Four commedia dell'arte characters, whose costumes and demeanor indicate the stock character roles that they portray in this genre.
A page of a birth register for Jews from 1859
Literary scholar Patrick Grant matches characters from The Lord of the Rings with Jungian archetypes.

In fiction, a character (or speaker, in poetry) is a person or other being in a narrative (such as a novel, play, radio or television series, music, film, or video game).

- Character (arts)

Narratives may also be nested within other narratives, such as narratives told by an unreliable narrator (a character) typically found in the genre of noir fiction.

- Narrative
Four commedia dell'arte characters, whose costumes and demeanor indicate the stock character roles that they portray in this genre.

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The Parnassus (1511) by Raphael: famous poets recite alongside the nine Muses atop Mount Parnassus.

Poetry

Form of literature that uses aesthetic and often rhythmic qualities of language − such as phonaesthetics, sound symbolism, and metre − to evoke meanings in addition to, or in place of, a prosaic ostensible meaning.

Form of literature that uses aesthetic and often rhythmic qualities of language − such as phonaesthetics, sound symbolism, and metre − to evoke meanings in addition to, or in place of, a prosaic ostensible meaning.

The Parnassus (1511) by Raphael: famous poets recite alongside the nine Muses atop Mount Parnassus.
Aristotle
John Keats
Archibald MacLeish
Robinson Jeffers
Marianne Moore
Attic red-figure kathalos painting of Sappho from c. 470 BCE
Homer: Roman bust, based on Greek original
Lewis Carroll's The Hunting of the Snark (1876) is mainly in anapestic tetrameter.
Alexander Pushkin
The Old English epic poem Beowulf is in alliterative verse.
Divine Comedy: Dante and Beatrice see God as a point of light.
Blok's Russian poem, "Noch, ulitsa, fonar, apteka" ("Night, street, lamp, drugstore"), on a wall in Leiden
Statue of runic singer Petri Shemeikka at Kolmikulmanpuisto Park in Sortavala, Karelia
William Shakespeare
Carol Ann Duffy
Du Fu, "On Visiting the Temple of Laozi"
W. H. Auden
Kakinomoto no Hitomaro
Horace
Chaucer
Christine de Pizan (left)
Camões
John Wilmot
Thomas Gray
Krasicki
Goethe
Poe
Lewis Carroll
The oldest known love poem. Sumerian terracotta tablet #2461 from Nippur, Iraq. Ur III period, 2037–2029 BCE. Ancient Orient Museum, Istanbul
The philosopher Confucius was influential in the developed approach to poetry and ancient music theory.
An early Chinese poetics, the Kǒngzǐ Shīlùn (孔子詩論), discussing the Shijing (Classic of Poetry)
Baudelaire

In many poems, the lyrics are spoken by a character, who is called the speaker.

Narrative poetry is a genre of poetry that tells a story.

An illustration from Lewis Carroll's 1865 novel Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, depicting the fictional protagonist, Alice, playing a fantastical game of croquet.

Fiction

An illustration from Lewis Carroll's 1865 novel Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, depicting the fictional protagonist, Alice, playing a fantastical game of croquet.

Fiction is any creative work, chiefly any narrative work, portraying individuals, events, or places in ways that are imaginary or inconsistent with history, fact, or plausibility.