are the garrigue or maquis in the Mediterranean Basin, the chaparral in California, the fynbos in South Africa, the mallee in Australia, and the matorral in Chile.

Coastal sage scrub

coastal scrubcoastal sagesage scrub
It is shaped by a Mediterranean climate (mild, wet winters and hot dry summers) and wildfire, featuring summer-drought-tolerant plants with hard sclerophyllous evergreen leaves, as contrasted with the associated soft-leaved, drought-deciduous, scrub community of coastal sage scrub, found below the chaparral biome.
The community is sometimes called "soft chaparral" due to the predominance of soft, drought-deciduous leaves in contrast to the hard, waxy-cuticled leaves on sclerophyllous plants of California's chaparral communities.

Biome

biotabiomesmajor habitat type
It is shaped by a Mediterranean climate (mild, wet winters and hot dry summers) and wildfire, featuring summer-drought-tolerant plants with hard sclerophyllous evergreen leaves, as contrasted with the associated soft-leaved, drought-deciduous, scrub community of coastal sage scrub, found below the chaparral biome. The California chaparral and woodlands ecoregion, of the Mediterranean forests, woodlands, and scrub biome, has three sub-ecoregions with ecosystem—plant community subdivisions:
Chaparral

Kwongan

kwongan heathKwongan heathlandskwongkan
Similar plant communities are found in the four other Mediterranean climate regions around the world, including the Mediterranean Basin (where it is known as maquis), central Chile (where it is called matorral), the South African Cape Region (known there as fynbos), and in Western and Southern Australia (as kwongan).
Thus, kwongan has come again into common usage for the Southwest Australian Floristic Region's shrubland vegetation and associated countryside, equivalent to South Africa's fynbos, California's chaparral, France's maquis and Chile's matorral as seen in these other regions of the world experiencing a Mediterranean climate.

California interior chaparral and woodlands

interior chaparral and woodlandschaparral and woodlandsInterior chaparral
California interior chaparral and woodlands: In central interior California surrounding the Central Valley, covering the foothills and lower slopes of the northeastern Transverse Ranges and the western Sierra Nevada range.
The ecoregion contains areas of grass, chaparral shrublands, savanna dotted with oak, oak woodlands, serpentine soil communities, closed-cone pine forest with small patches of mountain conifers, wetland, marsh, and riverside forest.

Arctostaphylos

manzanitamanzanitasArctostaphylos'' spp.
Arctostaphylos species – manzanitas:
Manzanitas, the bulk of Arctostaphylos species, are present in the chaparral biome of western North America, where they occur from southern British Columbia in Canada, Washington to California and New Mexico in the United States, and throughout much of northern and central Mexico.

Artemisia californica

California sagebrushsagebrushcoastal sage
Artemisia californica – California sagebrush, coastal sage brush
It is endemic to the California chaparral and woodlands ecoregion, in coastal sage scrub, coastal strand, chaparral, and dry foothill communities.

California montane chaparral and woodlands

montane chaparral and woodlandsCalifornia montane chaparral and woodlands ecoregionchaparral
California montane chaparral and woodlands: In southern and central coast adjacent and inland California regions, including covering some of the mountains of the California Coast Ranges, the Transverse Ranges, and the western slopes of the northern Peninsular Ranges.
The wide elevation range and characteristic climate produce a variety of natural communities, from chaparral to mixed evergreen forest to alpine tundra.

Rhus ovata

Sugarbushsugar sumac
Rhus ovata – sugar bush
Rhus ovata, also known as sugar sumac or sugar bush, is an evergreen shrub to small tree that grows in chaparral in dry canyons and south-facing slopes below 1300 m in Southern California, Arizona and Baja California.

Arctostaphylos glauca

Big Berry ManzanitaBig-berry Manzanita
Arctostaphylos glauca – bigberry manzanita
Arctostaphylos glauca is a species of manzanita known by the common name bigberry manzanita. It is native to California and Baja California, where it grows in the chaparral and woodland of coastal and inland hills.

Central Valley (California)

Central ValleyCentral Valley of CaliforniaCalifornia's Central Valley
California interior chaparral and woodlands: In central interior California surrounding the Central Valley, covering the foothills and lower slopes of the northeastern Transverse Ranges and the western Sierra Nevada range.
The oak woodlands and chaparral that fringe the valley have been categorized as the California interior chaparral and woodlands ecoregion.

Adenostoma sparsifolium

red shankredshanksRibbonwood
Adenostoma sparsifolium, redshanks
Adenostoma sparsifolium, commonly known as redshanks or less commonly, ribbonwood or ribbon bush, is a multi-trunked tree or shrub native to dry slopes or chaparral of Southern California and northern Baja California.

Prunus ilicifolia

hollyleaf cherryP. ilicifoliaislay
Prunus ilicifolia, islay or hollyleaf cherry
Prunus ilicifolia (Common names: "hollyleaf cherry", "evergreen cherry"; "islay" - Salinan Native American ) It is native to the chaparral areas of coastal California (from Mendocino County to San Diego County), Baja California, and Baja California Sur.

Rhus integrifolia

Lemonade berrylemonadeberry
Rhus integrifolia – lemonade berry
It is 1 - 8 m in height, with a sprawling form, and is a member of the chaparral plant community often found in canyons and on north-facing slopes below elevations of 900 m. Rhus integrifolia often hybridizes with Rhus ovata.

Hesperoyucca whipplei

chaparral yuccaSpanish bayonetour lord's candle
Hesperoyucca whipplei, yucca
It is native to southern California, United States and Baja California, Mexico, where it occurs mainly in chaparral, coastal sage scrub, and oak woodland plant communities at altitudes of 0–2500 m.

Arctostaphylos manzanita

Common manzanitawhiteleaf manzanita
Arctostaphylos manzanita – common manzanita
It is common on chaparral slopes and low-elevation coniferous forest ecosystems.

California chaparral and woodlands

chaparral and woodlandschaparralchaparral and woodland
The California chaparral and woodlands ecoregion, of the Mediterranean forests, woodlands, and scrub biome, has three sub-ecoregions with ecosystem—plant community subdivisions:
The ecoregion includes a great variety of plant communities, including grasslands, oak savannas and woodlands, chaparral, and coniferous forests, including southern stands of the tall coast redwood (Sequoia sempervirens). The flora of this ecoregion also includes tree species such as Gray or foothill pine (Pinus sabiniana), Scrub oak (Quercus dumosa), California buckeye (Aesculus californica), the rare Gowen cypress (Cupressus goveniana), the rare Monterey cypress (Cupressus macrocarpa), and a wealth of endemic plant species, including the extremely rare San Gabriel Mountain liveforever (Dudlea densiflora), Catalina mahogany (Cercocarpus traskiae), and the threatened most beautiful jewel-flower (Streptanthus albidus ssp.

Ceanothus cuneatus

buckbrushbuck brushwedge-leaved ceanothus
Ceanothus cuneatus – buckbrush
This Ceanothus is native to Oregon, California, and northern Baja California, where it can be found in a number of habitats, especially chaparral.

Baja California

BajaBaja California NorteBaja California, Mexico
California coastal sage and chaparral: In coastal Southern California and northwestern coastal Baja California, as well as all of the Channel Islands off California and Guadalupe Island (Mexico).
The lower elevations of the Sierra Juárez are characterized by chaparral and desert shrub.

Cercocarpus

mountain mahoganymountain-mahoganyCercocarpus spp.
Cercocarpus spp., mountain mahogany
They are native to the western United States and northern Mexico, where they grow in chaparral and semidesert habitats and climates, often at high altitudes.

Salvia mellifera

black sageblack sage (''Salvia mellifera'')S. mellifera
Salvia mellifera – black sage
Black sage grows in the coastal sage scrub and lower chaparral plant communities.

Eriogonum fasciculatum

California buckwheateastern Mojave buckwheatEriogonum fasciculatum'' var. ''fasciculatum
Eriogonum fasciculatum – California buckwheat
It grows on slopes and dry washes in diverse habitats, including chaparral, coastal sage scrub, grasslands, sagebrush scrub, pinyon-juniper woodland, and creosote bush scrub.

Frangula californica

coffeeberryCalifornia BuckthornCoffee berry
Rhamnus californica, California coffeeberry
The plant occurs in oak woodland and chaparral habitats, numerous others in its range.

Wrentit

wrentits
Wrentit (Chamaea fasciata)
The wrentit (Chamaea fasciata) is a small bird that lives in chaparral, oak woodlands, and bushland on the western coast of North America.

Shrubland

scrubscrublandscrub forest
It is shaped by a Mediterranean climate (mild, wet winters and hot dry summers) and wildfire, featuring summer-drought-tolerant plants with hard sclerophyllous evergreen leaves, as contrasted with the associated soft-leaved, drought-deciduous, scrub community of coastal sage scrub, found below the chaparral biome. Chaparral is a shrubland or heathland plant community found primarily in the US state of California and in the northern portion of the Baja California Peninsula, Mexico.
Chaparral in California